Chief Rain in the Face was born of Hunkpapa band of  Lakota in the Dakota Territory near the fork of the Cheyenne River in 1835. He was named this due to being in a fight with an older boy. This resulted in his face having blood spatters on it from the blood of the other boy as if rain had hit him.  Later this story was enhanced when he was in a battle during a rainstorm resulting in the red and black warpaint running down his face, giving an appearance of being streaked.
He was related to the great Chief Inkpaduta through his mother who was a Dakota. Once toward the end of his life he told that neither his father or grandfather were chiefs, but hunters.  In other words he worked hard for his chieftainship.
Battles with the whites were numerous. One was the Fetterman Fight, when Capt Fetterman was protecting a detail that was to supply the wood for Fort Kearny and the Captain had orders not to pursue or attack Indians. . Crazy Horse was teamed up with Chief Rain in the Face.  Crazy Horse made a small attack against the wood detail, luring the soldiers out. Sure enough Captain Fetterman pursued immediately, being lured into the trap. Several hundred Indians pounced upon the soldiers, killing all of the soldiers. 
He killed several people, such as a veterinarian in 1873, an army private and a civilian. He was arrested by General George Custer's brother, Capt. Thomas Custer, then escaped or was released.  Lakota teamed up with Arapaho bands in the Battle of the Rosebud, destroying much of a Gen. George Crook's army.Later in 1876, the Chief Rain in the Face Lakota was with Chief Sitting Bull and his group,camping by the Little Bighorn River. Suddenly they were attacked by Gen. Custer who was supposed to be protecting  railroad surveyors near the Little Big Horn river. The Lakota called this Grease Grass battle but American History calls this the Battle of Little Big Horn River in which Rain in the Face is reported to have  killed General Custer and his forces wiped out a lot of the U.S. 7th Cavalry.
General George Custer was fighting in one area, and his brother, Capt. Thomas Custer - another. In other words many rumors were flying... Publicity after this battle varied from General George Custer's death to accusing the chief of cutting the heart out of the general's brother, Capt. Thomas Custer. Others said the body of Thomas was badly cut up, but the heart was intact.
However Chief Rain in the Face told Eastman, that he most certainly did not mutilate Capt. Thomas Custer. Again Chief Rain in the Face was imprisoned. An old soldier assisted the escape and later fired his gun. 
Chief Rain in the Face and others escaped to Canada, spending time there awhile. He eventually led the group back to surrender in 1880. He lived the rest of his years on  Standing Rock Reservation.
Rain in the Face He passed away September 14, 1905, and was buried near Aberdeen, Brown County, South Dakota, USA. He said his spirit was gone when he put his weapons down. (paraphrased). FindaGrave gives date of burial as:
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