Stephen Hopkins was born probably in Hampshire, England, about 1578. He may have been the son of John Hopkins of the city of Winchester.
He died in Plymouth, now Massachusetts, between 6 June 1644, when he executed his will, and 17 July 1644, when the inventory of his estate was taken.
He married first, by 13 May 1604 (baptism of a child), Mary ____, who was buried at Hursley, Hampshire, on 9 May 1613. He married secondly, at St. Mary Matfellon, Whitechapel, Middlesex, on 19 February 1617/8, Elizabeth Fisher. who died in Plymouth in the early 1640s, since Bradford stated that both Stephen Hopkins and his wife had "lived above 20 years in this place." Mayflower Fams. 5Gs., 6:7, states that she died after 4 Feb. 1638/9. We have not been able to find a primary source that she was alive on this specific date. 4 Feb. 1638/9 is the date of the Plymouth court session that weighed the situation of Stephen Hopkin's pregnant servant, Dorothy Temple; Stephen's wife is not mentioned. She was certainly dead by the time her husband executed his will.
"Steuen Hobkins" received six acres in the 1623 division of land, indicating five people in his household (since Stephen should have had an extra share). In the Division of Cattle, 22 May 1627, the seventh lot "fell to Stephen Hopkins & his companie Joyned to him"; wife Elizabeth Hopkins, Gyles Hopkins, Caleb Hopkins, Debora Hopkins, Nickolas Snow, Constance Snow, Wil[l]iam Pallmer, Frances Pallmer, Wil[l]iam Palmer Jr., John Billington Sr., Hellen Billington, and Francis Billington.
Stephen Hopkins was born about 1580.
Stephen Hopkins married first Mary; her last name is not known. She died (no proof that it was of plague) while her husband was in Bermuda. She bore him three children:
Stephen married second, Elizabeth Fisher at St. Mary's, Whitechapel, London and together they had:
It is believed that Stephen Hopkins was the man hired as a minister's clerk aboard the 300-ton "Sea Venture," one of a fleet of 7 ships and 2 pinnaces that started a voyage to Virginia on July 23, 1609. [link to more info about this], and travelling with Sir Thomas Gates, Deputy Governor of the Virginia Colony, and "the old sea rover" Sir George Summers, Admiral of the Seas. The Sea Venture was supposedly wrecked on 28 July 1609, driven ashore the uninhabited Somers Island / Bermuda with 150 men, women & children. The group survived on birds, wild hogs and turtles. A year later, survivors reached Virginia in a small boat they'd built.
This contemporary account of events is included in William Strachey's record of the voyage and the wreck of the Sea Venture, which also notes that while Hopkins was ultra religious, he was contentious and defiant of authority and had enough learning to undertake to wrest leadership from others.
Although there is no complete list of the shipwrecked party who eventually reached Jamestown in the 2 pinnaces Patience and Deliverance built on the islands, Hopkins did not remain on the Somers Islands and the conclusion is that the recalcitrant came docilely to Virginia despite his known wish to return to England. In view of his past disturbances, the authorities could not have been loath to part with him and it is reasonable to suppose that he was allowed to return to England on one of the first ships and thus passed out of the history of Virginia.
That Mayflower Hopkins and Sea Venture Hopkins were the same man, is supported by the following:
Stephen Hopkins was able to obtain passage back to England about the fall of 1615/16. He returned to find his wife Mary had died in/near their home just outside of London Wall on the high road entering the city at Aldgate in the vicinity of Heneage House. In this neighborhood lived John Carver and William Bradford of the Mayflower Company; Robert Cushman, the London agent for the Pilgrims; and Edward Southworth, who later came to New England. He may have also had another residence at Hursley, Southhampton, England, as this is where his wife, Mary's probate was executed upon her death.
Stephen Hopkins was invited to and did return to America aboard the Mayflower departing London before the end of June, 1620, with his second wife, Elizabeth, and children, Constance (Constanta), Giles, and Damaris. A fourth child, Oceanus, was born on the ship during the voyage. At the time of the voyage, he was considered a tanner or leather maker, but later was a merchant and planter.
Hopkins was one of twelve Mayflower passengers given the title "Mr." which was reserved for men of high societal standing. This is also reiterated by the fact that he brought along two servants, Edward Leister and Edward Doty.
