John Harvey Kellogg, M.D. (February 26, 1852 – December 14, 1943) was an American medical doctor in Battle Creek, Michigan, who ran a sanitarium using holistic methods, with a particular focus on nutrition, enemas and exercise. Kellogg was an advocate of vegetarianism and is best known for the invention of the breakfast cereal known as corn flakes with his brother, Will Keith Kellogg.
He led in the establishment of the American Medical Missionary College. The College, founded in 1895, operated until 1910 when it merged with Illinois State University.
Kellogg was born in Tyrone, Michigan, to John Preston Kellogg (1806–1881) and Ann Janette Stanley (1824–1893). Kellogg lived with two sisters during childhood. By 1860, the family had moved to Battle Creek, Michigan, where his father established a broom factory. John later worked as a printer's devil in a Battle Creek publishing house.
Kellogg attended the Battle Creek public schools, then attended the Michigan State Normal School (since 1959, Eastern Michigan University), and finally, New York University School of Medicine. He graduated in 1875 with a medical degree. He married Ella Ervilla Eaton (1853–1920) of Alfred Center, New York, on February 22, 1879. They did not have any biological children, but were foster parents to 42 children, legally adopting eight of them, before Ella died in 1920. The adopted children include Agnes Grace, Elizabeth, John William, Ivaline Maud, Paul Alfred, Robert Mofatt, Newell Carey, and Harriett Eleanor.
Kellogg died on December 14, 1943 in Battle Creek, Michigan. He was buried in Oak Hill Cemetery, in Battle Creek, Michigan. Among others buried there are his parents, his brother W.K. Kellogg, his brother's wife, James White, Ellen G. White, C. W. Post, Uriah Smith, and Sojourner Truth.
"United States Census, 1860", database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MWDJ-DG2 : 14 December 2017), John J Kellogg in entry for John P Kellogg, 1860.
"United States Census, 1870," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MHHD-KDT : 12 April 2016), John Kellogg in household of J P Kellogg, Michigan, United States; citing p. 14, family 114, NARA microfilm publication M593 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.); FHL microfilm 552,165.
"Michigan Marriages, 1868-1925", database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:N3D2-ZRM : 15 January 2019), John H. Kellogg and Ella E. Eaton, 1879.
"United States Census, 1880," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MW9B-KCQ : 14 August 2017), J H Kellogg, 1880; citing enumeration district ED 43, sheet 114A, NARA microfilm publication T9 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d), roll 0574; FHL microfilm 1,254,574.
"United States Census, 1920," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MZSF-5JH : accessed 5 May 2019), J Harvey Kellogg, Battle Creek Ward 9, Calhoun, Michigan, United States; citing ED 48, sheet 14B, line 79, family 399, NARA microfilm publication T625 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1992), roll 759; FHL microfilm 1,820,759.
"Michigan Obituaries, 1820-2006," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QK77-CJYK : 16 March 2018), Dr John Harvey Kellogg, 1943; citing Michigan, United States, Obituary, Grand Rapids Public Library, Michigan; FHL microfilm 2,371,950.
"Michigan Death Certificates, 1921-1952," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:KFH7-P45 : 13 March 2018), John Harvey Kellogg, 14 Dec 1943; citing Battle Creek, Calhoun, Michigan, United States, Division for Vital Records and Health Statistics, Lansing; FHL microfilm 1,973,206.
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