Stephen Hopkins

Stephen Hopkins (bef. 1581 - 1644)

Privacy Level: Open (White)
Stephen Hopkins
Born before in Upper Clatford, Hampshire, Englandmap
Brother of , [half] and [half]
Husband of — married 9 May 1599 in London, Greater London, Englandmap
Husband of — married 19 Feb 1617 in St. Mary Matfellon, Whitechapel, Middlesex, Englandmap
Descendants descendants
Died in Plymouth, Plymouth Colony, New Englandmap
Profile last modified 27 May 2020 | Created 27 Sep 2010 | Last significant change: 27 May 2020
23:47: Connie Mack edited the Biography and Status Indicators for Stephen Hopkins (bef.1581-1644). (removed some of the duplicate material, added citations, etc. Much more to be done.) [Thank Connie for this | 1 thank-you received]
This page has been accessed 38,857 times.
The draft below is a rewrite of what was here before, attempting to condense multiple narratives and sources into one, originally written narrative. More work needs to be done; there is still too much copy/paste from others' works, and the sources and "see also" list need attention. Smith-32867 11:39, 15 November 2019 (UTC)

Contents

Biography

The Mayflower.
Stephen Hopkins was a passenger on the Mayflower.
Join: Mayflower Project
Discuss: mayflower

Origins

Stephen Hopkins was christened at Upper Clatford Parish, Hampshire, England, the son of John Hopkins[1][2] and Elizabeth Williams.

Family

Stephen Hopkins first married Mary Kent[3][4] by 13 May 1604 (baptism of a child). She died (no proof that it was of plague) while her husband was in Bermuda, on 9 May 1613 and was buried at Hursley, Hampshire. She bore him three children:

Stephen married second, Elizabeth Fisher 19 Feb 1617/18 at St. Mary's, Whitechapel, London.[5][3].[6] Mayflower Fams. 5Gs., 6:7, states that she died after 4 Feb. 1638/9. We have not been able to find a primary source that she was alive on this specific date. 4 Feb. 1638/9 is the date of the Plymouth court session that weighed the situation of Stephen Hopkin's pregnant servant, Dorothy Temple; Stephen's wife is not mentioned.[7] She was certainly dead by the time her husband executed his will. Together they had seven children

Children

Children of Stephen and Mary (Kent) Hopkins, all baptized at Hursley:[8]

  1. Elizabeth Hopkins, bp. 13 May 1604, living in 1613 when she was mentioned in her mother's estate records; no further record found.
  2. Constance Hopkins, bp. 11 May 1606; m. Nicholas Snow, by 22 May 1627, when they appeared in Stephen Hopkins' "Companie" in the division of cattle.
  3. Giles Hopkins, bp 30 Jan. 1607/8; m. Plymouth, 9 Oct. 1639, Catherine Wheldon.[9]

Children of Stephen and Elizabeth Fisher:

  1. Damaris Hopkins, b. say 1618, d. before 22 May 1627 (division of cattle). Either Damaris or Oceanus must have d. before the 1623 land division, which indicates as Robert Wakefield has shown, that there were then five members in Stephen Hopkins' family.[10]
  2. Oceanus Hopkins, b. on the Mayflower (and named to memorialize that) between 6 Sept. and 11 Nov. 1620 (Old Style), the dates that the ship was at sea, d. before 22 May 1627 (division of cattle) and possibly before the 1623 land division.
  3. Caleb Hopkins, b. say 1623, living Plymouth, 30 Nov. 1644, when he signed an agreement with Richard Sparrow to rear his sister Elizabeth, d. Barbados, before spring 1651, when Bradford called him deceased.
  4. Deborah Hopkins, b. Plymouth, say 1626; m. Plymouth, 23 April 1646, Andrew Ring (widow Mary). [11]
  5. Damaris Hopkins (again), b. Plymouth, say 1628 (after May 1627 [division of cattle]); m. shortly after 10 June 1646 (antenuptial agreement), Jacob Cooke (Francis of the Mayflower). [12]
  6. Ruth Hopkins, b. say 1630 (after 22 May 1627 [division of cattle]), d. unmarried after [30 nov.?] 1644 (distribution of father's estate) and before spring 1651 (since Elizabeth must be the unmarried sister mentioned by Bradford).
  7. Elizabeth Hopkins (again), b. say 1632 (after 22 May 1627 [division of cattle[). She had left Plymouth by 29 7m [Sept.] 1659, when the process of settling her estate began; the records, however, are careful not to state that she was dead.

Voyage on the Sea Venture (1609)

Stephen Hopkins was hired as a clerk for Reverend Richard Buck, assisting aboard the 300-ton "Sea Venture,"[13][14] one of a fleet of 7 ships and 2 pinnaces that started a voyage to Virginia on July 23, 1609 and travelling with Sir Thomas Gates, Deputy Governor of the Virginia Colony, and "the old sea rover" Sir George Summers, Admiral of the Seas. The fleet was caught in a storm that began July 24, likely of hurricane force causing much damage.,[15][16] The Sea Venture was wrecked on 28 July 1609, driven ashore the uninhabited Somers Island in Bermuda with 150 men, women & children. The group survived on birds, wild hogs and turtles. A year later, survivors reached Virginia in a small boat they'd built.

During the sojourn Hopkins undertook to persuade others that it was no breach of honesty, conscience nor religion to decline from the obedience to the Governor since the authority ceased when the wreck was committed. His arguments prevailed little and he was placed under guard, brought before the company in manacles and the Governor passed the sentence of a Martial Court upon him such as belongs to mutiny and rebellion. But so penitent he was and made so much moane...that the whole company besought the Governor and never left him until we had got his pardon.

This contemporary account of events is included in William Strachey's record of the voyage and the wreck of the Sea Venture, which also notes that while Hopkins was ultra religious, he was contentious and defiant of authority and had enough learning to undertake to wrest leadership from others. Strachey wrote,

"Yet could not this be any warning to others who more subtly began to shake the foundation of our quiet safety. And therein did one Stephen Hopkins commence the first act or overture, a fellow who had much knowledge in the Scriptures and could reason well therein, whom our minister therefore chose to be his clerk to read the psalms and chapters upon Sundays at the assembly of the con­gregation under him; who in January the twenty‑four [16101 brake with one Samuel Sharpe and Humfrey Reede‑who presently dis­covered it to the governor‑and alleged substantial arguments both civil and divine (the Scripture falsely quoted!) that it was no breach of honesty, conscience, nor religion to decline from the obedience of the governor, or refuse to go any further led by his authority, except it so pleased themselves, since the authority ceased when the wrack was committed, and with it they were all then freed from the government of any man; and for a matter of conscience it was not unknown to the meanest how much we were therein bound each one to provide for himself and his own family. For which were two apparent reasons to stay them even in this place: first, abundance by God's providence of all manner of good food; next, some hope in reasonable time, when they might grow weary of the place, to build a small bark with the skill and help of the aforesaid Nicholas Bennit, whom they insinuated to them -‑ albeit he was now absent from his quarter and working in the main island with Sir George Summers upon his pinnace‑to be of the conspiracy, that so might get clear from hence at their own pleasures; (that) when in Virginia, the first would‑be assuredly wanting, and they miglff‑well rear to be detained in that country by the authority of the commander thereof, and their whole life to serve the turns of the adventurers with their travails and labors."[17]

Although there is no complete list of the shipwrecked party who eventually reached Jamestown in the 2 pinnaces Patience and Deliverance built on the islands, Hopkins did not remain on the Somers Islands and the conclusion is that he traveled to Jamestown with the others before returning to England.[18]

Life on the island of Bermuda proved to be so easy, that when Sir George Summers ordered a smaller ship be built from the wreckage of the Sea Venture to take the survivors to Jamestowne, some members of the crew refused to cooperate. In September 1609 there were "dangerous and secret discontents" among the seamen, who tried to lure the would be settlers to the cause of abandoning the effort to reach Jamestown. Before they could carry out their plan, Governor Gates discovered their plot and gave them their wish. They were deposisted on a remote island without provisions, insted of sentencing them to death, the usual punishment for this type of offence.[19] [20] In Janyary, the following year, another rebellion brewed and this time, their leader was Stephen Hopkins. He was apprehended and tried for mutiny and given a much harsher sentence than the sailors, sentenced to death. He was both the captain and only follower of this revolt so death seems rather extroidenary, given the light sentence previously imposed on the group of sailors. He may be due to him verbally opposing Gates right to authority when he spoke to the two listeners. He pleaded for his life, for the sake of his wife and children so eloquently that he was pardoned. That may be due as much or more to William Strauchey and Vice Admiral Christopher Ward who came Gates asking for leniency. "With humble entreaties and earnest supplication...[we] nebver left him until we had got [Hopkin's] pardon."[21] [22]

Jamestown

What do Jamestowne, the Mayflower and Shakespeare have in common? The answer is Stephen Hopkins, a Jamestowne settler, a Mayflower Pilgrim and a survivor of the wreck of the Sea Venture, the basis for Shakespeare’s comedy, “The Tempest “.

