Ambroise Lépine

Ambroise Dydime Lépine (1840 - 1923)

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Ambroise Dydime Lépine
Born in St. Boniface, Manitoba, Canadamap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
Died in St. Boniface, Manitoba, Canadamap
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Profile last modified | Created 18 May 2017
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Categories: Red River Colony | Cimetière de Cathédrale de Saint-Boniface, Winnipeg, Manitoba | Métis Province of Saskatchewan | Métis Province of Manitoba | Persons of National Historic Significance.

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Contents

Biography

Ambroise-Dydime Lépine (18 March 1840 – 8 June 1923) was a military leader of the Métis under the command of Louis Riel (Riel-5) during the Red River Rebellion of 1869-1870. He was tried and sentenced to death for his role in the rebellion and for the execution of Thomas Scott, but his sentence was commuted by Governor General Lord Dufferin. He is buried in the churchyard of the St. Boniface Cathedral next to Louis Riel.

Ambroise-Dydime Lépine was a farmer, Métis leader, and politician. He was born March 18, 1840 in St. Boniface (Man.), the fifth of the six children of Jean-Baptiste Lépine and Julie Henry. Lépine married Cécile Marion in St. Boniface on January 12, 1859. They had 14 children, six of whom survived him. He died in St. Boniface June 8, 1923. (See sources- names of children not mentioned on source, though, just that he has 14 children with Cecile Marion).

(April 18, 2018: NOTE: Previous profile manager just dumped all of these profiles, after I added all the source information- so the profiles were left abandoned. I just adopted this profile).

