Anne (Hyde) Stuart

Anne (Hyde) Stuart (1637 - 1671)

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Anne Stuart formerly Hyde
Born in St James palace, London, Englandmap
Ancestors ancestors
Wife of — married (to ) in London, Englandmap
Descendants descendants
Died in Kensington palace, London, Englandmap
Profile last modified | Created 23 Nov 2008
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British Aristocracy
Anne (Hyde) Stuart was a member of aristocracy in the British Isles.
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Biography

Anne Hyde (12 Mar 1637 – 31 Mar 1671) was Duchess of York and Albany was the first wife of James, Duke of York, later King James II and VII.

Anne was the daughter of a commoner – Edward Hyde. In 1629, Edward (1st Earl of Clarendon) married his first wife, Anne Ayliffe of Gretenham. Six months into the marriage Anne caught smallpox, miscarried and died.[3] Three years later, Hyde married Frances Aylesbury. In 1637, Anne, the couple's eldest daughter, was born at Cranbourne Lodge in Windsor.[4] Almost nothing except that she was named after Edward Hyde's first wife is known of her life before 1649, when her family fled to the Netherlands after the execution of King Charles I.[5] They settled in Breda, where the Princess of Orange (also an English Princess Royal), as she had done with many English fugitives,[6] offered them a home and appointed Anne a maid of honour, apparently against the wishes of her mother and late father.[7]

Anne's marriage to James caused much gossip. The two first met in the Netherlands while Anne was living in the household of James' sister Mary. They held an official but private marriage ceremony in London on 3 September 1660, following the restoration of the monarchy. Two months after the marriage, Anne gave birth to the couple's first child, who had obviously been conceived out of wedlock. Until near the end of Anne's life, some observers disapproved of James' decision to marry Anne; but not King Charles II, James' brother, who wanted the marriage to take place.

Children:

  • Charles, Duke of Cambridge 22 October 1660 - 5 May 1661.
  • Lady Mary II, Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland (30 April 1662 - 28 December 1694)
  • James, Duke of Cambridge (12 July 1663 - 20 June 1667)
  • Lady Anne, Queen of Great Britain (6 February 1665 - 1 August 1714)
  • Charles, Duke of Kendal (4 July 1666 - 22 May 1667)
  • Edgar, Duke of Cambridge (14 September 1667 - 8 June 1671)
  • Henrietta (13 January 1669 - 15 November 1669)
  • Catherine (9 February 1671 - 5 December 1671).

All of their sons and two of their daughters died in infancy.[2] The two who survived to adulthood were Lady Mary, who succeeded her father after his deposition during the Glorious Revolution of 1688 and Lady Anne, who succeeded her brother-in-law and became the first monarch of Great Britain.

Anne was ill for fifteen months after the birth of her youngest son, Edgar.[38] She bore Henrietta in 1669 and Catherine in 1671.[39] Anne never recovered from Catherine's birth.[40] Ill with breast cancer,[41] she died on 31 March 1671.[4][b] Two days after her death, her embalmed body was interred in the vault of Mary, Queen of Scots, at Westminster Abbey's Henry VII Chapel.[42] In June 1671, Anne's only surviving son Edgar died of natural causes, followed by Catherine in December, leaving Ladies Mary and Anne as the Duke of York's heiresses.[43]

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DNA
No known carriers of Anne's mitochondrial DNA have taken an mtDNA test.

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Images: 1
Anne Hyde Image 1
Anne Hyde Image 1

Collaboration

Anne is 22 degrees from Rosa Parks, 18 degrees from Anne Tichborne and 9 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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