In May, 1610, the survivors reached Jamestowne. His mutinous efforts in Bermuda gained him such notoriety that Shakespeare wrote him into “The Tempest” as the plotting butler. While he Tempest contains only one direct reference to the Bermudas, when Ariel tells how Prospero called him ‘to fetch dew...From the still-vex’d Bermoothes’ , Stephanos could easily refer to Stephen Hopkins, a caracature portrayed as a drunken clown or court jester with ambitions of grandeur. William Shakespear moved in the same circle as a fellow writer, William Strauchey. Both were writers. Srauchey wrote a letter dated July 15, 1610, to an unnamed 'Excellant Lady'. The letter was started while in Bermuca and finished in Jamestown.[23] This letter was the original abbreviated account of the temporary exile and trip to Jamestown. A longer and more polished version was written after he became secretary of the Colony and was published in 1625, now known as A True Reportory. Both the letter and the longer account would have circulated quickly among the Londoners belonging to the Virginia Company. He may have even learned about the voyage from the sailors returning home or from his friends, the Earls of Southampton and Pembroke, who had business interest in the expedition.

Stephen Hopkins remained in Virginia until at least late 1614, when the death of his wife (May 1613) forced his return to England. A brief English docket item dated 20 September 1614 records a letter was sent "to Sir Thomas Dale Marshall of the Colony in Virginia, to send home by the next return of ships from thence Eliezer Hopkins"[24] Apparently, an examination of the court record by Michael J. Wood verified that this is the correct reading, and the docket item does not refer to Stephen Hopkins. But, as is so often the case, the name could have been entered into the court record incorrectly. The original letter is lost. The date fits when that sort of an order would have been issued for Stephen. If he didn't leave then, he may have finished out the 7 year indenture agreement and left 1616.[25]

Back in England

Back in England, Mary's Probate was executed at Hursley, Southhampton, England.[26]We learn from this record that they were shopkeepers, there was a lease on the home and she is listed as a widow, though the burial record calls her his wife. We can assume that the administrator or court thought it more expediant to list her as a widow so the estate could be avaliable for their children's care more quickly, especially since they didn't know if he was alive or dead.[27]

Stephen married Elizabeth Fisher in 1617/8. Their home had been just outside of London Wall on the high road entering the city at Aldgate in the vicinity of Heneage House. In this neighborhood lived John Carver and William Bradford of the Mayflower Company; Robert Cushman, the London agent for the Pilgrims; and Edward Southworth, who later came to New England. Still longing to return to the New World, he, his wife and three children joined the voyage of the Mayflower in 1620.

Mayflower Passenger (1620)

Stephen Hopkins was invited to and did return to America aboard the Mayflower departing London before the end of June, 1620, with his second wife, Elizabeth, and children, Constance (Constanta), Giles, and Damaris. A fourth child, Oceanus, was born on the ship during the voyage. Hopkins signed the Mayflower Compact on November 11, 1620. At the time of the voyage, he was considered a tanner or leather maker, but later was a merchant and planter.

Hopkins was one of twelve Mayflower passengers given the title "Mr." which was reserved for men of high societal standing. This is also reiterated by the fact that he brought along two servants, Edward Leister and Edward Doty.

On the 6th of December Stephen Hopkins, in the company of 17 other men, Capt. Standish at the head, started on a second voyage of discovery, with the shallop, which lasted 5 or 6 days, during which they had an encounter with the Indians. They entered Plymouth bay and landed on the 11th of December.

In Pilgrim Hall, Plymouth, Mass., there is a painting by Henry Sargent, a Boston artist, a member of the family to which the celebrated John Singer Sargent belongs. A group of men, women, and children are greeted by the Indian chief, Samoset. In the background, a portion of a ship with a British flag can be seen. Text printed under image identifies the figures as: I. Allerton & wife; Elder Brewster; F. Billington; William White & child; Richard Warren; John Turner; Gov. Bradford; John Alden; Gov. Carver & Family; Miles Standish; Samoset; John Howland; Wife of Standish; Steph. Hopkins, wife & child; Gov. Winslow; E. Tilley; Dr. Fuller; Mrs. Winslow[28][29]

Life in New England

"Steuen Hobkins" received six acres in the 1623 division of land, indicating five people in his household (since Stephen should have had an extra share).[30][31] In the Division of Cattle, 22 May 1627, the seventh lot "fell to Stephen Hopkins & his companie Joyned to him"; wife Elizabeth Hopkins, Gyles Hopkins, Caleb Hopkins, Debora Hopkins, Nickolas Snow, Constance Snow, Wil[l]iam Pallmer, Frances Pallmer, Wil[l]iam Palmer Jr., John Billington Sr., Hellen Billington, and Francis Billington.[32]

That Stephen Hopkins was a man of more than ordinary force of character and influence is shown by the part he played in the early history of the colony. In Howard and Crocker's Popular History of New England, we read:

"No one can ponder the annals of the early settlement of New England without being profoundly impressed with the rare excellency of the material that went into its foundation. Consider the names of such primitive Pilgrims as Carver, Bradford, Brewster, Standish, Winslow, Alden, Warren, Hopkins, and others."[33]

Stephen Hopkins headed a list of persons chosen to arrange for trade with outsiders-- a sort of incipient chamber of commerce. He was added to the Governor and Assistants in 1637 as an assessor to raise a fund for sending aid to the Massachusetts Bay and Connecticut colonies in the impending Indian War. In the same year, he and his two sons, Giles and Caleb, were among the forty-two who volunteered their services as soldiers to aid these same colonies. We find also him repeatedly mentioned as an appraiser of estates, administrator, guardian, juryman (foreman, apparently), etc.

On 18 June 1621, Edwards Doty and Leister (Mr. Hopkins' two servants) fought what was the first dual on record in New England, with sword and dagger. Hopkins petitioned for the release of his servants from cruel punishment. Both were wounded, one in the hand and the other in the thigh. They were sentenced by the whole company to have their heads and feet tied together and so to lie for 24 hours without meat or drink, 'but within an hour, because of their great pains, at their own & their master's humble request, upon promise of better carriage, they are released by the governor.' [34]

Stephen Hopkins also became Indian Ambassador of the Plymouth Colony, during which time he befriended and invited the famous Native American, Squanto, to live in his home. He went with Governor Winslow and Squanto on the first embassy sent to the Massasoit to conclude a treaty. It was in Hopkins' home that the first ever Indian treaties were signed. As Indian Ambassador, Stephen Hopkins participated in the arrangement and planning of the first Thanksgiving.

Mr. Hopkins opened the first bar, built the first port of ships and erected the first trading post in American history. He was engaged in trade, selling liquors and various other articles. He was charged at times with abuse of his traffic in liquors and with selling liquors and other articles at excessive rates, according to the views of the period, but he never lost the confidence of the leading men.

Later in his life, Hopkins became assistant governor for the state of Massachusetts. He was chosen for this position three years in succession, 1632-5. Jan. 1, 1632/3. He was also chosen one of the council for the ensuing year, Edward Winslow being chosen governor. Jan. 10 of the same year, he was a member of a court that tried a servant who had run away. The servant was privately whipped before the court.

Jan. 2, 1633/4: he and John Jenny were the appraisers of the estate of Samuel Fuller, the elder, which included about 30 books.

