The origins and parents of Mayflower passenger Susanna (Jackson)
(White) Winslow have recently been discovered and published. All sources and speculation prior to this article published in The American Genealogist should be considered incorrect.
The American Genealogist, vol. 89 no. 4 (October 2017): 241-264. The Origin of Mayflower Passenger Susanna1 (Jackson) (White) Winslow, by Caleb Johnson, Sue Allen and Simon Neal.
Allan, Sue. In Search of Pilgrim Susanna White Winslow, (Domtom Publishing, April 2018).
One of the interesting and much debated problems in genealogy has been the parentage of Mayflower passenger Susanna Jackson, wife successively of Mayflower passengers William White and Gov. Edward Winslow. It has now been shown that she is Susanna Jackson, daughter Richard Jackson and Mary Pettinger.
The evidence for Richard Jackson being her father is circumstantial, but taken as a whole is very compelling.
The primary clue is the letter Edward Winslow sent to his Uncle Robert Jackson which allowed the identification of he correct family group. Though this letter has been in print since 1955, the exact relationships (Susanna's parents) remained unknown. If Robert Jackson was an Susanna's uncle, then who could be her actual father?
Correspondence between Robert Jackson and his brother Richard Jackson showed how many sons and daughters Richard had. This matched what was known about Susanna's siblings from other correspondence.
Extensive connections of Richard Jackson to other Pilgrims. He was an associate of William Brewster in Scrooby, and was named as a a fellow Brownist (follower of Robert Brown) on the arrest of William Brewster. He was then among those who removed from Scrooby to Holland. He had connections to the Rev. Ezeikiel Culverwell, a Puritan minister in London. He was married to Mary Pettinger whose relatives also appear among the separatists in Leiden.
The other siblings of Robert Jackson can all be excluded as a possible parent of Susanna.
This leads to the obvious conclusion that Richard Jackson is the father of Susanna Jackson.
Born: About 1592, probably in Scrooby, Nottinghamshire, England.
Estimate based on marriage of parents and her own marriage.
Marriages and Children
Married:1st - William White about 1614 (estimate based on birth of first child). They traveled on the Mayflower with their son Resolved. Their second son Peregrine was born while the Mayflower was offshore (before disembarking). William died the first winter
Married:2nd - Edward Winslow on 12 May 1621 at Plymouth (the first marriage at Plymouth).
Children of William White and Susanna Jackson:
Resolved White. Born about 1615 (deposed aged 59 in 1674 and aged 63 in 1678).
Last known living with certainty when named in the will of her husband on 18 December1654.
Presumed dead when not named in the will of her son Josiah Winslow on 2 July 1675.
The birth/baptism record of Susanna Jackson has not yet been found. Based on her parents marriage in 1591 and her own marriage by 1614, she was likely born between 1592-1598. Her father was originally from Braithworth, Yorkshire, but by 1590 was in Tickhill, Yorkshire. By 1598, he was in Scrooby, Nottinghamshire. All of these are possible birth locations for Susanna.
Susanna White was a member of the Leiden Separatist community. She and her husband, William, and their young son Resolved were passengers on the Mayflower. Susanna gave birth to another son, Peregrine, in December of 1620 while the Mayflower was anchored in Provincetown Harbor. Peregrine was the first child born to the Pilgrims in New England.
William White died during February of 1621. Susanna married Edward Winslow (another Mayflower passenger, whose wife had also died during that hard first winter) in April of 1621. This was the first wedding in the new colony. By her second marriage with Edward Winslow, Susanna White Winslow had 5 children, although only 2 lived to adulthood : Josiah, born c1629 and Elizabeth, born in the 1630's.
Edward Winslow was " ... one of the most energetic and trusted men in the Colony. He went to England in 1623, 1624, 1635 and 1646, as agent of the Plymouth or Massachusetts colonies; and in 1633 he was chosen governor, to which office he was reelected in 1636 and 1644. He did not return to New England after 1646. In 1655 he was sent by Cromwell as one of three commissioners to superintend the expedition against the Spanish possessions in the West Indies, and died at sea near Hispaniola, on the 8th of May of that year ..." (Alexander Young, "Chronicles of the Pilgrim Fathers," Boston, Charles C. Little and James Brown, 1841), p. 274-5.
There is no evidence that Susanna White Winslow ever accompanied her husband Edward Winslow on his journeys out of Plymouth Colony.
The Winslows lived on a large estate named Careswell, in Marshfield (north of Plymouth).
Mayflower Five Generations for the White Family (Vol1) (Silver Book), p. 96, which gives a strong argument why she was not a relative of the Fullers on the Mayflower. The book also gives a hint to a possible different identity for her.
While a William White, wool comber, married Ann Fuller at Leiden on February 11, 1612,(see profile Anna Fuller for the record) it's assumed this William White was still in Leiden the year after the Mayflower landed at Plymouth Therefore, William White of Leiden could not have been William White of the Mayflower and Ann Fuller could not have been Susannah who later married Edward Winslow.
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Footnotes and citations:
↑ The American Genealogist, vol. 89 no. 4 (October 2017): 241-264. The Origin of Mayflower Passenger Susanna1 (Jackson) (White) Winslow, by Caleb Johnson, Sue Allen and Simon Neal.
↑ For those interested in an even more in depth look at the research, evidence and lives of the William and Susanna White family group should consider ordering the book also published by Sue Allan from Domtom Publishing.
↑ Please the TAG article for a more detailed explanation of the evidence.
The American Genealogist, Whole Number 356 Vol. 89 No. 4 (October 2017): 241-264. The Origin of Mayflower Passenger Susanna1 (Jackson) (White) Winslow, by Caleb Johnson, Sue Allen and Simon Neal.
The American Genealogist, Whole Number 354 Vol. 89 No. 2 (April 2017): 81-94. The English Origin and Kinship of Mayflower Passengers William1 White and Dorothy1 (May) Bradford of Wisbech, Cambridgeshire, by Caleb Johnson, Sue Allan and Simon Neal.
Allan, Sue. In Search of Pilgrim Susanna White Winslow, (Domtom Publishing, April 2018).
Anderson, Robert Charles, The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England, 1620-1633, vol. III, P-W. (Boston: NEHGS, 1995):1980-1981, biography of William White. American Ancestors.org LINK
Caleb Johnson's MayflowerHistory.com Website. Biography of William White.
The Mayflower Descendant (Winter 2004):67-69. Susanna, Wife of William White and Edward Winslow of the Mayflower: A Review of Recent Research, by Marston Watson. AmericanAncestors.org (paid) LINK
New England Historical and Genealogical Register, vol. 109 no. 4 (1955): 242-243. Winslow Letter, 1623, by Bradford Smith.
New England Historical and Genealogical Register, vol. 154 no. 1 (January 2000): 109-118. Notes from Leiden: Another Look at the Identity of Edward Winslow’s Wife, Susanna (Fuller?) White, by Jeremy Dupertuis Bangs. Note: Conclusions are incorrect.
William White was born 10 Nov 1591 Leiden, Leiden, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands, he is the son of Alexander White and Eleanor Smith. He passed 21 Feb 1620 Leiden, Leiden, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands. He married Susanna Fuller 1 Jul 1612 Leiden, Leiden, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands. He was married by the Reverend John Robertson, who was married to Williams sister Bridget White. This is no coincidence to me. He also had a sister Catherine White she married (2) John Carver Plymouth Colony Governor she also arrived on the Mayflower, the same as her brother William coincidence . I believe I have the right William White and Susanna White/Winslow. Care to discuss?