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Susanna (Jackson) Winslow (abt. 1594 - bef. 1675)

Susanna Winslow formerly Jackson aka White
Born about in Englandmap
Ancestors ancestors
Wife of — married about 1614 [location unknown]
Wife of — married 12 May 1621 in Plymouth Colonymap
Descendants descendants
Died before in Plymouth Colonymap
Profile last modified | Created 10 Oct 2017
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The Mayflower.
Susanna (Jackson) Winslow was a passenger on the Mayflower.
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The origins and parents of Mayflower passenger Susanna (Jackson) (White) Winslow have recently been discovered and published. All sources and speculation prior to this article published in The American Genealogist should be considered incorrect.[1] [2]

  • The American Genealogist, vol. 89 no. 4 (October 2017): 241-264. The Origin of Mayflower Passenger Susanna1 (Jackson) (White) Winslow, by Caleb Johnson, Sue Allen and Simon Neal.
  • Allan, Sue. In Search of Pilgrim Susanna White Winslow, (Domtom Publishing, April 2018).

Note: past theories have included the theory that she was Anna (Ann or En) Fuller, sister of Samuel Fuller who was married to a William White in Leiden. This has been proven to be incorrect. Do not merge or mix up these families.

Contents

Biography

Name and Origins

Name: Susanna Jackson, daughter of Richard and Mary (Pettinger) Jackson.[1]
One of the interesting and much debated problems in genealogy has been the parentage of Mayflower passenger Susanna Jackson, wife successively of Mayflower passengers William White and Gov. Edward Winslow. It has now been shown that she is Susanna Jackson, daughter Richard Jackson and Mary Pettinger.
The evidence for Richard Jackson being her father is circumstantial, but taken as a whole is very compelling.[1][3]
  1. The primary clue is the letter Edward Winslow sent to his Uncle Robert Jackson which allowed the identification of the correct family group. Though this letter has been in print since 1955, the exact relationships (Susanna's parents) remained unknown. If Robert Jackson was Susanna's uncle, then who could be her actual father?
  2. Correspondence between Robert Jackson and his brother Richard Jackson showed how many sons and daughters Richard had. This matched what was known about Susanna's siblings from other correspondence.
  3. Extensive connections of Richard Jackson to other Pilgrims. He was an associate of William Brewster in Scrooby, and was named as a a fellow Brownist (follower of Robert Brown) on the arrest of William Brewster. He was then among those who removed from Scrooby to Holland. He had connections to the Rev. Ezeikiel Culverwell, a Puritan minister in London. He was married to Mary Pettinger whose relatives also appear among the separatists in Leiden.
  4. The other siblings of Robert Jackson can all be excluded as a possible parent of Susanna.
  5. This leads to the obvious conclusion that Richard Jackson is the father of Susanna Jackson.

Birth

Susanna Jackson, was born about 1594, based on her estimated marriage about 1614. Her father Richard Jackson taught school in Tickhill, Yorkshire in 1590. He and Mary Pettinger were married in Doncaster, Yorkshire in 1591. Richard and Anne were in Scrooby, Nottinghamshire, England by 1598 and their children were possibly born there.[1]

Marriages and Mayflower

Susanna married first William White about 1614 (estimate based on birth of first child).

William and Susanna White traveled on the Mayflower with their son Resolved. Their second son, Peregrine, the first child born to the Pilgrims in New England, was born while the Mayflower was offshore (before disembarking). William White died the first winter.[4]

Susanna married second Edward Winslow, 12 May 1621, at Plymouth (the first marriage at Plymouth).[5][6] They had 5 children, although only 2 lived to adulthood.

Plymouth

In 1623, when land was allotted to each passenger on the Mayflower, Susanna's acre was received as part of her husband's four acre allotment. The Winslows, Edward, Susanna, Edward, John, and the White children Resolved and Perigrine, were part of the third lot, in the 1627 cattle division, receiving as their share a red cow "wch belongeth to the poore of the Colonye", her calf and some she goats.[7][8]

As the original nucleus colony grew in size, Edward was granted land in Marshfield and the family moved there.

Edward Winslow was " ... one of the most energetic and trusted men in the Colony. He went to England in 1623, 1624, 1635 and 1646, as agent of the Plymouth or Massachusetts colonies; and in 1633 he was chosen governor, to which office he was reelected in 1636 and 1644. He did not return to New England after 1646. In 1655 he was sent by Cromwell as one of three commissioners to superintend the expedition against the Spanish possessions in the West Indies, and died at sea near Hispaniola, on the 8th of May of that year ..." [9] There is no evidence that Susanna White Winslow ever accompanied her husband Edward Winslow on his journeys out of Plymouth Colony.