Oct. 1, 1634: he was appointed the first of a committee to treat with the existing partners as to the future management of the trade.

Oct. 2, 1634: he and Robert Hicks took the inventory of the goods of Stephen Deans.

June 7, 1636: John Tisdale, yeoman, brought an action of battery against Mr. Hopkins, assistant to the government, by whom he alleged he was dangerously wounded. Hopkins was fined L5 sterling to the use of the King, whose peace he had broken, wch he ought after a special manner to have kept, and was adjudged to pay 40s. to the plaintiff.

Jan. 1, 1634/5: he was chosen an assistant, and entered upon his office the 3d of March.

Jan. 5, 1635/6: he was chosen assistant, and took the oath March 1.

March 14, 1635/6: he was authorized to mow the marsh between Thomas Clarke and George Sowle, and it was ordered that he and Clarke have the marsh up the river as formerly.

Nov. 7, 1636: a way between his land and that of Thomas Pope, Richard Clough and Richard Wright, 'at the fishing point, neer Slowly Field,' is mentioned.

Jan. 3, 1636/7: Stephen Hopkins was an assistant On the same date he was made one of a committee to arrange an agreement with those that have the trade in theire hands and report to the court.

March 7, 1636/7: In a list of freemen, dated, he is styled "gentleman."

March 7, 1636/7, it was ordered that those who then had the trade of beaver, corn and beads, etc., with the Indians should hold it until the beginning of June, and in the meantime a committee was appointed, of which Mr. Hopkins was one, to consider propositions and ways so as the said trade may be still continued to the benefit of the collony.

March 20, 1636/7, action was taken as to the use of the hay grounds and Mr. Hopkins was made one of a committee to view those grounds between the Eel river and the town of Plymouth, that each man might be assigned a proper portion. He and Thomas Clark were given the hay ground they had the past year.

May 10, 1637, a jury impaneled for the purpose rendered a verdict (which was delivered to the General Court July 7, 1637) laying out highways to the Eel river from Plymouth, which mentions Mr. Hopkins' house, one of the ways passing it on the west.

June 7, 1637, he with the governor and assistants and other persons formed a committee to consider how the trade in beaver, etc., (which was likely to go into decay) might be upheld.

On the same date the committee of which Mr. Hopkins was a member reported that the expenses of the Pequot service would amount to L200, of which L100 was to be paid by Plymouth and L50 each by Duxbury and Scituate.
Among the names of those entered June 7, 1637, who willingly offered themselves to assist the people of Massachusetts Bay and Connecticut in their warrs against the Pequin Indians, in reveng of the innocent blood of the English wch the sd Pequins have barbarously shed, and refuse to give satisfaccon for, were Mr. Stephen Hopkins and his 2 sons Caleb and Giles. The soldiers who volunteered for the Pequot war were, however, not required to take the field.
On the same date Mr. Hopkins for the town of Plymouth was 1 of 2 men who, together with the governor and assistants, were to form a board to assess the inhabitants for the expenses of that war.

July 17, 1637, Stephen Hopkins sold for L60 lawful money of England, to be paid 1/2 on May 1, 1638, and 1/2 Sept. 29, 1638, to George Boare of Scituate his message, houses, tenements and outhouses at the Broken wharf towards the Eel river, together with the 6 shares of land thereunto belonging, containing 120 acres.

October 2, 1637, he was appointed 1 of a committee for the town of Plymouth to act with the governor and assistants and committee from Eel river, Jones river and Duxbury in agreeing upon an equal course in the division of about 500 acres of meadow between the Eel river and South river.

Death & Legacy

Stephen Hopkins died in Plymouth between 6 Jun 1644 (date of his will) and 17 July 1644 (inventory of his estate).[35]

Among the earliest wills probated at Plymouth, Massachusetts, was that of Stephen Hopkins, 6 June 1644 - August 1644, directing that he be buried near his deceased wife, naming son Caleb, "heir apparent," mentioning other children and naming Captain Myles Standish as overseer of the will. The will was witnessed by Governor Bradford and Captin Standish.

The last Will and Testament of Mr. Stephen Hopkins[36] exhibited upon the Oathes of mr Willm Bradford and Captaine Miles Standish at the generall Court holden at Plymouth the xxth of August Anno dm 1644 as it followeth in these wordes vizt.
The sixt of June 1644 I Stephen Hopkins of Plymouth in New England being weake yet in good and prfect memory blessed be God yet considering the fraile estate of all men I do ordaine and make this to be my last will and testament in manner and forme following and first I do committ my body to the earth from whence it was taken, and my soule to the Lord who gave it, my body to b eburyed as neare as convenyently may be to my wyfe Deceased
And first my will is that out of my whole estate my funerall expences be discharged
secondly that out of the remayneing part of my said estate that all my lawfull Debts be payd
thirdly I do bequeath by this my will to my sonn Giles Hopkins my great Bull wch is now in the hands of Mris Warren.
Also I do give to Stephen Hopkins my sonn Giles his sonne twenty shillings in Mris Warrens hands for the hire of the said Bull
Also I give and bequeath to my daughter Constanc Snow the wyfe of Nicholas Snow my mare
also I give unto my daughter Deborah Hopkins the brodhorned black cowe and her calf and half the Cowe called Motley
Also I doe give and bequeath unto my daughter Damaris Hopkins the Cowe called Damaris heiffer and the white faced calf and half the cowe called Mottley
Also I give to my daughter Ruth the Cowe called Red Cole and her calfe and a Bull at Yarmouth wch is in the keepeing of Giles Hopkins wch is an yeare and advantage old and half the curld Cowe
Also I give and bequeath to my daughter Elizabeth the Cowe called Smykins and her calf and thother half of the Curld Cowe wth Ruth and an yearelinge heiffer wth out a tayle in the keeping of Gyles Hopkins at Yarmouth
Also I do give and bequeath unto my foure daughters that is to say Deborah Hopkins Damaris Hopkins Ruth Hopkins and Elizabeth Hopkins all the mooveable goods the wch do belong to my house as linnen wollen beds bedcloathes pott kettles pewter or whatsoevr are moveable belonging to my said house of what kynd soever and not named by their prticular names all wch said mooveables to be equally devided amongst my said daughters foure silver spoones that is to say to eich of them one, And in case any of my said daughters should be taken away by death before they be marryed that then the part of their division to be equally devided amongst the Survivors.
I do also by this my will make Caleb Hopkins my sonn and heire apparent giveing and bequeathing unto my said sonn aforesaid all my Right title and interrest to my house and lands at Plymouth wth all the Right title and interrest wch doth might or of Right doth or may hereafter belong unto mee, as also I give unto my saide heire all such land wch of Right is Rightly due unto me and not at prsent in my reall possession wch belongs unto me by right of my first comeing into this land or by any other due Right, as by such freedome or otherwise giveing unto my said heire my full & whole and entire Right in all divisions allottments appoyntments or distributions whatsoever to all or any pt of the said lande at any tyme or tymes so to be disposed
Also I do give moreover unto my foresaid heire one paire or yooke of oxen and the hyer of them wch are in the hands of Richard Church as may appeare by bill under his hand
Also I do give unto my said heire Caleb Hopkins all my debts wch are now oweing unto me, or at the day of my death may be oweing unto mee either by booke bill or bills or any other way rightfully due unto mee
ffurthermore my will is that my daughters aforesaid shall have free recourse to my house in Plymouth upon any occation there to abide and remayne for such tyme as any of them shall thinke meete and convenyent & they single persons
And for the faythfull prformance of this my will I do make and ordayne my aforesaid sonn and heire Caleb Hopkins my true and lawfull Executor
ffurther I do by this my will appoynt and make my said sonn and Captaine Miles Standish joyntly supervisors of this my will according to the true meaneing of the same that is to say that my Executor & supervisor shall make the severall divisions parts or porcons legacies or whatsoever doth appertaine to the fullfilling of this my will
It is also my will that my Executr & Supervisor shall advise devise and dispose by the best wayes & meanes they cann for the disposeing in marriage or other wise for the best advancnt of the estate of the forenamed Deborah Damaris Ruth and Elizabeth Hopkins
Thus trusting in the Lord my will shalbe truly prformed according to the true meaneing of the same I committ the whole Disposeing hereof to the Lord that hee may direct you herein
June 6th 1644
Witnesses hereof By me Steven Hopkins
Myles Standish
William Bradford

