Ashley Landry
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Ashley Landry

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Miss Ashley N. Landry
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Apologetics Religion IV 9.Was it ever possible for Jesus to Commit a sin? In order to sin one must be human. Jesus was human but son of God. God cannot sin. Jesus can face temptation because of his human nature. But he did not stray away from the will of God. He succeeded where Adam failed. ( by: Jason Dulle The reason why Jesus did not sin was because he was God’s son. When he was baptized the heavens opened , this shows he is the son of God. He could be tempted because of his human nature but he was able to stay focused on God. His life was an example for all of our lives. If he lived a life a sin we would not want to do what Jesus did. When Jesus was tempted to sin he would spend time in prayer like we should. If we seek God, he can help us through anything. Jesus was sent to live the sinless life and die for our sins. 1 Peter 2:22 says, "He committed no sin, and no deceit was found in his mouth.“ 1 John 3:5 says, ". . . And in him is no sin." “For our sake He (God) made him (Jesus) to be sin who did not know sin, so that we might become the righteousness of God in him.” (2 Corinthians 5:21) (NAB) (1310)  God’s standard (a perfectly sinless life) can never be achieved by humans. Sin is a barrier between God and us. But because God loves us so much he sent Jesus in human form to live a perfectly sinless life in our place and die on the cross for our sins. Jesus offers us His perfectly sinless life (His righteousness) to us as a free gift. All we have to do is receive Him by becoming truly born again.

13.What are some of the practical reason for papal infallible? The papal is infallible comes from three sources scripture, history, and logic. It all started with Peter once he became the head of the church, Popes have always had the authority in succession from Peter. Peter received special powers from Christ. He had the powers to the Kingdom of heaven. Christ is with the Church and nothing could bring them apart, Peter and all his successors after him have the power and guidance from Christ to lead us on earth. “Whenever the Pope alone or the bishops in union with the Pope exercise their divinely appointed office to teach on a matter of faith and morals to the whole Church, the teaching is infallible. The most solemn expression of this teaching authority would be an ecumenical council (which by definition would include and be in union with the Pope). Therefore, all the solemn teachings on faith and morals promulgated by the ecumenical councils are infallible.” Peter was chosen by Jesus to lead his church. All his successors after him act as a shepherd to people. “in virtue of his supreme apostolic authority, he defines a doctrine concerning faith or morals to be held by the whole Church, he possesses, by the divine assistance promised to him in blessed Peter, that infallibility which the divine Redeemer willed his Church to enjoy in defining doctrine concerning faith or morals. “ Matthew 16: 17-19 Jesus said to him in reply, "Blessed are you, Simon son of Jonah. For flesh and blood has not revealed this to you, but my heavenly Father. 18 And so I say to you, you are Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church, and the gates of the netherworld shall not prevail against it. 19 I will give you the keys to the kingdom of heaven Whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven; and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven." This verse shows Jesus give Peter the Kingdom of heaven all who follow after him will have the same task. 936 The Lord made St. Peter the visible foundation of his Church. He entrusted the keys of the Church to him. The bishop of the Church of Rome, successor to St. Peter, is "head of the college of bishops, the Vicar of Christ and Pastor of the universal Church on earth" (CIC, can. 331).(CCC)

14. How do we know that the bible is the inspired word of God? The bible is the Church’s word, the Church is infallible and was created by God the one who knows all truth. God inspired certain people to experience and write what the bible contains. The church interprets the inspired word. One way we can know the Bible is inspired word of God because it has prophecies written hundreds of years prior to the event. Not only does it contain that but miracles like no other. We know God did not sit down and write the bible himself but he inspired many different people in different ways and many of their stories and inspirations can be seen in the bible. "All Scripture is God-breathed and is useful for teaching, rebuking, correcting and training in righteousness" (2 Timothy 3:16). 135 "The Sacred Scriptures contain the Word of God and, because they are inspired, they are truly the Word of God" (DV 24). (CCC)

