↑ Niepoth, Wilhelm; "The Pennsylvania Genealogyical Magazine" Volume XXXI 1980 Number 3 an article titled "The Ancestry of the Thirteen Krefeld Emigrants of 1683", translated by John Brockie Lukens: page 505.
↑ Delphine, Dominique Z.; Ancestry.com family tree; "CABLE-BUCHER-HAWBAKER-ULERY-KESTER-PRIEST-STAFFORD-SCANLAND-PRICE-HAPNER"; In 2016, this family tree is no longer found on Ancestry.com.
From "The Pennsylvania Genealogyical Magazine" Volume XXXI 1980 Number 3 an article titled "The Ancestry of the Thirteen Krefeld Emigrants of 1683" by Wilhelm Niepoth, translated by John Brockie Lukens: page 505" ... in the church records of the Reformed congregation of Kaldenkirchen. On 16 October 1668 were married there Paulus Kuster, bachelor of Kaldenkirchen, and Gertrud Doors, spinster of Kaldenkirchen."
"Castor Association Of America". The association was founded in 1983. An association of genealogy family members in the surname lines of Caster, Castor, Custard, Custer, Gerster, Kaster, Kastor, Keister, Kester, Kiester, Kistard, Kister, Koester, Koster, Kuester, Kuster, Kustard and Kusterd. The Castor Association of America (CAOA) applies part of its efforts to searching for our foreign origins in order to better understand the earlier cultures abroad. This provides a deeper appreciation of the struggles and accomplishments of our ancestors. The Association publishes the results of its findings so that more people may share in its knowledge. CAOA also encourages informal regional and local gatherings of members to meet one another and learn more about their common history and the CAOA.
Smith, C. Henry; "THE MENNONITE IMMIGRATION TO PENNSYLVANIA IN THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY; 1684; Pennsylvania, Norristown Press, 1929 (printed in the Pennsylvania German Soc., 1935); pp 95, 121-2; LDS FHL SCL [974.8, B4pg, V.35].
"During these later years others must have arrived also, for in a list of men who applied for naturalization in 1691 there appear these additional names which seem to be Mennonite,... Among those who followed in the years immediately succeeding were, ... ***PAULUS KUSTER from Crefeld, with wife and three sons, Arnold, Johannes and Hermanus, and Heinrich Pannabekker. ... Thus far the Mennonite colonists were nearly all of Dutch descent, and came either from Holland or from the Dutch congregations in lower Germany..."[p95]
Many other prominent names in American history can be traced to these early Germantown settlers who were of Mennonite origin. According to Pennypacker, himself an historian of Mennonite affairs as well as a statesman, General Custer of Indian massacre fame, was a descendent of ***PAUL KUSTER, an early Mennonite immigrant; Samuel Cunard, descendent by the fifth generation of Thones Konders, founded the first line of steamers sailing between America and Europe and gave his name to what is now the greatest steamship company in the world. [pp 121-122]
Roberts, Clarence V.; "EARLY FRIENDS FAMILIES OF UPPER BUCKS COUNTY, PA"; 1683-1708; Philadelphia PA, self-published, 1925; p 95; Seattle [WA] Public Library [R929.2, R541E]. "XII CUSTARD FAMILY, 1. PAUL KUSTER, emigrant ancestor of the Custard family of Upper Bucks County, was a Mennonite who came from Crefeld, Germany and settled in Germantown about 1683. It is somewhat uncertain whether he came on the "Concord" with the thirteen original settlers of Germantown or soon afterward. He was accompanied by his wife Gertrude who was a sister of Wilhelm Streypers, who came from Kaldkirchen, a village in Germany between Crefeld and the border line of Holland.
PAUL KUSTER took a more or less active part in the government of Germantown. He served as a committeeman of the municipality 2, 10 mo.[Dec], 1700, and was overseer of fences 5, 11 mo. [Jan], 1706. He was a mason by trade. He died 28, 11 mo. [Jan], 1707-08, leaving a nuncupative will, declared on his deathbed. His widow Gertrude survived him only a few days. Their three sons, Johannes, Arnold and Hermanus came with their parents from Crefeld.
