Born Henry Knox in Boston, Massachusetts. The seventh of ten children.
Coming from a poor family he worked at many horrible labor positions until
eventually he persevered, going on to open a bookstore of his own in
It was while running this bookstore that he attracted the attention of
his bride to be, Lucy Flucker. She was the daughter of the Royal Secretary of Massachusetts. The two were married and when Knox fled Boston to join the Revolution forces, Lucy had his sword sewn into her cape.
While working with the local militia, Knox developed a rampart in Roxbury
that attracted the attention of General Washington himself. The general was very impressed with the young Knox and would ask for his assessments on the plans to capture Fort Ticonderoga. Theirs would be a lifelong friendship and would eventually lead to Knox's appointment to Major General. As Secretary of War, Major General Henry Knox was instrumental in the successful siege at Yorktown.
"Revolutionary Summer" by Joseph J Ellis NY 2013 page 33 " Henry Knox whose only experience of war had been acquired through books which he devoured feverishly in his own Boston bookstore. Impressed with Knox's resourcefulness in transporting the British cannons captured at Ticonderoga of forty sleds over ice and snow, the near-impossible logistical feat that had provided the firepower on Dorchester Heights so crucial in forcing the British withdrawal from Boston, Washington appointed Knox head of the artillery regiment in the Continental Army. This book in turn referencing "Henry Knox, Visionary General of the American Revolution" by Mark Puls, NY 2008.
In 1794 after a successful career serving the country, he resigned and turned his interest to that of a gentleman farmer. His wife Lucy had inherited a huge parcel of land in Maine and he threw himself headlong into the task of developing this into a thriving area known as the District of Maine.
During his days of “retirement” in Maine he was engaged in many aspects
of the growth of the state. He built a lock and canal system, became involved in land speculation, brick manufacturing and shipbuilding. He commissioned
a very large home, as distinguished as that of Monticello or Mount Vernon, to be built on his land in Thomaston, Maine. General Knox and his wife lived and entertained on the estate he named Montpelier.
At the time of his death in 1806, he and his wife had buried ten of their thirteen children, who did not live to adulthood. He is buried in Elm Grove Cemetery in Thomaston, Knox County, Maine, USA.
A replica of the home he had built, Montpelier, stands overlooking the town he helped to prosper.
He is remembered for his immensely successful military career, the contributions he made to the developments of the state of Maine, its economy and the large number of people he employed.
Daughters of the American Revolution, DAR Genealogical Research Databases, database online, (http://www.dar.org/ : accessed 2021-11-12), "Record of Henry Knox", Ancestor # A067057.
"Maine, J. Gary Nichols Cemetery Collection, ca. 1780-1999," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QKXM-7CBY : 16 March 2018), Henry Knox, ; citing Thomaston, Knox, Maine, United States, Cemetery Village, Maine State Library, Augusta; FHL microfilm 2,171,134.
"Maine, Knox County Cemetery Records, ca. 1800-2007", database with images, FamilySearch
"Maine, Veterans Cemetery Records, 1676-1918," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:KXQ8-Q99 : 13 March 2018), Henry H Knox, 25 Oct 1806; citing Death, , State Archives, Augusta; FHL microfilm 1,001,838.
"Massachusetts, Revolutionary War, Index Cards to Muster Rolls, 1775-1783," database with images, FamilySearch; citing Military Service, Massachusetts Bay, British Colonial America, Massachusetts State Archives, Boston; FHL microfilm 2,030,580.
"United States Rosters of Revolutionary War Soldiers and Sailors, 1775-1783," database with images, FamilySearch; citing Military Service, United States, Citing various published state rosters, United States; FHL microfilms 102229241 102229247 102229254 103140758 103140774.
Henry Knox, Jun 1775, Henry Knox, 22 Mar 1782; volunteer at Bunker Hill June, 1775; Colonel Continental Regiment of Artillery, 17 Nov. 1775; Brigadier-General and Chief of Artillery Continental Army, 27 Dec. 1776; Major General, 15 Nov. 1781 to 22 March 1782; Commander-in-Chief of Army 23 Dec. 1783 to 20 June 1784