Immanuel Kant was born April 22, 1724 in Königsberg, Prussia, near the southeastern shore of the Baltic Sea.
Kant was born into an artisan family of modest means. His father was a master harness maker, and his mother, who was better educated than most women from her social class, was the daughter of a harness maker. Kant’s family although never destitute, during his youth his parents at times had to rely on extended family for financial support because his father's trade was declining.
He was a German philosopher and a central figure of modern philosophy.
Kant claimed his father was descended from a Scottish immigrant, although evidence of this has yet to be found. Both of his parents were Pietist Lutherans. At the age of 8 he began attending a Pietist Lutheran school run by the pastor of his church.  He then attended the University of Königsberg, where he studied philosophy. After graduating, he became a tutor. Following that he taught at his alma mater until his retirement in 1796. 
One of his most famous works is The Critique of Pure Reason. He argued against both the Empiricists and the Rationalists. In addition to his contributions to philosophy, he also contributed greatly to the field of ethics. He argued that it is not the outcome of an action that gives it morality, but the intent of the action. 
Kant died on the 12th February 1804 in Königsberg, Prussia, now known as Kaliningrad, Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia and is buried at the Königsberg Cathedral.
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