Sources

  • [1] Title: Re: Claim of Mrs. Ambroise Lepine and her daughters and also Mrs. Riel and children. File part of Half-Breed files [textual record] (R190-38-6-E). Inventory no.: 15-4. File no. (creator) HB 4091. Volume 192. Former archival reference no. RG15-D-II-3. Finding aid no. 15-17. Additional name(s): Lepine, Mrs. Ambroise. Riel, Mrs. Source: Government of Canada. Library and Archives Canada. Other system control no. FIND015/26221. MIKAN no. 1494598.
  • [2] A.D. LEPINE PAPERS RE HIS CLAIM TO LOTS 367 AND 368, STE. AGATHE. File part of Branch registry [textual record, cartographic material] (R190-36-2-E). Date(s): 1874-1923. Inventory no.: 15-1. Textual records. Microfilm reel T-13863. File no. (creator) 224684. Volume 615. Former archival reference no. RG15-D-II-1. Finding aid no. 15-5. Subject heading: LEPINE A D. Source: Government of Canada. Library and Archives Canada. Other system control no. FIND015/13083. MIKAN no. 1481526.
  • [3] [4]. Title: [Correspondence] [textual record] Online MIKAN no. 529970 (1 item). Item (linked) part of Political papers. Correspondence files [textual record] (MG26-A). Date(s): September 24, 1873. Language of material: English. Microfilm reel C-1673. Volume 252a Page 114210. Former archival reference no. MG26-A. Additional name(s): Correspondent: Morris, Alexander, , 1826-1889. Varying form of title: Macdonald, John Alexander (Correspondence September 24, 1873). Subject heading: 1. Lepine A - Release Demanded. 2. Treaties - Indians. 3. Treaties - Indian Treaty. 4. Lepine Ad - Release Demanded. Source: Private. Other system control no. MINISTER69348, MINISTER69349, MINISTER95251, MINISTER180769. MIKAN no. 529970.
  • [5] [6] [7] [8] Title: Correspondence. Textual record. Online MIKAN no. 491608 (3 items). Item (linked) part of Political papers. Correspondence files [textual record] (MG26-A). Date(s): October 05, 1873. Language of material: English. Microfilm reel C-1656. Volume 226, Page 96892 to 96895. Former archival reference no. MG26-A. Additional name(s): Correspondent: Langevin, Hector, 1826-1906. Sir, Riel, Louis, 1844-1885. Varying form of title: Macdonald, John Alexander (Correspondence October 05, 1873). Subject heading: 1. Laval Co - Political Affairs. 2. North West Mounted Police - L Riel - A Lepine. 3. Riel, Louis, 1844-1885. 4. Lepine A. 5. Tache Aa Arch-manitoba Political Affairs. Source: Private. Other system control no. MINISTER33667, MINISTER33668, MINISTER33669, MINISTER33670, MINISTER70987, MINISTER88554. MIKAN no. 491608.
  • [9] [10] Title: Correspondence. Textual record. Online MIKAN no. 482189 (1 item). Item (linked) part of Political papers. General letters [textual record] (MG26-A). Date(s): April 09, 1890. Language of material: English. Microfilm reel C-1800. Volume 484, Page 241473. Former archival reference no. MG26-A. Additional name(s): Correspondent: LEPINE L. Varying form of title: Macdonald, John Alexander (Correspondence April 09, 1890). Subject heading: Lepine A. Source: Private (Prime Minister's papers). Other system control no. MINISTER27895. MIKAN no. 482189. Photograph is of a telegraph (said to be) from Ambroise Lepine. It reads: "St. Boniface, Man. 7. To: Hon. (unable to transcribe) Lariviere. Ottawa. Is father in Ottawa. Mother and sister very low (?). Tell him come immediately. (signed Louis Lepine)."
  • [11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16] [17] Title: Correspondence. Textual record. Online MIKAN no. 529971 (6 items). Item (linked) part of Political papers. Correspondence files [textual record] (MG26-A). Date(s): October 11, 1873. Language of material: English. Microfilm reel C-1673. Volume 252a, Page 114211 to 114218. Former archival reference no. MG26-A. Additional name(s): Correspondent: Morris, Alexander, , 1826-1889. Varying form of title: Macdonald, John Alexander (Correspondence October 11, 1873). Subject heading: 1. Treaties - Indians. 2. Lepine A - Release. 3. Mcmicken G - Fort Garry Incident. 4. Treaties - Indian Treaty. 5. Lepine Ad - Release. 6. Manitoba. Source: Private (Prime Minister's private papers). Other system control no. MINISTER69350, MINISTER69351, MINISTER69352, MINISTER69353, MINISTER95252, MINISTER180768. MIKAN no.529971.
  • [18] [19] [20] [21] [22] [23] [24] [25] [26] Title: Correspondence. Textual record. Online MIKAN no. 529955 (8 items). Item (linked) part of Political papers. Correspondence files [textual record] (MG26-A). Date(s): September 17, 1873. Language of material: English. Microfilm reel C-1673. Volume 252, Page 114180 to 114188. Former archival reference no. MG26-A. Additional name(s): Correspondent: Morris, Alexander, , 1826-1889. Varying form of title: Macdonald, John Alexander (Correspondence September 17, 1873). Subject heading: 1. Justice Department Of - Admin - Fort Garry. 2. Gordon Case. 3. Levailler P - Mission To Pembina. 4. Lepine A - Arrest. 5. Treaties - Indians. 6. Treaties - Indian Treaty. 7. Lepine Ad - Arrest. Source: Private (Prime Minister's private papers). Other system control no. MINISTER69332, MINISTER69333, MINISTER69334, MINISTER69335, MINISTER69336, MINISTER95247, MINISTER180767. MIKAN no.529955.