Death

Susanna (Jackson) (White) Winslow died after 18 Dec 1654, the date of her husband's will, which gave their son Josias the bulk of his estate, but Josias was to allow Winslow's wife "a full third parte thereof for her life"[10] Son Josiah wrote his will 2 July 1675 and did not mention his mother,[11] at which time Susanna was presumed dead.

Children

Children of William White and Susanna Jackson:[4]
  1. Resolved White. Born about 1615 (deposed aged 59 in 1674 and aged 63 in 1678).
  2. Peregrine White.
Children of Edward Winslow and Susanna Jackson:[12]
  1. Unnamed child who died young.
  2. Edward Winslow.
  3. John Winslow.
  4. Josiah Winslow.
  5. Elizabeth Winslow.

Common Errors to Avoid

While many believe that her maiden name was FULLER and that she was daughter of Robert Fuller and Sarah Dunkhorn [13][14], this has been disproven; see:
  1. http://mayflowerhistory.com/white-william/
  2. Mayflower Five Generations for the White Family (Vol1) (Silver Book), p. 96, which gives a strong argument why she was not a relative of the Fullers on the Mayflower. The book also gives a hint to a possible different identity for her.
While a William White, wool comber, married Ann Fuller at Leiden on February 11, 1612,(see profile Anna Fuller for the record)[14] it's assumed this William White was still in Leiden the year after the Mayflower landed at Plymouth[citation needed] Therefore, William White of Leiden could not have been William White of the Mayflower and Ann Fuller could not have been Susannah who later married Edward Winslow.[15][16]


Sources

Footnotes and citations:
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 The American Genealogist, vol. 89 no. 4 (October 2017): 241-264. The Origin of Mayflower Passenger Susanna1 (Jackson) (White) Winslow, by Caleb Johnson, Sue Allen and Simon Neal.
  2. For those interested in an even more in depth look at the research, evidence and lives of the William and Susanna White family group should consider ordering the book also published by Sue Allan from Domtom Publishing.
  3. The original publishing of the Winslow/Jackson letter was "Winslow letter 1623" New England Historical and Genealogical Register 109:242. Link at AmericanAncestors ($)
  4. 4.0 4.1 Bradford's History Bradford, William. History of Plymouth Plantation (Massachusetts Historical Society, 1856) pp 448, "Mr. William White, and Susana, his wife, and one sone, caled Resolved, and one borne a ship-bord, caled Peregriene; & 2, servants, named William Holbeck & Edward Thomson. p. 452 "Mr. White and his 2, servants dyed soone after ther landing. His wife maried with Mr. Winslow (as is before noted). His 2 sons are maried, and Resolved hath 5. children, Perigrine tow, all living. So their increase are 7."
  5. Bradford: History of Plymouth: p. 101
  6. Prince, Thomas. A Chronological History of New England (Antiquarian Bookstore, 1852) p. 190
  7. Pulsifer, David. New Plymouth Colony; Records of the colony of New Plymouth, in New England Vol. 12 (1861) Deeds, &c. Vol. 1 1620-1651 & Book of Indian Records for their lands (Boston: Press of William White, 1861) p. 4, p. 10
  8. "The 1623 land division" The Mayflower Quarterly. Plymouth, MA: General Society of Mayflower Descendants, 1935-1985. 40:12 (1974) Link at AmericanAncestors ($)
  9. (Alexander Young, "Chronicles of the Pilgrim Fathers," Boston, Charles C. Little and James Brown, 1841), p. 274-5.
  10. "Governor Edward Winslow's Will. The Mayflower Descendant Vol 4 p. 2. (1902)
  11. Bowman, George Ernest. "Governor Josiah Winslow's Will and Inventory" The Mayflower Descendant 5:82
  12. Anderson, Robert Charles. The Pilgrim Migration: Immigrants to Plymouth Colony 1620-1633. "Edward Winslow". (Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2004). p. 509. online link
  13. Ancestry of Susanna aka Anna (Fuller) White wife of (Pilgrim) William White By James R Hancock March 03, 2003
  14. 14.0 14.1 Source: Google digitized: Full Text of Ancestral chronological record of the William White family from 1607 to 1608-1895 includes parts from William White's "Breeches Bible
  15. See G2G thread associated with this profile for a discussion of the sources.
  16. See Joe Cochoit's The Case Against Susannah Fuller
Source List:
  • The American Genealogist, Whole Number 356 Vol. 89 No. 4 (October 2017): 241-264. The Origin of Mayflower Passenger Susanna1 (Jackson) (White) Winslow, by Caleb Johnson, Sue Allen and Simon Neal.
  • The American Genealogist, Whole Number 354 Vol. 89 No. 2 (April 2017): 81-94. The English Origin and Kinship of Mayflower Passengers William1 White and Dorothy1 (May) Bradford of Wisbech, Cambridgeshire, by Caleb Johnson, Sue Allan and Simon Neal.
  • Allan, Sue. In Search of Pilgrim Susanna White Winslow, (Domtom Publishing, April 2018).
  • Anderson, Robert Charles, The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England, 1620-1633, vol. III, P-W. (Boston: NEHGS, 1995):1980-1981, biography of William White. American Ancestors.org LINK
  • Caleb Johnson's MayflowerHistory.com Website. Biography of William White.
  • Caleb Johnson's MayflowerHistory.com Website. Biography of Susanna (Jackson) White.
  • The Mayflower Descendant (Winter 2004):67-69. Susanna, Wife of William White and Edward Winslow of the Mayflower: A Review of Recent Research, by Marston Watson. AmericanAncestors.org (paid) LINK
  • New England Historical and Genealogical Register, vol. 109 no. 4 (1955): 242-243. Winslow Letter, 1623, by Bradford Smith.
  • New England Historical and Genealogical Register, vol. 154 no. 1 (January 2000): 109-118. Notes from Leiden: Another Look at the Identity of Edward Winslow’s Wife, Susanna (Fuller?) White, by Jeremy Dupertuis Bangs. Note: Conclusions are incorrect.
  • Pilgrim Hall Museum Website. Susanna White Winslow 17th Century Documents.
  • Roser, Susan S. Mayflower Births and Deaths, Vol. 1 and 2 (1992). Ancestry.com LINK
  • Wakefield, Robert S. ed. Mayflower Families Through Five Generations, Volume 13: Family of William White. (Plymouth, 2006): 1-5.
  • Bradford, William, 1590-1657. Of Plimoth Plantation: manuscript, 1630-1650. State Library of Massachusetts "List of Mayflower Passengers." In Bradford's Hand.
  • Johnson, Caleb H. The Mayflower and Her Passengers. (Caleb H. Johnson, 2006)
See also:

