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Pierre-René (Julien) de St. Julian (1669 - 1745)

Pierre-René (René) de St. Julian formerly Julien aka St. Julien, Julian
Born in Vitré, Ille-et-Vilaine, Bretagne, Francemap
Ancestors ancestors
[sibling(s) unknown]
Husband of — married 1700 in Isle, Bermudamap
Descendants descendants
Died in Winchester, Frederick, Virginiamap
Profile last modified | Created 23 Jan 2016
This page has been accessed 4,232 times.
René (Julien) de St. Julian was a Huguenot.

Biography

According to the Jannette R. Trotter Papers in the McClung Historical Collection in Knoxville,Tennessee and the book "Leaves From the Family Tree" by Elizabeth Cate Manley, we can learn the following about the Immigrant Julian ancestor in America...[1]

"COUNT RENE de SAINT JULIEN was born July 04, 1669 in Vitré, Ille-et-Vilaine, Bretagne, France, and died After 1744 in Winchester, Fredrick County, Virginia. He married Mary Margaret Scotlay Bullock (daughter of Stephen Bullock and Patience Paynter, aka Painter). She was born Abt. 1672 in Bermuda or Scotland, and died Aft. 1757 in Winchester, Fredrick County, Virginia."

René is said to have been a giant in stature with red hair, a quick temper and an indomitable will, a Presbyterian of the strictest form who particularly disliked the Quaker Testimony against war and slavery. René, who was born in France in 1669, was a Huguenot who fought at the Battle of Boyne in Ireland in 1690 and came to America about 1700. Family tradition has him stopping at the Island of Bermuda where he married Mary Bullock.

He was a soldier in his youth and was in the army of King James II in the English Revolution of 1688. For reasons of religious preference, he is said to have deserted to the standard of King William (a Protestant) along with many others. For his services to King William, he was given a grant of land on the Mississippi River (another source says the it was in the James River District in what is now Maryland). He went first to the shores of South Carolina, and, losing two sons there, he moved to the more healthy region of the Eastern shore of Chesapeake Bay. (There was a colony of French families on the Santee River in South Carolina who began to migrate away from there around 1712, due to the unhealthy climate. René's family may well have been among them.)

René Julien and his family were living in Cecil County, Maryland, in 1712. The earliest record of René in Bohemia Manor is in 1720 as shown by land leases. The rest of the period from 1712 until 1720 is blank so far as he is concerned, except for the record of the birth of his son, Isaac, in 1716, which appears in the Register of St. Ann's Parish at Annapolis, which is now in the Hall of Records there.

René and Mary had seven sons and three daughters who grew up in Bohemia Manor, Cecil County, Maryland. Whether or not they were born there is uncertain. It is known that two of his daughters were married there, and it is probable that some of the other children were also. By 1737, When René assigned his lease in Bohemia Manor to Henry McCoy, he was 68 years old. It is assumed that this is the date of his leaving for Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia. René was still living in 1744, the last documentary date for him that is known to exist. It is thought that he and his wife are buried among the stones of old Opequon Cemetery near Winchester. The land for this cemetery was given by William Hodge into whose family their son Isaac Julien (aka "Julian") married.

The Julien family (Julian) is one of the most noteworthy of the old American lines. Today over 80% of Julian descendants trace their ancestry to René Julien. Numerous descendants of René Julien fought during the American Revolution, including Isaac Julien who received a Revolutionary War Pension. As our line of the family descended to the fourth generation in America the Julian family made its way to Tennessee. The family homesteaded East Tennessee in the early 1800's. Numerous Julian descendants from East Tennessee fought for the South during the War Between the States (US Civil War: 1861-1865) such as, Lt. John Julian of the 36th Tennessee Infantry, Sgt. Marcena L. Julian also of the 36th and William I. Julian of the 5th Tennessee Cavalry. The Julians became large landowners in McMinn and Bradley Counties in Tennessee and across the state line into northern Georgia. Volumes have been written about the family and extensive histories exist about the Julian families in America, however the following descendants of Count René de Saint Julien directly relate to the East Tennessee line and the descendants of James A. P. Guthrie and Mary Adeline Julian.[2]

