Dr. Edward Anthony Jenner M.D., F.R.S., L.L.D. (17 May 1749 – 26 January 1823) was an English physician and scientist who was the pioneer of smallpox vaccine, the world's first vaccine. He is often called "the father of immunology".
Edward Anthony Jenner was born on 17 May 1749 (6 May Old Style) in Berkeley, Gloucestershire, as the eighth of nine children. His father, the Reverend Stephen Jenner (1702-1754), was the vicar of Berkeley. His mother Sarah Head (c.1708 - 1754) was a daughter of the Reverend Henry Head, a former vicar of Berkeley. Jenner married Catharine Kingscote on 1 March 1788 at Kingscote, Gloucestershire, England. His wife, who bore him four children, died on 13 September 1815 of tuberculosis. He died of an apparent stroke on 26 January 1823. He was buried in the Jenner family vault at the Church of St. Mary's, Berkeley, Gloucestershire.
Edward Jenner was survived by one son and one daughter, his elder son having died of tuberculosis at the age of 21.
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