President Andrew Jackson served for Tennessee in the War of 1812 Service started: Unit(s): Service ended:
Andrew Jackson was awarded a Congressional Gold Medal in the War of 1812.
Much is written about Jackson's presidency, but his role as an outspoken Freemason is less known. Said to be tough, Jackson fought many duels, and even killed some opponents. But primarily, Jackson was a plantation man who made his money off slavery. And although he never had children with Rachel, the couple adopted three sons, were legal guardians for eight others, and had hundreds of slaves.
Born in the Waxhaws border region between North and South Carolina.
Jackson's father died at 29. He was in an accident 3 weeks before Andrew was born.
1779 June 20 (age 13)
Joined the Revolutionary War as a courier.
Eldest brother, Hugh, dies from heat exhaustion at Battle of Stono Ferry.
1781 April 25 (age 14)
Battle of Hobkirk's Hill. He and brother Robert are caught by the British.
1781 April 27
Andrew's brother Robert dies shortly before their release by the British.
1781 November 7
Mother Elizabeth volunteers to nurse POWs aboard two ships in Charleston harbor. Dies of a Cholera outbreak on-board, and Jackson's orphaned at 14.
1788 (age 21)
Jackson boards with Rachel Stockley Donelson. Meets her uhappily married daughter, Rachel Donelson Robards.
Jackson marries Rachel after hearing she's divorced. It wasn't complete, so the marriage was technically bigamous and invalid.
Jackson buys Aaron (c.1785 - c.1878) who's only six years old.
Rachel and Jackson remarry after divorce finalized. Controversial, Charles Dickinson published an attack in the local newspaper during May of 1806. Jackson wrote a challenge for a duel.
Jackson buys Hannah (c.1782/83 - c.1895) before she turns twelve. She will flee with her daughter Martha during the Civil war.
☆ Political Career Begins ☆
1796 Dec 4 – Sep 26, 1797 (age 29)
Member U.S. House of Reps: Tennessee's At-Large district
1797 Sep 26 – 01 Apr 1798
U.S. Senator: Tennessee
Colonel Major general in the Tennessee Militia United States Army, Battle of Pensacola, Battle of New Orleans defeated the Creek Indians at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend (1814), and the British at the Battle of New Orleans (1815) He was awarded the Congressional Gold Medal.
Hannah and Aaron become a couple. Issue: 10.
A polarizing figure who dominated the Second Party System in the 1820s and 1830s, he dismantled the Second Bank of the United States. Worse yet, he went on a hate campaign and implemented policies of genocide for profit, which continue to affect many dislocated American families today.
Sadly, Jackson's plantation frame of mind bled over into the White House. As president, he forced the relocation of Native American tribes from the Southeast to west of the Mississippi River.
His followers created the Democratic Party. The 1830–1850 period later became known as the era of Jacksonian democracy.
One of the more sickly U.S. presidents, Jackson had chronic headaches, abdominal pains, and a hacking cough, caused by a musket ball in his lung that was never removed. It often brought up blood, and sometimes made his whole body shake.
After retiring to Nashville, he lived another eight years. Jackson's buried at ✞ The Hermitage in Nashville.
Andrew Jackson, 15 March 1767 – 08 June 1845, 04 March 1829 – 04 March 1837
Member of St. Tammany (later Harmony) Lodge No. 1, Nashville, Tennessee.
Elected Grand Master of Tennessee on 07 October 1822 and served until 04 October 1824.
Twenty-one U.S. states have named counties in Pres. Jackson's honor. They are: Alabama, Arkansas, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, Ohio, Oregon, Tennessee, Texas, West Virginia, and Wisconsin. In addition to Jackson County, the state of Missouri also named Hickory County in his honor.
↑ Jackson was a Freemason. Initiated at Masonic Lodge, Harmony No. 1 in Tennessee. Participated in chartering several other Tennessee lodges. Only U.S. president to be a Grandmaster of a State Lodge until Harry S. Truman in 1945.