He is listed as "St. Julien, René" on the Huguenot Society of America's list of Ancestors. Past and current members have joined the Huguenot Society of America by right of descent from the following Huguenot ancestors who qualify under the constitution of the Society. [3]

Death Date: 1745 at: Winchester, Frederick, Virginia[4]
Burial Place: Kernstown, Frederick County, Virginia[5]

Interred at Old Opequon Cemetery, Kernstown, Frederick County, Virginia

Pierre de St. Julien was born about 1641 in Vitre, Brittany, which is in the northwestern part of France. Research has not turned up any information regarding the history of the family prior to the 1600s, but the name, at one time, was prominent in Italy. A letter from a Vitre genealogist to a family researcher says, “There is no document in Vitre showing what province they came from before coming to Vitre. They are of nobility beyond doubt.” Pierre de St. Julien married Jeanne Lefebre in Vitre, and they had nine children. All were born in Brittany Province.

1. Aimee de St. Julien; born March 7, 1667.

2. Charlotte de St. Julien; born May 15, 1668.

3. Rene de St. Julien; born July 4, 1669.

4. Louis de St. Julien; born August 5, 1670.

5. Marguerite de St. Julien; born December 19, 1671.

6. Paul de St. Julien; born October 4, 1673.

7. Emilie de St. Julien; born January 10, 1675.

8. Jeanne Renee de St. Julien; born May 6, 1678.

9. Marie Ester de St. Julien; born December 14, 1679.

Most members of the St. Julian family in Brittany Province were Huguenot Protestants. After the Edict of Nantes was revoked in 1685—in effect making Protestantism illegal in France—many of the unfortunate Huguenots were massacred by Roman Catholics. At least 250,000 French Huguenots fled to countries such as Switzerland, Germany, England, America, the Netherlands, Poland and South Africa, where they could enjoy religious freedom.

The St. Julien family joined the migration, going first to England, and later to Ireland. Many of the religious refugees were from distinguished families—some even had connections to nobility—andmanaged to take considerable wealth with them.

The Huguenots left France as a result of religious persecution, but in England they soon found themselves again in the midst of religious controversy, this time Protestantism versus Catholicism. The Jacobite movement in Scotland was spilling over into England as well, and this—plus poor economic times—induced many Huguenots to move on to Ireland.

Those who went on to Ireland, where the majority of the population was staunchly Roman Catholic, found that while they weren’t persecuted like they had been in France, they were looked on as “outsiders.” This, and the depressive economic times, prompted many of this group to look to the American Colonies for a better life.

In France, and later in the British Isles, the Huguenots were known for their knowledge and skill in the textile industry. In America, in the late 1600s, South Carolina emerged as a leading locale for the textile industry in North America, and opened her doors to the Huguenots. Large numbers took advantage of the invitation; so many, in fact, that the area was soon known as “The Home of the Huguenots.” There were several organized congregations as early as 1685 in Charleston and the surrounding area.

Many members of the St. Julien family, including Rene St. Julien, as well his brother Louis and his brother-in-law Rene Ravenel, accepted South Carolina’s invitation, leaving Ireland in 1699. Rene, Louis Julian (note spelling change) and Rene Ravenel, and their respective families, settled in or near Jamestown, South Carolina. Rene’s parents, as well as some of his younger siblings, may have remained in Northern Ireland, for one source reports that Pierre died there.

The ship carrying Rene de St. Julien to the Colonies also carried the English Bullock (Bulloch) family. While en route it stopped off for water and other provisions at Bermuda. It would not have remained there long, but it was long enough for Rene to marry Mary Margaret Bullock. Rene and Mary had twelve children.

1. Stephen Julian, 1700-1773. He was born near Santee River, in Charleston Co., SC. He later lived in Prince George Co., MD. Married Allatha Buchelle about 1725. His second wife was Ann Hedges.

2. Infant, born 1701, died 1701.

3. Rene Julian, born 1704, and died about 1712 of “swamp fever.”

4. George Julian, 1706-1781; lived in Frederick Co., VA and later South Carolina.

5. Mary Julian was born about 1711 in Charleston Co., SC. She married John Thompson in 1734.

6. Peter Julian was born in 1714 in Frederick Co., MD, and died in 1806. He married Mary Bahls, and lived in Orange Co., NC. He was listed as a “Capt.” in the 1790 census.