The portions of the estate for the daughters Debora, Damaris, Ruth, and Elizabeth were divided "equally by Capt Myles Standish [and] Caleb Hopkins their brother" at a date not given, and an agreement was reached on 30 9th month [Nov.] 1644 between Capt. Myles Standish and Caleb Hopkins with Richard Sparrow that Sparrow would have "Elizabeth Hopkins as his owne child untill the tyme of her marryage or untill shee be nineteene years of age," noting "the weaknes of the Child and her inabillytie top[e]rforme such service as may acquite their charge in bringing of her up and that shee bee not too much oppressed now in her childhood wth hard labour...." On 15 8th month [Oct.] 1644, Richard Sparrow acknowledged receiving "the half of a Cow from Capt MIles Standish wch is Ruth Hopkins," and on 19 May 1647, Myles Standish acknowledged receiving "two young steers in full Satisfaction for halfe a Cow which was Ruth hopkins which Richard Sparrow bought of me..."[37]

The "Cattle that goeth under the Name of Elizabeth hopkinses" were valued on 29 7th month [Sept.] 1659, and an inventory of her estate was taken on 6 October 1659. On 5 October, the court ordered that, "incase Elizabeth hopkins Doe Come Noe more," the cattle be awarded to Gyles Hopkins, and that he not "[d]emaund of, or molest...Andrew Ringe or Jacob Cooke in the peacable enjoyment of that which they have of the estate of Elizabeth hopkins."[38]


COMMENTS:

Johnson's discovery also strengthens the argument that this was the same Stephen Hopkins who was the minister's clerk on the vessel Sea Venture which met with a hurricane in 1609 while on a voyage to Virginia [ TAG 73:165-66]. One of one hundred and fifty survivors marooned on a Bermuda, he fomented a mutiny and was sentenced to death, but "so penitent he was and made so much moan, alleging the ruin of his wife and children in this his trespass," that his friends procured a pardon from the Governor [ MF 6:3, citing William Strachey's account].

In his listing of the Mayflower passengers Bradford included "Mr. Stephen Hopkins and Elizabeth his wife, and two children called Giles and Constanta, a daughter, both by a former wife. And two more by this wife called Damaris and Oceanus; the last was born at sea. And two servants called Edward Doty and Edward Lester" [ Bradford 442]. Stephen Hopkins signed the Mayflower Compact. In his accounting of this family in 1651 Bradford reported that "Mr. Hopkins and his wife are now both dead, but they lived above twenty years in this place and had one son and four daughters born here. Their son became a seaman and died at Barbadoes, one daughter died here, and two are married; one of them hath two children, and one is yet to marry. So their increase which still survive are five. But his son Giles is married and hath four children. His daughter Constanta is also married and hath twelve children, all of them living, and one of them married" [ Bradford 445].

In June 1621 Steven Hopkins and Edward Winslow were chosen by the governor to approach Massasoit, and Hopkins repeated this duty as emissary frequently thereafter [ Young's Pilgrim Fathers 202, 204].

Despite his social standing and his early public service, Stephen Hopkins managed to run afoul of the authorities several times in the late 1630s. In June of 1636 while an Assistant, he was fined for battery of John Tisdale, whom he "dangerously wounded" [ PCR 1:41-42]. On 2 October 1637 he was fined for allowing drinking on the Lord's day and the playing of "shovell board" [ PCR 1:68] and on 2 January 1637/8 he was "presented for suffering excessive drinking in his house" [ PCR 1:75]. On 5 June 1638 he was "presented for selling beer for 2d. the quart, not worth 1d. a quart" [ PCR 1:87]; for this and other similar infractions he was on 4 September 1638 fined £5 [ PCR 1:97]. He dealt harshly with his pregnant servant Dorothy Temple and only the intercession of John Holmes freed him from being held in contempt of court [ PCR 1:111-13]. In December 1639 he was presented for selling a looking glass for 16d. when a similar glass could be bought in the Bay for 9d. [ PCR 1:137].


Research Notes

Caleb Johnson's discovery [39] of the family of Stephen Hopkins in Hursley, Hampshire, eliminates at last the suggestion that Stephen Hopkins was son of Stephen Hopkins, a clothier, of Wortley, Wooten Underedge, Gloucestershire.[40]
Recently, Caleb Johnson has given a few talks[citation needed] where he discussed circumstantial evidence that points to parents for Stephen-- John Hopkins and Elizabeth Williams?? In the past, he had said there was none. To reflect that we are now connecting the parents that he is supporting, and have included sources from recent journals to reflect that, as well as the maiden name of his first wife, Mary Kent (?). -- Brown-8212 13:42, 8 August 2014 (EDT) .
That Mayflower Hopkins and Sea Venture Hopkins were the same man, is supported by the following:[41][42]
  • They both answer a common description.
  • Stephen Hopkins was not of the Pilgrim group, but is mentioned as a stranger[43] and one of three of London on board. He was married in the Anglican Church and was clert to an Anglican minister.
  • He was a man of mark and evidently of learning and experience (as shown by appointment as clerk) for when Captain Myles Standish made his first exploratory trip from the Mayflower, upon arrival in the new world, Hopkins was appointed with Bradford and Tilley to attend the party to give counsel and advice - ' this, despite the fact that he had displayed his contentious nature upon arrival, declaring, as he had on the Somers Islands, that none had power to command since the expedition bound for Virginia had landed in New England instead where Virginia had no jurisdiction.
  • Hopkins' ability to identify to the exploring party, which he accompanied, a deer trap, a contraption which had puzzled the others, indicates previous experience in the new world. The scribes of the period recorded that the party came upon a limb of a tree bent curiously over a bow and that Stephen Hopkins sayd it had beene to catch some Deere. It seems probable that Hopkins was selected by Weston to accompany the Pilgrims because of his previous experiences in Virginia.
  • BIBLIOGRAPHIC NOTE: In 1992 John D. Austin published an excellent and extensive account of Stephen Hopkins and his descendants as the sixth volume in the Five Generations Project of the General Society of Mayflower Descendants [cited herein as MF 6].
  • In 1998 Caleb Johnson published his discovery of the baptismal place of the children of Stephen Hopkins by his first wife [ TAG 73:161-71].

Unsubstantiated Rumors

The following claims have been made about Stephen Hopkins. If you know of a source for their accuracy, please provide it.

  • That Stephen Hopkins was a friend of William Shakespeare, and that Shakespeare's play, The Tempest, was inspired by Hopkins' early near-disastrous trip to Virginia. (The Tempest includes a character, Stephano, supposedly based on Stephen Hopkins.) It is more likely that Shakespear was acquainted with William Stauchey.
  • "Stephen's friend, William Shakespeare, it is purported, hearing of his friend's story, wrote the play, “The Tempest.” It depicted Stephen as the character Stephano. The play was performed before King James I and his royal court at Whitehall on Hallomas Night or All Saints Day, November 1, 1610. It was revitalized to decorate for the wedding festivities of Princess Elizabeth in 1613 and was incidentally the last play performed in London in 1642 when the Puritan Party closed play houses until restoration from the Stuarts in 1660."
  • That his wife Mary died of the plague.
  • That she died in London. Probate was in Hursley.
  • That contemporaneous cartoons, drawings or paintings exist of Hopkins of the Mayflower
  • That Stephen Hopkins met Capt. John Smith in Virginia. Hopkins could not have met Captain John Smith in Virginia because it was in October, 1609, that Smith, after being wounded by an explosion of gun powder, returned to England for surgical treatment.[44][45]

Disputed Origins Refuted; Real Origins Confirmed

The following has been extracted from the work of Caleb Johnson. A source citation for his work is sought. (NOTE: Too much of the following is still direct copy/paste and needs further summation.)

It has been claimed for more than seventy years that Stephen Hopkins, a passenger on the Mayflower in 1620, was born at Wortley, Wotton-under-Edge, Gloucestershire, England.

