||This person is a Convict sent to Australia After the Third Fleet.|
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Justus William Hudson
Justus William Hudson, one of 150 convicts transported on the Sesostris, 23 November 1825
Known aliases: none
Convicted at: Chester Session of Pleas for a term of life on 07 April 1825
Sentence term: Life
Ship name: Sesostris
Departure date: 23rd November, 1825
Place of arrival: New South Wales
Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 88, Class and Piece Number HO11/5, Page Number 305 (154)
Quoted from Hudson Book Chapter 1 Justus Wilson Hudson in England Birth - We know Justus Wilson Hudson was born in 1804 in Lancashire, England. It is believed he was christened on the 5th of February in the small mining town of Tyldesley in Lancashire. His parents were likely to have been William and Mary Hudson. The christening was conducted by Minister G. Richardson and took place in the township's local chapel, under a religion of Lady Huntingdon's. No other christenings of Hudson children. to William and Mary can be found for this town. This may be because the lists are not complete; the family was only in the area for a short time; or perhaps the death occurred of one or both of Justus' parents before more children were born.
Tyldesley -Tyldesley. was a small village with one main street of shops and houses, and as it grew, streets of houses were built running off from either side. The Chapel was built in the centre of the village and to the back of the chapel, was the local Colliery (known as the Gin-Pit), where coal was mined. Tyldesley is quite raised up. part of it was known as Tyldesley Banks, and another part was Shackerley. On a nice clear day there was a good view of the Lancashire Plains and at night it was possible to see the lights for miles. There was a workhouse and a weaving mill. Miners would be brought in: some came from Wales and Devon (out of work tin-miners), Derbyshire (copper, Blue John's) and from Lancashire.
The Lady Huntington Connection - Selina Hastings. Countess of Huntington (1707-91) was left a wealthy widow in 1746. She was already a member of a Methodist society. and after the death of her husband, she theca herself into the Calvinist branch of the movement. She found work for local unknown preachers, and built chapels at Bath, Brighton, Tunbridge Wells and other resorts of the upper class of society.
Bareknuckle Boxing There has always been a family rumour that Justus had been a prize "bare-knuckle" boxer. The story is known in a number of the branches of the Hudson Family. Possibly, one of the best stories has been related by Alan Hudson, who remembers his father, Justus Hudson Jnr. joking about taking a copy of the "Boxiana" (a very old Boxing Magazine), to the local Pub to have a lark with his mates. Justus Jnr. showed the article, and was trying to get his mates to think the report was about himself? No doubt a good joke when you think about it! Especially when the feat would have been considered quite remarkable. The article supposedly reported that a - Justus Hudson - and another Pugilist were both still on their feet after 52 rounds. Justus lost the fight on points. He was sponsored by an English gentleman, and if this story was indeed true, it would have occurred between 1822-1825. Justus would have been 18-21 years old. This was the first of many family rumours which sent me on a long, enticing search, in the hope of proving, or disproving. the information. Initial research found that the era of bare-knuckle boxing does indeed coincide with the 1719's to the 1844's. I was put in touch with a Mr. Reg. Mitchell, a Boxing historian from Sydney. who thought a Boxing Magazine, named the Boxiana, had existed in England at some time in the past. I was put in contact with the Boxing Clubs in England, and they confirmed that the Boxiana had existed in Justus era and that some copies still existed in the British Archives. My excitement, had grown considerably by now as each inquiry proved to match in with our Justus. However, at this point I had to shelve this line of research for some two and half years, due to the expense of hiring an international researcher to spend long hours in England's archives. In 1996 my brother, Jamie went to England for a working holiday, and reluctantly agreed to undertake this part of the research. He and a friend searched through copies of the Boxiana that exist. They came up with a - Joshua Hudson - who was well known in boxing from 1750 - 1780's, but unfortunately this was a little before our time frame. One of the question that has haunted me, was - how would Justus Jar. have obtained a copy of the Boxiana from England, and have it in his possession some 120 years later? It would have been unlikely, to have survived Justus' 20 years as a convict. The most likely, scenario would have been that Justus obtained a copy while on leave during the 1914-18 war. (At this time the article would have been some 100 years old, making it difficult to purchase or obtain a copy.) UNLESS - Justus Jnr. was put in touch with old family relations or friends who may have kept a copy, and felt that giving it to Justus Wilson Hudson's great-grandson's name-sake would have been very appropriate. Justus letters home certainly mentioned staying with people who reminded him it was "just like home". (Or. perhaps, Justus went searching in the archives for it himself.) Another, rumour about Justus' boxing comes from Neil Fisher who also remembers the older members of his family talking of his, Justus boxing prowess. However, Neil's impression was that the events occurred in Australia. Again, research undertaken has yielded little result. (Family researchers tend to develop a keen imagination to assist with trying to fill in the possible scenarios with very limited information, and then try to prove or disprove a possible event. A good imagination tends to become a necessary skill - to be able to break through the endless barriers that occur while researching family history.)
