Constance (Hopkins) Snow
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Constance (Hopkins) Snow (bef. 1606 - 1677)

Constance Snow formerly Hopkins
Born before in Hursley, Hampshire, Englandmap
Ancestors ancestors
Wife of — married before 22 May 1627 in Plymouth Colony, Massachusettsmap
Descendants descendants
Died in Eastham, Barnstable Co., Plymouth Colony, New Englandmap
Profile last modified | Created 23 Dec 2008 | Last significant change: 23 Sep 2020
22:34: Jen (Stevens) Hutton edited the Biography for Constance (Hopkins) Snow (bef.1606-1677). [Thank Jen for this]
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Contents

Biography

Nicholas Snow was born around 1599-1603 in England. His parents are not known.[1] He arrived in Plymouth on the “Anne” in 1623. He married before 1 Jun 1627 in Plymouth, Plymouth Colony, New England, to Constance Hopkins. He and Constance were among the first settlers of Eastham, on Cape Cod, across Plymouth Bay, in 1644.  He was a freeman, in Eastham in 1655, and served in many town offices.  Nicholas died 15 Nov 1676 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony, and is buried in the Cove Burying Ground, Eastham.

Constance Hopkins was baptized 11 May 1606 at Hursley, Hampshire, England.  Her parents were Stephen Hopkins and Mary (Kent) Hopkins. Constance was a Mayflower passenger, along with her father and stepmother, Elizabeth (Fisher) Hopkins. Two other children accompanied them and Elizabeth had a baby during the voyage.

Constance (Hopkins) Snow died on 25 November 1677 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony, and is buried in the Cove Burying Ground, Eastham, Cape Cod, near her husband.

Constance’s father, Stephen Hopkins, was born about 1580 in Hursley, Hampshire, England and was baptized 30 Apr 1581 in Upper Clatford, Hampshire. He first married Constance’s mother, Mary (Kent) Hopkins, b: 1583 in Hampshire, England. After having had 2 children: Constance and Giles, she died. Stephen Hopkins then remarried to Elizabeth Fisher.[2]

That first spring in the new land, the colonists looked on as the two young men, Edward Doty and Edward Leister, carried on a dual courtship for the hand of pretty Constance [Hopkins]. On 18 June 1621, the colonists were awakened at dawn by the sound of the clash of cold steel. Rushing outside, they found Leister and Doty slashing away at each other in a duel.

"They were quickly disarmed and haled before Governor Bradford, who ordered them strung up with head and heels tied together so they could cool off their hot blood." Governor Bradford said later that "Edward Doty retrieved his character by change from youthful folly."

The fair Miss Constance never married either swain. Instead, she later married the honorable Nicholas Snow, one of the founders of Eastham, Barnstable County, Massachusetts.

The information just below is from: the Pilgrim Hall Museum.

Nicholas and Constance Hopkins Snow

Constance Hopkins was a Mayflower passenger. She journeyed with her father and stepmother, Stephen and Elizabeth Hopkins, her brother Giles, her half-sister Damaris and her half-brother Oceanus who was born during the voyage.
Sometime before 1627, Constance Hopkins married Nicholas Snow. Nicholas Snow had arrived in Plymouth on the Anne in 1623.
The inventory of Nicholas’ estate, taken at the time of his death, includes carpenter’s tools. This may have been his trade. His inventory also included books, so he was probably literate. Nicholas held various minor positions in Plymouth, such as highway surveyor.
The Snows moved from Plymouth to Nauset, on Cape Cod in 1643. The town was then renamed "Eastham" and still retains that name today, nearly 400 years later. On the Cape (in Barnstable County), Nicholas served as surveyor, constable and selectman. He was a carpenter and also ran a family farm with the help of his sons and daughters.
Constance and Nicholas Snow had 12 children. Nicholas died in November 1676, Constance about a year later in October of 1677. Before his death, Nicholas Snow wrote a will. See below.
The Pilgrim Society displays one artifact that is attributed to Constance Hopkins. It is a beaver hat, made in England, c.1615-1640. Steeple crowned hats, usually with a decorative band, were popular for both men and women in the early 17th century. Beaver fur, imported into England from the colonies, was processed into felt to make hats.