  • This theory appears to have originated in 1929 by Charles Edward Banks.[46] Banks based his suggestion on the fact that the name Stephen occurred within the family, and presented his findings simply as possible clues.
  • George F. Willison, in his popularized but frequently inaccurate book, Saints and Strangers, converted Bank's few clues into absolute proof.[47]
  • Ralph D. Phillips furthered the theory in his "Hopkins Family of Wortley, Gloucestershire: Possible Ancestry of Stephen Hopkins" published in The American Genealogist, April 1963.[48] He proposed that the unnamed child of a Stephen Hopkins baptized at Wooton-under-Edge on 29 October 1581 might have been named Stephen (since that was the father's name), and thus was possibly the Mayflower passenger. Two Stephen Hopkinses were then located in a 1608 Wortley "Men and Armour" list. Phillips did not comment upon the fact that this Hopkins family carried the names of Robert, Thomas, George, Edward, Gillian, Joan, Alice, and Agnes - names which do not occur among the Mayflower passenger's children or grandchildren.

Hence, the identification of Stephen Hopkins of the Mayflower with the Gloucestershire family depended entirely upon chronology and the name Stephen. Nonetheless, the theory became widely accepted.

Additionally, it has been claimed that his first wife was Constance Dudley, though this claim was made without any supporting evidence.

  • In 1972, Margaret Hodges contributed greatly to the promotion of the above theory by making the speculative Wotton-under-Edge origin the keystone to her biography, Hopkins of the Mayflower: Portrait of a Dissenter. She claims in her book that Stephen Hopkins was born [sic] on 29 October 1581 at Wortley, married Constance Dudley, was living in Wortley in 1608 (the "Men and Armour" list), and had children William and Stephen along with Constance and Giles.[49]

The alleged son William is based on Wotton-under-Edge records and does not need further comment since the Wortley origin will be disproven. The alleged son, Stephen, however, should be mentioned. Hodges claims that Stephen, son of Stephen Hopkins, the Mayflower passenger, was baptized at St. Stephen's, Coleman Street, London, on 22 December 1609. (Hodges, Hopkins, 142.) This baptism actually occurred on 3 December 1609 at St. Catherine Coleman, London (not 22 December t St. Stephen's, Coleman Street). This child was buried at St. Katherine Coleman on 19 February 1609/10, and John, son of Stephen Hopkins, was baptized there on 14 April 1611 (St. Katherine Coleman, London, parish register [Family History Library (FHL), Salt Lake City, film #560,022, item 1]. The mistake in the date of the 1609 baptism and in attributing it to st. Stephen's, Coleman Street, apparently originated in Banks, English Ancestry, 61.) This second baptism eliminates the possibility that this is the correct family, for, as will be shown below, when the second child was conceived in 1610, the Mayflower passenger was in Virginia. The name Stephen Hopkins is fairly common, and I encountered no fewer than twelve individuals with this name living in England during the early 1600s, including four who were living in London.

The origin of the Constance Dudley myth is harder to explain, since there has never been any evidence to support it. It receives mention in Hodges' book, and even as recently as November 1997 an article in the Mayflower Quarterly accepts the Wortley origin as fact and adds that "it is the general consensus that she Constance Dudley] was his wife," though "what seems to be in question is her relationship" to Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester. (Even the Internet web pages of the Plimoth Plantation Museum have been tainted with this myth, claiming Stephen Hopkins was born [sic] at Wortley on 29 October 1581, and that his first wife "may have been named Constance."

In the midst of all this, it is well to note that the best modern genealogy of this family, by John D. Austin, FASG, in the Mayflower Families Through Five Generations series, mentions the claimed Gloucestershire origin as only a possibility and states that "no authority has been found for the oft-repeated identification of her [Stephen's first wife] as Constance Dudley."[50] Caution is also expressed in other careful works, including Mary Walton Ferris, Dawes-Gates Ancestral Lines, 2 vols, (n.p., 1931-43), 2:443 n.; Eugene Aubrey Stratton, Plymouth Colony: Its History and People, 1620-1691 (Salt Lake City, 1986), 309; and Robert Charles Anderson, The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England, 1620-1633, 3 cols. (Boston, 1995), 2-998 (hereafter cited as Anderson, Great Migration Begins). See also Robert S. Wakefield, "Restling Brewster: An Old Hoax Resurfaces and Other Mayflower Family Fables," The Mayflower Descendant [MD] 43(1993): 13-14, ag 14,; and Alicia Crane Williams, review of Hodges, Hopkins of the Mayflower, MD 43:88.)

Later published research revealed that Stephen Hopkins was, in fact, from an entirely different part of England, and disproved the long-standing Constance Dudley myth. (The article also strengthens the theory that the Mayflower man was also the Sea Venture man.)

The parish registers of Hursley contain the following baptismal entries, literally transcribed from the original Latin:[51]

  • (1604) decimo tercio die maij Elizabetha filia Stephani Hopkyns fuit baptizata [13th day of May, Elizabeth daughter of Stephen HOpkins was baptized]
  • (1606) undecimo die Maij Constancia filia Steph Hopkyns fuit baptizata [11th day of May, Constance daughter of Steph(en) Hopkins was baptized]
  • (1607/8) tricesima die Januarij Egiduis Filius Stephani Hopkyns fuit baptizatus [30th day of January, Giles (Egidius is the Latin form of the English name Giles) son of Stephen Hopkins was baptized.]

The following burial record was also discovered, entered in English:

(1613) Mary Hopkines the wife of Steeven Hopkines was buried the ix day of May.

Governor William Bradford, in the Mayflower passenger list he wrote in the spring of 1651, (George Ernest Bowman shows that it was written between 24 Feb. 1650/1 and 24 March 1651, which Bowman shifts to New Style: 6 March 1651 and 3 April 1651 ("The Date of Governor Bradford's Passenger List," MD 1[1899]: 161-63) recorded the following:

Mr. Steven Hopkins, and Elizabeth, his wife, and 2 children, called Giles and Constanta, a daughter, both by a former wife; and 2 more by this wife, called Damaris and Oceanus; the last was borne at sea; and 2 servants, called Edward Doty and Edward Lister.[52]

And in his "decreasings and increasings," written about the same time, Bradford stated that:

Mr Hopkins and his wife are now both dead, but they lived above 20 years in this place, and had one sone and 4 doughters borne here. Ther sone became a seaman and dyed at Barbadoes; one daughter dyed here, and 2 are maried; one of them hath 2 children; and one is yet to mary. So their increas which still survive are 5. But his sone Giles is maried and hath 4 children. His doughter Constanta is also maried and hath 12 children, all of them living, and one of them maried.[53]

Bradford's comments accord exactly with these parish register records. Stephen and Mary Hopkins of Hursley, Hampshire, were the parents of Elizabeth, Constance, and Giles. It should also be noted that both Constance and Giles named their first daughter Mary.


A letter written by William Bradford on 8 September 1623 shows that Stephen Hopkins had a brother in England who provided nails to the Pilgrims:

"About Hobkins and his men [Edward Dity and Edward Leister] we are come to this isew. the men we retain in the generall according to his resignation and equietie of the thinge. and about that recconing of .20 ode pounds, we have brought it to this pass, he is to have. 6. li. payed by you there, and the rest to be quite, it is for nails and such other things as we have had of his brother here for the companies use, and upon promise of paymente by us, we desire you will accordingly doe it."

A thorough search of Hampshire records for information on Stephen Hopkins or his wife Mary's ancestry failed to turn up any conclusive proof on either count. The Hopkins families of Hampshire are found in three main regions: Andover and surrounding parishes, Isle of Wight, and Hursley-Winchester. The parish registers of Hursley, unfortunately, do not begin until January 1599/1600, and there is no mention of Hopkinses in the eleven wills surviving from the Peculiar Court of Hursley, 1566-1705; no wills in this court survive between 1599 and 1682. Hursley wills in the Consistory Court of Winchester and the Perogative Court of Canterbury from this period were also read without finding any mention of Hopkinses; there are no Hursley wills in the indexes of the Archdeaconry Court of Winchester from 1590 through 1613. Some significant clues were discovered, however, and are briefly summarized below.

Hursley had one manor at the time, Merdon; and Stephen Hopkins is mentioned in these records on "** 19.. may 6 James I (1608) as one of the men who were penalized or fined. [54] The records are not clear as to why he was penalized.

The name Giles was somewhat uncommon in the area. There were three men of that name in the 1598 lay subsidy of Hursley: Giles Hobby, Giles Kinge, and Giles Machilde;[55] no connections have yet been found to Stephen Hopkins or his wife Mary.

The name Constance was extremely rare in Hampshire, and only one occurrence of the name was found during the course of this research: the marriage of William Hopkins to Constance Marline at St. Swithin-over-Kingsgate, Winchester, Hampshire, on 16 april 1591. [56] The Soke of Winchester borders Hursley. The lay subsidies of Winchester list a John Hopkins in 1586, 1589, and 1590.[57] On 4 October 1593, administration on the estate of John Hopkyngs of Winchester was granted to the widow Elizabeth, Wm Hopkines posting bond; the inventory had been taken on the previous 10 September. [58] It seems probable that William Hopkins was the son of John Hopkins of Winchester and that he was the William who married Constance Marline. Stephen Hopkins of Hursley and Plymouth may also be a son of John, though no direct evidence for this relationship has been found. Listed in the lay subsidies in 1589 and 1590 is Rainold Marlin, who may have been the father of the Constance Marline who married William Hopkins. [59]

A Stephen Hopkins was named as a son in the 1636 will of Thomas Hopkins of Blashford in the parish of Ellingham on the Isle of Wight.[60] No records were found that could tie this Stephen Hopkins to the Mayflower pilgrim.

On 20 September 1614, a letter was written to sir Thomas Dale, Marshal of the Colony of Virginia, requesting that he "send home by the next ship Eliezer Hopkins."[61] It seems possible that Eliezer Hopkins of Jamestown in 1614 was related to Stephen.

This article has shown that Stephen Hopkins was actually from Hursley, Hampshire, England, and that his first wife was named Mary. The baptisms of Constance and Giles have been revealed, and the additional child Elizabeth has been here identified for the first time. Evidence has been provided to document the long-standing belief that Stephen Hopkins of the Mayflower was the same man as Stephen Hopkins of the Sea Venture. And lastly the results of Paul C. Reed's search of the Hampshire records have been presented, which provide some solid clues for future researchers.

Sources

  1. England & Wales Christening Index 1530-1980 from British Isles Vital Records Index 2nd Edition. Genealogical Society of Utah, Salt Lake City and Provo Utah, database online, Ancestry.com. Stephen Hopkins Christening 30 April 1581, Upper Clatford Parish, Hampshire, England.
  2. England, Select Births and Christenings, 1538-1975. 2014 Ancestry.com, database online. FHL Film Number1041257; Reference ID2:DNQ83N
  3. 3.0 3.1 Torry, Clarence A. New England Marriages Prior to 1700. Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishing Co., 2004. Pg 387.
  4. See sources and Simon Neal's research on Mary's probable family in Mayflower Quarterly article (thanks V in NC).
  5. Church of England Baptisms, Marriages and Burials, 1538-1812. London Metropolitan Archives. Stephen Hopkins Eliza Fisher marriage feb 19 1617 St Mary, Whitechapel, Tower Hamlets 1558-1643, image 87 of 234
  6. Bradford, History of Plymouth, 2:406.
  7. Shurtleff and Pulsifer, Plymouth Colony Records, 1:111-13
  8. For further details on the children of both marriages, see Mayflower Fams. 5Gs., 6:7-14, and Anderson, Great Migration Begins, 2:986-89; we have followed Anderson's "say" birth years, except for Caleb, whose birth year Anderson places as "say 1624." Researchers should also consult George Ernest Bowman's discussion of the Hopkins children ("The Mayflower Genealogies: Stephen Hopkins and His Descendents," MD 5[1903]:47-53.)
  9. Shurtleff and Pulsifer, Plymouth Colony Records, 1:134. For the Wheldens, see Maclean W. McLean, "John and Mary (Folland) Whelden of Yarmouth, Mass.," TAG 48(1972):4-11, 81-88; McLean accepts Catherine (Whelden) Hopkins as a daughter of Gabriel Whelden of Yarmouth, Lynn, and Malden, Mass., but points out that explicit evidence for this relationship has not been found (TAG 48:4-5).
  10. Wakefield, "1623 Plymouth Land Division," Mayflower Quart. 40:8,10.
  11. Shurtleff and Pulsifer, Plymouth Colony Records, 2:98. For the Rings, see John Insley Coddington, "The Widow Mary Ring, of Plymouth, Mass., and Her Children," TAG 42(1966):193-205; and Anderson, Great Migration Begins, 3:1586-88.
  12. "Plymouth Colony Deeds," MD2(1900):27-28. For this Cooke family, see Mayflower Families Through Five Generations, 12: Francis Cooke, by Ralph Van Wood Jr. (Camden, Maine, 1996); and Anderson, Great Migration Begins, 1:467-71.
  13. Mack, Pgs.1, 6-8.
  14. Johnson, p. 160.
  15. Smith, Chapter XII, Pgs 89-90.
  16. Mack, Pgs. 10-13 citing StracheyChapter 1.
  17. Strachey Chapter 2.
  18. Robert Charles Anderson, New England Historical Genealogical Society (NEHGS) Pilgrim Family Sketch Stephen Hopkins I Archived 16 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  19. Mack Pg 21 citing Strachey.
  20. Strachey
  21. Mack Pg 24 citing Strachey.
  22. Strachey
  23. Encyclopedia Virginia: This Day to an Excellant Lacy see image
  24. Calendar of State Papers, Domestic Series, of the Reign of James L 1611-1618 (London 1858), p. 253; Calendar of State Papers, Colonial Series, 1574-1660 (London 1860), p. 17.
  25. Mack Pg 39
  26. Hampshire Records Office . Winchester 1613AD/046
  27. Johnson, pgs. 149-151.
  28. World Cat
  29. [https://aarauctions.com/live/images/auction-1637/large-72281.0_12.jpg see image'
  30. Shurtleff and Pulsifer, Plymouth Colony Records, 12:4
  31. Robert S. Wakefield, "The 1623 Plymouth Land Division," Mayflower Quart. 40(1974):7-13, 55-59, at 10.
  32. Shurtleff and Pulsifer, Plymouth Colony Records, 12:11.
  33. Howard, R. H., ed; Crocker, Henry E. editors. A history of New England, containing historical and descriptive sketches of the counties, cities and principal towns of the six New England states, including, in its list of contributors, more than sixty literary men and women, representing every county in New England. Boston, Crocker & co.1881. And Moore, in his Lives of the Colonial Governors, says,
    "Of the Pilgrims who remained in 1634, Stephen Hopkins, Miles Standish, and John Alden were the most prominent individuals. Hopkins was the one of the principle magistrates...Stephen Hopkins was not only one of the first men among the Pilgrims, but he had extraordinary fortune in being concerned with many of the first things that happened to the colonists, whether for good or for evil. Thus, he was one of the signers of the first Declaration of Independence in the New World-the famous Compact, drawn up and signed in the cabin of the Mayflower, November twenty-first, 1620; it has been called 'the nucleus around which everything else clustered-unquestionably the foundation of all the superstructures of government which have since been reared in these United States.<ref>[https://www.google.com/books/edition/_/ISMrAQAAIAAJ?hl=en&gbpv=1  Lives of the Governors of New Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay. United States]: Moore, Jacob Bailey. Gates & Stedman, 1848. Pg 140.</li>
    <li id="_note-32">[[#_ref-32|↑]] [https://www.google.com/books/edition/_/QhWyDwAAQBAJ?hl=en Miles Standish]. N.p.: Outlook Verlag, 2019. Abbott, John S.C. Pg 67.</li> <li id="_note-Anderson">[[#_ref-Anderson_0|↑]] Anderson, Robert Charles. The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England, 1620-1633, Volume 2, Pgs 986-9.</li> <li id="_note-33">[[#_ref-33|↑]] [https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-L97D-V3W2?cc=2018320&wc=M6BX-F29%3A338083801 "Massachusetts, Plymouth County, Probate Records, 1633-1967]," images, FamilySearch ( : 20 May 2014), Wills 1633-1686 vol 1-4 > image 71 of 616; State Archives, Boston.</li> <li id="_note-34">[[#_ref-34|↑]] George Ernest Bowman, "The Portions of Stephen Hopkins' Daughters, and the Estate of Elizabeth Hopkins," in ''Mayflower Descendant'' 4(1902): 114=19, at 114-17; Simmons, Plymouth Colony Records, 1:137-39.</li> <li id="_note-35">[[#_ref-35|↑]] Bowman, "...Estate of Elizabeth Hopkins," MD 4:118-19</li> <li id="_note-36">[[#_ref-36|↑]] Caleb Johnson, Article title?, in ''The American Genealogist,'' 73:161-71</li> <li id="_note-37">[[#_ref-37|↑]] Anderson?, citing Mayflower Families 6:3, citing "[t]he Wortley historian"].</li> <li id="_note-38">[[#_ref-38|↑]] [[#Mack |Mack]]</li> <li id="_note-39">[[#_ref-39|↑]] [[#Johnson |Johnson]]</li> <li id="_note-40">[[#_ref-40|↑]] [[#Mack |Mack]], Pg 51 citing Willison, ''Saints and Strangers'', Pgs 129-130.</li> <li id="_note-41">[[#_ref-41|↑]] Snell, Tee Loftin (1974). The wild shores: America's beginnings. Washington DC: National Geographic Society (U.S.), Special Publications Division.</li> <li id="_note-42">[[#_ref-42|↑]] [https://historicjamestowne.org/history/pocahontas/john-smith/ Historic Jamestown John Smith]</li> <li id="_note-43">[[#_ref-43|↑]] Charles Edward Banks, The English Ancestry and Homes of the pilgrim Fathers...(New York, 1929(, 61-64 at 63-64; hereafter cited as Banks, English Ancestry.</li> <li id="_note-44">[[#_ref-44|↑]] George F. Willison, Saints and Strangers...(New York, 1945), 441.).</li> <li id="_note-45">[[#_ref-45|↑]] Ralph D. Phillips, "Hopkins Family of Wortley, Gloucestershier: Possible Ancestry of Stephen Hopkins," TAG 39 (1963): 95-97.</li> <li id="_note-46">[[#_ref-46|↑]] Margaret Hodges, ''Hopkins of the Mayflower: Portrait of a Dissenter,'' (New York, 1972), 7, 12-13, 66-67, 142; hereafter cited as Hodges, Hopkins</li> <li id="_note-47">[[#_ref-47|↑]] John D. Austin, ''Mayflower Familes Through Five Generations,'' 15 vols. to date (Plymouth, 1975- ), hereafter cited as Mayflower Fams. 5Gs., 6: Stephen Hopkins, 2nd ed. (Plymouth, 1995), 3-4, 7.</li> <li id="_note-48">[[#_ref-48|↑]] Hursley, Hampshire, parish register [FHL film #1,041,201]</li> <li id="_note-49">[[#_ref-49|↑]] William Bradford, History of Plymouth Plantation, 1620-1647, ed. Worthington Chauncey Ford, 2 vols. (Boston, 1912), 2:400; herafter cited as Bradford, History of Plymouth. </li> <li id="_note-50">[[#_ref-50|↑]] Bradford, ''History of Plymouth,'' 2:406-7.</li> <li id="_note-51">[[#_ref-51|↑]] Merdon manorial court rolls [FHl film #1,471,826].</li> <li id="_note-52">[[#_ref-52|↑]] Douglas F. Vick, Central Hampshire Lay Subsidy Assessments, 15588-1602 (Farnham, Hants., n.d); Hereafter cited as Vick, Central Hands. Subsidies.</li> <li id="_note-53">[[#_ref-53|↑]] St. Swithin-over-Kingsgate, Winchester, Hampshire, parish register [FHL, film #1,041,221]</li> <li id="_note-54">[[#_ref-54|↑]] Vick, Central Hants, Subsidies, 29-30.</li> <li id="_note-55">[[#_ref-55|↑]] Winchester administrations [FHL film #197,336].</li> <li id="_note-56">[[#_ref-56|↑]] Vick, Central Hants. Subsidies, 29-30</li> <li id="_note-57">[[#_ref-57|↑]] Archdeaconry Court of Winchester, original wills [FHL film #186,925].)</li> <li id="_note-58">[[#_ref-58|↑]] Alexander Brown, comp., The Genesis of the United States: A Narrative of the Movements in England Which Resulted in the Plantation of North America by Englishmen..., 2 vols. (Cambridge, Mass., 1890), 2:736.</li></ol></ref>

