|Edward (Ned) Kelly|
Edward "Ned" Kelly was an Australian bushranger. Some might consider him to be nothing but a murderous outlaw, while others think of him as a folk hero and Australia's Robin Hood — a symbol of Irish-Australian defiance against British colonial authorities. Many Australians grew up hearing stories of Ned, the Kelly Gang, and their famous last stand at the Glenrowan Inn.
The early years
The birthdate of Edward "Ned" Kelly is not known although it is believed to have been about December 1854  at Beveridge, Victoria, the eldest son of John (Red) Kelly and his wife Ellen Quinn. John Kelly had been transported to Australia for stealing two pigs and was sentenced to seven years' transportation. John Kelly was transported to Australia on the PRINCE REGENT II which had carried 181 male convicts to Hobart with three deaths en-route. She departed Dublin on the 7th of August 1841 and arrived at Hobart on the 2nd of January 1842. In 1848 John Kelly went to the Port Phillip District, where on 18 November 1850 he married Ellen, daughter of James and Mary Quinn. They had eight children.
John and Ellen Kelly bought and sold a number of farms around Beveridge. In 1864 John Kelly sold his farm for £80 and headed further inland with his family. They rented 40 acres near Avenel, Victoria. (An alternative version is that they moved to Avenel in 1860.) The Kelly family was very poor and the drought of 1865 made matters worse. In 1865 John Kelly was charged with stealing a calf from a Mr. Morgan. On 29 May 1865 the charge of cattle stealing was dismissed, but Kelly was charged with unlawful possession of a hide and was fined £25 or 6 months in jail. John Kelly served 4 months.
Ned rescues a 7 year old child from drowning.
|The Sash presented to Ned Kelly|
for saving Richard Shelton's life
In 1865 Ned, aged 11, rescued local 7 year old child Richard Shelton from a flooded creek. Richard had been trying to retrieve his hat from the creek, when he fell in. Ned jumped in fully clothed and brought him to the bank, then took him home to his parents at the Royal Mail Hotel.  The parents were so grateful that they presented Ned with a 2.2m green sash with gold fringing, (chosen for the Irish colours) at a school ceremony. Ned treasured the sash for the rest of his life and wore it on special occasions, including under his armour at the shootout at Glenrowan. The frayed, blood stained sash remains on public display at the Costume Pioneer Museum in Benalla.
By November 1866, John Kelly was dying of dropsy.He died on 27 December 1866, aged 46 years. His death was reported and signed by his son Edward Kelly who was 11 years old at the time.
Edward Kelly was arrested for assaulting a man named Ah Fook in 1869 when he was 14 years old. The next year he was arrested again, for being a suspected accomplice of bushranger Harry Power. Both these charges were dismissed, but by now Ned had caught the attention of the police.
The Fitzpatrick incident 
Ned's sister Kate Kelly was only 15 years old when Alexander Fitzpatrick, a young police constable, made a pass at her which started Ned and his brother Dan on their life of crime. Fitzpatrick was drunk when he paid a visit to the Kelly household on 15 April 1878, claiming he had a warrant for the arrest of Dan Kelly for horse stealing. While there, he made a pass at Kate and, of course, her family came to her assistance.
Fitzpatrick returned to Benalla Police Station claiming that the Kelly family had attacked him. He said Ellen Kelly had struck him with a fire shovel, Dan Kelly had beaten him, and Ned Kelly had attempted to shoot him in the wrist. William Williamson and William Skillion, neighbours of the Kellys, were also accused. The trial was reported on at length in the Ovens and Murray Advertiser. Ellen Kelly received a three year sentence  for aiding and abetting an attempted murder, based purely on Fitzpatrick's claims. Judge Redmond Barry, who sentenced Ellen, was the same Judge who sentenced Ned to hang, two years later.
After Ellen's arrest, Ned and Dan Kelly went into hiding and were later joined by Ned's friend Joe Byrne, and Steve Hart, a friend of Dan. In October 1878, they headed for Bullock Creek, where they hoped to earn enough money to appeal Ellen's sentence by running a whiskey distillery. On arriving at Bullock Creek, they received a warning that four policemen were on their trail. The gang ambushed the police camp at Stringybark Creek and found two Constables, Lonigan and McIntyre sitting around a fire. The gang drew their guns and Ned shot Lonigan. McIntyre surrendered.
When Police Sergeant Kennedy and Constable Scanlon returned to the campsite and refused to surrender, Ned killed Scanlon and then Kennedy . From this moment the two Kellys, Byrne and Hart were officially outlaws: the notorious Kelly Gang.
The Kelly Gang
On the 15 November 1878 the Victorian government offered rewards of £500 for each of the gang, alive or dead.  Weeks later, on 9th December, the Kelly gang took possession of a sheep station at Faithfull's Creek, about four miles out of Euroa, locking up twenty-two people in a store-room. While Byrne guarded the captives, the other three went to Euroa where they held up the National Bank, taking £2000 in notes and gold. This crime resulted in a doubling of the reward, but on Saturday, 8 February 1879, the gang struck again, this time at Jerilderie. They locked up two policemen and took possession of the police station, remaining there until Monday morning. Then, wearing police uniforms, they held up the Bank of New South Wales, seizing £2,141 in notes and coin, and rounded up sixty persons in the Royal Hotel next door. It was in the Jerilderie bank that Ned gave a statement to a bank-teller.  Over 8,000 words, this became known as the Cameron letter or, more commonly, the Jerilderie Letter and was his explanation and justification of his conduct.
