Randolph Jefferson
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Randolph Jefferson (1755 - 1815)

Randolph Jefferson
Born in Shadwell, Albemarle, Virginiamap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married about 30 Jul 1781 in Buck Island, Albemarle County, VAmap [uncertain]
Husband of — married after 1 May 1808 in Woodlawn, Buckingham County, Virginia, United Statesmap [uncertain]
Descendants descendants
Died at age 59 in Snowden, Buckingham County, Virginiamap
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Profile last modified | Created 15 Nov 2008
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Flag of Virginia
Randolph Jefferson was born in Virginia.
1776 Project
Soldier Randolph Jefferson served with Buckingham County Militia, Virginia Militia during the American Revolution.
Daughters of the American Revolution
Randolph Jefferson is a DAR Patriot Ancestor, A134114.

Randolph Jefferson was the younger brother of Thomas, and the only other surviving son of Peter and Jane (Randolph) Jefferson. He was a twin to Anna Scott and they were the youngest of the Jefferson children.

Randolph was 12 years younger than his brother, Thomas, and lived at Shadwell until 1771 when he left Albemarle County to attend the Grammar School at the College of William and Mary in Williamsburg, Virginia.

In 1776, Randolph inherited the plantation Snowden, in Buckingham County, located about twenty miles south of Monticello, across from Scott's Ferry (today Scottsville, Virginia). There he lived a the quiet life of a country gentleman. He was an early supporter of the Revolutionary War and, in 1778, he served under Thomas Nelson, who later became Governor of Virginia. Randolph[1][2] went on to become a captain in the Buckingham County Militia.[3]

In 1781, he married his first cousin, Anne Lewis. Their Albemarle County, Virginia marriage bond is dated July 30, 1781. Anne died, probably at Snowden, circa 1800. Randolph was a widower for approximately ten years when he married Mitchie B. Pryor of Woodlawn, Buckingham County.

Within a few months of his death in 1815, the dwelling house at Snowden burned to the ground. Almost immediately, Randolph Jefferson's widow, Mitchie, left Snowden and the plantation became part of a lengthy legal battle between the sons of Randolph and Anne (Lewis) Jefferson and Randolph's widow.[4]

DNA testing commissioned by the Thomas Jefferson Heritage Society in 1999 suggested that Randolph rather than Thomas was most likely the father of Sally Heming's sons.

The controversy over the Jefferson DNA and its match to Sally Heming’s son, Eston, continues. Approximately two dozen Jefferson males are possible candidates. All are not equally probable. Today, the Thomas Jefferson Foundation and many scholars accept Thomas Jefferson as the father of Sally Hemming’s children.[5]


  1. Roster of General Nelson's Corps, Virginia Light Dragoons
  2. Service Record of Randolph Jefferson
  3. Daughters of the American Revolution, DAR Genealogical Research Databases, database online, (http://www.dar.org/ : accessed 20 Apr 2024), "Record of Randolph Jefferson", Ancestor # A134114.
  4. Additional contributions by Joanne Yeck
  5. “Thomas Jefferson and Sally Hemings: A Brief Account.” http://www.monticello.org/site/plantation-and-slavery/thomas-jefferson-and-sally-hemings-brief-account
  • Mayo, Bernard and James A. Bear, Jr., eds. Thomas Jefferson and his Unknown Brother. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1981.
  • Yeck, Joanne, The Jefferson Brothers. Kettering, OH: Slate River Press, 2012.

Memories: 2
Enter a personal reminiscence or story.
His older brother, Thomas was considerate and affectionate toward Randolph, they addressed each other as "Dear Brother," and exchanged visits and services with each other. Thomas lent Randolph the harness for a gig, had his watch repaired, gave him a dog, sent him vegetable seeds, and gave him a spinning jenny.
posted 15 Nov 2008 by Danielle (Krupar) Darling
A former Monticello slave, Isaac Jefferson, recalled in 1847 that Randolph Jefferson "used to come out among black people, play the fiddle and dance half the night."
posted 15 Nov 2008 by Danielle (Krupar) Darling
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This week's featured connections are from the War of the Roses: Randolph is 15 degrees from Margaret England, 14 degrees from Edmund Beaufort, 13 degrees from Margaret Stanley, 14 degrees from John Butler, 14 degrees from Henry VI of England, 15 degrees from Louis XI de France, 14 degrees from Isabel of Clarence, 13 degrees from Edward IV of York, 15 degrees from Thomas Fitzgerald, 13 degrees from Richard III of England, 13 degrees from Henry Stafford and 14 degrees from Perkin Warbeck on our single family tree. Login to see how you relate to 33 million family members.