  • [27] Title: Ambrose D.Lepine. Item (linked) part of Green Star reference copy collection [graphic material] (R13922-0-4-E). Extent: b&w photograph of a print. Graphic (art). Copy negative C-036447. Terms of use: Copyright: Manitoba Archives. Additional name(s): Depicted: Lépine, Ambroise Dydime, 1840?-1923. Source: Private. Other system control no. ICON116945. MIKAN no.2959509.
  • [28] Title: Ambroise D. Lépine. Item (linked) part of Historical photographs of individuals and groups, events and activities from across Canada collection [graphic material] (R8239-0-9-E). Extent: 1 photograph. Graphic (photo). Copy negative C-050296. Item no. (creator) A-684. Box 05187. Other accession no. 1964-144 NPC. Terms of use: Credit: Library and Archives Canada / C-050296. Restrictions on use: Nil. Copyright: Expired. Additional name(s): Lépine, Ambroise Dydime, 1840?-1923. Additional information: Described by the RECON project. Ambroise-Dydime Lépine was a farmer, Métis leader, and politician. He was born March 18, 1840 in St. Boniface (Man.), the fifth of the six children of Jean-Baptiste Lépine and Julie Henry. Lépine married Cécile Marion in St. Boniface on January 12, 1859. They had 14 children, six of whom survived him. He died in St. Boniface June 8, 1923. Subject heading: Lépine, Ambroise Dydime, 1840?-1923. Source: Private. Other system control no. DAPDCAP34233. MIKAN no. 3218318.
  • [29] Title: LOYALTY IN A QUANDARY; or, THE 'LEPINE CASE' MADE PLAIN. Item (linked) part of Library and Archives Canada published holdings project [graphic material]. Scope and content: Location: National Archives of Canada Library. Call number: ARCH Rare NC1445 B4 fol. Another copy is held at the Gatineau Preservation Centre. Accession number 1997-476-119 & 120. Graphic (art) 99: To be determined For material held at the Gatineau Preservation Centre please consult an archivist. Graphic (art). Copy negative C-004931. Terms of use: Credit: Library and Archives Canada. Copyright: Expired. Additional information: In Bengough, John Wilson, "A Caricature History of Canadian Politics: events from the union of 1841...," Toronto: The Grip Printing and Publishing Co., 1886, vol. I, p.251. J.W.Bengough (unverified) . See CD for unverified location information. Subject heading: HIST - CARTOONS - 1875. Source: Private. Other system control no. ICON113150. MIKAN no. 2955776.
  • [30] Title: Secretary of State for the Provinces - Despatch no. 6 - Lieutenant Governor, Fort Garry, 16 January, 7 February - Transg [Transmitting] copy of a letter from Messrs. Louis Riel and A.L. Lepine relative to the late troubles at Red River. File part of General correspondence [textual record] (R176-3-6-E). Date(s): 1873. Inventory no.: 6-5. File no. (creator) 36. Volume 336. Former archival reference no. RG6-C-1. Finding aid no. 6-7. Source: Government of Canada, Library and Archives Canada. Other system control no. FIND006/22270. MIKAN no. 1612307.
  • [31] Title: Warrants and Sentences, Manitoba Penitentiary - Lepine, Ambroise. File part of Operational records of the Penitentiary Branch [textual record] (R188-59-3-E). Date(s): 1873/10/14. Inventory no.: 13-2. File no. (creator) 43. Volume 1031. Former archival reference no. RG13-D-1. Finding aid no. 13-18. Subject heading: 1. Lepine Ambroise. 2. Manitoba Penitentiary. Source: Government of Canada, Library and Archives Canada. Other system control no. FIND013/315. MIKAN no. 1308301. (I believe this was in regards to the Red River Rebellion).
  • [32] Title: Lieutenant-Governor of Manitoba - Regarding place of imprisonment of convict Lépine. File part of General correspondence [textual record] (R174-26-2-E). Date(s): 1875. Inventory no.: 6-1. File no. (creator) 189. Volume 21. Former archival reference no. RG6-A-1. Finding aid no. 6-1. Subject heading: Lépine. Source: Government of Canada. Other system control no. FIND006/690. MIKAN no. 1598986. (I think this should be included, though there is no access to view the documents online- yet- but it may help people searching Library Archives).
  • [33] Title: Minister of Justice - Draught of proclamation re Ambroise Lépine and Louis Riel. File part of General correspondence [textual record] (R174-26-2-E). Date(s): 1875. Inventory no.: 6-1.File no. (creator) 609. Volume 21. Former archival reference no. RG6-A-1. Finding aid no. 6-1. Additional name(s): Riel, Louis, 1844-1885. Subject heading: 1. Lépine Ambroise. 2. Riel, Louis, 1844-1885. Source: Government of Canada. Other system control no. FIND006/747. MIKAN no. 1599043.
  • [34] Title: Citizens of Nicolet - For pardon of Lépine and amnesty for North West troubles. File part of General correspondence [textual record] (R174-26-2-E). Date(s): 1875. Inventory no.: 6-1. File no. (creator) 62. Volume 20. Former archival reference no. RG6-A-1. Finding aid no. 6-1. Subject heading: Lépine. Source: Government of Canada Library and Archives. Other system control no. FIND006/675. MIKAN no. 1598971.
  • [35] Title: Inhabitants of St.-Pierre, County Nicolet - For pardon of Lépine and amnesty to parties implicated. File part of General correspondence [textual record] (R174-26-2-E). Date(s): 1874. Inventory no.: 6-1. File no. (creator) 1604. Volume 20. Former archival reference no. RG6-A-1. Finding aid no. 6-1. Subject heading: Lépine. Source: Government of Canada Library and Archives. Other system control no. FIND006/670. MIKAN no.1598966. (NOTE: This is not the same as above. Dates are 1 year apart, which is why I added it).
