Family A22-49 in The Immigration of German Colonists to Denmark and Their Subsequent Emigration to Russia in the Years 1759-1766.
Family B-903 in The Immigration of German Colonists to Denmark and Their Subsequent Emigration to Russia in the Years 1759-1766.
Family 14-26 in The Immigration of German Colonists to Denmark and Their Subsequent Emigration to Russia in the Years 1759-1766.
Family #49 in the 1775 Grimm census.
Johann Georg Krug was born about 1726, based on his age in immigration and/or census documents long after her birth. He married Katharina, last name at birth unknown for now, and the couple lived in the Kurpfalz area of Germany, which today applies to the region of Mannheim and Heidelberg. 
Georg and Katharina were among the Germans who answered a call from the Danish government to help populate and farm the swampy lands in the Holstein area which, at that time, belonged to Denmark. She and her husband departed from Altona, the Duchy of Holstein, on 26 May 1761 and arrived in Schleswig, Duchy of Schleswig four days later.  They took their oath of allegiance to Denmark on 24 July 1761.  While in Denmark, they lived at Number 5 In the Heide in Colony G14 Julianenebene, in the area of Gottorf.
Even experienced farmers had difficulty taming the swampy farm land in Denmark, and he and his wife were discouraged. By 1765, the Empress Catherine the Great of Russia had issued an invitation for Germans to help settle land along the Volga River. George and Katharina decided to move their family to Russia.
Because he and his family arrived before the main flood of immigrants, they were housed temporarily in one of the existing villages, such as Dobrinka. After the settlement of the bulk of the villages in 1767, they moved to Grimm.
By 1775 the family was firmly settled in Grimm and the couple had four children.
1775 Grimm Census 
On July 22, 1763, Catherine the Great issued a Manifesto inviting Germans to come settle in her country. The Empress of Russia’s invitation came at a time when the provinces of Germany were ravaged by the Seven Years War, famine and crippling poverty.
Catherine’s offer was difficult to refuse: generous acreage, free relocation expenses and supplies, no taxes for thirty years, freedom to practice their religion, no conscription in Russia’s Army, local self-government and more. German settlers were promised loans to help them buy livestock and equipment with no interest and a reasonable repayment plan.
The alternative was going to the Americas, but this option was a pay-as-you-go opportunity. For people who were already poor and couldn’t support their own families, buying tickets for passage across the Atlantic was nearly impossible. It seemed an easy decision to choose an old established country like Russia over North or South America.
Because of her German heritage, German citizens believed the Empress would be fair to them. Instead, she used her heritage as a way to manipulate hard-working people to help settle the wild, untamed areas of her adopted country. They failed to realize that Catherine was a ruthless leader who gained her power by deposing her husband, Peter, Tsar of Russia, and claiming the Russian throne for herself. Later she had him murdered.
The Empress knew many Germans were desperate to provide for their families and would jump at the opportunity to improve their lives. Germans already had a reputation as hardworking and industrious, so if anyone could help the Russians tame their desolate frontier, she believed it would be them. Thousands of Germans accepted Catherine’s offer and moved their families to Russia. Many settled in small villages along the Volga River.
Life was far different from what they expected. These new Russian citizens were forced to remain in hostile territory plagued by unpleasant weather patterns, rocky soil, vermin and disease. The earliest settlers battled with nomadic Kazakhs from China and Mongolia, and as a result, many Germans lost their lives. Still they persevered.
In 1874 the government enforced conscription on all men, including the Germans along the Volga. This was a serious breach of promise to the settlers who were strong pacifists. Many Germans in Russia moved their families to America to avoid being forced to join the military, while others stayed behind, hoping their government would re-exempt them.
Many of these Germans immigrated to North and South America in the late 1800s and early 1900s. For those who stayed in Russia, life remained harsh as they were ranked near the bottom of the country’s class system and routinely treated poorly.
By the early 1900s, those still living along the Volga River still considered themselves Germans, not Russians. Socialization with other native Russians was minimal. Intermarriage was considered taboo.
After Germany invaded the Soviet Union in 1941, all of Volga Germans were considered enemies of the state. They lost their citizenship and were deported to Kazakhstan and Siberia. The weak, the elderly and those attempting to resist resettlement were shot. Many died before reaching their final destination.
Note: The historical commentary above was originally used in the preface of book I wrote called Braha (copyright 2014). Although the book is about fictional characters, it was based on the real events that led to the immigration of Germans to Russia, and the eventual disillusionment of these Germans that led to many immigrating from Russia to North and South America. ~ Julie Miller Mangano
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