Randolph Casey Jolliff was named for his great-grandfather, Randolph Casey. [Randolph/Randall/Randle were interchangeable in this family, probably since many of the early ones couldn't write. Originally, the name was Randolph, but it was commonly spelled Randall or Randle in Oregon Co., Mo. by the many Jolliffs who were named this. Even this Randolph's tombstone says "Uncle Randle."]
Randolph was born Dec. 9, 1818. His obituary says he was born in Kentucky, but his parents (Elijah & Lucinda) met and married in Indiana prob early 1818. The only way to reconcile this is that perhaps his parents went in the summer to visit his grandfather, James Jolliff in Barren Co., Ky. so that James could meet his new daughter-in-law, and he was born that fall/winter while they were there (visits often lasted months back then). James also had a baby girl in 1818 and he named her Lucinda, perhaps after his new daughter-in-law.
Randolph’s family moved to Jefferson Co., Ill. when he was about a year old (1819).
Randolph's father died in 1828 when he was 10 from an accidental gunshot wound while he and his nephew were cleaning a new rifle. His mother remarried in1834 and then died that same year when Randolph was 16. He was given as a ward to his mother’s half-brother, Green DePriest.
[In 1898 on his 80th birthday he said he had been in Ripley/Oregon County for 67 years; that would mean he moved to Missouri in 1831. Doesn't seem likely. It was probably 57 years in 1840.]
In May, 1840 when Randolph was 21 years old, he sold the 16 acres he had inherited from his father's estate to his mother's cousin, Green P. Casey, for $100. In the fall that year he accompanied his uncles, Green & Isaac DePriest on their move to Thomasville, Mo. (at that time it was Ripley Co., but in 1845 it became Oregon Co.).
"Randle", age 25, married Peggy Huddleston. The ceremony was performed by West Maulding, Justice of the Peace of Moore Township.
“Marriage certificate: Married on the 11th day of February AD 1844, Mr. Randle Jolliff to wife Margaret L. Huddlestun. I do certify this to be a true copy of this 4th day of May AD 1844. West Maulding, Justice of the Peace.”
1850 Oregon Co, Mo census, p399a, #56 -
JOLLIFF, Randolph C. - 30, Farmer, b Tennessee
. . . . . Margaret L. - 26, b Missouri
. . . . . Elizabeth - 4, b Missouri
. . . . . Margaret - 3, b Mo
By 1851 Randolph's brother William had also moved to Oregon Co. In 1856 their sister, Elizabeth Willard moved to Oregon Co. with her husband, James Willard (whose brother Martin Willard joined them there about 1856). Randolph's brother, Elijah Jr was the only one of their siblings who did not move to Missouri.
Randolph bought 120 acres April 15, 1857, 200 acres in Sept 1859. William bought 80 acres April 15, 1857 and 240 more acres Jan 1859. They both paid cash for the land.
Randolph built a log cabin on his property beside what is still known as Jolliff Spring. [The cabin was later enclosed by a bigger house, but is now gone.] The deed to the property (or some of it) says that he bought land Nov. 29, 1865. Then he and Peggy sold the some of the land Oct. 15, 1879. He donated some of the land for Jolliff Cemetery. The first burials there were in 1874 & 1878.
1860 Oregon Co, Mo - #470
Jolliff, Randle - 41, Ky
. . . . . Margaret - 36, Mo
. . . . . Elizabeth - 14, Mo
. . . . . Margaret - 12, Mo
. . . . . John - 9, Mo
. . . . . Mary - 6, Mo
. . . . . Nancy - 4, Mo
. . . . . James - 1, Mo
On Feb. 2, 1862 Randolph enlisted in the Confederate Army. His brother, Elijah, Jr. was in the Illinois Infantry of the Union Army. It is not known whether they were ever on opposing sides of the same battle, but they both fought in Mississippi. Randolph was a private in Company D, 4th Regiment, Missouri Infantry. At the battle of Corinth, Mississippi, Oct. 4-5, 1862, he was wounded and captured, but was evidently released soon afterward. His enlistment being for a 12-month period, he was discharged in February 1863 at Grand Gulf, Miss. (In March 1864 Elijah Jr. wrote a letter to his "brother"--maybe William--from Vickburg, Miss.)
