Raden Ajeng Kartini

Raden Ajeng Kartini (1879 - 1904)

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Raden Ajeng "Raden Ayu Kartini" Kartini
Born in Jepara, Central Java, Dutch East Indiesmap
Ancestors ancestors
[sibling(s) unknown]
[spouse(s) unknown]
[children unknown]
Died in Rembang, Central Java, Dutch East Indiesmap
Profile last modified | Created 5 Jul 2016 | Last significant change: 16 Nov 2018
17:23: Nicolas LaPointe edited the Biography for Raden Ajeng Kartini. [Thank Nicolas for this]
This page has been accessed 1,222 times.

Categories: Famous People of the 20th Century | Indonesian National Heroes | Unconnected Notables of Indonesia | Indonesia, Unconnected Profiles | Yogyakarta | Central Java | Indonesian Notables.

Contents

1 Biografi

Raden Ajeng Kartini is Notable.

Raden Adjeng Kartini (lahir di Jepara, Jawa Tengah, 21 April 1879 – meninggal di Rembang, Jawa Tengah, 17 September 1904 pada umur 25 tahun) atau sebenarnya lebih tepat disebut Raden Ayu Kartini adalah seorang tokoh Jawa dan Pahlawan Nasional Indonesia. Kartini dikenal sebagai pelopor kebangkitan perempuan pribumi. (1)

1.1 Nama dan Ejaan

Nama lengapnya Raden Adjeng (ejaan baru: Ajeng) Kartini atau sebenarnya lebih tepat disebut Raden Ayu (ejaan lama Aju) Kartini.

Cucu perempuan dan keturunan perempuan lain dari garis pria, sebelum dinikahkan: Raden Ajeng (RA) Cucu perempuan dan keturunan perempuan lain dari garis pria, sesudah dinikahkan: Raden Ayu (RAy) (3)

1.2 Kelahiran dan Ayah Ibu

Raden Adjeng Kartini berasal dari kalangan priyayi atau kelas bangsawan Jawa. Ia merupakan putri dari Raden Mas Adipati Ario Sosroningrat, seorang patih yang diangkat menjadi bupati Jepara segera setelah Kartini lahir. Kartini adalah putri dari istri pertama, tetapi bukan istri utama.Ibunya bernama M.A. Ngasirah, putri dari Nyai Haji Siti Aminah dan Kyai Haji Madirono, seorang guru agama di Telukawur, Jepara.Dari sisi ayahnya, silsilah Kartini dapat dilacak hingga Hamengkubuwana VI. Garis keturunan Bupati Sosroningrat bahkan dapat ditilik kembali ke istana Kerajaan Majapahit. Semenjak Pangeran Dangirin menjadi bupati Surabaya pada abad ke-18, nenek moyang Sosroningrat mengisi banyak posisi penting di Pangreh Praja. (1)

1.3 Pasangan

Oleh orangtuanya, Kartini disuruh menikah dengan bupati Rembang, K.R.M. Adipati Ario Singgih Djojo Adhiningrat, yang sudah pernah memiliki tiga istri. Kartini menikah pada tanggal 12 November 1903. Suaminya mengerti keinginan Kartini dan Kartini diberi kebebasan dan didukung mendirikan sekolah wanita di sebelah timur pintu gerbang kompleks kantor kabupaten Rembang, atau di sebuah bangunan yang kini digunakan sebagai Gedung Pramuka. (1)

2 Anak

Anak pertama dan sekaligus terakhirnya, Soesalit Djojoadhiningrat, lahir pada tanggal 13 September 1904. (1)


2.1 Kehidupan dan Wafat

Beberapa hari kelahiran anaknya, 17 September 1904, Kartini meninggal pada usia 25 tahun. Kartini dimakamkan di Desa Bulu, Kecamatan Bulu, Rembang.

A few days later on 17 September 1904, Kartini died at the age of 25. She was buried in Bulu Village, Rembang.

Biography

Raden Adjeng Kartini, Lady Kartini, (21 April 1879 – 17 September 1904), sometimes known as Raden Ayu Kartini, was a prominent Indonesian national heroine from Java. She was also a pioneer in the area of education for girls and women's rights for Indonesians. (2)

Name and Spellings

Her full name was Raden Adjeng (new spelling: Ajeng) Kartini or actually more precisely Raden Ayu (old spelling (Aju) Kartini.

Female grandchildren and girls descended from male lines, before marriage : Raden Ajeng (RA) Female grandchildren and girls descended from male lines, after marriage: Raden Ayu (RAy)

Birth and Parentage

Kartini was born into an aristocratic Javanese family when Java was part of the Dutch colony of the Dutch East Indies. Kartini's father, Sosroningrat, became Regency Chief of Jepara. Kartini's father was originally the district chief of Mayong. Her mother, Ngasirah was the daughter of Madirono and a teacher of religion in Telukawur. She was his first wife but not the most important one. At this time, polygamy was a common practice among the nobility. She also wrote the Letters of a Javanese Princess. Colonial regulations required a Regency Chief to marry a member of the nobility. Since Ngasirah was not of sufficiently high nobility,[3] her father married a second time to Woerjan (Moerjam), a direct descendant of the Raja of Madura. After this second marriage, Kartini's father was elevated to Regency Chief of Jepara, replacing his second wife's own father, Tjitrowikromo. (2)

Marriages

Kartini's parents arranged her marriage to Joyodiningrat, the Regency Chief of Rembang, who already had three wives. She was married on the 12th of November 1903. This was against Kartini's wishes, but she acquiesced to appease her ailing father. Her husband understood Kartini's aims and allowed her to establish a school for women in the east porch of the Rembang Regency Office complex. (2)

Children

Her first and only son, Soesalit Djojoadhiningrat, was born on 13 September 1904.(2)

3 Sumber/ Sources

(1)https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kartini (2)https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kartini (3)https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gelar_kebangsawanan_Jawa


Sources



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DNA
No known carriers of Raden Ajeng's ancestors' mitochondrial DNA have taken an mtDNA test and no close relatives have taken a 23andMe, AncestryDNA, or Family Tree DNA "Family Finder" test.

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Images: 6
RA Kartini
RA Kartini

Kartini bersama suaminya, R.M.A.A. Singgih Djojo Adhiningrat (1903)
Kartini bersama suaminya, R.M.A.A. Singgih Djojo Adhiningrat (1903)

Kartini
Kartini

Kartini, her husband and his daughters
Kartini, her husband and his daughters

Makam RA Kartini/Kartini's Grave
Makam RA Kartini/Kartini's Grave

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