15. Why can’t the bible be sole rule of faith and the only religious guide to heaven? The bible does not state to just believe in it only. The bible is a good source to follow and use to grow in faith, but without tradition it is not good. There are many other variables that come into play in leaving a Holy life and getting into heaven and JUST reading the bible is not enough. We must include sacred scripture, and sacred oral tradition together equally. (Holy Scriptures should be used to build up our faith and turn our hearts to Jesus Christ and His bride, the Church. Both Apostolic Tradition and Scripture "make present and fruitful in the Church the mystery of Christ, who promised to remain with his own "always, to the close of the age”) “So, then, brothers, stand firm and hold to the teachings we passed on to you, whether by word of mouth or letter” It is quite evident that this passage furnishes no argument whatever that the Sacred Scripture, without Tradition, is the sole rule of faith; for, although Sacred Scripture is profitable for these four ends, still it is not said to be sufficient The Apostle requires the aid of Tradition. 97 "Sacred Tradition and Sacred Scripture make up a single sacred deposit of the Word of God" (DV 10) in which, as in a mirror, the pilgrim Church contemplates God, the source of all her riches. (CCC) 18.What EXACTLY did the second Vatican council say about protestants churches? “The Second Vatican Council clearly asked Catholics to reach out in love to all other Christians with a charity that desires and works actively to overcome in truth whatever divides them from one another. For the Council, Catholics are to act in hope and in prayer to promote Christian unity. They will be prompted and instructed by their faith in the mystery of the Church, and their ecumenical activity will be inspired and guided by a true understanding of the Church as ‘a sacrament or instrumental sign of intimate union with God, and of unity of the whole human race’.” The whole idea for the second Vatican council on ecumenical action was to bring everyone together even through all of our differences. When the East and the West spilt up there was division in the church. The second Vatican wants to reconcile and bring together everyone. The only way to receive salvation is through the church and God. These churches are lacking fullness and unity which receive through baptism. They are also lacking in the sacrament of Orders. “This Sacred Council exhorts the faithful to refrain from superficiality and imprudent zeal, which can hinder real progress toward unity. “ 2TH 3:6 In the name of the Lord Jesus Christ, we command you, brothers, to keep away from every brother who is idle and does not live according to the teaching you received from us. If anyone does not obey our instruction in this letter, take special note of him. Do not associate with him, in order that he may feel ashamed. Yet do not regard him as an enemy, but warn him as a brother. 816 "The sole Church of Christ [is that] which our Savior, after his Resurrection, entrusted to Peter's pastoral care, commissioning him and the other apostles to extend and rule it. . . . This Church, constituted and organized as a society in the present world, subsists in (subsistit in) the Catholic Church, which is governed by the successor of Peter and by the bishops in communion with him." The Second Vatican Council's Decree on Ecumenism explains: "For it is through Christ's Catholic Church alone, which is the universal help toward salvation, that the fullness of the means of salvation can be obtained. It was to the apostolic college alone, of which Peter is the head, that we believe that our Lord entrusted all the blessings of the New Covenant, in order to establish on earth the one Body of Christ into which all those should be fully incorporated who belong in any way to the People of God."

19.Is it arrogant of the catholic church to claim that it is the one, true Church of Jesus Christ? By JOHN L. ALLEN JR. No, because Pope Benedict XIV stated that “ The Roman Catholic Church is indeed the true Church of Christ” Although this statement fired up many Christians. It is not saying they we do not recognize they belief because Catholics are loving and accept all people. We strive for the live that Christ had and he accept those people who were not the best in town. But Catholics did start because of Jesus Christ and it is a true statement when we say we are the true church of Christ. It is not to be taken in an arrogant way because as Catholics we should not act like we are better than others. Everyone on this earth is equal and we all have different beliefs. But as Catholics we technically did come from Jesus and Peter so, it’s not an arrogant statement but one of truth and history. Jesus required his church to be one, holy, apostolic church. The Roman Catholic Church can claim all of these unlike others. We can only accept truth. We do not judge others but we do not accept wrong. This a true fact that can be seen in the bible. Not all churches are the same, we do not accept false teaching. We did not invent our religion we have seen the evidence God became man. Unfortunately can be said arrogant this statement itself is true. Ephesians 19-21 19Consequently, you are no longer foreigners and aliens, but fellow citizens with God's people and members of God's household, 20built on the foundation of the apostles and prophets, with Christ Jesus himself as the chief cornerstone. 21In him the whole building is joined together and rises to become a holy temple in the Lord. 22And in him you too are being built together to become a dwelling in which God lives by his Spirit. 830 The word "catholic" means "universal," in the sense of "according to the totality" or "in keeping with the whole." The Church is catholic in a double sense: First, the Church is catholic because Christ is present in her. "Where there is Christ Jesus, there is the Catholic Church." In her subsists the fullness of Christ's body united with its head; this implies that she receives from him "the fullness of the means of salvation" which he has willed: correct and complete confession of faith, full sacramental life, and ordained ministry in apostolic succession. The Church was, in this fundamental sense, catholic on the day of Pentecost and will always be so until the day of the Parousia.(CCC)

