Samuel's birth year is a guesstimate based on his giving his daughter Elizabeth a horse in 1688. It is ASSUMED that she was about 18 years old; perhaps getting married, and that he was about 25 years old when she was born. So lots of assumptions there. Samuel is mentioned in a court case in 1683 which indicates he was probably born prior to 1662.
Info from Don Wilson (RELIC):
1683 Att a Generall Court held at James Citty Aprill 30th 1683. His Excellency and Council. Whereas Mr. Richard GIBSON was ordered by the last Genll. Court to deliver a mare to John BLAKMAN beinge in difference betweene ye said Richard GIBSON and John BLAKMAN provided either John BLAKMAN or Samll. JACKSON should appear in Stafford Court and depost [depose] that they saw ye Bill of Sale Signed Sealed and Delivered & ye accomps [accounts] Exhibited to this Court justley due for wch consideeration ye aforesaid mare was purchased wch being pformed as appeares by Certificate from under ye hande of ye Clerk of that Court doe therefore Order that ye aforesaid Richard GIBSON doe make psent delivery of ye above mare to John BLAKMAN or order and pay all damadges and costs of suite according to Act. /signed/ Edward CHILTON Cl Cor.
Wherein haveinge failed These are therefore in his Majties name to will and require you to seize as much of ye Estate of ye wthin menconed Richard GIBSON as will fully satisfie ye wthin mentioned Judgmt and that after valuation accordinge to Law you deliver ye same to ye wthin named John BLAKMAN, herein you may not fayle as you will answer ye contrary as also to make due returne of this Writt dated ye 5th day of May 1683. /signed/ Edward CHILTON Cl Genll.
To ye High Sheriff of Stafford County prent ordr & Cop - 51
Capt. BRENT att Total 201
Recorded ye 13th day of July 1692.
[Stafford County Deed Book D, 1686-93, p. 256, from abstract by Ruth and Sam Sparacio]
Although this document wasn't recorded until 1692, it proves that Samuel JACKSON was a resident of Stafford County at some time before April 1683, probably a year or more earlier, when the bill of sale for the mare was signed. (This case must have started out in Stafford County court before being appealed to the General Court in Jamestown. Samuel was apparently a witness to the original contract.) The records for Stafford between 1668 and 1686 are mostly lost except for a few scraps, 1671-72 and 1680, in which Samuel JACKSON's name is not found. From this 1683 document it can be stated that Samuel was probably born prior to 1662. It appears he is an associate (a relative?) of John BLAKMAN.
The following deeds have been found and transcribed in an effort to learn about this Samuel and the history of his land and the land surrounding his.
Relationship of Samuel to his son Francis is proved by an analysis of deeds and the fact of his grandson also named Francis selling the 200 acres mentioned in Samuel's original 1694 deed. For deeds proving the relationship of son, Francis, and grandson, Francis, see the Notes of both Francis the son and Francis the grandson.
Apparently the land Samuel was granted was situated in the part of Stafford County which later was cut out in 1731 as part of Prince William County. After Dettingen Parish was established in 1745, the land was said to be in Dettingen Parish.
1694 Sep 25 200A was conveyed by said Andrew Gibson to Samuel Jackson We don't have this actual deed; this is a quote from the 1766 deed when these 200A were sold by Samuel's grandson Francis Jackson to Tebbs in 1766. The same 200A mentioned again in a 1788 Tebbs deed.
1694 Oct 15 DB 2, pg 36 450A From Margaret Lady Culpeper to Samuel Jackson on main run Quanticott Creek, Stafford County. (234A of this 450A was sold in 1739 by Samuel's son John who says he "holds as a legatee under last will and for account of his father Samuel Jackson it being part of a parcel of land granted to Samuel Jackson the father of John for 450 acres by deed from the proprietors office in 1694." (The actual Will has not been found.)
1710 Sep 25 111A From Maruritte Lady Fairfax to "Samuel Jackson" on the Main Run of Quanticott, adjoining his own land.
The above are the three parcels Samuel is recorded as owning during his lifetime. Info below show Samuel still living on the land.
