Edward Hopper
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Edward Hopper (1882 - 1967)

Edward Hopper
Born in Nyack, Orangetown, Rockland, New York, United Statesmap
Ancestors ancestors
[sibling(s) unknown]
Husband of — married 9 Jul 1924 [location unknown]
[children unknown]
Died in New York, New York, United Statesmap
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Profile last modified | Created 16 Nov 2008
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Hopper was an American painter born in Nyack, New York.

Hopper studied commercial art and painting in New York City.

After completing formal art studies, he made a pilgrimage of sorts to Europe, investigating the art scene there. Unlike other painters at the time however, Hopper was drawn to realistic art and was turned off by the art he encountered in France during his first visit.

After returning to the U.S. he rented an apartment in New York City. He worked for many years in commercial art, and painted in oil and watercolor in his spare time. He lived simply and struggled as a freelance artist.

With his work, House by the Railroad, which he painted in 1925 he began to achieve recognition.

The best known of his paintings, Nighthawks (1942) is true to Hopper's style. All of his work seems to bring about feelings of solitude, or at the least, self-reflection in the subjects. Even when they are not alone in the paintings, they seem to be, as the cliché says, "a million miles away."

Even the roads and landscapes seem solitary, almost sad. Whether it's a quiet country road in Maine, a motel, or a busy coffee shop in NYC, they all have a since of quiet, like the moments before dawn.

In 1924 he married fellow painter Josephine Nivison Hopper. She was outgoing and knew her way around the art world. A frequent model (and the only female model) for his paintings, she also worked hard to get her husband's work shown.

It may have been the small town feel or his ability to relate to he "everyman" that gave Hopper success even when the country was in its biggest financial crisis. When it was unimaginable that people were purchasing art, during the Great Depression, Hopper's art was still selling.

His continued success allowed him more time to paint and he began turning out work that would be regarded for its use of light and mood. By 1931 major museums like the Metropolitan Museum of Art were paying thousands of dollars for his works.

In 1933, the Museum of Modern Art gave Hopper his first large-scale retrospective.

Hopper lived and painted into old age. He owned homes in New York City and Truro, Massachusetts. All the loneliness shown in his work didn't seem shorten his life; he died in 1967 at the age of 84 in NYC.

His wife, who died soon after him, donated his work to the Whitney Museum of American Art. This is where you can see much of it today.


  • "United States Census, 1910," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MKT3-66N : accessed 8 July 2019), Garrett J Hopper, Washington, Bergen, New Jersey, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) ED 56, sheet 28B, family 31, NARA microfilm publication T624 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1982), roll 870; FHL microfilm 1,374,883.

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