Sam Houston

Samuel Houston (1793 - 1863)

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General Samuel (Sam) Houston
Born in Timber Ridge, Rockbridge County, Virginia, United Statesmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
Husband of — married (to ) in TNmap
Husband of — married in Perry, Alabamamap
Descendants descendants
Died in Huntsville, Walker, Texas, United Statesmap
Profile last modified | Created 5 Jan 2009
This page has been accessed 27,785 times.

Categories: US Representatives from Tennessee | US Senators from Texas | Texas Notables | Texas History | Tennessee Governors | Texas Governors | Republic of Texas Presidents | Oakwood Cemetery, Huntsville, Texas | Catholics | Liberty County, Texas | Signers of the Texas Declaration of Independence | Battle of San Jacinto, WIA | Battle of San Jacinto | Attorneys | Wounded in Action, Creek War | Namesakes US Counties | Texas Project-Managed.

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Preceded by
Interim President
David G. Burnet

2nd President
Mirabeau B. Lamar

Preceded by
5th Governor

William Carroll

Preceded by
6th Governor

Hardin Richard Runnels

Office Established at Statehood
December 29, 1845
Sam Houston
1st President of
the Republic of Texas

Republic of Texas
3rd President

6th Governor of

7th Governor
of Texas

US Senator (Class 2)
from Texas
Seal of the US Senate
Succeeded by
2nd President
Mirabeau B. Lamar

4th President
Anson Jones

Succeeded by
7th Governor

William Hall

Succeeded by
8th Governor

Edward Clark

Succeeded by
John Hemphill



General Sam Houston was the first President of Texas, and important part of much of early Texas' history.[2][3]

Early Years

Samuel Houston was the son of Major Samuel Houston and Elizabeth Paxton, born on Timber Ridge in Rockbridge County, Virginia 2 March 1793.[4][2]

After the death of his father, Sam's mother moved the family to Baker Creek, Tennessee.[4][2] Despite his deep love and respect for his mother, Sam ran away at the age of 15 and was soon in the company of the Cherokee Tribe of Chief Oolooteka.[4][5][6] The tribe adopted young Sam and bestowed upon him the name "Colonneh", which means "the raven".[4][5] Many of his most admired traits were honed during his time with the tribe.[5]

Politician and Patriot

When Sam was 19 years old, he returned to Maryville, Tennessee where he built the first school structure in that state, after its inception into the Union.[4][7][3] Later, Sam became an attorney and set up a practice in Lebanon, Tennessee.[4][7][2] In 1818, he became Attorney General for the Nashville District.[7][2]

In 1822, Sam was elected to the House of Representatives for the State of Tennessee and held that seat until 1827.[4][7][2] He later served as Governor of Tennessee, but resigned following his first wife Eliza leaving him, and headed first to his adopted family in the Cherokee Nation where he was made a citizen, then on to Texas.[4][7][5][6][2]

Santa Anna surrenders to Houston

Sam served as a General in Texas' battle for independence from Mexico, eventually leading them to victory.[4] He was at the Convention which met at Washington on the Brazos in 1836 to declare independence from Mexico and he was a signatory of the Texas Declaration of Independence.[2] It was there that Houston was elected commander-in-chief of the armies of Texas.[4][2]

Sam is most famous as a key historical figure in the history of Texas. He was elected the first president of the Republic of Texas in 1836, and served two terms.[4][2] He was a US Senator for Texas after it joined the United States, and later the governor.[2] He fought to keep Texas in the Union leading up to the US Civil War, but lost, even in his role as Governor.[4][2] The Confederacy removed him as Governor, and he retired from public life.[4][2]


January 22, 1829, Sam married 19-year-old Eliza Allen, the daughter of Colonel John Allen of Gallatin, Tennessee.[8][6] Eliza left Sam after only a few months of marriage.[8][6] Under civil law, he was still legally married to her until he was able to officially divorce her in 1837.[3]

Sam next married Tiana Rogers, daughter of Chief John Headman Hellfire Rogers and Jennie Due, a sister of Chief John Jolly (Houston's adopted Cherokee father[5])[3], in a Cherokee ceremony.[8][6] She had two children from her previous marriage to David Gentry Jr; Gabriel, born 1819, and Joanna, born 1822.[3]. She and Sam were married for several years and had one known child, Margaret Lewis Head Houston, born in1830.[3] Tiana chose not to accompany Sam to Texas in 1832, ending their marriage.[3] She later married John McGrady.[8][6][3]

On May 9, 1840, Houston, married for a third time, to[8][6] 21-year-old Margaret Moffette Lea of Marion, Alabama, despite her family's and his associates' objections.[8][6][3] This marriage stuck, and they had eight children together.[8][6][3] Margaret served as a tempering influence on her much older husband and eventually even convinced him to stop drinking, and convert from the Catholicism he took up in order to procure land in Mexico to her Baptist beliefs.[3]


Sam's health deteriorated in 1863 due to a persistent cough, which developed into pneumonia, and led to his death.[8][3] Samuel Houston died July 26, 1863 at Steamboat House, with Margaret by his side.[4][8][6][2][3]

The inscription on his tomb reads:

A Brave Soldier. A Fearless Statesman.
A Great Orator—A Pure Patriot.
A Faithful Friend, A Loyal Citizen.
A Devoted Husband and Father.
A Consistent Christian—An Honest Man.

