||Thomas Hooker II migrated to New England during the Puritan Great Migration (1620-1640).|
Join: Puritan Great Migration Project
Thomas Hooker II (July 5, 1586 – July 7, 1647) was a prominent Puritan religious and colonial leader remembered as one of the founders of the Colony of Connecticut.. He has also been called "Father of American Democracy.".
He was probably born at Marefield, Tilton, Leicester, England to Thomas Hooker I. Thomas Hooker won a scholarship to study at the University of Cambridge, where in time he became the equivalent of a professor of theology. After Mr. Hooker's conversion to belief in the authenticity of Scripture and the saving grace of the Christ, his keenly reasoned reflections upon the meanings of Biblical passages and upon the life of a Christian helped his rise into the leadership of the Puritan movement in England. But this status as a leader in the Puritan movement would cause him to emigrate first to Holland and then to New England in 1633, on the ship Griffin, to escape the persecution of Archbishop William Laud for non-conformity.
He was selected pastor of the church at Newtown (now Cambridge), Massachusetts. He is thus attributed as being the first minister of the First Parish in Cambridge, a church that still exists in the present day. His home was on a plot of land which today is part of the yard at Harvard College.(Citation?)
His departure from the Colony of the Massachusetts Bay (the nucleus of the present-day Commonwealth of Massachusetts) was one of the key events leading to the creation of the Colony of Connecticut (the nucleus of the present-day State of the same name). In 1635, he was appointed by the General Court of Massachusetts to try to persuade his friend Roger Williams to give up his controversial views. Hooker and Williams took part in a public debate but Williams refused to change his opinions.
In 1636, Thomas Hooker led his congregation west to found the new English settlement at Hartford, Connecticut. One of the reasons he left Massachusetts was his failure to agree with John Winthrop about who should take part in civil government. Winthrop held that only admitted members of the Church should vote and hold office; Hooker maintained that any adult male who owned property should be able to vote and participate in civil government, regardless of church membership.
He and his party traveled on a trail that is now known as the Old Connecticut Path. After settling in Hartford, Hooker continued to be in contact with John Winthrop and Roger Williams. Hooker traveled to Boston often to help settle inter-colonial disputes. He is also remembered for his role in creating the "Fundamental Orders of Connecticut". This document is one of the modern world's first written constitutions and an influence upon the current American Constitution, written nearly a century and a half later.
His great-granddaughter Sarah Pierpont married Rev. Jonathan Edwards. Some other direct descendants of his included William Howard Taft, William Gillette, Edward H. Gillette, George Catlin, Emma Willard, and J.P. Morgan...".
His mother should be removed, her name is unknown:
" Hooker, Thomas (7? July 1586-7 July 1647), Puritan minister, an architect of the New England Way, and a founder of Hartford, Connecticut, was born in Marfield, a village in Leicestershire, England, the son of Thomas Hooker, a steward for the Digby family, and his wife, whose name is unknown."
"Hooker, Thomas (1586?–1647), minister in America, was probably born in 1586, possibly on 7 July, the son of Thomas Hooker (d. 1635), of Marfield (now Markfield), Leicestershire, a yeoman farmer and overseer of the Digby family's properties. His mother's name is unknown. Pre-seventeenth-century church records from Marfield are lost, but it is known that he had a brother, John, and two sisters, one perhaps called Anne, and Dorothy."
Have you taken a DNA test for genealogy? If so, login to add it. If not, see our friends at Family Tree DNA.
On 30 Nov 2016 at 18:25 GMT Kirk Hess wrote:
According to the ODNB had a brother John, and two sisters Anne and Dorothy so Elizabeth, Frances and William also need their parents removed or some additional citations.
On 20 Jan 2014 at 14:27 GMT April (Dellinger) Dauenhauer wrote:
On 2 Nov 2013 at 11:42 GMT Becky (Nally) Syphers wrote:
Thomas is 18 degrees from AJ Jacobs, 24 degrees from Carol Keeling, 12 degrees from George Washington and 15 degrees from Queen Elizabeth II Windsor on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.