On the 6th of December Stephen Hopkins, in the company of 17 other men, Capt. Standish at the head, started on a second voyage of discovery, with the shallop, which lasted 5 or 6 days, during which they had an encounter with the Indians. They entered Plymouth bay and landed on the 11th of December.
That Stephen Hopkins was a man of more than ordinary force of character and influence is shown by the part he played in the early history of the colony. In Howard and Crocker's Popular History of New England, we read:
And Moore, in his Lives of the Colonial Governors, says,
Stephen Hopkins headed a list of persons chosen to arrange for trade with outsiders-- a sort of incipient chamber of commerce. He was added to the Governor and Assistants in 1637 as an assessor to raise a fund for sending aid to the Massachusetts Bay and Connecticut colonies in the impending Indian War. In the same year, he and his two sons, Giles and Caleb, were among the forty-two who volunteered their services as soldiers to aid these same colonies. We find also him repeatedly mentioned as an appraiser of estates, administrator, guardian, juryman (foreman, apparently), etc.
On 18 June 1621, Edwards Doty and Leister (Mr. Hopkins' two servants) fought what was the first dual on record in New England, with sword and dagger. Hopkins petitioned for the release of his servants from cruel punishment. Both were wounded, one in the hand and the other in the thigh. They were sentenced by the whole company to have their heads and feet tied together and so to lie for 24 hours without meat or drink, 'but within an hour, because of their great pains, at their own & their master's humble request, upon promise of better carriage, they are released by the governor.')'
Stephen Hopkins also became Indian Ambassador of the Plymouth Colony, during which time he befriended and invited the famous Native American, Squanto, to live in his home. He went with Governor Winslow and Squanto on the first embassy sent to the Massasoit to conclude a treaty. It was in Hopkins' home that the first ever Indian treaties were signed. As Indian Ambassador, Stephen Hopkins participated in the arrangement and planning of the first Thanksgiving.
Mr. Hopkins opened the first bar, built the first port of ships and erected the first trading post in American history. He was engaged in trade, selling liquors and various other articles. He was charged at times with abuse of his traffic in liquors and with selling liquors and other articles at excessive rates, according to the views of the period, but he never lost the confidence of the leading men.
Later in his life, Hopkins became assistant governor for the state of Massachusetts. He was chosen for this position three years in succession, 1632-5. Jan. 1, 1632/3. He was also chosen one of the council for the ensuing year, Edward Winslow being chosen governor. Jan. 10 of the same year, he was a member of a court that tried a servant who had run away. The servant was privately whipped before the court.
Jan. 2, 1633/4: he and John Jenny were the appraisers of the estate of Samuel Fuller, the elder, which included about 30 books.
Oct. 1, 1634: he was appointed the first of a committee to treat with the existing partners as to the future management of the trade.
Oct. 2, 1634: he and Robert Hicks took the inventory of the goods of Stephen Deans.
June 7, 1636: John Tisdale, yeoman, brought an action of battery against Mr. Hopkins, assistant to the government, by whom he alleged he was dangerously wounded. Hopkins was fined L5 sterling to the use of the King, whose peace he had broken, wch he ought after a special manner to have kept, and was adjudged to pay 40s. to the plaintiff.
Jan. 1, 1634/5: he was chosen an assistant, and entered upon his office the 3d of March.
Jan. 5, 1635/6: he was chosen assistant, and took the oath March 1.
March 14, 1635/6: he was authorized to mow the marsh between Thomas Clarke and George Sowle, and it was ordered that he and Clarke have the marsh up the river as formerly.
Nov. 7, 1636: a way between his land and that of Thomas Pope, Richard Clough and Richard Wright, 'at the fishing point, neer Slowly Field,' is mentioned.
Jan. 3, 1636/7: Stephen Hopkins was an assistant On the same date he was made one of a committee to arrange an agreement with those that have the trade in theire hands and report to the court.
March 7, 1636/7: In a list of freemen, dated, he is styled "gentleman."
March 7, 1636/7, it was ordered that those who then had the trade of beaver, corn and beads, etc., with the Indians should hold it until the beginning of June, and in the meantime a committee was appointed, of which Mr. Hopkins was one, to consider propositions and ways so as the said trade may be still continued to the benefit of the collony.
March 20, 1636/7, action was taken as to the use of the hay grounds and Mr. Hopkins was made one of a committee to view those grounds between the Eel river and the town of Plymouth, that each man might be assigned a proper portion. He and Thomas Clark were given the hay ground they had the past year.