1701 14 May John West, J. Peake, James Herriford and Samuel Jackson met at the home of Mrs. Ann Owsley and took an inventory of the effects of Thomas Owsley and on 2 June 1701 appraised their value. An additional inventory was held on 6 October 1701 which included "one sorrey Indian slave, one lame boy about 9 years old, one old bull, one old servant" (Stafford Co. Record Book, 1699-1709, p. 114). See 1723 below where mention is made of John Peake having the Jackson orphans. These weren't Samuel's children though, because he was still alive and paid his rent due on the same 1723 record of the orphans.
1708 Nov 7 3-191 Robert Hedges of Stafford Co. 160A on Quanticott Cr. in Stafford Co. Wrnt Adjoins Sam'l Jackson. see 1712 & 1731 & 1741.
1723 Quit Rent was lawfully demanded of Samuel Jackson for 460 acres. It is in this record that mention is made that "John Peake has the Jackson orphans." Both Samuel and his son Francis are deceased by 1723. It is more likely that the orphans are young children of Francis though even Samuel had a son John who would have been only about 11 years old. So did John Peake marry one of the widows? Why else would he have been mentioned in connection to taxes for Samuel's land?
1730 Apr 10 C-58 John Ashmore of Stafford Co., 510A in Stafford Co on Br of Quantiquo adj Samuel Jackson. I've been told it was not unusual for the surveyor/assessor to still carry names of dec'd persons on the tax roll. Otherwise, this deed raises questions. See also 1731 Deed. But by the 1739 deed we have more certain documentation that Samuel is deceased.
1731 Prince William formed.
1731 Aug 27 C-10 John Farrow of PWC had 724 acres on the branches of Quantico adjoining the lands of Robert Hedges, Francis Jackson & Samuel Jackson. See 1708 3-191. This is the first deed showing Francis and Samuel with adjoining land but see that Samuel's land also adjoined Hedges in the 1708 deed mentioned above.
1739 24 Feb John Jackson to Thomas Harrison, Jr. Deed book D page 327-332. John Jackson of the Parish of Overwharton in the County of Stafford and Thomas Harrison of the Parish of Hamilton in the County of Prince William. For five shillings John leased 234 acres lying in the Parish of Hamilton and the county of PW on the south side of the Quanitco Run said land John Jackson holds as a legatee under last will and for account of his father Samuel Jackson it being part of a parcel of land granted to Samuel Jackson the father of John for 450 acres by deed from the proprietors office in 1694. Bounded etc etc no surnames again on the south side of Occoquon Run. Signed John J. Jackson his mark. Witnessed M. Battaloy, Tho's Young, Rob't Boggoss
1741 Jan 16 E-402 Thomas Harrison of PWC, Gent. 221 A in PWC on Quantico Run adj Robert Hedges, Francis Jackson, Philemon Waters, Samuel Jackson's now Harrison's land. serv. by Capt. Joseph Berry. See 1708 & 1739.
Here is where Samuel's grandson sells those first 200A. This 1766 deed and the 1788 Tebbs deed are cumulative proof that Samuel had a son and a grandson, both named Francis Jackson. "
1766 Oct 6 Deed Book Q, 1763-1768, pages 394-395. Lease & release Francis Jackson of Dettingen Parish hath sold unto Foushee TEBBS and his heirs all that parcel of land containing 200 acres in County of Prince William being part of a Patent for 6,710 acres lying upon Quantiquot Creek and Powells Run in County of Prince William… tract of land of "two hundred acres was conveyed by Andrew Gibson gentleman of the County of Stafford to Samuel Jackson grandfather to the said Francis Jackson by deed of feoffment bearing date the twenty fifth day of September in the year of our Lord God one thousand six hundred and ninety four." (This Francis is 3rd generation and according to 1788 doc, this Francis is NOT the same Francis who had land adjoining Samuel 1712. That would have been 2nd generation Francis, s/o Sam.)