28.What is exorcism? “Exorcism is the act of driving out, or warding off, demons, evil spirits from people and places that have been possessed of infested by them.” ( by: Patrick Toner Exorcists are the ones who perform the exorcism and they use the power of God, Jesus, and angels to drive out the evil spirits in the place or person. If a person is possessed by the devil they must restate their belief. It is believed that the demon or devil controls them completely that is why they must restate beliefs ,prayers, and blessing. It is extremely hard to drive out the devil. Act 19:13-17 13 Then certain of the vagabond Jews, exorcists, took upon them to call over them which had evil spirits the name of the Lord Jesus, saying, We adjure you by Jesus whom Paul preacheth.14 And there were seven sons of one Sceva, a Jew, and chief of the priests, which did so.15 And the evil spirit answered and said, Jesus I know, and Paul I know; but who are ye?16 And the man in whom the evil spirit was leaped on them, and overcame them, and prevailed against them, so that they fled out of that house naked and wounded.17 And this was known to all the Jews and Greeks also dwelling at Ephesus; and fear fell on them all, and the name of the Lord Jesus was magnified. 1673 When the Church asks publicly and authoritatively in the name of Jesus Christ that a person or object be protected against the power of the Evil One and withdrawn from his dominion, it is called exorcism. Jesus performed exorcisms and from him the Church has received the power and office of exorcizing. In a simple form, exorcism is performed at the celebration of Baptism. The solemn exorcism, called "a major exorcism," can be performed only by a priest and with the permission of the bishop. The priest must proceed with prudence, strictly observing the rules established by the Church. Exorcism is directed at the expulsion of demons or to the liberation from demonic possession through the spiritual authority which Jesus entrusted to his Church. Illness, especially psychological illness, is a very different matter; treating this is the concern of medical science. Therefore, before an exorcism is performed, it is important to ascertain that one is dealing with the presence of the Evil One, and not an illness. (CCC)

32. Why do Catholics pray to saints? Why not pray directly to God? The intersession of saints does not take the place of praying to Christ or God. Saints are already in heaven and close to God, but praying for their intercession we just want them to help pray with us to God. This is not to be looked at as instead of God but yet as guidance for our prayer to God. Catholics do not worship anyone but God. Jesus Christ is our mediator between man and God. Catholics simple ask for intersession of the saints because they are powerful and Holy people. We don’t pray directly to them and worship them but we ask for their and they help bring our prayers to God and guiding us. Revelation 5:8 “When he took it, the four living creatures and the twenty-four elders fell down before the Lamb. Each of the elders held a harp and gold bowls filled with incense, which are the prayers of the holy ones.” This scripture talks about the saints being aware of our prayers and bringing them to God. 2683 The witnesses who have preceded us into the kingdom, especially those whom the Church recognizes as saints, share in the living tradition of prayer by the example of their lives, the transmission of their writings, and their prayer today. They contemplate God, praise him and constantly care for those whom they have left on earth. When they entered into the joy of their Master, they were "put in charge of many things." Their intercession is their most exalted service to God's plan. We can and should ask them to intercede for us and for the whole world. (CCC)