Sam was buried in Huntsville, where he had lived in retirement.[4][2]

There are numerous monuments and places named for Sam Houston. One of the most prominent is the city of Houston, Texas. Minnesota, Tennessee, and of course, Texas all have named counties in Sam Houston's honor. There are several other towns and buildings, as well as a battle ship all named for his memory.


  1. Vacant December 29, 1845 – February 21, 1846 as the Texas legislature did not elect its Senators until two months after statehood.
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
  3. 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.11 3.12 Wikipedia Contributors, "Samuel Houston",, accessed 30 Aug 2017.
  4. 4.00 4.01 4.02 4.03 4.04 4.05 4.06 4.07 4.08 4.09 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13 4.14 FindaGrave Memorial #510, Samuel Houston
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 Krystyniak, Frank, "Houston and Native Americans",, accessed 30 Aug 2017.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7 6.8 6.9 Krystyniak, Frank, "The Women in Houston's Life",, accessed 30 Aug 2017.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 Krystyniak, Frank, "Sam Houston-Schoolmaster",, accessed 30 Aug 2017
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.6 8.7 8.8 Causey, Donna, "Gen. Sam Houston Married in Alabama", Alabama Pioneers Web Site

See Also:

  • Williams, John H. (1994), Sam Houston: Life and Times of Liberator of Texas an Authentic American Hero, New York, NY: Touchstone, p. 316, ISBN 0-671-88071-3
  • Landregan, Steve. "Catholics Played Roles in Texas History." The Texas Catholic [Dallas, Texas] 18 Dec. 2015, Vol. 65, No. 9 ed.: 6. Print.
  • "United States Registers of Enlistments in the U.S. Army, 1798-1914," database with images, FamilySearch ( : 24 May 2014), Samuel Huston Or Houston, 24 Mar 1813; citing p. 226, volume 011, , , , United States, NARA microfilm publication M233 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 6; FHL microfilm 350,312.
  • "United States Census, 1850," database with images, FamilySearch ( : 12 April 2016), Sam Houston, Walker county, Walker, Texas, United States; citing family 463, NARA microfilm publication M432 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
  • "United States Census, 1860", database with images, FamilySearch ( : 26 July 2017), Sam Houston, 1860.

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No known carriers of Sam's Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA have taken yDNA or mtDNA tests and no close relatives have taken a 23andMe, AncestryDNA, or Family Tree DNA "Family Finder" test.

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Images: 6
Sam Houston
Sam Houston

Statue of Sam Houston
Statue of Sam Houston

Sam Houston Image 3
Sam Houston Image 3

Santa Anna Surrenders to Sam Houston
Santa Anna Surrenders to Sam Houston

Sam Houston by Mathew Brady
Sam Houston by Mathew Brady

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On 8 Jun 2017 at 03:54 GMT Robin Lee wrote:

Houston-280 and Houston-1 appear to represent the same person because: While the death is not correct and there are no sources, the story on Houston-280 matches the story always told about Sam Houston.

On 22 Apr 2017 at 06:14 GMT Chelsea (Perry Ingram) Carver wrote:

According to records, Gen. Samuel A. Houston is my 2nd cousin, 5x removed.

On 5 Apr 2017 at 19:32 GMT Katt (Mansell) Kerns wrote:

Looking for autosomal dna results from one of his documented descendants. Thanks.

On 22 Jun 2014 at 18:59 GMT Robin Lee wrote:

As, it is the lineage I am involved in, I am going to work on adding Sam and Margaret's children, then I will add the connect to my family through Temple Lea Houston. Once I have the children added, anyone can take over a branch, just ask for trusted list.

On 22 Jun 2014 at 15:07 GMT Buddy Toups Jr. wrote:

This was an orphan page with no manager. I've adopted this profile and see we need more updates the Sam Houston. I'll start updating his profile soon. Thank you guys in the comments for you input I'll definitely add the soon.

On 17 Jan 2014 at 18:53 GMT Ed Poor wrote:

Houston died in Steamboat House Huntsville TX. It is now on the campus of Sam Houston State University

On 21 May 2013 at 06:04 GMT Bev (Ostrom) Anonymous wrote:

shsu.ed/~smm (Sam Houston Memorial)

JOHN 1 HOUSTON- Evidently lived and died in the north part of Ireland. Mrs. John Houston, (Margaret McClung) born in Ireland cir. 1650,-she came with son John, his wife MARGARET CUNNINGHAM, 4 sons, 2 dau and his widowed mother (Margaret McClung ) came to America in 1735. She died age 97 cir. 1747 Rockbridge County, VA. The family settled in LANCASTER CO PA -moved to Rockbridge Co VA abt 1742-50-John Houston d. 1754 when burning limb pierced his skull. There was another John Houston who was a cousin who stayed in Pequea Lancaster PA & died there-so it is confusing

Sam is 24 degrees from Rosa Parks, 21 degrees from Anne Tichborne and 17 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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