Baptism

Constancia Hopkins was the daughter of Stephen Hopkins and his first wife, Mary Kent, of Hursley, Hampshire, England. Her baptism is noted in the Hursley, Hampshire, parish register, available at the Hampshire County Archives, Winchester, England.

"[1606] undecimo die Maij Constancia filia Steph Hopkyns fuit baptizata [11th day of May, 1606, Constance daughter of Steph[en] Hopkins was baptized]"
Date: 11 MAY 1606
Place: Hursley, Hampshire, England[3]

Constance Hopkins had a younger brother, Giles Hopkins, born in Hursley, Hampshire, England, in 1607. Their father, Stephen Hopkins, by all accounts a world-traveler and adventurer, left his family in the care of their maternal grandmother, "the widow Kent," in Hursley, while he traveled to Jamestown, Virginia colony, being shipwrecked in Bermuda for over a year. Shortly thereafter his wife, Mary Kent, died. Stephen Hopkins remarried to Elizabeth Fisher in 1617. In 1620 he embarked with his entire family, including older children, Constance and Giles, on the "Mayflower," bound for "Northern Virginia," landing at Plymouth Rock in New England that November.

Nicholas Snow did not sail on the "Mayflower" but arrived at Plymouth 18 months later, in 1623, aboard HMS "Anne". It's not known whether he already knew young Constance Hopkins in England and followed her to America but it is certain that after 1623 Constance never considered anyone else to share her life with. They were married within a few years of Nicholas' arrival in Plymouth.

'The will of Nicholas Snow of Eastham, dated 14 Nov. 1676 and proved 5 March 1677, left livestock and household goods to his wife constant for life use and then to his youngest son Jabez, and devised various parcels of land to sons Mark, Joseph, Steven, John and Jabez. The description of land near the testator's house mentioned 'son Thomas Paine' <actually son-in-law> as an abutting owner. Nicholas also gave, after the death of his wife, the sum of ten shillings `to the Church of Eastham for the furniture of the Table of the Lord, with pewter or other Necessaries.' He named Deacon Samuel Freeman and John Mayo as executors. Letters of administration were granted to Constanta, Mark and John Snow on 6 March 1677. A lengthy inventory, including many cooper's and carpenter's tools, was sworn to by widow Constant Snow on 22 March 1677. 'Governor Bradford wrote between 6 March and 3 April 1651 that `Constanta is also married, and hath 12 children, all of them living and one of them married.'

Marriage

Husband: Nicholas Snow
Wife: Constant Hopkins
Marriage Date: Before 22 MAY 1627
Place: Plymouth, Plymouth Colony, New England[4]
Children: all born in Plymouth or in Eastham:
  1. Mark Snow, b. 9 May 1628;[5][6] m(1) 18 Jan 1654 Ann Cooke;[6][7] m(2) 9 Jan 1660 Jane Prence;[6][7] d. bef. 9 Jan 1695[6][7]
  2. Mary Snow b. c1630;[6][8] m. bef. Apr 1651 Thomas Paine;[6][8] d. 28 Apr 1704[6][8]
  3. Sarah Snow b. c1632;[6][9] m. 24 Feb 1655 William Walker;[6][9] d. aft. 25 Oct 1703[10]
  4. Joseph Snow b. c1634;[6][11] m. 1670 Mary (Unknown);[6][11] d. 3 Jan 1723[6][11]
  5. Stephen Snow b. c1636;[6][12] m(1) 28 Oct 1663 Susanna Deane;[6][12] m(2) 9 Apr 1701 Mary Cottle;[6][12] d. 3 Jan 1723[6][12]
  6. John B. Snow b. c1638;[6][13] m. 19 Sep 1667 Mary Smalley;[6][13] bef. Apr 1692[6][13]
  7. Elizabeth Snow b. c1640;[6] [14] m. 13 Dec 1665 Thomas Rogers;[6][14] d. 16 Jun 1678[6][14]
  8. Jabez Snow b. 1642;[15][14] m. bef. 6 Sep 1670 Elizabeth Smith;[15][14] d. 27 Dec 1690[15][14]
  9. Ruth Snow b. c1644;[15][16] m. 10 Dec 1666 John Cole;[15][16] d. 27 Jan 1717[15][16]
  10. (child) traditionally "Constance Snow" b. ca. 1646
  11. (child) traditionally "Hannah Snow" b. ca. 1648
  12. (child) No name [Samuel ?] b. ca. 1650 in Eastham

