Andrew  Jackson

Andrew Jackson (1767 - 1845)

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President Andrew "Old Hickory, Sharp Knife" Jackson
Born in Lancaster, Waxhaws, South Carolinamap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married in Natchez, MSmap
Died in Nashville, Davidson, Tennesseemap
Jackson-1115 created 2 Jan 2011 | Last modified | Last edit: 24 Nov 2017
14:50: Robin Lee edited the Biography for Andrew Jackson. [Thank Robin for this]
This page has been accessed 13,062 times.

Categories: Congressional Gold Medal | Notables | US Presidents | Democratic Political Party | US Senators from Tennessee | US Representatives from Tennessee | Florida Territory Governors | Davidson County, Tennessee, Slave Owners | This Day In History March 15 | This Day In History May 28 | This Day In History June 08 | Battle of New Orleans | Namesakes US Counties | Tennessee, War of 1812.

Andrew Jackson was awarded a Congressional Gold Medal in the War of 1812.
Notables
Andrew Jackson is notable.
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Andrew Jackson from Tennessee participated in the War of 1812.

The Presidential Seal.
Andrew Jackson was the President of the United States.
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Preceded by
6th President
John Quincy Adams





Territory acquired
February 22, 1821






Preceded by
William Cocke




Preceded by
John Williams
Andrew Jackson
7th President
of the United States
Presidential Seal
1829—1837

Military Governor
of Florida
Seal of Florida
1821

US Senator (Class 1)
from Tennessee

1797—1798
Seal of the US Senate
US Senator (Class 2)
from Tennessee

1823—1825

Succeeded by
8th President
Martin Van Buren





1st Territorial Governor
William Pope Duval





Succeeded by
Daniel Smith




Succeeded by
Hugh Lawson White



Contents

Andrew Jackson

  • Seventh President of the United States (1829 - 1837).
  • Nicknames: Old Hickory[1][2]; Indian Killer (Cherokee)[3]; Sharp Knife[3]

Biography

Much is written about Jackson's presidency, but his role as an outspoken Freemason is less known.[5] Said to be tough, Jackson fought many duels, and even killed some opponents. But primarily, Jackson was a plantation man who made his money off slavery.[3][6][7] And although he never had children with Rachel, the couple adopted three sons, were legal guardians for eight others, and had hundreds of slaves.[6]
The life of Major General Andrew Jackson : comprising a history of the war in the South, from the commencement of the Creek campaign to the termination of hostilities before New Orleans : addenda containing a brief history of the Seminole War, and cession and government of Florida (1828)
1767 Birth 1790 Marriage 1795 TN Congress Representative 1829 Elected President 1845 Death
1767 March 15
Born in the Waxhaws border region between North and South Carolina.[8]
Jackson's father died at 29. He was in an accident 3 weeks before Andrew was born.
1779 June 20 (age 13)
Joined the Revolutionary War as a courier.
Eldest brother, Hugh, dies from heat exhaustion at Battle of Stono Ferry.
1781 April 25 (age 14)
Battle of Hobkirk's Hill.[9] He and brother Robert are caught by the British.
April 27, 1781
Andrew's brother Robert dies shortly before their release by the British.[10]
1781 November 7
Mother Elizabeth volunteers to nurse POWs aboard two ships in Charleston harbor. Dies of a Cholera outbreak on-board, and Jackson's orphaned at 14.[11]
1788 (age 21)
Jackson boards with Rachel Stockley Donelson.[12] Meets her uhappily married daughter, Rachel Donelson Robards.[13]
1790
Jackson marries Rachel after hearing she's divorced. It wasn't complete, so the marriage was technically bigamous and invalid.
1791
Jackson buys Aaron (c.1785 - c.1878) who's only six years old.
1794
Rachel and Jackson remarry after divorce finalized. Controversial, Charles Dickinson published an attack in the local newspaper during May of 1806. Jackson wrote a challenge for a duel.
Jackson buys Hannah (c.1782/83 - c.1895) before she turns twelve. She will flee with her daughter Martha during the Civil war.[6]


☆ Political Career Begins ☆
1796 Dec 4 – Sep 26, 1797 (age 29)
Member U.S. House of Reps: Tennessee's At-Large district
1797 Sep 26 – 01 Apr 1798
U.S. Senator: Tennessee
1812
Colonel Major general in the Tennessee Militia United States Army, Battle of Pensacola, Battle of New Orleans defeated the Creek Indians at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend (1814), and the British at the Battle of New Orleans (1815) He was awarded the Congressional Gold Medal.
1820
Hannah and Aaron become a couple. Issue: 10.[6][14]
1821 Mar 10 – Dec 31, 1821
Military Gov. of Florida
1826 Mar 4 – Oct 14, 1825
Tennessee Senator
1828 December 22
Rachel dies.[15].
☆ Presidency Begins ☆
1829 March 4 – March 4, 1837 (age 62)
Elected for two terms as the 7th President (Democrat). Jackson ends up with 2 VPs with a time lapse bween them.[16]
1830