Justus Hudson & Ellen Duckworth - Justus married Ellen Duckworth on the 4th Dec. 1824. Justus was 20 years of age. They were married by Jonathan Topping who was the Curate to the parish priest, Church of England at St. Elphins Church in Warrington, Cheshire. The ceremony was conducted in the presence of John Yarwood and William Webster. (To date there doesn't appear to be any family connection with the two witnesses - and it is not known if any other members of the family were present.) Their intention to marry was announced by banns - and these were read out in the church for 3 consecutive Sunday services prior to the wedding. Justus signed his name, and Ellen placed an 'X' as her mark. (It would have been unusual for Justus to have been able to read and write and this may indicate that Justus came from a reasonably well-to-do family who could afford the time and money to have Justus educated.)
The Trial - During the fifteen-year search, three documents have come to light which report on Justus' trial. The first is the official court document, which provides official details and the judgement delivered. (I have included a photo-copy of the original - however as this is at times difficult to read, I have chosen to transcribe it below.)
quote: Ags. JUSTUS WILSON HUDSON late of Parish of Symm in the County of Chester. Sib that he on the 28th day of December in the 5th year of our Reign, about the hour of twelve in the sight of the same day with force and armed at the parish afs (afor said) in the county afs. the Dwyhouse of one Mary Domvile there did feloniously and burglariously did break and enter with intent, the goods and chattels of the said Mary Domvile in the same Dwyhouse to steal, take away and carry away and then and there with force and armed, *two silver tablespoons of the value of 20p * two silver teaspoons of the value of 5p *four other spoons of the value of 20p *ten keys of the value of 5p *seven shillings of the current coin this...*ten pieces of silver money called sixpenny pieces the value of 5p *two pieces of silver money called half crownpieces the value of 5p
The Hulks We know from Hulk Registers, that on 25th May. 1825. Justus was transferred to Portsmouth, which was at the other end of England; and that he was held in the old ship of "York". Prior to this. Justus would have remained in Chester near his wife and friends for a further 7 to 8 weeks. For Ellen to visit Justus in Portsmouth it would have meant undertaking an expensive, long and arduous journey. She may have been able to make this trip once, possibly twice in the five months that Justus was imprisoned in the York to deliver any extra provisions she could bribe the guards to pass on. If they had been able to have time together, it would have been under very crowded and appalling conditions. (I wonder what words of endearment were uttered; and promises of well-meant commitments these two young lovers made to each other. Or. if it was decided that each needed to consider the other gone and lost forever. For Justus to simply survive would be all that could be hoped for, and for Ellen to try to start life again, to forget him. or did they hope that Ellen would be able to make her way to Australia at a later time. From the Surgeon's report we know Justus physical condition was reported as - good - and his behaviour had become - indifferent! H027/29 Criminal Register, Chester 1825: Justus Wilson Hudson, Lent Assizes, Burglary, death R (i.e.. Reprieved) H09/9 Hulk Register: "York", Portsmouth: Received from Chester 25 May 1825, Justus W. Hudson, No. 5062, other details as in H08/b. H08/6 Quarterly Register of Hulks, (December, mst likely error in recording month)1825 "York" at Portsmouth: 5062 Justus Hudson, 21,Burglary, tried Chester 7th April, 1825, life, Surgeon's Report: healthy; Behaviour: indifferent; to N.S.W. 16th November. Idex to "York" Hulk: J. W. Hudson: (surgeon's report): goad H01 116 Transportation Register: "Sesostris ", 150 to N. S. W 23 November, 1825: Justus William Hudson, Chester Session of Pleas 7th April, 1825, lifer (As the register indicates Justus was Transported out of England on the 16th of November, 1825, never to see his new bride, family, friends and beloved England again.) Justus Bound For Botany Bay - AUSTRALIA Justus was placed on board the Sesostris, a convict transport ship which sailed from Portsmouth, on the 5th of Nov. 1825. It sailed for Australia on the 16th of Nov. 1825. The voyage took some five months to complete, and arrived in Australia on the 22nd of March, 1826. Justus turned 22 years of age during the voyage. The voyage to Australia was largely uneventful, with predictable severe blowy weather and arrived in December. The Medical Journal for the voyage reported on a few deaths. The most common complaints from the convict passengers tended to be colds, sore throats, constipation, slight fevers and headaches - which were usually treated with - a brisk purgative! Severe Fevers were treated with - purgatives and sponging the patient with vinegar and water! Relaxed bowels treatment was with - Rhubarb and Magnesium, and for the seriously ill (after their failure to respond to the usual purgatives) it was - an applied blister to the chest. or, - a draught of Bark and Port Wine"! The Medical Superintendent reported daily on his charges but minor illnesses of convicts were not individually named. Justus was not reported as being severely debilitated and as his arrival record showed, his complexion was fair and fresh. It would seem he fared well during the voyage.
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