May 10, 1637, a jury impaneled for the purpose rendered a verdict (which was delivered to the General Court July 7, 1637) laying out highways to the Eel river from Plymouth, which mentions Mr. Hopkins' house, one of the ways passing it on the west.
June 7, 1637, he with the governor and assistants and other persons formed a committee to consider how the trade in beaver, etc., (which was likely to go into decay) might be upheld.
July 17, 1637, Stephen Hopkins sold for L60 lawful money of England, to be paid 1/2 on May 1, 1638, and 1/2 Sept. 29, 1638, to George Boare of Scituate his message, houses, tenements and outhouses at the Broken wharf towards the Eel river, together with the 6 shares of land thereunto belonging, containing 120 acres.
October 2, 1637, he was appointed 1 of a committee for the town of Plymouth to act with the governor and assistants and committee from Eel river, Jones river and Duxbury in agreeing upon an equal course in the division of about 500 acres of meadow between the Eel river and South river.
Stephen Hopkins died between 6 Jun 1644 (date of his will) and 17 July 1644 (inventory of his estate).
Among the earliest wills probated at Plymouth, Massachusetts, was that of Stephen Hopkins, 6 June 1644 - August 1644, directing that he be buried near his deceased wife, naming son Caleb, "heir apparent," mentioning other children and naming Captain Myles Standish as overseer of the will. The will was witnessed by Governor Bradford and Captin Standish.
The portions of the estate for the daughters Debora, Damaris, Ruth, and Elizabeth were divided "equally by Capt Myles Standish [and] Caleb Hopkins their brother" at a date not given, and an agreement was reached on 30 9th month [Nov.] 1644 between Capt. Myles Standish and Caleb Hopkins with Richard Sparrow that Sparrow would have "Elizabeth Hopkins as his owne child untill the tyme of her marryage or untill shee be nineteene years of age," noting "the weaknes of the Child and her inabillytie top[e]rforme such service as may acquite their charge in bringing of her up and that shee bee not too much oppressed now in her childhood wth hard labour...." On 15 8th month [Oct.] 1644, Richard Sparrow acknowledged receiving "the half of a Cow from Capt MIles Standish wch is Ruth Hopkins," and on 19 May 1647, Myles Standish acknowledged receiving "two young steers in full Satisfaction for halfe a Cow which was Ruth hopkins which Richard Sparrow bought of me..."
The "Cattle that goeth under the Name of Elizabeth hopkinses" were valued on 29 7th month [Sept.] 1659, and an inventory of her estate was taken on 6 October 1659. On 5 October, the court ordered that, "incase Elizabeth hopkins Doe Come Noe more," the cattle be awarded to Gyles Hopkins, and that he not "[d]emaund of, or molest...Andrew Ringe or Jacob Cooke in the peacable enjoyment of that which they have of the estate of Elizabeth hopkins."
Children of Stephen and Mary (---) Hopkins, all baptized at Hursley.
Johnson's discovery also strengthens the argument that this was the same Stephen Hopkins who was the minister's clerk on the vessel Sea Venture which met with a hurricane in 1609 while on a voyage to Virginia [ TAG 73:165-66]. One of one hundred and fifty survivors marooned on a Bermuda, he fomented a mutiny and was sentenced to death, but "so penitent he was and made so much moan, alleging the ruin of his wife and children in this his trespass," that his friends procured a pardon from the Governor [ MF 6:3, citing William Strachey's account].
In his listing of the Mayflower passengers Bradford included "Mr. Stephen Hopkins and Elizabeth his wife, and two children called Giles and Constanta, a daughter, both by a former wife. And two more by this wife called Damaris and Oceanus; the last was born at sea. And two servants called Edward Doty and Edward Lester" [ Bradford 442]. Stephen Hopkins signed the Mayflower Compact. In his accounting of this family in 1651 Bradford reported that "Mr. Hopkins and his wife are now both dead, but they lived above twenty years in this place and had one son and four daughters born here. Their son became a seaman and died at Barbadoes, one daughter died here, and two are married; one of them hath two children, and one is yet to marry. So their increase which still survive are five. But his son Giles is married and hath four children. His daughter Constanta is also married and hath twelve children, all of them living, and one of them married" [ Bradford 445].
In June 1621 Steven Hopkins and Edward Winslow were chosen by the governor to approach Massasoit, and Hopkins repeated this duty as emissary frequently thereafter [ Young's Pilgrim Fathers 202, 204].
