|1st Lord Hungerford
This biography relates to Sir Walter Hungerford, of Farleigh Hungerford, Som. and Heytesbury, Wilts, and later 1st Lord Hungerford.
He was the 4th, but 1st surviving son and the heir of Sir Thomas Hungerford by Geva, or Joan, daughter and coheir of Sir Edmund Hussey, of Holbrook, co. Somerset. He inherited the main estates of Heytesbury and Farleigh Hungerford at the death of his father in 1397, albeit his father's Will provided a life interest to the estates to his mother for her lifetime. He was born, 22 Jun 1378, and probably at Farleigh Hungerford, the main residence of his father at the time.
He succeeded his father in Heytesbury and Farleigh on 3 Dec 1398 and knighted 11 Oct 1399. Sir Walter won fame as a warrior with the English army in France in 1401, and again at the Battle of Agincourt with the army of King Henry V in 1415. Walter Hungerford commanded the naval expedition to Harfleur in 1416.
Sir Walter Hungerford was literate, and owned among his books in English and in Latin, a Bible in Latin, and a romance (in Latin) called Le Siege de Troye, (30,000 lines written by Benoit de Sainte-Maure about 300 years earlier).
He was Speaker of the House of Commons in 1414 and Steward of the Household to Henry V.. In 1416 he was Admiral of the Fleet in the Wars against France. In 1418, he received a grant to the Barony of Homet, in Normandy.
On 3 May 1421 he was installed into the Order of the Garter, K.G.. He was Lord High Treasurer (the modern day equivalent of which is Prime Minister) between 1425-1431.
He was declared Baron by Writ on 7 Jan 1426 as a Baron, Lord Hungerford.
He died, at Farleigh Castle, 9 Aug 1449 and was buried (with his first wife) in the north aisle of the nave of Salisbury Cathedral. His Will, in which he styles himself "Lord of Hungerford, Heytesbury and Homet (an estate in Normandy), is dated 1 July 1449.
Family and Legacy
He married, firstly, Katherine (Catherine) Peverell. She was daughter and coheir (whose issue in 1433 became sole heir) of Thomas PEVERELL, MP, of Parke and Hamatethy in Cornwall, by Margaret, daughter of Sir Thomas COURTENAY. The marriage occuring before May 1399.The children of Walter and Katherine were 4 sons and 2 daughters:
- Walter Hungerford; born c. 1402, he is noted to be the eldest son and his heir apparent. He was a prisoner of war in France in 1425, was ransomed by his father for three thousand marks. He then returned and was with John of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Bedford in France in 1435, where he was killed. He never married and had no heirs.
- Robert Hungerford; born 1403, he became the heir and eventually inherited as Baron Hungerford. He married Margaret Bortreaux and is noted in the Will of his father (see below).
- Edmund Hungerford; born c. 1405, he was the third son. He married Margaret Burnell and is noted in the Will of his father (see below). On 8 Nov 1416, Henry V granted Sir Walter Hungerford, the right of marriage of Margery, one of three daughters and co-heirs of Edward Burnell, the only son of Hugh Burnell, Lord Burnell. At the time, Margery was about 7, placing her birth at c. 1410. Eventually, May 1421, with the death of Lord Burnell, the estates passed to the union and later, with the Will of Sir Walter, these, at the Hungerford estates at Down Ampney, passed to Edmund. Edmund was with his father in France and was knighted, by Henry VI on Whitsunday 1426, after the Battle of Verneuil, suggesting he was of age at the time.
- Elizabeth Hungerford; born c. 1400 (d. 14 Dec 1476), she married Sir Philip Courtenay (1404–1463) of Powderham, Devon and is also noticed in the Will of her father.
- Margaret Hungerford, born c. 1410, she married Sir Walter Rodney and is noticed in the Will of her father.
The names of only three sons are noticed above and available from the public record. Currently three others appear on wikitree and their lineage is being tested.
- Thomas Hungerford
- William Hungerford
- John Hungerford
His second wife was Eleanor Berkeley (Berkley), daughter of Sir John Berkeley, of Beverston, Glos, by his first wife, Elizabeth, daughter and heir of Sir John BETTESHORNE. She had married, firstly John FitzAlan, 13th Earl of Arundel, secondly Sir Richard Poynings, and then Walter Hungerford as her third husband. She died 1 August 1455 and her Will is noticed in Testamenta vetusta. She was buried at Arundel alongside her first husband. They had no children.