  • [36] Title: Citizens of Beloeil (Verchères) - For pardon of Lépine and amnesty for North West troubles. File part of General correspondence [textual record] (R174-26-2-E). Date(s): 1875. Inventory no.: 6-1. File no. (creator) 47. Volume 20. Former archival reference no. RG6-A-1. Finding aid no. 6-1. Subject heading: Lépine. Source: Government of Canada. Other system control no. FIND006/674. MIKAN no. 1598970.
  • [37] Title: Citizens of St. Anaclet - For pardon of Lépine and amnesty for North West troubles. File part of General correspondence [textual record] (R174-26-2-E). Date(s): 1875. Inventory no.: 6-1. Volume 20. Former archival reference no. RG6-A-1. Finding aid no. 6-1. Subject heading: Lépine. Source: Government of Canada. Other system control no. FIND006/682. MIKAN no. 1598978.
  • [38] Title: Inhabitants of Gentilly, County Nicolet - For pardon of Lépine and amnesty for North West troubles. File part of General correspondence [textual record] (R174-26-2-E). Date(s): 1874. Inventory no.: 6-1. File no. (creator) 1608. Volume 20. Former archival reference no. RG6-A-1. Finding aid no. 6-1. Subject heading: Lépine. Source: Government of Canada. Other system control no. FIND006/671. MIKAN no. 1598967.
  • [39] Title: Citizens of Hartwell and Guffolk - For pardon of Lépine and amnesty for North West troubles. File part of General correspondence [textual record] (R174-26-2-E). Date(s): 1875. Inventory no.: 6-1. File no. (creator) 86. Volume 20. Former archival reference no. RG6-A-1. Finding aid no. 6-1. Subject heading: Lépine. Source: Government of Canada Library and Archives Canada. Other system control no. FIND006/679. MIKAN no. 1598975.
  • [40] Title: Citizens of St. Cathbert (Berthier) - For pardon of Lépine and amnesty for North West troubles. File part of General correspondence [textual record] (R174-26-2-E). Date(s): 1875. Inventory no.: 6-1. File no. (creator) 78. Volume 20. Former archival reference no. RG6-A-1. Finding aid no. 6-1. Subject heading: Lépine. Source: Government of Canada Library and Archives Canada. Other system control no. FIND006/677. MIKAN no. 1598973.
  • [41] Title: Inhabitants of St.-Grégoire, County Nicolet - For pardon of Lépine and amnesty for North West troubles. File part of General correspondence [textual record] (R174-26-2-E). Date(s): 1874. Inventory no.: 6-1. File no. (creator) 1597. Volume 20 90: Open. Former archival reference no. RG6-A-1. Finding aid no. 6-1. Subject heading: Lépine. Source: Government of Canada Library and Archives Canada. Other system control no. FIND006/666. MIKAN no. 1598962.
  • [42] Title: Order in Council - Granting an unconditional pardon to Ambroise Lépine re Rebellion in Manitoba 1869. File part of General correspondence [textual record] (R174-26-2-E). Date(s): 1869-1886. Inventory no.: 6-1. File no. (creator) 22227. Volume 65. Former archival reference no. RG6-A-1. Finding aid no. 6-1. Subject heading: Lépine Ambroise. Source: Government of Canada Library and Archives Canada. Other system control no. FIND006/2846. MIKAN no. 1600092.
  • [43] Title: House of Commons - For copies of all papers relating to commutation of sentence of A. Lépine. File part of General correspondence [textual record] (R174-26-2-E). Date(s): 1875. Inventory no.: 6-1. File no. (creator) 164. Volume 20. Former archival reference no. RG6-A-1. Finding aid no. 6-1. Subject heading: Lépine A. Source: Government of Canada Library and Archives Canada. Other system control no. FIND006/685. MIKAN no. 1598981.
  • [44] Title: Minister of Justice - Transmits Order in Council declining interference on petition of Archbishop of St. Boniface for full pardon of Ambroise Lépine. File part of General correspondence [textual record] (R174-26-2-E). Date(s): 1875. Inventory no.: 6-1. File no. (creator) 1201. Volume 23. Former archival reference no. RG6-A-1. Finding aid no. 6-1. Subject heading: Lépine Ambroise. Source: Government of Canada Library and Archives Canada. Other system control no. FIND006/786. MIKAN no. 1599082.
  • [45] Title: Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba - Submits interview by large deputation headed by Honourable Mr. Giard, Father Richot and others regarding release of Lépine. File part of General correspondence [textual record] (R174-26-2-E). Date(s): 1873. Inventory no.: 6-1. File no. (creator) 1278. Volume 14. Former archival reference no. RG6-A-1. Finding aid no. 6-1. Subject heading: 1. Giard Honourable Mr. 2. Richot Father. 3. Lépine. Source: Government of Canada Library and Archives Canada. Other system control no. FIND006/508. MIKAN no. 1598806.
  • [46] Title: THE LEPINE VERDICT: MERCY PLEADING WITH JUSTICE. Item (linked) part of Illustrated books, albums and scrapbooks (R11555-0-4-E).1 print / estampe : Lithograph. Inventory no.: CIN. Graphic (art) 99: To be determined. No restrictions on access. Graphic (art). Copy negative C-061537. Terms of use: Credit: Library and Archives Canada. Additional information: Publication: "Canadian Illustrated News". Vol.X, November 21, 1874, p.328. Source: Private. Other system control no. ICON120645. MIKAN no. 2943132.