Despite his social standing and his early public service, Stephen Hopkins managed to run afoul of the authorities several times in the late 1630s. In June of 1636 while an Assistant, he was fined for battery of John Tisdale, whom he "dangerously wounded" [ PCR 1:41-42]. On 2 October 1637 he was fined for allowing drinking on the Lord's day and the playing of "shovell board" [ PCR 1:68] and on 2 January 1637/8 he was "presented for suffering excessive drinking in his house" [ PCR 1:75]. On 5 June 1638 he was "presented for selling beer for 2d. the quart, not worth 1d. a quart" [ PCR 1:87]; for this and other similar infractions he was on 4 September 1638 fined £5 [ PCR 1:97]. He dealt harshly with his pregnant servant Dorothy Temple and only the intercession of John Holmes freed him from being held in contempt of court [ PCR 1:111-13]. In December 1639 he was presented for selling a looking glass for 16d. when a similar glass could be bought in the Bay for 9d. [ PCR 1:137].
BIBLIOGRAPHIC NOTE: In 1992 John D. Austin published an excellent and extensive account of Stephen Hopkins and his descendants as the sixth volume in the Five Generations Project of the General Society of Mayflower Descendants [cited herein as MF 6].
In 1998 Caleb Johnson published his discovery of the baptismal place of the children of Stephen Hopkins by his first wife [ TAG 73:161-71].
The following claims have been made about Stephen Hopkins. If you know of a source for their accuracy, please provide it.
It has been claimed for more than seventy years that Stephen Hopkins, a passenger on the Mayflower in 1620, was born at Wortley, Wotton-under-Edge, Gloucestershire, England.
Hence, the identification of Stephen Hopkins of the Mayflower with the Gloucestershire family depended entirely upon chronology and the name Stephen. Nonetheless, the theory became widely accepted.
Additionally, it has been claimed that his first wife was Constance Dudley, though this claim was made without any supporting evidence.
The alleged son William is based on Wotton-under-Edge records and does not need further comment since the Wortley origin will be disproven. The alleged son, Stephen, however, should be mentioned. Hodges claims that Stephen, son of Stephen Hopkins, the Mayflower passenger, was baptized at St. Stephen's, Coleman Street, London, on 22 December 1609. (Hodges, Hopkins, 142.) This baptism actually occurred on 3 December 1609 at St. Catherine Coleman, London (not 22 December t St. Stephen's, Coleman Street). This child was buried at St. Katherine Coleman on 19 February 1609/10, and John, son of Stephen Hopkins, was baptized there on 14 April 1611 (St. Katherine Coleman, London, parish register [Family History Library (FHL), Salt Lake City, film #560,022, item 1]. The mistake in the date of the 1609 baptism and in attributing it to st. Stephen's, Coleman Street, apparently originated in Banks, English Ancestry, 61.) This second baptism eliminates the possibility that this is the correct family, for, as will be shown below, when the second child was conceived in 1610, the Mayflower passenger was in Virginia. The name Stephen Hopkins is fairly common, and I encountered no fewer than twelve individuals with this name living in England during the early 1600s, including four who were living in London.
The origin of the Constance Dudley myth is harder to explain, since there has never been any evidence to support it. It receives mention in Hodges' book, and even as recently as November 1997 an article in the Mayflower Quarterly accepts the Wortley origin as fact and adds that "it is the general consensus that she Constance Dudley] was his wife," though "what seems to be in question is her relationship" to Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester. (Even the Internet web pages of the Plimoth Plantation Museum have been tainted with this myth, claiming Stephen Hopkins was born [sic] at Wortley on 29 October 1581, and that his first wife "may have been named Constance."
In the midst of all this, it is well to note that the best modern genealogy of this family, by John D. Austin, FASG, in the Mayflower Families Through Five Generations series, mentions the claimed Gloucestershire origin as only a possibility and states that "no authority has been found for the oft-repeated identification of her [Stephen's first wife] as Constance Dudley." Caution is also expressed in other careful works, including Mary Walton Ferris, Dawes-Gates Ancestral Lines, 2 vols, (n.p., 1931-43), 2:443 n.; Eugene Aubrey Stratton, Plymouth Colony: Its History and People, 1620-1691 (Salt Lake City, 1986), 309; and Robert Charles Anderson, The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England, 1620-1633, 3 cols. (Boston, 1995), 2-998 (hereafter cited as Anderson, Great Migration Begins). See also Robert S. Wakefield, "Restling Brewster: An Old Hoax Resurfaces and Other Mayflower Family Fables," The Mayflower Descendant [MD] 43(1993): 13-14, ag 14,; and Alicia Crane Williams, review of Hodges, Hopkins of the Mayflower, MD 43:88.)