Mayflower Project Checklist Completed

Acknowledgements

  • Joe Cochoit October 2017. Revision, updating and sourcing to match newly published research. Please contact for significant changes or questions.
  • Bob Nichol for creating WikiTree profile Unknown-191932 through the import of Nichol Ancestry.GED on Feb 14, 2013.
  • Thanks to Andrew White for starting this profile. Click the Changes tab for the details of contributions by Andrew and others.


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Comments: 36

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No she never married a Tilley.
posted by Joe Cochoit
Did she ever marry a Tilley?

North America, Family Histories, 1500-2000 Source Info Stories, Memories & Histories Quick Compare Review Name Winslow Different Spouse Susanna Tilley New

posted by Scott Hutchins
Correct RJ. I have removed the images to the out of date references.
posted by Joe Cochoit
The 2nd image above is obsolete (and I heard the Bible was a fake)
posted by RJ Horace
Thank you for updating this profile. Very well done. And thank you to the authors and researchers. It would be interesting to hear how they reasoned this out and drew conclusions.
posted by Randy Seaver
Yes to both Jillaine. I have started matching the profile to the article, but haven't finished.
posted by Joe Cochoit
Now that Susannah's origins have been published, can we align this profile to those findings, and also fully detach the William White/Ann Fuller couple from anything Mayflower-related?
posted by Jillaine Smith
Hi Rod, we are happy to discuss. All of the information you have posted is outdated and has been disproved.

She is Susanna Jackson. Her ancestry is to be published in the next issue of The American Genealogist. We are sort of waiting for the article to be published before completely updating this profile.

posted by Joe Cochoit
William White was born 10 Nov 1591 Leiden, Leiden, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands, he is the son of Alexander White and Eleanor Smith. He passed 21 Feb 1620 Leiden, Leiden, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands. He married Susanna Fuller 1 Jul 1612 Leiden, Leiden, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands. He was married by the Reverend John Robertson, who was married to Williams sister Bridget White. This is no coincidence to me. He also had a sister Catherine White she married (2) John Carver Plymouth Colony Governor she also arrived on the Mayflower, the same as her brother William coincidence . I believe I have the right William White and Susanna White/Winslow. Care to discuss?
posted by Rod Piper
Joyce that information you have is incorrect and out of date.
posted by Joe Cochoit

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Categories: Mayflower Family Member | Mayflower Passengers