His Will notices; Sir Thomas Hungerford, his father, and Lady Geva, his mother, and Katherine, his first wife. He notices "Eleanor, Countess of Arundel", his wife at the time. Of his children;
- Sir Robert Hungerford, his son, and Lady Margaret (Bortreaux), his wife. The Will notices the eldest son, Sir Robert (noticed as Lord Molins, who had married Eleanor, daughter and heiress to William Lord Molins). He makes mention of two other sons of Sir Robert, Arnulph and William, and a daughter Mary.
- Sir Edmund Hungerford. He marries Margaret Burnell, daughter and coheir to Edward Burnell, the son and heir apparent of Hugh Burnell, Lord Burnell.
- Elizabeth Hungerford, wife to Sir Philip Courtney.
- Margaret Hungerford, wife to Sir Walter Rodney.
In the Will of Eleanor Berkeley, proved 23 Aug 1455, she makes mention of: Lady Margaret, the wife of Lord Hungerford; this Margaret Bortreaux; and Sir Robert Hungerford, Lord Molins, then stated as a prisoner of France (he had been taken prisoner in 1452, on the advance to the Battle of Castillon).
It is with Sir Walter's death that the Hungerford lands, now considerably increased by purchase and union, are divided into the Hungerford's of Farleigh Hungerford and Heytesbury, going to Robert, and those of Down Ampney going to Edmund.
- Royal Ancestry by D. Richardson Vol. I. page 153
- ↑ Cokayne (Ed. 1, V. 4, page 275)
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 2.2 History of Parliament Online HUNGERFORD, Sir Walter (1378-1449), of Farleigh Hungerford, Som. and Heytesbury, Wilts.
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 Royal Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, by Douglas Richardson, volume III, page 359-360 #11 - Katherine Peverell
- ↑ The New Werner Twentieth Century Edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica: A Standard Work of Reference in Art, Literature, Science, History, Geography, Commerce, Biography, Discovery and Invention, Volume 9, page 566
- ↑ Salisbury Cathedral
- ↑ John Smith Roskell: Parliament and Politics in Late Medieval England, Volume: 2, page 95.
- ↑ Testamenta vetusta, Vol 1, page 277-279
- ↑ Testamenta vetusta, Vol 1, page 257-259
- ↑ Testamenta vetusta, Vol 1, page 258, note 4
- ↑ Testamenta vetusta, Vol 1, page 279
- Cokayne; The complete peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom : extant, extinct, or dormant, Ed 1. Vol 4; G-K. Available through Family Search
- History of Parliament Online HUNGERFORD, Sir Walter (1378-1449), of Farleigh Hungerford, Som. and Heytesbury, Wilts., Authors: J. S. Roskell / Charles Kightly, Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1386-1421, ed. J.S. Roskell, L. Clark, C. Rawcliffe., 1993.
- Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 28; Hungerford, Walter (d.1449); by Sidney Lee.
- Testamenta vetusta: being illustrations from wills, of manners, customs, &c. as well as of the descents and possessions of many distinguished families. From the reign of Henry the Second to the accession of Queen Elizabeth; Sir Nicholas Harris; Volume 1, available archive.org
- The visitation of the county of Gloucester, taken in the year 1623; Chitting, Henry, d. 1638; College of Arms (Great Britain); Philipot, John, 1589?-1645; Camden, William, 1551-1623; Heane, William Crawshay, 1849- joint ed; Maclean, John, Sir, 1811-1895: available at archive.org - Hungerford starting page 87
- Richardson, Royal Ancestry (2013) Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, 5 vols., ed. Kimball G. Everingham, (Salt Lake City, Utah: the author, 2013), volume III, page 359-360 #11 - Katherine Peverell
- Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, (2011), Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, Royal Ancestry series, 2nd edition, 4 vols., ed. Kimball G. Everingham, (Salt Lake City, Utah: the author, 2011), volume II, page 427-428, #8 - Katherine Peverell
- Our Royal, Titled, Noble and Commoner Ancestors & Cousins - Walter Hungerford, database online, compiled by Mr. Marlyn Lewis, follows Douglas Richardson's Magna Carta Ancestry. It includes Magna Carta Surety Barons and many of their descendants.
- Salisbury Cathedral, database online at Wikipedia.org, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License
- The New Werner Twentieth Century Edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica: A Standard Work of Reference in Art, Literature, Science, History, Geography, Commerce, Biography, Discovery and Invention, Volume 9, database online at Google Books, original: (The Werner Company, 1907), page 566
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On 20 Oct 2014 at 17:44 GMT Eric Daly wrote:
Walter is 20 degrees from Kevin Bacon, 16 degrees from Abraham Lincoln, 25 degrees from Ayn Rand, 22 degrees from Peter Roberts and 16 degrees from Queen Elizabeth II of the Commonwealth Realms on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.