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Iron Jacket (abt. 1785 - 1858)

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Iron Jacket
Born about in Plains, Yoakum, Texas, United Statesmap
Husband of — married [location unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died in Oklahoma Indian Territory, United Statesmap
Profile last modified | Created 12 Jul 2010 | Last significant change: 28 Aug 2018
14:58: Shirley (Strutton) Dalton edited the data for Iron Jacket. (Merged Jacket-2 into Jacket-1: Clear duplicate.) [Thank Shirley for this]
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Categories: Native Americans Project | Comanche.

Space:Native Americans: Comanche
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Iron Jacket was involved in the westward expansion of the USA.
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Contents

Biography

Iron Jacket was a Native American and member of the Comanche tribe.


Name

Name: Iron /Jacket/
Name: Pohebits /Quasho/

Birth

Birth:
Date: BET 1775 AND 1785
Place: Edwards Plateau, Texas, USA

Notes

Not much is known about Iron Jacket's early life. He was born in the 1780s or 90s. He became a chief among the Noconi, or Wanderers, Band of the Comanche. He appears to have been both a hereditary chief and a War Chief. Little else is known about Iron Jacket, except that he led dozens of terrifying raids on settlers in the 1820s, 30s, 40s, and 50s in Texas and Mexico.[1]

It is believed today that he was a hereditary chief of the Comanche, and for decades the white and Mexican victims of his raids considered him a supernatural being because of his seeming invulnerability to any harm. Members of the Rangers, posses and the military on various occasions insisted that they shot the chief dead center without harming him. [1]

Evidently, this was because of the coat of old Spanish mail the chief wore, which appears to have protected him from light weapons fire. In any event, he was a feared and dangerous figure along the Texas and Mexican border, and in the Comancheria in the decades leading up to the Civil War.[2]

Battle of Little Robe Creek

At sunrise on May 12, 1858.[1] Ford and his joint force of Rangers and Tonkawa began an all-day battle with a dawn attack on a sleeping Comanche village. The so-called Battle of Little Robe Creek </wiki/Battle_of_Little_Robe_Creek> was actually three distinct separate incidents which happened over the course of a single day. The first was the attack on the sleeping village. The second was a follow up attack on the village of Iron Jacket, somewhat further up the Canadian River. Iron Jacket, so named for the coat of iron mail he wore in battle was killed in this exchange, and the remainder of his village was saved by the timely intervention of Peta Nocona with a third force of Comanche who arrived to engage Ford while all the villages along the Canadian made a swift withdrawal.

Iron Jacket's death came when he repeatedly rode down the line of firing Rangers and Tonkawa, taunting them. Many historians believe the mail that protected him from light weapons fire simply was not able to protect him from the buffalo gun used by Tonkawa Jim Pockmark which killed him. In any event, the death of their legendary chief discouraged his warriors, and only the timely intervention of his son, Peta Nocona, and his warriors, saved Iron Jackets village. As it was, his body could not be recovered, and was scalped, and partially eaten by the cannibal Tonkawas.

The Rangers broke up his coat of mail and kept the shingles for souvenirs. His other accoutrements, such as his lance and shield, were sent to the Governor in Austin for display.[3]

Sources

  1. Iron Shirt, Native American Nations
  2. Iron Shirt, Native American Nations
  3. Iron Shirt, Native American Nations

See also:

Source: #S-535853884
Page: Ancestry Family Trees
Note:
Data:
Text: http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=8570615&pid=-347512741 Link leads to Page no Longer Available.
Source S-535853884
Repository: #R-541783643
Title: Ancestry Family Trees
Publication: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network. Original data: Family Tree files submitted by Ancestry members.
Note: This information comes from 1 or more individual Ancestry Family Tree files. This source citation points you to a current version of those files. Note: The owners of these tree files may have removed or changed information since this source citation was created.

Acknowledgments

  • This person was created through the import of knox17032011.ged on 18 March 2011.
  • This person was created through the import of The Ties That Bind.ged on 12 July 2010.


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DNA
No known carriers of Iron's Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA have taken yDNA or mtDNA tests and no close relatives have taken a 23andMe, AncestryDNA, or Family Tree DNA "Family Finder" test.

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Collaboration

On 29 Jul 2018 at 15:28 GMT Shirley (Strutton) Dalton wrote:

Jacket-2 and Jacket-1 appear to represent the same person because: Same death date, same spouse



Iron is 17 degrees from SJ Baty, 20 degrees from Orville Redenbacher and 18 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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