Kalani Paiʻea (Kamehameha) Kamehameha I

Kalani Paiʻea (Kamehameha) Kamehameha I (abt. 1736 - 1819)

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Aliʻi Nui Kalani Paiʻea "Kamehameha the Great" Kamehameha I formerly Kamehameha
Born about in Kohala District, Island of Hawai'i, Hawaiian Islandsmap [uncertain]
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Husband of — married [date unknown] in Hilo, Hawaii Islandmap
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Descendants descendants
Died in Kamakahonu, Kailua-Kona, Island of Hawaii, Kingdom of Hawaiimap
Profile last modified | Created 13 Sep 2014 | Last significant change: 26 Nov 2018
06:54: Chet Snow edited the Biography and Birth Place for Kalani Paiʻea (Kamehameha) Kamehameha I. [Thank Chet for this]
This page has been accessed 196 times.

Categories: Monarchs of the Kingdom of Hawaii | Hawaii Notables.

Contents

Biography

Kalani Paiʻea (Kamehameha) Kamehameha I is Notable.

Universally known as "Kamehameha I" or "Kamehameha the Great" (Hawaiian pronunciation: [kəmehəˈmɛhə]); this notable Hawaiian warrior chief was born in "ikuwā " (winter) or around November 1736 on the Island of Hawaii (the "Big Island"), most-likely in the Kohala (northern) District. Of the hereditary "Ali'i " (Hawaiian nobility) social class, he was the recognized eldest son of Kohala's Ali'i chief: Keōua, founder of the House of Keoua, and his sacred half-sister-wife, Kekuʻiapoiwa II. Later in life, he was told he was actually the biological son of Maui's Ali'i nui (High Chief), Kahekili II, contemporary ruler of all the Hawaiian islands, except for the Island of Hawaii, and offered tokens as proof of this pedigree. [1]

Through his mother (Native Hawaiians followed a matrilineal descent system), Kamehameha I was the great-grandson of 17th Century Keaweʻīkekahialiʻiokamoku, the Aliʻi nui (High Chief) of the island of Hawaii, and possessor of very strong "mana " or personal spiritual power. Kamehameha I was believed to have inherited these powers, assisting him as he achieved the long-held Ali'i goal of uniting all of Hawaii's archipelago under one ruler at about 60 years old. After a bloody war of conquest, he ruled as "King Kamehameha I," the first ruler of the Kingdom of Hawaii from the late 1790s until his death in May 1819. Reflecting his noble pedigree and high achievements, his name in Hawaiian is: "Kalani Paiʻea Wohi o Kaleikini Kealiʻikui Kamehameha o ʻIolani i Kaiwikapu kauʻi Ka Liholiho Kūnuiākea ". It is at the same time his official name and a collection of descriptive titles that he bore. [2] [3]

Just before the time of Kamehameha's birth, the island of Hawai'i was racked by a civil war, following the death of his great-grandfather, High Chief Keaweʻīkekahialiʻiokamoku. Kamehameha's father and his half-brother, Chief Kalaniʻōpuʻu, were captured by High Chief Alapaʻinui, who had seized the island's throne, killing several other Ali'i contenders, including Keōua's and Kalaniʻōpuʻu's fathers (they had the same mother). Those warriors' sons, following an ancient Hawaiian custom, were then raised by the victor as his bondsmen. Keōua died when his son was still a baby. Kamehameha was raised by Alapa'inui's wife as hana'i, or an adopted son. After Alapai's death, his half-uncle, Kalaniʻōpuʻu, became High Chief and so Kamehameha was raised at his court on the Island of Hawaii, alongside his 1st cousin, Kalaniʻōpuʻu's son: Kīwalaʻō.