"Prince William: The Story of Its People and Its Places"
Compiled by Workers of the Writers' Program of the Work Projects Administration in the State of Virginia 1941, Part ii. Tours, pg 185
"Here and there among the hills are reminders of the early days--foundations of cabins; an Indian mound, haunted and overgrown by trees and vines; the stone ruins of JACKSON'S MILL; . . ."
1721 It appears that this Samuel JACKSON died in Stafford County shortly before 1722 and and unknown John Jackson died shortly before 1721. Will Book K, 1721-1730, is lost, but an Old General Index for Stafford County includes a list of the contents for that missing book. Here are pertinent entries, with dates as calculated by Nicklen. Someone named FARROW was apparently the creditor (or administrator?) of one or the other.
JACKSON, John. (1721). Page 11, inventory.
JACKSON, Richard. (1726). Page 162, inventory.
JACKSON, Samuel. (1722). Page 41, inventory.
JACKSON, ---- [Estate]. (1722). Page 42, Farrow's account vs.
[John Bailey Calvert Nicklen, "A Missing Will Book of Stafford County and Its Contents," Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, vol. 57, no. 1 (Jan. 1949), p. 72]
It is unknown at this time who Richard Jackson is. The John Jackson who died in 1721 cannot be Samuel's son because son John is selling land in 1739 above that he "holds as a legatee under last will and for account of his father Samuel Jackson".
yDNA test results from Samuel's descendants have indicated that this Samuel is closely related to Robert Jackson of Hempstead, Queens County, New York. As of February, 2010, no connection has been found. But it is known that Robert of Hempstead mentioned in his will a son named Samuel who was born about 1645-1647. Since nothing more is known about Robert's son Samuel, it is tempting to conjecture and wonder if this Samuel in Prince William was Robert's son. The DNA of descendants of Robert of Hempstead and Samuel of Prince William says there is a close relationship but the connection is probably back somewhere in the UK. Update December 2020: Big Y testing of descendants of Robert of Hempstead and Samuel of Stafford indicate that they have a MRCA some 500 hundred years before present. ''Italic text
Comments from WeRelate User: JackMc: So we see two alternatives for Samuel; he could be Robert's son or he could be related to another early immigrant who was related to Robert in England. There is a book called "Mayflower" by Nathaniel Philbrick which raises some interesting possibilities. Since Robert Jackson was evidently part of a Separatist group and came from Scrooby, the story in the book has led to some interesting possibilities for our Jackson research in Virginia. Within the book was mentioned a Francis Blackwell that took another group of separatists to the Isle of Wight County, Virginia a few years earlier than the Mayflower. And that has led to an Edward Bennettt who also brought separatists to the Isle of Wight and he has descendants married into a Richard Jackson lineage, this Richard being born in England died prior to 1666. There is also a Samuel Jackson in this Isle of Wight information and he might be the Samuel we find in Stafford County in the mid to late 1600s.
Comments from Marty Grundy, historian: "There is no biological reason that the DNA somehow started all fresh with Robert of Hempstead. It has to go back to earlier generations, which then brings a whole new batch of cousins into play. Checking now into the historical record has already opened up some interesting possibilities. The next step is to see if the next few generations back can be pieced together, those before any of these Separatists left England. The problem is that's when the written records begin to get dicey. Most parish records do not go back farther than the last third or so of the 1500s. If folks are wealthy enough, there should be wills, or if they are gentry or minor nobility, there may be records. Otherwise it is pretty difficult to trace family connections." --end of comments from Marty Grundy--
We may never know unless someone finds something more about Robert's son Samuel. Or if someone from England has done some DNA work and has the ability to compare DNA to Robert's line here in America. The DNA of Robert's line is distinct enough to readily distinguish it from other Jackson lines.
January 31, 2019: In 2014 four Jackson men of the clan called the Hempsteads, considered to be possible descendants or ancestral relatives of the Robert Jackson mentioned above took the Big Y test at FTDNA. This test and the analysis done on the results at Yful indicated that there are two separate branches of the clan, the branch of Robert Jackson of Hempstead Long Island, New York and this Virginia branch of Samuel Jackson of Virginia. These two branches have a most recent common ancestor in the mid 1500s.
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