The Jerilderie Letter
The Jerilderie Letter was dictated by Ned Kelly to Joe Byrne in 1879. It is one of only two original Kelly documents known to have survived.
The  Jerilderie Letter is a 56 page document, in the letter Ned Kelly tries to justify his actions, including the killing of three policemen in October1878. He describes cases of alleged police corruption and calls for justice for poor families. Ned Kelly is the only Australian bushranger known to have attempted to justify his actions in writing.
Only small parts of the contents of the Jerilderie Letter were published during Ned Kelly's lifetime. It was not published in full until 1930.
The document is named after the town of Jerilderie, New South Wales, where the Kelly Gang carried out a robbery in February 1879 during which Ned Kelly tried to have his document published as a pamphlet.
Two copies were made of Ned Kelly's letter, one by publican John Hanlon and one by a government clerk. The original and both handwritten copies have survived.
Shoot-out at Glenrowan
For two years the gang evaded arrest, hiding in the bush where they constructed armour. In 1880 Joe Byrne and Dan kelly joined Ned and Steve Hart at Glenrowan, taking possession of the Glenrowan Inn run by Mrs Ann Jones and holding about sixty people.  Police surrounded the hotel. Steve Hart was shot in the arm and Ned wounded in the foot, hand and arm. Dan Kelly, Joe Byrne and Steve Hart hid in the hotel, Ned Kelly escaped to the bush. Byrne, standing at the hotel bar, was shot in the thigh and bled to death in the hotel.
Ned Kelly, wearing his ihomemade  armour, although he had escaped from the Glenrowan Inn, he returned the next day to assist Dan and Steve who were trapped inside. With the inn surrounded by police,  Ned Kelly still in his armour, was brought down by bullet shots to his legs.
|Taken from the Australasian Sketcher 3 July 1880 drawn by Mr T Carrington at the Glenrowan Siege|
|Glenrowan Inn before the fire|
|Glenrowan Inn after the fire|
The Kelly gang Armour was made of iron a quarter of an inch thick, and consisted of a long breast-plate, shoulder-plates, back-guard, and helmet. The helmet resembled a nail can without a crown, and included a long slit for the eyes. The suits' separate parts were strapped together on the body while the helmet was separate and sat on the shoulders, allowing it to be removed easily. Ned Kelly's armour weighed 44 kilograms (97 lb). His suit was the only one to have an apron at the back, but all four had front aprons. Padding is only known from Ned's armour and it is not clear if the other suits were similarly padded. Ned wore a padded skull cap and his helmet also had internal strapping so that his head could take some of the weight. After the shoot-out there were five bullet marks on the helmet, three on the breast-plate, nine on the back-plate, and one on the shoulder-plate. All the gang wore dustcoats over the armour.
Ned Kelly captured
Ned Kelly in custody and Joe Bryne was dead , only Dan Kelly and Steve Hart] were still missing, but the police continued to fire until 3 p.m. When a policeman set the building on fire, Father Matthew Gibney went into the burning building to administer the last rites and reported three bodies in the Glenrowan Inn. Steve Hart and Dan Kelly were said to be 2 of them, although the bodies were burnt beyond recongition. Byrne's was brought out by police, the other two were those of Dan and Hart, who had taken poison and were burned beyond recognition. On 28-29 October 1880 at Melbourne, Kelly was tried for the murder of Constable Thomas Lonigan at Stringybark Creek. He was found guilty and was sentenced him to death.
Kate Kelly visited her mother who was still in gaol after the final siege of Glenrowan. She also visited Ned when allowed, Kate also tried desperately to raise money for Ned's trial, to get him a good lawyer, After Ned was sentenced to death, Kate, with her sister Maggie and Tom Lloyd, applied for help through the Society for the Abolition of Capital Punishment. With four members of this Society she went to see the Governor to beg for mercy for Ned. She went on her knees begging for her brother's life, but His Excellency the Marquis of Normanby refused.
The very evening that Ned was hanged, some posters appeared around Melbourne, announcing ...
It is estimated that a petition to spare Ned Kelly's life had over 30,000 signatures. Despite this Ned was hung on the 11 November 1880 in the Old Melboune Goal.  Edward Ned Kelly was hanged at the Melbourne Gaol on 11 November 1880. He met his end without fear. His last words were, 'Ah well, I suppose it has come to this', and by another version, 'Such is life'.
|Ned Kelly on trial|
Nearly  133 years after his death, Ned Kelly’s remains were finally returned to his family. His last wish was to be buried at the Greta Cemetery with the rest of his family.
Ned and the Kelly Family’s tombstone in Greta Cemetery. All the graves are nearby and are unmarked.
The maternal line is confirmed.
A ‘mitochondrial’ DNA sample (from the maternal line), taken from Melbourne school teacher Leigh Olver, the grandson of Ned’s sister Ellen has confirmed the female line of Edward Kelly. The haplogroup is J1c.
Male descendants carrying the KELLY surname are encouraged join the Kelly Y-DNA project at FTDNA. Other descendants who have take autosomal tests are encouraged to upload their results to GEDmatch and add their descent line to Wikitree so that other may compare their results. 
Have you taken a DNA test? If so, login to add it. If not, see our friends at Ancestry DNA.
Ned is 32 degrees from Peter Falk, 34 degrees from John Ryan, 30 degrees from Aristotelis Savalas, 27 degrees from Raymond Burr, 23 degrees from John Thaw, 34 degrees from Margaret Rutherford, 34 degrees from Jean Poiret, 31 degrees from Basil Rathbone, 33 degrees from Piet Römer and 30 degrees from Terri Swift on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.