In 1782, Kīwalaʻō inherited his father's throne on the latter's death. He offered Kamehameha an important, but largely ceremonial, counselor position in his government, hoping to avoid a new civil war. His efforts were in vain as Kamehameha, influenced by an ancient prophecy that had predicted he should unify the Hawaiian islands, was determined to gain ultimate power.[4] Backed by five related "Ali'i" chiefs from the Kona side of the island, Kamehameha quickly routed his cousin in battle and in July 1782 assumed power as the Ali'i Nui "" of Hawaii's Big Island.[5] [6] [7][8]

After consolidating his power on the Island of Hawaii, Kamehameha embarked on a bloody war of conquest of the other 7 Hawaiian islands and emerged victorious with the conquest of O'ahu in 1795. Eventually, in 1810, even the Al'i nui of the islands of Kauai and Ni'ihau, acknowledged himself to be Kamehameha's vassal, completing the unification of all 8 major Hawaiian islands. The unified Kingdom of Hawaii, "Aupuni Mōʻī o Hawaiʻi," under the House of Kamehameha, was born.[9]

The House of Kamehameha (Hale O Kamehameha), or the Kamehameha dynasty, was the reigning Royal Family of the Kingdom of Hawaii, beginning with its founding by Kamehameha I in 1795 and ending with the death of Kamehameha V in 1872 and Lunalilo in 1874.[10]

Sources

  1. Kamehameha I article on Wikipedia. Cites several Hawaiian histories and meles or ancient oral genealogical chants.
  2. Kamehameha I article on Wikipedia Cites several Hawaiian histories and meles or ancient oral genealogical chants.
  3. The Real History Of Hawaii: From Origins To The End Of The Monarchy by Brien Foerster. [1]Published by Lulu.com. ISBN 978-1-300-46126-5
  4. Naha Stone article on Wikipedia
  5. The 5 Kona chiefs were: Keʻeaumoku Pāpaʻiahiahi (Kamehameha's father-in-law/grand Uncle), Keaweaheulu Kaluaʻāpana (Kamehameha's uncle), Kekūhaupiʻo (Kamehameha's warrior teacher), Kameʻeiamoku and Kamanawa (twin uncles of Kamehameha).
  6. World Civilizations, The Global Experience, Combined Volume: Civilizations, Civilizations.[2](26 September 2016)|published by Cram101|isbn-978-1-4902-9395-0. Page-136
  7. Mookini, Esther T. (1998). "Keopuolani: Sacred Wife, Queen Mother, 1778-1823" PDF. 32. Honolulu: Hawaiian Historical Society. ASIN B002T9NQT2. hdl:10524/569
  8. Potter, Norris Whitfield; Kasdon, Lawrence M.; Rayson, Ann (2003). History of the Hawaiian. Kingdom. Bess Press. Page- 10 ISBN 978-1-57306-150-6. OCLC 131810736.
  9. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kingdom_of_Hawaii Kingdom of Hawaii article on Wikipedia]
  10. Homans, Margaret; Munich, Adrienne (2 October 1997). Remaking Queen Victoria. Cambridge University Press. Page- 47. ISBN 978-0-521-57485-3

Acknowledgements

  • WikiTree profile Kamehameha-1 was created from first-hand information, as remembered by MK Ka'ana'ana, a Hawaiian descendant, on Friday, September 12, 2014.
  • This profile was adopted, researched and rewritten by Chet Snow on November 21-22, 2018. He also merged WikiTree profile Kamehameha-2 with it.

Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License

Some of the text used in the Biography has been taken from Wikipedia. While I (the author of this note and contributor to this profile) am a major contributor to that page and likely wrote most of the actual text, many others contributed with edits to the text, spelling and many other forms of contributions to the Wikipedia page. All text on Wikipedia is licensed with a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. This requires attribution to all contributors. For a complete list of contributing editors please see here.



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Images: 3
King Kamehameha I The Great Image 1
King Kamehameha I The Great Image 1

King Kamehameha I The Great Image 2
King Kamehameha I The Great Image 2

Kamehameha I The Great Image 3
Kamehameha I The Great Image 3

Collaboration

On 18 Oct 2018 at 18:02 GMT Steven Harris wrote:

Kamehameha-2 and Kamehameha-1 appear to represent the same person because: Clear duplicates

On 19 Jul 2017 at 05:16 GMT Ron Norman BSN, RN wrote:

UNKNOWN-91627 and Kamehameha-2 appear to represent the same person because: Without any other known last name, Kamehameha appears to be the most proper surname for this profile. Attempting to merge the three duplicate profiles for Kamehameha.



Kalani Paiʻea is 33 degrees from Rosa Parks, 28 degrees from Anne Tichborne and 24 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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