Research Notes

From Gervais-538 I added the petitions for pardons (and other source material from Government of Canada Library and Archives Canada) because they help paint a picture of how many inhabitants were in support of the pardon- and who opposed, and how hard everyone fought. There are also petitions for pardons (available at Government of Canada Library and Archives Canada) that show inhabitants of:

  • Citizens of St. Barnabé (St. Maurice) - For pardon of Lépine and amnesty for North West troubles. Year: 1875 [47]
  • Inhabitants of La Rochelle, County Nicolet - For pardon of Lépine and amnesty for North West troubles. Year: 1874. [48]
  • Inhabitants of St.-Vincent-de-Paul - That an amnesty be granted to parties implicated in North West troubles and pardon of Lépine. Year: 1874 [49]
  • Inhabitants of Bécancour, Quebec - For pardon of Ambroise Lépine and for general amnesty to those implicated in the troubles in the North West. 1874. [50]

Land claim

  • Title: Correspondence. Textual record. Online MIKAN no. 456507 (6 items). Item (linked) part of Political papers. General letters [textual record] (MG26-A). Date(s): May 25, 1881. Language of material: English. Microfilm reel C-1791. Volume 458, Page 228230 to 228235. Former archival reference no. MG26-A. Additional name(s): Correspondent: Burgess, Alexander Mackinnon, 1850-1898. Varying form of title: Macdonald, John Alexander (Correspondence May 25, 1881). Subject heading: Lepine Ad - Patent For Land In Manitoba. Source: Private (Prime Minister's papers). Other system control no. MINISTER8401. MIKAN no. 456507. Transcribed (from photographs of documents): "Ottawa. 28th May 1888. Dear Sir JOhn, I return enclosed the letter of Mr. A.D. Lepine of St.Boniface, which you sent me the other day. I find on reference the previous correspondence in this case that the lands to which Mr. Lepine alludes to are the N.W. 1/4 and the N. 1/2 of the S.W. 1/4 of section 20, township 9, range 4, East, and a small portion of section 19 in the same township, which he does not more particularly describe these lands, which are unalloted half-breed lands, from a portion, as Mr. Lepine has already been informed, of a reserve set apart for the endowment of a Manitoba University, as authorized by section 5, chapter 47 of the revised statutes. Should the lands in question not be required for the purposes of the grant to the University, and in the event of the Governor in council deeming it advisable to throw them open to entry or purchase, Mr. Lepine could then apply for them to the agent of Dominion lands at Winnipeg, but no assurance can be given him, as the care now stands, as to the first right of entry or purchase: I observe that a patent has been issued to Mr. Lepine for the N.E. 1/4 of section 20, township 9, range 4, East, as a first class staked claim. This 1/4 section immediately adjoins the lands which forms the subject of this correspondence. I have informed the Hon. Mr. Girard, who has been in communication with The Department on behalf of mr. Lepine on accordance with the terms of this letter. Yours faithfully (signature unreadable).



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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Ambroise by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. However, there are no known yDNA or mtDNA test-takers in his direct paternal or maternal line. It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share DNA with Ambroise:

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Ambroise Lépine Image 1
Ambroise Lépine Image 1

Collaboration

Ambroise is 14 degrees from Robin Helstrom, 24 degrees from Katy Jurado and 18 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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