34. Do we really have to go to confession if we have only committed only venial sins? Venial sins are small sins, they are not like mortal sins. People begin to think because “oh it’s just a venial sin” that doesn’t affect your relationship with God. But it does affect your relationship and they should be confessed just like any other sin. Eventually if your venial sins build up it can have the affect of a mortal sin and you can break your relationship with God. Venial sins are normally not grave sins they are just small sins. In my eyes there are no small sins. If you sin then you sin. You should only go to confession if you are truly sorry, if not you are just being a hypocrite. If one lets the venial sins continue that become mortal. In order Holy communion with venial sins on your heart you must say the contrition but that does not take the place of confession. Ezekiel 13:19"For handfuls of barley and fragments of bread, you have profaned Me to My people to put to death some who should not die and to keep others alive who should not live, by your lying to My people who listen to lies.” Sin breaks affects our relationship with God. Receive ye the Holy Ghost. Whose sins you shall forgive, they are forgiven them; and whose sins you shall retain, they are retained" (John 20:22, 23). 1458 Without being strictly necessary, confession of everyday faults (venial sins) is nevertheless strongly recommended by the Church. Indeed the regular confession of our venial sins helps us form our conscience, fight against evil tendencies, let ourselves be healed by Christ and progress in the life of the Spirit. By receiving more frequently through this sacrament the gift of the Father's mercy, we are spurred to be merciful as he is merciful: Whoever confesses his sins . . . is already working with God. God indicts your sins; if you also indict them, you are joined with God. Man and sinner are, so to speak, two realities: when you hear "man" - this is what God has made; when you hear "sinner" - this is what man himself has made. Destroy what you have made, so that God may save what he has made. . . . When you begin to abhor what you have made, it is then that your good works are beginning, since you are accusing yourself of your evil works. The beginning of good works is the confession of evil works. You do the truth and come to the light.

35. Why do we confess our sins to a priest? Why not confess them directly to God? God already knows that we have sinned. By us confessing our sins to a priest we get the guidance to overcome the sins. We also get to get everything off our chest and we get to confess to someone who the same human nature as us. We receive assurance of God’s forgiveness. by Father John Dresko Archbishop Michael J. Sheehan Confessing our sins to one of God’s special representatives, a priest, is not only helpful for us spiritually but also psychologically. Catholics are very blessed to have the sacrament of Penance because Jesus gave the Apostles the power to forgive sins. Catholics are humbling themselves by stating their sins to a priest. The priest is not allowed to tell our sins. Catholics do not confess their sins to a priest instead of God but the priest represents God. When the priest says the prayer of absolution he is forgiving in God’s name not his own. Matthew 8:6 “That you may know that the Son of man has authority on earth to forgive sins.” John 20:21-23 “…As the father has sent me, so I send you. And when He had said this, He breathed on them and said to them ‘Receive the Holy Spirit. Whose sins you forgive are forgiven them, and whose sins you retain are retained.’ 1424 It is called the sacrament of confession, since the disclosure or confession of sins to a priest is an essential element of this sacrament. In a profound sense it is also a "confession" - acknowledgment and praise - of the holiness of God and of his mercy toward sinful man. It is called the sacrament of forgiveness, since by the priest's sacramental absolution God grants the penitent "pardon and peace." It is called the sacrament of Reconciliation, because it imparts to the sinner the love of God who reconciles: "Be reconciled to God." He who lives by God's merciful love is ready to respond to the Lord's call: "Go; first be reconciled to your brother.“ (CCC)

38. Why do we believe in purgatory when its not mentioned in the bible? By Christine Pinheiro and Kenneth J. Howell 
The word “Purgatory” is not directly used in the bible but there are many references to a place where one must under go purification. In order be in heaven it does state we must be perfect and the reason Catholics believe in purgatory is because we are not all perfect and we must undergo purification Those who die and are still in God’s friendship must undergo the process of purification to began eternal life in heaven with God. We believe that there is such a place because you HAVE to perfect to be with God. Also, God does not damn everyone to hell especially those who are still friends with him they just need to purified. 1 Corinthians 3:14–15: "If the work which any man has built on the foundation survives, he will receive a reward. If any man’s work is burned up, he will suffer loss, though he himself will be saved, but only as through fire." Heb. 12:14 - without holiness no one will see the Lord. We need final sanctification to attain true holiness before God, and this process occurs during our lives and, if not completed during our lives, in the transitional state of purgatory. 1031 The Church gives the name Purgatory to this final purification of the elect, which is entirely different from the punishment of the damned. The Church formulated her doctrine of faith on Purgatory especially at the Councils of Florence and Trent. The tradition of the Church, by reference to certain texts of Scripture, speaks of a cleansing fire : As for certain lesser faults, we must believe that, before the Final Judgment, there is a purifying fire. He who is truth says that whoever utters blasphemy against the Holy Spirit will be pardoned neither in this age nor in the age to come. From this sentence we understand that certain offenses can be forgiven in this age, but certain others in the age to come. (CCC) 43. How can we be sure we have a soul and that it will live forever? The bible clearly states several times like in Gen2:7 that the became man in living soul. So, this text right here show you have a soul. And in Rom 8:1-10 it says the body will die but the spirit will live. This shows that one day our bodies will die but indicates our soul will live forever. In order to understand that one has a soul, we must realize that we are more than what we think. We are made of mind, body, and soul. How we live our lives on earth, that will determine whether our soul will live in heaven or hell. God spoke several times about eternal life in order for us to understand that we must not focus on our physical bodies but yet on our soul. Our soul is very complex and if we do what is right then it can live forever with God. Wisdom 3:1-9 But the souls of the just are in the hand of God, and no torment shall touch them. 2 They seemed, in the view of the foolish, to be dead; and their passing away was thought an affliction 3 and their going forth from us, utter destruction. But they are in peace. 4 For if before men, indeed, they be punished, yet is their hope full of immortality; 5 Chastised a little, they shall be greatly blessed, because God tried them and found them worthy of himself. 6 As gold in the furnace, he proved them, and as sacrificial offerings he took them to himself. 7 In the time of their visitation they shall shine, and shall dart about as sparks through stubble; 8 They shall judge nations and rule over peoples, and the LORD shall be their King forever. 9 Those who trust in him shall understand truth, and the faithful shall abide with him in love: Because grace and mercy are with his holy ones, and his care is with the elect. 1016 By death the soul is separated from the body, but in the resurrection God will give incorruptible life to our body, transformed by reunion with our soul. Just as Christ is risen and lives for ever, so all of us will rise at the last day. (CCC)

52.You tell us that we should pray to God for help, but then doesn’t give me what I ask for, so why should I continue to pray? By Mike Scott God does answer prayer, sometimes God doesn’t answer prayer right away but if what we are asking for is truly good and follows the will of God then eventually God will answer our prayers. Many times people believe that our prayers are not answer but sometimes God answers them in different ways. Sometimes we have to experience certain things to learn. God is a loving God and would never neglect his people. We should continue you to pray and realize he will give us exactly what we need. By: Anthony Destefano “God gives us what we need not what we want” There are some prayers that God will always so No to. “God’s will is inscrutable, and to a certain extent we have to accept that. But our suffering can sometimes be part of God’s plan for us. That’s why “God, please bring some good out of this bad situation” is one of the most powerful prayers in the universe — and one that God always says yes to — but it’s also one of the toughest to pray.” Matt. 7:7-11�7* “Ask, and it will be given to you; seek, and you will find; knock, and it will be opened to you.�8* “For everyone who asks receives, and he who seeks finds, and to him who knocks it will be opened.�9* “Or what man is there among you who, when his son asks for a loaf, will give him a stone?�10* “Or if he asks for a fish, he will not give him a snake, will he?�11* “If you then, being evil, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more will your Father who is in heaven give what is good to those who ask Him! 2621 In his teaching, Jesus teaches his disciples to pray with a purified heart, with lively and persevering faith, with filial boldness. He calls them to vigilance and invites them to present their petitions to God in his name. Jesus Christ himself answers prayers addressed to him.(CCC)

