Rain in the Face Lakota

Ité Omáǧažu Lakota (1835 - 1905)

Privacy Level: Open (White)
Ité Omáǧažu (Rain in the Face) Lakota
Born in Dakota Territorymap
Husband of — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
Husband of — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
[children unknown]
Died in Aberdeen, Brown County, South Dakota, USAmap
Profile last modified | Created 4 Nov 2014 | Last significant change: 10 Dec 2018
16:21: [anon] answered a question about Rain in the Face Lakota
This page has been accessed 4,215 times.

Categories: Battle of the Little Bighorn | Lakota Chiefs | Lakota | Profile of the Week Winners.

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Rain in the Face Lakota was a Native American member of the Lakota tribe.
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Biography

This profile won Profile of the Week the Second Week of November 2014.




Chief Rain in the Face was born of the Hunkpapa band of Lakota in the Dakota Territory near the fork of the Cheyenne River in 1835. [1] He was named this due to being in a fight with an older boy. This resulted in his face having blood spatters on it from the blood of the other boy as if rain had hit him. [2] Later this story was enhanced when he was in a battle during a rainstorm resulting in the red and black warpaint running down his face, giving an appearance of being streaked.

He was related to the great Chief Inkpaduta through his mother who was a Dakota. Once toward the end of his life he told that neither his father or grandfather were chiefs, but hunters. [3] In other words he worked hard for his chieftainship.[4][5]

Battles with the whites were numerous. One was the Fetterman Fight, when Capt Fetterman was protecting a detail that was to supply the wood for Fort Kearny and the Captain had orders not to pursue or attack Indians. [6]. Crazy Horse was teamed up with Chief Rain in the Face. [7] Crazy Horse made a small attack against the wood detail, luring the soldiers out. Sure enough Captain Fetterman pursued immediately, being lured into the trap. Several hundred Indians pounced upon the soldiers, killing all of the soldiers.[8] [9]

He killed several people, such as a veterinarian in 1873, an army private and a civilian. He was arrested by General George Custer's brother, Capt. Thomas Custer, then escaped or was released. [10] Lakota teamed up with Arapaho bands in the Battle of the Rosebud, destroying much of a Gen. George Crook's army.

Later in 1876, the Chief Rain in the Face Lakota was with Chief Sitting Bull and his group,camping by the Little Bighorn River. Suddenly they were attacked by Gen. Custer who was supposed to be protecting
[11] railroad surveyors near the Little Big Horn river. The Lakota called this Grease Grass battle but American History calls this the[12] Battle of Little Big Horn River in which Rain in the Face is reported to have [13] killed General Custer and his forces wiped out a lot of the U.S. 7th Cavalry.

General George Custer was fighting in one area, and his brother,[14] Capt. Thomas Custer - another. In other words many rumors were flying... Publicity after this battle varied from General George Custer's death to accusing the chief of cutting the heart out of the general's brother, Capt. Thomas Custer. Others said the body of Thomas was badly cut up, but the heart was intact.

However Chief Rain in the Face told Eastman, that he most certainly did not mutilate Capt. Thomas Custer. Again Chief Rain in the Face was imprisoned. An old soldier assisted the escape and later fired his gun. [15]

The poet, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow [16]wrote a poem about this, entitled "The Revenge of Rain-in-the-Face".

Chief Rain in the Face and others escaped to Canada, spending time there awhile. He eventually led the group back to surrender in 1880. He lived the rest of his years on [17][18] Standing Rock Reservation.

Rain in the Face He passed away September 14, 1905, and was buried near Aberdeen, Brown County, South Dakota, USA. He said his spirit was gone when he put his weapons down. (paraphrased). FindaGrave gives date of burial as:

Sep. 14, 1905, Little Eagle Corson County, South Dakota, USA.

