Aletta Henriëtte Jacobs

Aletta Henriëtte Jacobs (1854 - 1929)

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Aletta Henriëtte Jacobs
Born in Sappemeer, Hoogezand-Sappemeer, Groningen, Nederlandmap
Wife of — married in Amsterdam, Noord-Holland, Nederlandmap
Mother of
Died in Baarn, Utrecht, Nederlandmap
Profile last modified | Created 16 Mar 2016
This page has been accessed 266 times.

Categories: Dutch Roots PPP | Famous Dutch People | Nederlanders uit Groningen na 1811.

Nederlanders na 1811
Aletta Henriëtte Jacobs is geboren in Groningen na 1811
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Biography

The first Dutch Female that Graduated at University in the Netherlands.
She studied Medicine and became the first Dutch Female Physician.
Aletta is committed and dedicates her life to the health, freedom and equality of women and for women's suffrage.


Aletta Henriëtte Jacobs is born in Sappemeer in 1854 as daugther and the 8th child of Abraham Simonsz Jacobs and Anna Israels de Jongh.[1][2]
Birthhouse Aletta Jacobs 3rd on the right
Aletta's father is a "heel- and vroedmeester" (Doctor and obstetrician). [1]
Abraham Jacobs

Aletta's mother, with a husband who is always away, is taking care of the household.

Anna Israels Jacobs-de Jongh
The family Jacobs moves in 1859 to the Noorderstraat in Sappemeer. Aletta lives there from age 4 till 21. [3]
Aletta writes in her autobiography that she, since she was 6 years old, wants to become a doctor, just like her father and her brother Julius. Never realizing her gender would be a problem, as all sons and daughters were treated equal at home.
"Van mijn zesde jaar af heb ik steeds met de meest mogelijke beslistheid verklaard, dat ik, net als Pa en Julius, dokter wou worden. Geen oogenblik is toen of later de gedachte bij mij opgekomen, dat dit voor een meisje moeilijk zou gaan. Hoe kon dat ook? Thuis werd immers tusschen jongens en meisjes geenerlei verschil gemaakt."
Staying to her autobiography, seeing she can t be what she wants to be, Aletta is suffering of malaria, and not seeing a reason to live. Her brother and father trying to find her solutions. They encourage her to get her apprentice papers and Aletta's father using his influence and gets the director/rector to aprove to join the "boys" RHB-school.
Aletta, after she obtained her apprentice pharmacists exam, is allowed by the rector to join as a listener, at the Rijks Hogere Burgerschool in Sappemeer.
HBS Voorm. Rijks Hogere Burgerschool in Sappemeer


Aletta marries at the age of 38 in 1892 in Amsterdam with the grain trader and politician Carl Victor Gerritsen.[4]
Carl Victor Gerritsen
Aletta will have one child, a son. Born 1893, but passing away the same day as he was born, according to her autobiography, because of a mistake of the accoucheur at birth.[5]
Aletta dies at the age of 75 in 1929 in Baarn, Nederland.[6]
Free translation of WikiPedia:[7]
==Aletta was an early fighter and encourager for higher education for women. In 1870 she was the first Dutch woman officially admitted to a high school. She visited the National Higher Burger School in her hometown. Aletta could only be there as a listener.
A year later, in 1871, she asked the liberal minister Thorbecke permission to study at the university. The note she sent is still at the National Archives, as well as the Minister's answer, not directed to Aletta, but it was directed to her father. She was admitted in 1871 as a medical student at the University of Groningen, initially for a trial period of one year.
On his deathbed Thorbecke gave Jacobs permission to join the examinations.
Aletta Jacobs was not the first female student - that was a few centuries earlier Anna Maria van Schurman - but she is the first woman that finnished her university studies successfully. Her sister Charlotte became the second student at the University of Groningen.
Jacobs achieved her medical finals in 1877 and 1878, which made her the first female Dutch doctor of the Netherlands, and she went after her PhD (1879) to Amsterdam working as a general practitioner, where she held free consultation hours, gave courses and introducing pessary as a contraceptive (formerly only the diaphragm was used to support prolapsed uteri). She was a member of the New Malthusian Bond.'
Aletta Jacobs was the most famous Dutch representative of the first feminist wave. The fight for women's suffrage is indirectly related to Aletta Jacobs. Originally the law proposed a wage limit to vote. But because Aletta was a doctor, she met this wage limit easily, and she wanted to use her right to vote. Only after Aletta wanting to use her right of voting, the ban for voting for women was explicitly included in the law.
Jacobs was president of the Society for Women's Suffrage and visited the international women's meetings of the International Woman Suffrage Alliance. Because of WW-I the the planned meeting in Berlin in 1915 couldn't take place, she took the initiative for the International Congress of Women in The Hague.

Jacobs married politician Carel Victor Gerritsen (1850-1905) in 1884, in a free marriage. In 1892 she marries for practical reasons; for the law. Thereby Aletta had to take a vow of obedience to her lawful husband, who was then in the law. She did, but under protest.

During the Second Boer War Jacobs felt involved and cared for the fate of the Afrikaners, and she complained in fierce terms about the concentration camps arranged by the British for children and women of the struggling farmers. During World War I she campaigned in the Netherlands and abroad for peace.
The personal archive of Aletta Jacobs is now at Atria, knowledge institute for gender and women's history.==[8]
2017-10-30 - The archive of the papers of Aletta Jacobs at the Atria is acknowledged as World Heritage[9] and is added to UNESCO's Memory of the World Register.[10]

Sources

  1. 1.0 1.1 Netherlands, Groningen Pr...l Registration, 1811-1940 Sappemeer Geboorten, huwelijken, ov...ksafkondigingen 1854-1855 Image 9 of 600 Birth1854-FamilySearch
  2. Birth1854-WieWasWie
  3. http://groningeninbeeld.rtvnoord.nl/index.asp?id=9442 GroningeninBeeld-HouseAlettaGrewUp]
  4. https://www.wiewaswie.nl/personen-zoeken/zoeken/document/a2apersonid/147965378/srcid/31330300/oid/3 Marriage1892-WieWasWie]
  5. http://www.alettajacobs.org/atria/Aletta_Jacobs/jaartallen Death1893-AlettaJacobs.org
  6. Death1929-WieWasWie
  7. AlettaJacobs-WikiPedia
  8. Atria-Emancipation&FemaleHistory
  9. Werelderfgoed-NOS
  10. Unesco


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Aletta Jacobs
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Aletta Henriëtte is 62 degrees from Rosa Parks, 47 degrees from Anne Tichborne and 49 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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