62.What’s the difference between and annulment and divorce? An Annulment : “The invalidation of a marriage, as for no consummation, effected by means of a declaration stating that the marriage was never valid.” Divorce: “or dissolution of marriage is a legal process that leads to the end of a marriage.” � An annulment is something that states the marriage was never valid and wasn’t true. On the other hand a divorce is the legal way of ending a marriage that was valid. The catholic church doesn’t believe in getting divorces because if a marriage is valid than it should last. It should be based on God and prosperous. Matthew 19:4-9: No divorce allowed: "...Have ye not read, that he which made them at the beginning made them male and female, And said, For this cause shall a man leave father and mother, and shall cleave to his wife: and they twain shall be one flesh? Wherefore they are no more twain, but one flesh. What therefore God hath joined together, let not man put asunder. They say unto him, Why did Moses then command to give a writing of divorcement, and to put her away? He saith unto them, Moses because of the hardness of your hearts suffered you to put away your wives: but from the beginning it was not so. The Pharisees were challenging Jesus' beliefs about divorce. They asked him to interpret the passage in Deuteronomy 24:1-2 which allowed a husband to divorce his wife if he "found some uncleanness in her." 2384 Divorce is a grave offense against the natural law. It claims to break the contract, to which the spouses freely consented, to live with each other till death. Divorce does injury to the covenant of salvation, of which sacramental marriage is the sign. Contracting a new union, even if it is recognized by civil law, adds to the gravity of the rupture: the remarried spouse is then in a situation of public and permanent adultery:If a husband, separated from his wife, approaches another woman, he is an adulterer because he makes that woman commit adultery, and the woman who lives with him is an adulteress, because she has drawn another's husband to herself.(CCC)

63. Can a young couple get married in the Catholic Church with the intention of not having any children? The whole purpose behind marriage is to create children, or create life. If a couple gets married with no intention to have children it goes against the whole reason to get married. Married life is to procreate. Marriage is a sacrament between a man and a woman. It is sacred and has one purpose procreation and the up bringing of children. When two people take part in this sacrament without intentions of fulfilling its purpose it is a sin.

Ephesians 5:21-33 22Wives, submit to your husbands as to the Lord. 23For the husband is the head of the wife as Christ is the head of the church, his body, of which he is the Savior. 24Now as the church submits to Christ, so also wives should submit to their husbands in everything.  25Husbands, love your wives, just as Christ loved the church and gave himself up for her 26to make her holy, cleansing[a] her by the washing with water through the word, 27and to present her to himself as a radiant church, without stain or wrinkle or any other blemish, but holy and blameless. 28In this same way, husbands ought to love their wives as their own bodies. He who loves his wife loves himself. 29After all, no one ever hated his own body, but he feeds and cares for it, just as Christ does the church— 30for we are members of his body. 31"For this reason a man will leave his father and mother and be united to his wife, and the two will become one flesh."[b] 32This is a profound mystery—but I am talking about Christ and the church. 33However, each one of you also must love his wife as he loves himself, and the wife must respect her husband. The sacrament of marriage

1652 "By its very nature the institution of marriage and married love is ordered to the procreation and education of the offspring and it is in them that it finds its crowning glory." Children are the supreme gift of marriage and contribute greatly to the good of the parents themselves. God himself said: "It is not good that man should be alone," and "from the beginning [he] made them male and female"; wishing to associate them in a special way in his own creative work, God blessed man and woman with the words: "Be fruitful and multiply." Hence, true married love and the whole structure of family life which results from it, without diminishment of the other ends of marriage, are directed to disposing the spouses to cooperate valiantly with the love of the Creator and Savior, who through them will increase and enrich his family from day to day. (CCC)

64.If God is all-just, why does he let bad people prosper and good people struggle and fall? The world is not heaven the world is full of bad things. God helps good people and he tries to call bad people to convert. Sometimes on earth the bad will prosper because they to get there. The bad doesn’t prosper in heaven but on earth. The good stay humble and struggle with temptations and hard times but in heaven they will prosper. There are many time on earth good prosper but it isn’t often we hear about it. God normally takes the good people first because those are the people he wants. It isn’t that he doesn’t love us it’s just the world is different that heaven. The world is unjust. God knows exactly everyone intentions and actions. So, when the good suffer they will one day be first in the kingdom of heaven and those who are bad are first on earth will one day be last in the Kingdom of heaven. It is hard to life a life of Christ but he suffered and so will and one day we will be very thankful to live a live with Christ. Psalm 37 Look at those who are honest and good, for a wonderful future lies before those who love peace. This show that one day in heaven those who stay humble and true to God will be happy. 716 The People of the "poor" - those who, humble and meek, rely solely on their God's mysterious plans, who await the justice, not of men but of the Messiah - are in the end the great achievement of the Holy Spirit's hidden mission during the time of the promises that prepare for Christ's coming. It is this quality of heart, purified and enlightened by the Spirit, which is expressed in the Psalms. In these poor, the Spirit is making ready "a people prepared for the Lord.“(CCC)