Later published research revealed that Stephen Hopkins was, in fact, from an entirely different part of England, and disproved the long-standing Constance Dudley myth. (The article also strengthens the theory that the Mayflower man was also the Sea Venture man.)
The parish registers of Hursley contain the following baptismal entries, literally transcribed from the original Latin:
The following burial record was also discovered, entered in English:
Governor William Bradford, in the Mayflower passenger list he wrote in the spring of 1651, (George Ernest Bowman shows that it was written between 24 Feb. 1650/1 and 24 March 1651, which Bowman shifts to New Style: 6 March 1651 and 3 April 1651 ("The Date of Governor Bradford's Passenger List," MD 1: 161-63) recorded the following:
And in his "decreasings and increasings," written about the same time, Bradford stated that:
Bradford's comments accord exactly with these parish register records. Stephen and Mary Hopkins of Hursley, Hampshire, were the parents of Elizabeth, Constance, and Giles. It should also be noted that both Constance and Giles named their first daughter Mary.
One Hopkins probate records and uncovered only one at Hursley - an administration on the estate of Mary Hopkins in 1613. Her estate inventory was dated 10 May 1613, and administration was granted on 12 May 1613 to "Roberto Lyte [vir] gard de hursly" and "Thome Syms vir supra[vi]sor pauper'" during the minority of "Constance, Elize[beth] et Egidij" (in that order). . The inventory follows (the lineation of the heading and of the Latin statement of probate is indicated by slashes (/):
Note: in the above inventory, the 's' at the end of the value of the item is for shilling and the 'd' is for something else. I do not know what the 'j' means.
There are several important observations to be made about this inventory. One is the reference to the shop and the "shopborde" (what we would call a counter), (Shop-board: "A counter or table upon which a tradesman's business is transacted or upon which his goods are exposed to sale" (Oxford English Dictionary). which tells us that Mary and presumably her husband Stephen were shopkeepers. In addition, Mary is stated as having the lease on her dwelling at the time of her death, which may be a clue to her identity.
Most striking, however, is that the estate inventory calls Mary Hopkins a widow, although her burial record calls her "wife," not widow. It would have been very unusual for an administration to have been granted to the estate of a woman whose husband was living (i.e., a feme covert), and Stephen was not dead, as he came on the Mayflower in 1620 with his children Constance and Giles. The solution to this odd puzzle is found in the facts that Stephen and Mary Hopkins stopped having children in 1608, and that there was a Stephen Hopkins aboard the Sea Venture which left for Virginia in 1609. If Mary's husband Stephen was in Virginia in 1613 and his condition was unknown, the court or the parish might well have found it expedient to assume he was dead in order to make the property available for his children's support. And that assumption was not an unlikely one: Mortality rates at Jamestown were extremely high.
A letter written by William Bradford on 8 September 1623 shows that Stephen Hopkins had a brother in England who provided nails to the Pilgrims:
A thorough search of Hampshire records for information on Stephen Hopkins or his wife Mary's ancestry failed to turn up any conclusive proof on either count. The Hopkins families of Hampshire are found in three main regions: Andover and surrounding parishes, Isle of Wight, and Hursley-Winchester. The parish registers of Hursley, unfortunately, do not begin until January 1599/1600, and there is no mention of Hopkinses in the eleven wills surviving from the Peculiar Court of Hursley, 1566-1705; no wills in this court survive between 1599 and 1682. Hursley wills in the Consistory Court of Winchester and the Perogative Court of Canterbury from this period were also read without finding any mention of Hopkinses; there are no Hursley wills in the indexes of the Archdeaconry Court of Winchester from 1590 through 1613. Some significant clues were discovered, however, and are briefly summarized below.
Hursley had one manor at the time, Merdon; and Stephen Hopkins is mentioned in these records on "** 19.. may 6 James I (1608) as one of the men who were penalized or fined.  The records are not clear as to why he was penalized.
The name Giles was somewhat uncommon in the area. There were three men of that name in the 1598 lay subsidy of Hursley: Giles Hobby, Giles Kinge, and Giles Machilde; no connections have yet been found to Stephen Hopkins or his wife Mary.