2. Johannes Koster, eldest son of PAUL and Gertrude (Streypers) KUSTER, was born in Crefeld, Germany, on the border of Holland, about 1670. He was constable of Germantown in 1695, 1696 and 1697, and was made one of the burgesses of the town in 1707. He died in 1708. He married at Abington Meeting of Friends Elizabeth Cassell, daughter of Johannes Cassell, the founder of the prominent family of his name in Pennsylvania."
Taylor, Vivian; "Immigrant Paulus Custers"; 1576-1687; MENNONITE FAMILY HISTORY, Vol IV, No 3, July 1985; p 95; Seattle [WA] Pub Lib.; "Although much has been written about this Kuster/Custer family, I have not as yet seen any published genealogical information beyond Paulus' father's family. So, it was exciting when I discovered the LDS family group sheets based on church records in Kaldenkirchen:
I. Reinhar/Reiner Custer/Kusters
A. Johannes Custers (bailiff), 1576-Apr. 8, 1650
m 1598 Walburgis _______
4. Arnold Aret Custers, ca1606-Nov. 29, 1679
m Catharina von Haren, dau. of Christoph von Haren (surgeon)
g. ***PAUL CUSTERS, b ca1644/1646
m Gertrude Doors, dau. of Theiss and Agness (Nessgen) Doors"
1) Arnold Custers, b. 9 Jun 1669
2) Johannes Custers, b 12 Dec 1670
3) Matthys Custers, b 6 Dec 1671
4) Reiner Custers, b 2 Dec 1674
5) Anna Custers, b 26 Dec 1677
6) Hermanus Custers, b 19 Oct 1681
7) Catrin Custers, b 9 Mar 1687
8) Elizabeth Custers, b PA"
Marcus L. Miller, "Germantown Residents Naturalized in 1691"; 1691; MENNONITE FAMILY HISTORY, Vol II, No 3, July 1983; pp 102-104; Seattle [WA] Public Library.
"In 1689 a revolution occurred in England which forced James II off the throne and brought William and Mary to power. The residents of Germantown must have felt somewhat concerned by the political situation and on 7 May 1691, they submitted in open court in Philadelphia, a statement promising 'allegiance to King Wm & Queen Mary, and fidelity to the Proprietors.' The 62 petitioners were then granted 'naturalization' and made freeman by Thomas Lloyd, Deputy Governor of PA on 3 Jul 1691.
"Wm. (William) Streipers arrived in Germantown in 1683 on the 'Concord.' He was a younger brother of Jan Streipers and his sister, Gertrude, married ***PAULUS KUSTER, a Mennonite.[f.56] He was renaturalized in 1708-9."
Footnote 56: Samuel W. Pennypacker, SETTLEMENT OF GERMANTOWN, N.Y., Benjamin Blom, 1970 (1899), pp 69, 136.
Custer-234 was merged into Kuster-3, on 28 Sep 2016. Thank you everyone.
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Paulus by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA.
Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree:
I do not know what has happened, I agreed with the merge of Kuster-141 and Kuster-3, the screen said I was locked out and could not do it. Now the screen says I removed a match for them? Can someone request this merge again and someone 2nd it,
Aside from minor differences in dates, this Kuster-141 appears to match Kuster-3. Johannes, the son, is mentioned in the biography of Kuster-3, but not in the system maintained list of his children. I think that these two should be merged.
from The Micheners in America by Anna E. Shaddinger:
"Mary Custer was born 3-1-1700 and was a daughter of Johannes and Elizabeth (Cassell) Custer. Abington Minutes state that William and Mary made their second declaration of intention to marry 3-20-1720. Then 30th of 3rd mo. William Mitchener and Mary Custise are left to accomplish marriage. (Note the spelling of Mary's name.) Her grandfather was Paulus Custer of Germantown, Pa. He came from Crefeldt on the Rhine in Germany in 1687. He took an active part in the governing of Germantown. His wife, Gertrude Streypers and he were Mennonites. He served as a Committeeman of Germantown 10-2-1700 and was overseer of fences 11-5-1706. He was a mason by trade."