68. Was Jesus born knowing all things? by Gerard M. Gaskin Jesus was the Son of God, and God the Son. He was born a human and had many human qualities , he also had many gifts from God. Jesus is God, therefore Jesus was born with knowledge . Many people argue that people grew in knowledge therefore he wasn’t born knowing all things. But since he was truly God he had to be born knowing all things. Many people disagree with the fact that he was born knowing all things but he did have knowledge from God. It is very clear that in many scriptures he knew what was going to happen before it did. He was of God therefore he had to have knowledge. He had the knowledge that one of his disciples would betray him. He knew exactly what God told him. Col 1:16-17 For in him 8 were created all things in heaven and on earth, the visible and the invisible, whether thrones or dominions or principalities or powers; all things were created through him and for him. 17 He is before all things, and in him all things hold together. John 18:4 Jesus, knowing everything that was going to happen to him, went out and said to them, "Whom are you looking for?" 151 For a Christian, believing in God cannot be separated from believing in the One he sent, his "beloved Son", in whom the Father is "well pleased"; God tells us to listen to him. The Lord himself said to his disciples: "Believe in God, believe also in me." We can believe in Jesus Christ because he is himself God, the Word made flesh: "No one has ever seen God; the only Son, who is in the bosom of the Father, he has made him known." Because he "has seen the Father", Jesus Christ is the only one who knows him and can reveal him.(CCC)

73. Why is a divorced person denied Holy Communion? By:Cardinal Bagnasco Jesus teaches that one should not divorce and remarry. When we break this teaching we should not receive Holy Communion because we are not following the teachings of Jesus. Therefore we are being a hypocrite when we receive the Holy Communion because we are saying we believe teaches and follow when we are faithful to him. By: Betty Miller God hates divorce because it is breaking a covenant. God does forgive and wants us to become closer to him. God is love. Therefore we should learn how to love like God. Marriage is a symbol of the Church and Jesus and when we get a divorce it does not show a very good example of what marriage should be. Divorces are just an easy way out of a bad situation. God is willing to risk himself to love us therefore we should do the same. Love is unconditional, it is never ending. When we deny all of this teaching we should not receive Holy Communion if we can’t love one another how can we love God?

"Greater love hath no man than this, that a man lay down his life for his friends" (John 15:13). "Husbands, love your wives, as Christ loved the church and gave Himself up for her, so that He might sanctify her, having cleansed her by the washing of water with the Word, that He might present the church to Himself in glorious splendor, without spot or wrinkle or any such things--that she might be holy and faultless. Even so husbands should love their wives as (being in a sense) their own bodies. He who loves his wife loves himself. For no man ever hated his own flesh, but nourishes and carefully protects and cherishes it, as Christ does the church. Because we are members (parts) of His body. For this reason a man shall leave his father and his mother and shall be joined to his wife and the two shall become one flesh. This mystery is very great, but I speak concerning (the relation of) Christ and the church. However, let each man of you (without exception) love his wife (being in a sense) his very own self; and let the wife see that she respects and reverences her husband--that she notices him, regards him, honors him, prefers him, venerates and esteems him; and that she defers to him, praises him and loves and admires him exceedingly" (Ephesians 5: 25-33, Amplified Bible). 2384 Divorce is a grave offense against the natural law. It claims to break the contract, to which the spouses freely consented, to live with each other till death. Divorce does injury to the covenant of salvation, of which sacramental marriage is the sign. Contracting a new union, even if it is recognized by civil law, adds to the gravity of the rupture: the remarried spouse is then in a situation of public and permanent adultery(CCC)