The name Constance was extremely rare in Hampshire, and only one occurrence of the name was found during the course of this research: the marriage of William Hopkins to Constance Marline at St. Swithin-over-Kingsgate, Winchester, Hampshire, on 16 april 1591.  The Soke of Winchester borders Hursley. The lay subsidies of Winchester list a John Hopkins in 1586, 1589, and 1590. On 4 October 1593, administration on the estate of John Hopkyngs of Winchester was granted to the widow Elizabeth, Wm Hopkines posting bond; the inventory had been taken on the previous 10 September.  It seems probable that William Hopkins was the son of John Hopkins of Winchester and that he was the William who married Constance Marline. Stephen Hopkins of Hursley and Plymouth may also be a son of John, though no direct evidence for this relationship has been found. Listed in the lay subsidies in 1589 and 1590 is Rainold Marlin, who may have been the father of the Constance Marline who married William Hopkins. 
A Stephen Hopkins was named as a son in the 1636 will of Thomas Hopkins of Blashford in the parish of Ellingham on the Isle of Wight. No records were found that could tie this Stephen Hopkins to the Mayflower pilgrim.
On 20 September 1614, a letter was written to sir Thomas Dale, Marshal of the Colony of Virginia, requesting that he "send home by the next ship Eliezer Hopkins." It seems possible that Eliezer Hopkins of Jamestown in 1614 was related to Stephen.
This article has shown that Stephen Hopkins was actually from Hursley, Hampshire, England, and that his first wife was named Mary. The baptisms of Constance and Giles have been revealed, and the additional child Elizabeth has been here identified for the first time. Evidence has been provided to document the long-standing belief that Stephen Hopkins of the Mayflower was the same man as Stephen Hopkins of the Sea Venture. And lastly the results of Paul C. Reed's search of the Hampshire records have been presented, which provide some solid clues for future researchers.
Additional References Contributed by Morag M:
• 1 Pilgrim Hopkins Heritage Society (On line) Atlantic Crossings Vol. 1 , Issue 1 pp. 1 and 4 • 2 www.PlymouthAncestors.org Genealogical Profile of Stephen Hopkins • 4 American Genealogist 74 (4) Oct 2004 pp241-249
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On 15 Jun 2018 at 20:03 GMT Martha Garrett wrote:
On 16 May 2018 at 16:48 GMT Jillaine Smith wrote:
On 10 Sep 2017 at 01:13 GMT Sandy Culver wrote:
Her status is refuted in the Bio.
On 9 May 2017 at 15:28 GMT Albertus Robert Casimir (Fuller) Jung wrote:
On 16 Nov 2016 at 21:00 GMT Doug Smith wrote:
National Geographic Movie (2015) about Mayflower that featured Stephen Hopkins
On 19 May 2016 at 01:33 GMT Jillaine Smith wrote:
On 10 May 2016 at 11:21 GMT R (Woodhouse) W wrote:
On 8 May 2016 at 00:31 GMT Tish Bucher wrote:
Under Back In England " . . . another residence at Hursley, Southhampton, Eng . . . where his wife, Mary's probate was executed. . . . "
But Hursley is in Hampshire co., not city of Southampton.
Beginning of graph says home "just outside of London Wall". Some might infer Mary died there. No indication she lived in London & when she died her children were assigned guardians who lived in Hursley, not London.
See Simon Neal's research on Mary's probable family at Mayflower Quarterly article (thanks V in NC): https://www.themayflowersociety.org/images/stories/quarterly/nov-june-2012/index.html#/22
Under Family: Says "we know she died of the plague". No, we don't know that.
On 18 Apr 2016 at 05:25 GMT Tish Bucher wrote:
What's the source that Hopkins was a friend of Wm Shakespeare as reported in the text?
What's the source that Mary died of the plague?
The portrait above of the seated man in the gold vest is a different S.Hopkins from [LOCATION] Providence, Rhode Island.
[DATE] That Stephen Hopkins (1707-1785) served as a chancellor for (now) Brown University (the large buidling in the background) after it was founded in 1764, signed the Declaration of Independance in 1775. It was painted in 1999 and hangs at Brown University. http://gaspee.org/StephenHopkins.htm
See the paining here also: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stephen_Hopkins_(politician)
There are no cartoons, drawings or paintings of Hopkins of the Mayflower.
On 14 Apr 2016 at 22:48 GMT Jillaine Smith wrote: