A monument commemorating the Muddy Creek Massacre in the area where it occurred, proclaims the names of Frederick "Sea", Felty (Valentine) Yokum, and Joseph Carroll as victims. However, the earliest narrative on the Muddy Creek Massacre and the Clendenin Massacre, which was not written down until the year 1798, a full 35 years after the incident, by Col. John Stuart, does not give a great deal of detail as to exactly which persons were killed on Muddy Creek. This account was published in the William and Mary College Quarterly Historical Magazine, Vol. XXII, Apr. 1914, No. 4., covering pages 229-234. Here is an excerpt on the happenings at Muddy Creek that day of 14th July in 1763:
"The Indians breaking out again in 1763, came up the Kanawha in a large body to the number of sixty and coming to the house of Frederick Sea on Muddy Creek, were kindly entertained by him and Felty Yolkum; not suspecting their hostile design were suddenly killed & their families, with many others made prisoners; then, proceeding over the mountain they came to Archibald Clendenens, who like Sea & Yolkum, entertained them until they put him to death, his family with a number of others living with him being all made prisoners or killed, not any one escaping except Conrad Yolkom who doubting the design of the Indians when they came to Clendenens took his horse out under the pretense of hobbling him at some distance from the house. Soon after, some guns were fired at the house and a loud cry raised the people, whereupon Yolkom, taking the alarm, mounted his horse and rode off as far as where the Court House now stands, and there beginning to ruminate whether he might not be mistaken in his apprehension, concluded to return to know the truth; but, just as he came to the corner of Clendenens fence some Indians placed there, presented their guns and attempted to shoot him; but, their guns all missing fire (he thinks at least ten) he immediately fled to Jackson's river alarming the people as he went, but few were willing to believe him. The Indians pursued after him and all that fell in their way were slain until they went on Carr's Creek now in Rockbridge County. So much were people in them days intimidated by an attack of the Indians that they suffered to retreat with all their Booty, and more prisoners than there was Indians in their party."
An accounting of this and other early narratives of the incident may be found on the web site of the West Virginia State Archives at the following address:
Here, also, it is presented that the actual date of the Muddy Creek Massacre was 14 July 1763, the day before the Clendenen Massacre, which occurred on 15 July 1763, rather than 26 June 1763, as is reported elsewhere.
Will of Matthias Yoakum, written 29 Jan 1780, presented at Lincoln County Court 18 Feb 1783.
Will of Margaret See, written 28 Mar 1757, letters of administration 14 Feb 1758.
A Chronicle of the See Family and their Kindred by Irene See Brasel.
A Chronicle of the See Family and their Kindred by Irene See Brasel.
"Deutschland Geburten und Taufen, 1558-1898," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NCTS-HPF : accessed 25 April 2016), Johann Mattheus Jochem in entry for Valentin Jochem, 08 Sep 1722; citing ; FHL microfilm 193,959.
Nov 22, 1750: Felty Yockham had 480 acres surveyed on Nov 22, 1750 in Augusta County, later Greenbrier County, VA. "Greenbrier County Deed & Will Records", printed by Larry Shuck, Cincinnati, Ohio, page 3. (Notes on the German Yokum and See Families of the South Branch WV and Kentucky compiled by David Armstrong, 2009)
Nov 1761 Valentine Yokum witness from Bedford in Augusta court (Chalkley 1 pg 93)
Valentine “Felty” Yokum b. c.1724 married Margaret See? d. 17 Jul 1763 Muddy Creek, Greenbrier County, WV, He was killed by Indians led by Chief Cornstalk on 17 July 1763. Also killed, Frederick See. Captured were Valentine's daughters Elizabeth and Sally. Archibald Clendenning was killed elsewhere, the only person surviving the attack at Clendenning's was Conrad Yokum. January 1765, list of captives released to Col. Henry Bouquet by the Shawnees included George and Margaret Yokum, taken in Augusta County; Elisabeth Yokum, 12, and Sally Yokum, about 5, captured 1763 on 17 Jul 1763. (Notes on the German Yokum and See Families of the South Branch WV and Kentucky compiled by David Armstrong, 2009)
Setting All the Captives Free: Capture, Adjustment, and Recollection in Allegheny Country; Author: Ian K. Steele. Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP, Nov 1, 2013 - History - 552 pages.
Ancestry.com. Virginia Land, Marriage, and Probate Records, 1639-1850 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2004. Original data: Chalkley, Lyman. Chronicles of the Scotch-Irish Settlement in Virginia, 1745-1800. Extracted from the Original Court Records of Augusta County. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1965. Originally published in 1912.
Name: Valentine Yoacum
Date: 21 Mar 1764
Location: Augusta Co., VA
Notes: This probate record was originally published in "Chronicles of the Scotch-Irish Settlement in Virginia, 1745-1800. ::Extracted from the Original Court Records of Augusta County" by Lyman Chalkley.
Remarks: Charles Lynch's bond, as administrator of Valentine Yoacum.
WikiTree profile Jochem-3 created through the import of MaryStamperMcKague2011-08-06_01.ged on Aug 7, 2011 by Masm x.
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Felty by comparing test results with other
carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA.
Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree:
Valentine was killed at the massacre of Muddy Creek. Tomahawked by a Shawnee Indian and all the family killed, except young George.
Other reports are that two daughters were not with the family at the time of the massacre, thus survived
There is good circumstantial evidence now found in the Indian prisoners list made by Colonel Henry BOUQUET when he made arrangement with the Shawnee and Delaware Indians to set free roughly some 200 prisoners in late 1764 and early 1765. In treaty with the Indians at Fort PITT, BOUQUET demanded the safe and speedy release of the prisoners that been held hostage since several Indian raids of the area.
List F, dated March 4, 1765, gives us the name of Elizabeth YOAKIM, 12 years old, and taken prisoner July 1763 from Green Bryar in AUGUSTA County. List G, dated May 12, 1765, gives us the name of Sally YOKIM, 5 years old, taken prisoner from Green Bryar Virginia and held captive for two years. It is believed that these two females are the children of Valentine "Felty" YOAKUM.
Of the families involved, and it seems there were many, it seems that three influential men of the community were scalped: Archibald CLENDENIN, Frederick SEA, and "Felty" YOAKUM
This era was referred to as the Chief Pontiac's Wars in which the Indians were trying to take back lands granted them by the authorities, but were being settled on by the white man illegally in what was considered Indian country.
Apparently the family of Matthias YOAKUM, Sr., was not attacked or he was not living in the Muddy Creek area at this time. Conrad YOAKUM, a younger brother of Valentine, was at the CLENDENIN home when they were massacred and was the only one to get away during all the excitement of the massacre. He was able to ride ahead and warn many of the other settlers before the Indians reached their homes.