If Governor Bradford's 1651 account of 12 living children is accurate, Constance's last 3 children may have been sons who predeceased their father Nicholas Snow, without issue, and thus were not mentioned in his will; or they may have been daughters. Like many others at the time, Nicholas Snow did not specifically name his daughters in his will, only his wife and his living sons.

Josiah Paine, town clerk and historian of Harwich, wrote that Nicholas and Constance Snow had a daughter named for her mother (i.e., Constance) who was the first wife of Daniel Doane of Eastham. Daniel Doane was born most-likely in Plymouth ca. 1636; died in Eastham 20 Dec. 1712 in his 76th year. He had the following children: Joseph, Israel, Daniel, Nathaniel, Constant (twin son) & Constanta (twin daughter), Rebecca, Abigail, Ruth and Hepzibah. Daniel's first wife, by tradition Constance Snow, was undoubtedly the mother of all of these children, except Hepzibah.

Some believe that Constance Hopkins is buried at the Cove Burying Ground, in Eastham, Massachusetts. A monument is erected to her and the Snow family there. [17]

Death

"Constant Snow which was the Wife of Nicholas Snow died about the Midle of october in the year 1677." This was less than a year after Nicholas' death in March 1677.
Date: OCT 1677
Place: Eastham, Barnstable County, Massachusetts[18]