See also:

  • Mack, Jonathan. A Stanger Among Saints: Stephen Hopkins The Man Who Survived Jamestown And Saved Plymouth. 2020 Chicago, IL Chicago Review Press INC.
  • Smith, John (1580-1631). The Generall Historie of Virginia, New-England, and the Summer Isles: With the Names of the Adventurers, Planters, and Governours from Their First Beginning, Ano: 1584. To This Present 1624. With the Procedings of Those Severall Colonies and the Accidents That Befell Them in All Their Journyes and Discoveries. Also the Maps and Descriptions of All Those Countryes, Their Commodities, People, Government, Customes, and Religion Yet Knowne. Divided into Sixe Bookes. By Captaine Iohn Smith, Sometymes Governour in Those Countryes & Admirall of New England. 1624 London. Printed by I.D. and I.H. for Michael Sparkes. Digital version 2006, part of University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill digital library.
  • Mayflower Families Through Five Generations, Mayflower Society. General Society of Mayflower Descendants, Plymouth, MA, 2001
  • Mayflower Marriages. Susan E. Roser . Genealogical Publishing Co. 1990
  • History and Genealogy of the Hopkins Family in America; James Kimble Young, Jr.,; 1950.
  • Stephen Hopkins of the Mayflower and Some of His Descendants, Compiled by Timothy Hopkins of San Francisco. Prepared for Publication by Margaret Griffith, California Genealogical Society.
  • "The Doty-Doten Family in America", by Ethan Allen Doty, 1897,
  • Myricks of Westminster, The Abbreviation: Myricks of Westminster Author: Nadeau, Bernard E. Publication: author, St. Augustine, FL, 1976
  • Mayflower Source Records . Roberts Publication: 1986
  • Consolidated Library of Cape Cod History and Genealogy. Smith, Leonard H. Owl Books, Clearwater, FL, 1990
  • A Munsey-Hopkins Genealogy, being the ancestry of Andrew Chauncey Munsey and Mary Jane Merritt Hopkins . Lowell, D.O.S. Boston, 1920
  • Adventurers of Purse and Person, Virginia 1607-1625. Jester, Annie Lash. Order of First Families of Virginia, Richmond, VA, 1956 / 1987
  • English Ancestry and homes of the Pilgrim Fathers who came to Plymouth on the "Mayflower" in 1620, the "Fortune" in 1621, and the "Anne" and the "Little James" in 1623. Banks, Charles Edward . The Grafton Press, New York, 1929 (rep - 1965)
  • Library of Cape Cod History and Genealogy. C. W. Swift, Yarmouthport, MA
  • Great Migration Begins - Immigrants to New England 1620-1633. Robert Charles Anderson . New England Historic Genealogical Society, Boston, MA, 1995
  • History of Barnstable County, MA 1620 – 1890. Simeon L. Deyo. H. W. Blake & Co., New York, 1890
  • Founders of Early American Families - Emigrants from Europe 1607-1657. Colket, Meredith B . General Court of the Order of Founders and Patriots of America, Cleveland, OH, 1975
  • Johnson, Caleb; "The True Origin of Stephen Hopkins of the Mayflower"; in The American Genealogist, v.73, no. 3, July 1998; pp. 161-171
  • Stephen Hopkins of the Mayflower and Descendants for Four Generations; pp.1-3
  • Hopkins Family of Wortley, Gloucestershire-Possible ancestry of Stephen Hopkins'; Ralph D. Phillips; v.39,p.95-97;1963
  • History and Genealogy of the Mayflower Planters, Vol. I
  • Mayflower Marriages
  • Mayflower Descendants and Their Marriages for Two Generations After the Landing
  • Mayflower Deeds & Probates
  • Mayflower Births & Deaths, Vol. I
  • Register of the Society of Mayflower descendants in the District of Columbia, 1970 : in commemoration of the 350th anniversary
  • Massachusetts Census, 1790-1890. Jackson, Ron V.
  • Families Directly Descended from All the Royal Families in Europe (495 to 1932) & Mayflower Descendants.