[19]


Sources

  1. www.Supercala.net - History of The Lakota People
  2. Akta Lota Museum and Cultural Center -Itoηagaju Rain-in-the-Face Hunkpapa Lakota 1835-1905
  3. www.Authorama.com - Indian Heroes and Great Chieftains Charles A. Eastman
  4. Wikipedia - Rain in the Face
  5. Custerlives.com - Rain in the Face
  6. US History - Rain in the Face
  7. Biography - Crazy Horse
  8. Spartacus Educational - The American West Rain in the Face
  9. Legends of America - Native American Legends Rain-in-the-Face - Strategic Sioux Warrior
  10. Encyclopedia.com - Rain in the Face
  11. Civil War - George Armstrong Custer Major General December 5, 1839- June 25, 1876
  12. Eye Witness to History - The Battle of the Little Bighorn, 1876
  13. Historynet.com - Battle Of Little Bighorn Facts, information and articles about the Battle Of Little Bighorn, a famous battle of the Wild West
  14. Bismarck Tribune.com - Thomas Custer won two Medals of Honor
  15. Pambies.Tripod.com - Rain-In-The-Face - A noted Sioux warrior
  16. Main Historical Society - The Revenge of Rain-in-the-Face by HENRY WADSWORTH LONGFELLOW
  17. Wikipedia - Standing Rock Indian Reservation
  18. Google Books - Standing Rock Sioux By Donovin Arleigh Sprague
  19. Find A Grave: Memorial #8157311 - Burial - Rain in the Face gravesite, Aberdeen, Brown County, South Dakota, USA

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No known carriers of Rain in the Face's ancestors' Y-chromosome or mitochondrial DNA have taken yDNA or mtDNA tests and no close relatives have taken a 23andMe, AncestryDNA, or Family Tree DNA "Family Finder" test.

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Images: 3
Rain in the Face Lakota Image 1
Rain in the Face Lakota Image 1

Rain in the Face Lakota Image 2
Rain in the Face Lakota Image 2

Rain in the Face Lakota Image 3
Rain in the Face Lakota Image 3

Collaboration

On 22 Oct 2018 at 18:26 GMT Jillaine Smith wrote:

Mary, this is a lovely profile. Nice work. I see it was project-protected many years ago. To retain project protection now requires co-management by a project (in this case it could be the Native American project). If you think it needs protection moving forward, please add wikitree-native-americans-project@googlegroups.com as an additional profile manager and switch the NA sticker to a box. Feel free to delete this comment once you've decided. I think, as a project coordinator, you have the ability to remove project protection if it's no longer needed. Thank you, Mary!

On 7 Dec 2014 at 15:19 GMT Paula J wrote:

Image:Profile_Photo_s-244.jpg December 7, 2014

On 21 Nov 2014 at 17:12 GMT Paula J wrote:

I felt like one comment was not enough! Congratulations on this wonderful profile, Mary!! You really did an excellent job in every way!

On 19 Nov 2014 at 00:02 GMT Mary Richardson wrote:

And now the font is back to the standard wiki-Tree font. Thank you.

On 16 Nov 2014 at 20:43 GMT Cathryn (Hallett) Hondros wrote:

Very nice profile!

On 14 Nov 2014 at 18:47 GMT Eric Daly wrote:

Font issue can be the settings of the browser or an out of date browser. i can provide screen shots of how the Manager intends it to look and it looks fantastic

On 14 Nov 2014 at 18:17 GMT Jillaine Smith wrote:

Congratulations; it looks like a fine profile. Unfortunately, I cannot read the text with the font being used.

On 13 Nov 2014 at 17:56 GMT Judy (Goodman) Wardlow wrote:

Congratulations on a winning profile!

On 13 Nov 2014 at 13:11 GMT Paula J wrote:

Yay Mary!! This excellent profile is only one example if the great work you have been doing on the American Indian project. Thanks for your dedication and hard work!!

On 13 Nov 2014 at 12:31 GMT Berry Henderson Jr. wrote:

Congratulations Mary! Excellent job! Very interesting profile!

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