Sources

  1. Many earlier genealogies state he was born 18 Jan 1600 to Nicholas Snow & Katherine Rolles and christened at St. Leonard's, Shoreditch, Greater London, on 25 Jan 1600. However, Mayflower researcher, Caleb Johnson, has disproven this lineage as the baby christened 25 Jan 1600 at Shoreditch died on 28 Jan 1600 as per London records. Chet Snow, 15 Oct 2019.
  2. Miner Descent
  3. Johnson, Caleb H. Here Shall I Die Ashore : Stephen Hopkins, Bermuda Castaway, Jamestown Survivor, and Mayflower Pilgrim .Xlibris Corporation (2007,) p. 148 (citing Hursley parish records ).
  4. Bowman, George Ernest. Mayflower Descendant: Plymouth Colony Division of Cattle in 1627, Vol. I (Broderbund's Family Archive CD #203 Publication: Jul 1899) p. 151, citing PCR 1:50-57
  5. Mayflower Descendants: a Quarterly Magazine of Pilgrim Genealogy and History. Boston: Massachusetts Society of Mayflower Descendants, vol 7 (1905), p. 14, the birth of Mark.
  6. 6.00 6.01 6.02 6.03 6.04 6.05 6.06 6.07 6.08 6.09 6.10 6.11 6.12 6.13 6.14 6.15 6.16 6.17 6.18 6.19 6.20 6.21 Roser, Susan E. Mayflower Increasings for Three Generations. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co. (1989,1991,1994) p. 77.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 Austin, John D. Mayflower Families Through Five Generations. Vol. 6, Stephen Hopkins. Plymouth, Massachusetts.: General Society of Mayflower Descendants (2001) p. 12
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 Austin, John D. Mayflower Families Through Five Generations. Plymouth, MA: General Society of Mayflower Descendants (2001), vol. 6 Stephen Hopkins, pp. 13-14.
  9. 9.0 9.1 Austin, John D. Mayflower Families Through Five Generations. Vol. 6, Stephen Hopkins. Plymouth, Massachusetts.: General Society of Mayflower Descendants (2001) p. 14-15.
  10. Barnstable County Probate Records, Vol. 2:159-161 Will, letters Admin., and inventory William Walker, Eastham, 1703.
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 Austin, John D. Mayflower Families Through Five Generations. Vol. 6, Stephen Hopkins. Plymouth, Massachusetts.: General Society of Mayflower Descendants (2001) p. 15.
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 Austin, John D. Mayflower Families Through Five Generations. Vol. 6, Stephen Hopkins. Plymouth, Massachusetts.: General Society of Mayflower Descendants (2001) p. 16.
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 Austin, John D. Mayflower Families Through Five Generations. Vol. 6, Stephen Hopkins. Plymouth, Massachusetts.: General Society of Mayflower Descendants (2001) p. 17.
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 14.3 14.4 14.5 Austin, John D. Mayflower Families Through Five Generations. Vol. 6, Stephen Hopkins. Plymouth, Massachusetts.: General Society of Mayflower Descendants (2001) p. 19
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 15.3 15.4 15.5 Roser, Susan E. Mayflower Increasings for Three Generations. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co. (1989,1991,1994) p. 78
  16. 16.0 16.1 16.2 Austin, John D. Mayflower Families Through Five Generations. Vol. 6, Stephen Hopkins. Plymouth, Massachusetts.: General Society of Mayflower Descendants (2001) p. 20-21.
  17. Find A Grave Memorial# 8634 - Constance Hopkins Snow
  18. Early Vital Records of Barnstable Co., MA to about 1850 Eastham Vital Records & Cemetery Inscriptions (CD: Search & Research, Wheat Ridge, CO, 1997) Eastham VRs, p. 40
See Also:
  • The American Genealogist. Demorest, GA. vol. 14, p. 229.
  • Ames, Azel. The Mayflower and Her Log.Boston: Houghton Mifflin & Co. (1907), available here.
  • Anderson, Robert Charles. The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England 1620-1633. Boston, Massachusetts: New England Historic Genealogical Society (1995), vol 3, pp. 1701-1704.
  • Austin, John D. Mayflower Families Through Five Generations. Vol. 6, Stephen Hopkins. Plymouth, Massachusetts.: General Society of Mayflower Descendants (2001) pp. 5, 7-8, 12-21.
  • Banks , Charles E. The English Ancestry and Homes of the Pilgrim Fathers. NY (1919); repr. Baltimore (1962, 1968, 1976, 1980), p. 160. .
  • Bradford's List of Mayflower Passengers. Mayflower Descendants: a Quarterly Magazine of Pilgrim Genealogy and History. Boston: Massachusetts Society of Mayflower Descendants, vol. 1 (1899), p. 10, 14.