During the War the family was constantly vulnerable to bushwhackers and roving soldiers. The bushwhackers stole Randolph's race horses that he had brought to Missouri with him. Another time some Union soldiers came by demanding food, and they took all the blankets and quilts in the house. With one child sick with typhoid at the time, Peggy was very angry. Her teenage daughter, "Bets" cursed the men. One of the soldiers, amused by it told her that if she would give another certain soldier a good "cussing" he would leave her some of the covers--so she did! They had to hide what food and valuables they could under the beds and floors to keep from being robbed. Aunt Bets was known for her spunk and sharp tongue. One story goes that Newell Baty, who was married to her cousin, Sarah (Dunkin), had gone A.W.O.L. from the army during the War and was hiding under the Jolliff house. Bets saw him there through the cracks in the floor, and angrily said she would like to take an ax and split his head open. Another version of this story says that Sarah and Newell Baty were living with her aunt Peggy because Newell was in the army. The bushwhackers knew Newell was staying at the Jolliff house but they had a hard time finding him. When they finally found him, they took him down near Thomasville, where they hung him from a big red oak tree, leaving him there several days. It was a very dangerous time for men in that area. It was common for bushwhackers to shoot whatever men they found at home. They spared the women and children but took all the food and supplies they could find. Son, Rab said "we ate parched corn and milk three times a day." They had a few cows. [Billie Perkins, who was married to Randolph's niece, Della Jolliff, was hung by the Bushwackers from the same tree near Thomasville and someone cut him down and saved his life.] (from great-granddaughter Clara VonAllmen Trantham 1905-1995)
Randolph donated some of his land for the Jolliff Cemetery, Jolliff School, and Jolliff church, which was across the road from the first two. The church and school are no longer standing, but the cemetery is still in use. There still is a spring on Randolph's land near his house, called, of course, Jolliff Spring. Once Randolph had a sickness that he could not overcome and he felt that the Lord told him to go wash his face in the spring. That evening there was a revival meeting going on at the little Jolliff church up the hill, and Randolph ran from the spring to the church shouting that the Lord had healed him and saved him. The people in the church heard him coming and shouting, and they all had real revival that night!
1870 Oregon Co, Mo (Moore twp, Alton PO) - p 24, #335
Jolliff, Randall - 61, Ky
. . . . . Peggy - 40, Mo
. . . . . Elisabeth - 22, Mo
. . . . . George - 19
. . . . . Polly - 16
. . . . . James - 10
. . . . . Nancy - 7
. . . . . Randell - 5
. . . . . Elijah - 3
1880 Oregon Co, MO census, p. 325, #34 :
Jolliff, Randal C. - 61 IL IL IL
. . . . . Margaret, wife - 56 MO Tn Ky
. . . . . Rutha, daug - 19 Mo IL MO
. . . . . Elija S. , son - 14 Mo Il MO
Willard, Randle, grandson - 6 Mo Il Mo [son of Polly]
. . . . . Bill, servant - 10 IL IL IL
Baty, Geo., grandson - 12 Mo Mo Mo [son of Bets]
Sealy, Geo., laborer - 28, IL IL IL
In 1898 there was a dinner honoring his 80th birthday. The Alton newspaper, The South Missourian, Thur, Dec. 29, 1898, has this to say:
"There was a birthday dinner given by R.C. Jolliff and his children, he being 80 years old the 9th of December; has been in the county 67 years [This would mean he moved to Ripley/Oregon Co in 1831, which doesn't seem likely. It was probably 57 years.]; he was in the county when the elk was here. He says has followed the elk to Arkansas to try to kill it. And that he has hewn the paths of man for many years, and now, says he is ready to leave this sinful world and go where there is no sin."
The South Missourian, Thur., Apr 6, 1899: "Mrs. Margaret Jolliff is low with the fever."
Next page: "Aunt Peggy wife of James (sic) Randle Jolliff passed [through?] here Friday on her [way home?]. She had been over in Ripley county to have a cancer on her face cured. She was glad of the fact that the cancer had been killed, and her face was healing up. We are glad too."
Randolph died in 1900 and was buried in the Jolliff Cemetery on the land he had donated up the hill from his property. Until recently, his house was still there near the spring. Peggy had been a midwife for many of her years. After Randolph died she lived with her grandson, J. George W. Jolliff, and she died in 1904 with cancer of the right eye. Both their gravestones show the year of death as 1904, but Randolph's is incorrect, as his obituary shows:
The South Missourian, May 3, 1900: "Died--Randal C. Jolliff died the 20 day of April, 1900, at his home in Highland township. He was born in Kentucky in the year 1818; at the time of his death was about 82 years old. He moved to this state in 1840, was married in 1842 [incorrect] to Margaret L. Huddleston, he bought land on Barren Fork and settled for life. In 1862 he cast his lot with the lost cause. Was a soldier with the writer in General Cockrell's brigade, until May in 1863, at Grand Gulf, Miss., he was discharged, being over age. He was wounded at the battle of Corinth, Miss., in Oct. 1862. He professed faith in a Savior's love when a young man; at the time of his death was a devout man, and his soul went 'sweeping through the gates' to his heavenly home."
The 1900 census says they had 11 children with only 4 living at that time. Only 9 are accounted for so 2 must have died very young.
Children of Randle & Peggy Jolliff:
1. Elizabeth Matilda "Bets", b1846, m Mark Judd, d 1931 Oregon Co, MO
2. Margaret, b1848, d bef 1870
3. John George, b185, m Nancy Elvira Huddleston, d1932, Oregon co, Mo
4. Mary "Polly", b1854, m Henry Williard Jr & Henry Short, d bef 1900
5. Nancy Ann, b1855, d bef 1870
6. James Rasmus "Rab", b1858, m Matilda Tatum, d 1930, Oregon Co, MO
7. Rutha Ann, b1861, m Willie Trantham & Obe Judd, d 1935, Oregon Co, MO
8 William Randolph "Randle", b1865, m Caroline ?, d1907
9. Elijah Summers "Eli", b1867, m Belvaretta Willard, d 1911 Oregon Co, Mo
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