28 May 1830: Indian Removal Act

A polarizing figure who dominated the Second Party System in the 1820s and 1830s, he dismantled the Second Bank of the United States. Worse yet, he went on a hate campaign and implemented policies of genocide for profit, which continue to affect many dislocated American families today.
Sadly, Jackson's plantation frame of mind bled over into the White House. As president, he forced the relocation of Native American tribes from the Southeast to west of the Mississippi River.
His followers created the Democratic Party. The 1830–1850 period later became known as the era of Jacksonian democracy.
☆ Retires ☆
1845 June 8
Dies at 78.[17]
One of the more sickly U.S. presidents, Jackson had chronic headaches, abdominal pains, and a hacking cough, caused by a musket ball in his lung that was never removed. It often brought up blood, and sometimes made his whole body shake.
After retiring to Nashville, he lived another eight years. Jackson's buried at ✞ The Hermitage in Nashville.

Vitals

p. Elizabeth (Betty) Hutchison ABT 1760 Carrickferegus, Antrim, Ireland[18][19][20]
Birth: 15 MAR 1767 Lancaster, Waxhaws[21][22][23][24]
Death: The Hermitage June 8, 1845 Nashville, Davidson Co, Tenn[25]

Most Distant Known Ancestors

Paternal' Hugh Jackson died in Northern Ireland in 1786
Maternal Elizabeth Unknown wife of John Lesslie: Link to Wikitree Widget to see 10 generation ancestor chart

Slaves

Hermitage Slaves
Hermitage Slaves
Andrew Jackson acquired more than 300 slaves. The Hermitage plantation has released a PDF copy containing some of the families.[26]
  • Family of Hannah and Aaron Jackson[6]
  • Family of "Old Nancy"[6]

Legacy

  • Twenty-one U.S. states have named counties in Pres. Jackson's honor. They are: Alabama, Arkansas, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, Ohio, Oregon, Tennessee, Texas, West Virginia, and Wisconsin. In addition to Jackson County, the state of Missouri also named Hickory County in his honor.

Links

Sources

  1. Hero of New Orleans
  2. because of his tough and aggressive personality.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Indian-Killer Andrew Jackson Deserves Top Spot on List of Worst U.S. Presidents
  4. Calhoun resigned
  5. Jackson was a Freemason. Initiated at Masonic Lodge, Harmony No. 1 in Tennessee. Participated in chartering several other Tennessee lodges. Only U.S. president to be a Grandmaster of a State Lodge until Harry S. Truman in 1945.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 The Hermitage: Home of President Andrew Jackson
  7. Jackson was one of U.S. history's most racist presidents. He didn't just torture Native Americans, he was just as happy to attack African-Americans, and did in fact use whipping on his own slaves.
  8. location disputed.
  9. near Camden South Carolina.
  10. Both nearly starved to death as POWs.
  11. Following the death of his mother and brothers during the war, Jackson blames the British for his losses.
  12. widow of John Donelson.
  13. At the time, Rachel was in an unhappy marriage with Captain Lewis Robards; he was subject to fits of jealous rage. The two were separated in 1790.
  14. Children: Byron, Rachel, Charlotte, Moses, Mary, Martha, Abraham, Ned, Margaret Ellen, and George Washington.
  15. Has a heart attack two weeks after her Jackson's election and two months before he took office. Jackson blames nasty political attacks of John Q. Adams for wife's death
  16. John C. Calhoun (1829–1832), None (1832–1833), Martin Van Buren (1833–1837)
  17. Chronic tuberculosis, dropsy, and heart failure.
  18. #S330
  19. #S407
  20. User ID: 39525CB4F81841FDB3DC6F4EE90856AE2A73
  21. Source: #S329
  22. Source: #S341
  23. Source: #S342
  24. Third and youngest son. S341.
  25. #S329
  26. Hermitage Slave List. PDF.

Acknowledgements

  • Jackson, Pres.-1 on Dec 1, 2011 by Andrew Morrow.
  • Jackson-2825 on Jul 9, 2011 by John Clements.
  • Jackson-5444 on Oct 28, 2012 by Vivian Kahn.
  • indygrandma.ged on 02 January 2011.
  • JDS_09_17_10.ged on 09 February 2011. User ID: F4A49E8A90704A4CA967B8F1F57AEB319A09

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Images: 9
Andrew Jackson 7th US President
Andrew Jackson 7th US President

1833 Democratic Political Cartoon
1833 Democratic Political Cartoon

Presidential Seal
Presidential Seal

1845 daguerreotype of Jackson, by Mathew Brady
1845 daguerreotype of Jackson, by Mathew Brady

Hermitage Plantation
Hermitage Plantation

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On 4 Nov 2014 at 20:02 GMT Veronica (Coat) Williams wrote:

Jackson-11496 and Jackson-1115 appear to represent the same person because: Appear to be the same person



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