7. Isaac Julian was born December 30, 1716, in Anne Arundel Co., MD, and died in 1778. He married Barbara White, and lived in Randolph Co., NC.

8. Rene Julian was born in 1718 in Cecil Co., MD (it was a common practice to name a child the same as one who had died). He went to Georgia with Gen. Oglethorpe. He married Catherine Biggs.

9. Jacob Julian was born ca. 1720 and died in 1751. He married Catherine Hedges. His will was probated August 30, 1751 in Prince George Co., MD.

10. John Julian was born in 1721 in Cecil Co., MD, and died in 1762. He lived in Orange Co., NC, and married Elizabeth Trogden.

11. Catherine Julian was born about 1722 in Bohemia Manor, Cecil Co., MD. She married Joseph Wood III on September 11, 1747, in Frederick Co., MD.

12. Ruth (Ann) Julian was born 1724 in Bohemia Manor, Cecil Co., MD.


Rene St. Julien, as a young man, was a soldier in the army of King James II in the English Revolution of 1688, and was in his service during the Battle of the Boyne in Ireland, which occurred July 1, 1690. But he, like so many others, changed his allegiance King William. For his service to King William he received a grant of land somewhere beyond the Mississippi River. According to family tradition, he told his family that they could not really consider themselves settled until they were established there. But Rene never saw the land that was granted to him, and it is not known if any of his heirs ever claimed it.

A deed, recorded in the South Carolina Indentures for 1712, indicates that Rene St. Julian and his family, as well as his brother Louis, were living in the Charleston area. Sadly, however, Rene and his wife had earlier lost two young sons, probably to typhoid, also known as “swamp fever,” and decided to move to a more healthful climate. Records indicate that in late 1712 Rene St. Julian was living in Cecil County, Maryland. They lived there until about 1740, then moved to Winchester, Virginia, where Rene died about 1744. Rene and his wife are both buried in the old Opequon Cemetery near Winchester.

Sources

  1. [Pierre Rene de St. Julien] Includes quote from "Leaves from the Family Tree," cited in biography text.
  2. "A History of the Albert Taylor and Frances McCamy Rymer Families from 1680 to the present day,"
  3. Huguenot Society of America: Ancestor pages
  4. Source: #S-1259098864 APID: 1,70635::1251212
  5. Source: #S-1259098864 APID: 1,70635::1251212
  • Find A Grave memorial no longer on Find A Grave as of Dec 2019. When it was there it included a quote from "Leaves from the Family Tree," cited in biography text.

Acknowledgements

  • WikiTree profile Julian-129 was created through the import of Donnell_FosterTREE gedFILE.ged on Oct 2, 2011 by Ann Fuller.
  • Family resources, History of North American Families,


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De St Julian-2 and Julien-147 appear to represent the same person because: Same dates & spouse, etc
posted by C Handy
This person had no name Pierre, and he was not born 4 July 1669 at Vitre, France. He NEVER used the surname "de. St. Julien". That is an entirely different family which is no known relation.

There was a person named Pierre de. St. Julien born at Vitre on 4 July 1669. Pierre (de) Saint-Julien, sieur de Malacare (NOT Pierre Rene) and his wife Jeanne Lefebvre had 3 sons (Pierre, Jr., Louis, and Paul) and 9 children total baptized at Vitre. ("Eglise Protestante de Vitre" by L'Abbe Paul Paris-Jallobert (Rennes, (France): Plihon et Hevre, 1890): 143-144.)

See also Transactions of the Huguenot Society of South Carolina, 10: 26-29, 11: 25-44 and 105:70-87 (particularly the latter) for more information on this "de St. JULIEN" family.

posted by Rick Saunders
St. Julian-1 and Julien-147 appear to represent the same person because: Duplicate. Julian is an anglicized version of the name, used after his time.
posted by A. (Garcia) Banks

J  >  Julien  |  D  >  de St. Julian  >  Pierre-René (Julien) de St. Julian

Categories: Huguenot Migration | Huguenot