  • Bradford, William. History of Plymouth Plantation. Massachusetts Historical Society (1856), p. 448 "8. Mr. Steven Hopkins, & Elizabeth, his wife, and 2. children, caled Giles, and Constanta, a doughter, both by a former wife; and 2. more by this wife, caled Damaris & Oceanus; the last was borne at sea; and 2. servants, called Edward Doty and Edward Litster." " p. 452 (5.)Mr Hopkins and his wife are now both dead, but they lived above 20. years in this place, and had one sone and 4. doughters borne here. Ther sone became a seaman, & dyed at Barbadoes; one daughter dyed here, and 2. are maried; one of them hath 2. children; & one is yet to mary. So their increase which still survive are 5. (4.) But his 4. some Giles is maried, and hath 4. children. (12.) His doughter Constanta is also maried, and hath 12. children, all of them living, and one of them maried.
  • Death records for Constance and Nicholas recorded in Eatham Vital Records. Mayflower Descendants: a Quarterly Magazine of Pilgrim Genealogy and History. Boston: Massachusetts Society of Mayflower Descendants, vol. 6 (1904) p. 203.
  • Doane, Alfred A. The Doane Family: Deacon John Doane of Plymouth. Boston (1902), vol. 1, pp. 26-30; Vestal, NY (1975), vol. 2, p. 2. both volumes available here.
  • Ferris, Mary W. Dawes. Gates Ancestral Lines: A Memorial Volume Containing the American Ancestry of Rufus R. Dawes. Milwaukee: privately printed (1943), vol. 1.
  • Freeman, Frederick. The History of Cape Cod: The Annals of The Thirteen Towns of Barnstable County, Boston: Geo. C. Band & Avery and Cornhill (1858), vols. 1 and 2.
  • Genealogical Journal. Salt Lake City, UT: Utah Genealogical Association, vol. 13, pp. 153, 176.
  • Genealogies of the Mayflower Families.NEHGR. Baltimore, MD (1985), vol. 2, pp.79-80; vol. 3, pp. 348-51.
  • Lowell, D.O.S. A Munsey-Hopkins Genealogy, Being the Ancestry of Andrew Chauncey Munsey and Mary Jane Meritt Hopkins. Boston: private printing (1920), available online.
  • Savage, James. A Genealogical Dictionary of the First Settlers of New England, Showing Three Generations of Those Who Came Before May 1692. Boston (1860-62); repr North Scituate (1899), Baltimore, MD (1969), vol. 4, pp.138, 149.
  • Shurtleff, Nathaniel B. and David Pulsifer. Records of the Colony of New Plymouth in New England. Boston: William White (1855). vol. 1: pp. 4, 10, 27, 31, 44, 52, 87-8, 141, 151, 155; vol. 2: pp. 115, 123, 125, 154; vol. 3: pp. 9, 33; vol. 4: p.15; vol. 5: pp. 35, 57-8, 92, 144, 164, 220, 278; vol. 7: pp. 7-8, 16-17, 20, 23, 34-5.
  • Smith, Leonard H. (compiler). Cape Cod History of Local History and Genealogy: A Facsimile Edition of 108 Pamphlets Published in the Early 20th Century Baltimore MD: Genealogical Publishing Co (1992). This compilation names Hannah & Rebecca as the 2 "missing" children for Nicholas & Constance Snow. Other genealogy sources state that Samuel Snow, who died as an infant, was the "Unnamed Infant Snow" mentioned in 1651 by Governor Bradford.
  • Stratton, Eugene Aubrey Plymouth Colony, Its History and People 1620-1691. Salt Lake City, UT (1986), pp. 307, 354.
  • Torrey, Clarence Almon. New England Marriages Prior to 1700. Baltimore, MD (1985), p. 692.


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Comments: 7

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I am going to be updating this profile on behalf of the Mayflower Project's Hopkins family team, in particular making sure the sources are correctly formatted and linked to online pages whenever possible. If anyone knows of additional information or sources which should be included, please message me or post here. Thanks!

Jen

posted by Jen (Stevens) Hutton
Hi Jen,

I think Constance is ready for a re-write to create a more cohesive, well-sourced biography based on *her* life instead of her husband's and father's lives. If you're up to it, I encourage you to do so.

posted by Bobbie (Madison) Hall
Challenge accepted! However, I will be sourcing all of the children first.
posted by Jen (Stevens) Hutton
Constance' mother was Mary Unknown Hopkins, not Constance Dudley, unless some new evidence has been found. If that is the case, please share it here. Otherwise, DO NOT add Contance to Stepehn as a wife or Contance as a mother.
posted by Abby (Brown) Glann
Wow Abby - great job updating the merges on this page. It looks fabulous from where it was last week. Thanks, Bill
posted by Bill Jennings