Page:

  • Pilgrim Village Families Sketch: Stephen Hopkins by Robert Charles Anderson Stephen Hopkins web.archive.org
  • John D. Austin, Mayflower Families Through 5 Generations, Stephen Hopkins, Vol. 6 (General Society of Mayflower Descendants, Plymouth, MA, 2001 [3rd printing] )
  • Amos Otis, Genealogical Notes of Barnstable Families revised by C.F. Swift (Publication: c1861 (revised ?) )
  • Caleb H. Johnson, The Mayflower and her passengers (Indiana:Xlibris Corp., Caleb Johnson, 2006)
  • Johnson, Caleb. Here Shall I Die Ashore: Stephen Hopkins: Bermuda Castaway, Jamestown Survivor, and Mayflower Pilgrim.. United Kingdom: Xlibris US, 2007.
  • "Mayflower Families Through Five Generations", Volume six, "Hopkins", Published by General Society of Mayflower Descendants, 1992.
  • http://minerdescent.com/page/8/ - "The Miner Descent," has an excellent article on Stephen Hopkins and his unusual life plus possible connection to William Shakespeare's character "Stephano" in "The Tempest," said to be based on the Sea Venture's wreck of 1609 and Hopkins' conviction for mutiny. It says he was baptised on April 30, 1581, in Upper Clatford, Hampshire.
  • Bradford, William. History of Plymouth Plantation (Massachusetts Historical Society, 1856) p. 448 "8. Mr. Steven Hopkins, & Elizabeth, his wife, and 2. children, caled Giles, and Constanta, a doughter, both by a former wife; and 2. more by this wife, caled Damaris & Oceanus; the last was borne at sea; and 2. servants, called Edward Doty and Edward Litster." " p. 452 (5.)Mr Hopkins and his wife are now both dead, but they lived above 20. years in this place, and had one sone and 4. doughters borne here. Ther sone became a seaman, & dyed at Barbadoes; one daughter dyed here, and 2. are maried; one of them hath 2. children; & one is yet to mary. So their increase which still survive are 5. (4.) But his 4. some Giles is maried, and hath 4. children. (12.) His doughter Constanta is also maried, and hath 12. children, all of them living, and one of them maried.
  • Bradford, William, 1590-1657. Of Plimoth Plantation: manuscript, 1630-1650. State Library of Massachusetts "List of Mayflower Passengers." In Bradford's Hand.
  • Find a Grave, database and images (accessed 27 May 2020), memorial page for Stephen Hopkins (Apr 1581–Jul 1644), Template:Find a Grave Memorial, ; Maintained by Our Family History (contributor 47719401) Burial Details Unknown.
  • Some of the biography was provided by Mary Jane Simpson, Central North Carolina Company Historian. Descendants of Stephen Hopkins who belong to the Central North Carolina Company of the Jamestowne Society: Dr. John Blue Clark, Jr. and Mr. Samuel M. Hobbs

Additional References Contributed by Morag M:

• 1 Pilgrim Hopkins Heritage Society (On line) Atlantic Crossings Vol. 1 , Issue 1 pp. 1 and 4 • 2 www.PlymouthAncestors.org Genealogical Profile of Stephen Hopkins • 4 American Genealogist 74 (4) Oct 2004 pp241-249

Acknowledgments

This profile was developed through the efforts of many, many people and through many, many merges.



More Genealogy Tools



Sponsored Search




Comments: 32

Leave a message for others who see this profile.
There are no comments yet.
Login to post a comment.
Why is there an American flag image from over 130 years after Stephen's death attached to this profile???
posted by Chase Ashley
edited by Chase Ashley
That's been resolved. Thanks, Chase.
posted by Bobbie (Madison) Hall
On the supposed link with Shakespeare, William Strachey's account of the Bermuda shipwreck was published in July 1610 and the story was apparently already known through word of mouth. It is likely that Shakespeare knew the story and perhaps the Sea Venture shipwreck gave him the idea for the storm at the beginning of the Tempest, which he wrote in 1610-1611. It is unlikely (but possible) that Hopkins and Shakespeare knew each other before Hopkins became well-known through the Bermuda adventure. If Hopkins returned to England "about the fall of 1615/16" and Shakespeare died on 23 April 1616, that didn't leave much time for the 2 of them to form a friendship then.
posted by RG Plumb
RG, that's why it's listed under "Unsubstantiated Rumors." It's a good story, but unproven that they were acquaintances.
posted by Bobbie (Madison) Hall
Just a reminder that I started (and then forgot -- twice) a draft rewrite of this WAY overlong profile. I need help, though. See: https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Space:Stephen_Hopkins_Profile_Rewrite
posted by Jillaine Smith
Shouldn't Mary Constance Dudley be removed as wife of Stephen Hopkins?

Her status is refuted in the Bio.

posted by Sandy Culver
In 1581, year of Stephen's birth, the United Kingdom did not exist. He was born in England. Only in 1800 did the United Kingdom Great Britain come into existance, and in 1801, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
See:

http://www.saintsandstrangers.com/

National Geographic Movie (2015) about Mayflower that featured Stephen Hopkins

posted by Doug Smith
Received email from Becky requesting I rewrite this profile. I have setup a freespace page for the purpose, and y'all can review/edit/comment on that.
posted by Jillaine Smith
Hopkins-5704 and Hopkins-373 appear to represent the same person because: Whilst birth dates need to be reconsidered these profiles should be merged
posted by [Living Woodhouse]
I agree with Jillaine abt copyright. Lots copied straight from Caleb.

Under Back In England " . . . another residence at Hursley, Southhampton, Eng . . . where his wife, Mary's probate was executed. . . . "

But Hursley is in Hampshire co., not city of Southampton.

Beginning of graph says home "just outside of London Wall". Some might infer Mary died there. No indication she lived in London & when she died her children were assigned guardians who lived in Hursley, not London.

See Simon Neal's research on Mary's probable family at Mayflower Quarterly article (thanks V in NC): https://www.themayflowersociety.org/images/stories/quarterly/nov-june-2012/index.html#/22

sources http://tinyurl.com/NEAL-SOURCES

Under Family: Says "we know she died of the plague". No, we don't know that.

posted by Tish Bucher
We don't know his death date -- only the range. 6 June (will) - 17 July (inventory) 1644.

What's the source that Hopkins was a friend of Wm Shakespeare as reported in the text?

What's the source that Mary died of the plague?

The portrait above of the seated man in the gold vest is a different S.Hopkins from [LOCATION] Providence, Rhode Island.

[DATE] That Stephen Hopkins (1707-1785) served as a chancellor for (now) Brown University (the large buidling in the background) after it was founded in 1764, signed the Declaration of Independance in 1775. It was painted in 1999 and hangs at Brown University. http://gaspee.org/StephenHopkins.htm

See the paining here also: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stephen_Hopkins_(politician)

There are no cartoons, drawings or paintings of Hopkins of the Mayflower.

posted by Tish Bucher
There appear to be at least three cases of someone copy/pasting published, copyrighted articles here. The second one is certainly Anderson from Great Migration Begins. I think the text preceding that is from a TAG article but I can't tell, but I remember reading it in a journal. And I'm not sure about the last bit of text that starts with "a tentative pedigree". ALL of this should be deleted and replaced with an originally written piece that might include some quotes and references to these works but does not copy them whole cloth. I'm happy to help do this if you want help.
posted by Jillaine Smith

Stephen is 16 degrees from Donald Howard, 11 degrees from Julia Howe and 13 degrees from Henry VIII of England on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.