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James Frederick Kirkland (abt. 1835 - 1900)

James Frederick Kirkland
Born about in Fredericton, York, New Brunswick, Canadamap
Husband of — married 22 Feb 1859 in Prince Edward Islandmap
Husband of — married 3 May 1882 in Salisbury, Westmorland, New Brunswickmap
Descendants descendants
Died at about age 65 in Bangor, Penobscot, Maine, United Statesmap
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Profile last modified | Created 22 Oct 2012
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This profile is part of the Kirkland Name Study.

James F. Kirkland was born in February 1835.[1] He was the son of John Kirkland and Elizabeth Weeks. He learned the cabinet making trade from his father,[2] though in later years his occupation is more often listed as "painter". He was also a preacher, according to son William's birth certificate.

James married Jenet Cairns[3] on February 22, 1859.[4] James and Jenet had 11 children. They moved around between Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick and Maine. It is difficult to ascertain where each child was born, as it differs from census to census.

James and Jenet began their marriage in Prince Edward Island, in Lot 4 (west of Summerside).[5] Their first four children, Agnes (1859), Alice (1861), Thomas (1863) and Aubrey were born in Prince Edward Island. [6]

In 1870, the family was living in Houlton, Maine.[7] At this point, they had 6 children. It is uncertain whether child #5, George, was born in PEI, NB or Maine.[8] Child #6 Maude (1869) was most likely born in Maine.[9] In addition to their children, James's sister Emma was living with the family as domestic help, as were several boarders (including Emma's future husband)

Between the 1870 US Census and the 1871 Canada Census, the family moved from Houlton to St. Stephen, NB, possibly via Calais, Maine. Child #7, William was born one month before the 1871 Census. That census says he was born in New Brunswick, but his birth certificate[10] says he was born in Calais, Maine[11]

Over the ensuing decade, James and Jenet had 4 more children. According to the 1881 census, Henrietta (1874), Nancy (1876) and Willard (1877) were born in New Brunswick, and the youngest, Albert (1879) was born in Prince Edward Island. Jenet died on October 23, 1880,[12] leaving James a widower with 11 children. They were living in Summerside, Prince Edward Island in 1881.[13]

James married Martha Kenney (or Kinney) on May 3, 1882 in Salisbury, New Brunswick.[14] They lived in Havelock, New Brunswick where their first 2 children were born. They then moved to Bangor, Maine and had 3 more children.[15]

James died on September 3, 1900 in Bangor, Maine[16] and was buried in Mount Hope Cemetery.[17]


  1. Based on 1900 census/
  2. James F Kirkland is listed as a furniture maker/craftsman in "Antique Furniture by New Brunswick Craftsmen"
  3. Also seen as "Jessie" or "Janet"
  4. "Prince Edward Island Marriage Registers, 1832-1888," database with images, FamilySearch ( : accessed 25 October 2015), James Fredrick Kirkland and Janet Cairns, 22 Feb 1859; citing , Prince Edward Island, Canada, Public Archives, Charlottetown; FHL microfilm 1,630,092
  5. 1861 Census
  6. note that on the 1870 Census the entire family is listed as being born in New Brunswick. This is clearly wrong
  7. 1870 Census
  8. 1871 Census says PEI, 1880 Census says NB, his marriage certificate says Maine
  9. as per 1881 census, though the 1871 census says she was born in PEI
  10. Maine, Vital Records, 1670-1907; Delayed returns for vital records 1670-1891 – Birth of William Frederick Kirkland
  11. normally a birth certificate is more reliable than a census, but given that William was married 4 times using different variations of his name and giving different ages and birth locations, and his birth certificate was issued in 1938, it is suspect.
  12. Ancestor Trails - Jenet Cairns (includes gravestone photo)
  13. 1881 Census
  14. "Daniel F Johnson, New Brunswick Newspaper Vital Statistics". Provincial Archives of New Brunswick, Vol 57, No. 5055; Daily News, Saint John, May 9, 1882 – Marriage of J.F. Kirkland and M.A. Kinney
  15. 1900 Census
  16. "Maine, Vital Records, 1670-1907 ," index and images, FamilySearch, Vital records 1892-1907 > Kimball, 1907-Kneiper > image 2858 of 3954; citing State Board of Health, Augusta. – Death of James F. Kirkland.
  17. Find A, digital record, Find A Grave ( accessed 25 Oct 2015), memorial for James F. Kirkland, Memorial #119566928, Bangor, Maine.

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