81.Is there such place as purgatory? In order to go to heaven we must be perfect because god is perfect. For us to become perfect we must go through a purification otherwise known as purgatory. This purgatory is not heaven or hell. Purgatory is mention by Jesus in the bible. Purgatory is not directly mentioned in the bible. Although it is mentioned that we must be purified before we enter heaven. Purgatory is a place of purification. It is called “God’s Hospital for souls.” Those who go to purgatory can move on to heaven through good works and prayer. We must be perfect to be with God. Luke 12:47-48 - when the Master comes (at the end of time), some will receive light or heavy beatings but will live. This state is not heaven or hell, because in heaven there are no beatings, and in hell we will no longer live with the Master. 1472 To understand this doctrine and practice of the Church, it is necessary to understand that sin has a double consequence. Grave sin deprives us of communion with God and therefore makes us incapable of eternal life, the privation of which is called the "eternal punishment" of sin. On the other hand every sin, even venial, entails an unhealthy attachment to creatures, which must be purified either here on earth, or after death in the state called Purgatory. This purification frees one from what is called the "temporal punishment" of sin. These two punishments must not be conceived of as a kind of vengeance inflicted by God from without, but as following from the very nature of sin. A conversion which proceeds from a fervent charity can attain the complete purification of the sinner in such a way that no punishment would remain. (CCC)

83. Who are the dead Christ is going to judge when he comes again? By: Fr. Kenneth Baker, S.J. Jesus will come again and judge those who have lived the gospels and believed him. It is very hard to say who exactly will go and live in eternal life with God. God sees everything we are naked like Adam and Eve we can not hide from him. He will speak and he knows our hearts and what we deserve. God is a merciful God. No one knows when this will happen, but at the end of the world their will be a second judgment. God created out of pure love and he will also give us our destiny based on our actions but still out of love. He will judge everyone and our sins will be before him. Everyone will be judged before God and every action will judged not only that but every word we have said to one another. We will be completely examined in front the Lord. It is good to know this because we may have a life of sin right now but we can fix it. We won’t be perfect but strive to be more like the Lord and when making decisions we can remember that we will be judged in front of the Lord for every wrong action that can help us remember do what God would do.

Matt 21(31-46)31 14 "When the Son of Man comes in his glory, and all the angels with him, he will sit upon his glorious throne, 32 and all the nations 15 will be assembled before him. And he will separate them one from another, as a shepherd separates the sheep from the goats. 33 He will place the sheep on his right and the goats on his left. 34 Then the king will say to those on his right, 'Come, you who are blessed by my Father. Inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world. 35 For I was hungry and you gave me food, I was thirsty and you gave me drink, a stranger and you welcomed me, 36 naked and you clothed me, ill and you cared for me, in prison and you visited me.' 37 Then the righteous 16 will answer him and say, 'Lord, when did we see you hungry and feed you, or thirsty and give you drink? 38 When did we see you a stranger and welcome you, or naked and clothe you? 39 When did we see you ill or in prison, and visit you?' 40 And the king will say to them in reply, 'Amen, I say to you, whatever you did for one of these least brothers of mine, you did for me.' 41 17 Then he will say to those on his left, 'Depart from me, you accursed, into the eternal fire prepared for the devil and his angels. 42 For I was hungry and you gave me no food, I was thirsty and you gave me no drink, 43 a stranger and you gave me no welcome, naked and you gave me no clothing, ill and in prison, and you did not care for me.' 44 18 Then they will answer and say, 'Lord, when did we see you hungry or thirsty or a stranger or naked or ill or in prison, and not minister to your needs?' 45 He will answer them, 'Amen, I say to you, what you did not do for one of these least ones, you did not do for me.' 46 And these will go off to eternal punishment, but the righteous to eternal life."

678 Following in the steps of the prophets and John the Baptist, Jesus announced the judgment of the Last Day in his preaching.581 Then will the conduct of each one and the secrets of hearts be brought to light.582 Then will the culpable unbelief that counted the offer of God's grace as nothing be condemned.583 Our attitude to our neighbor will disclose acceptance or refusal of grace and divine love.584 On the Last Day Jesus will say: "Truly I say to you, as you did it to one of the least of these my brethren, you did it to me."585 679 Christ is Lord of eternal life. Full right to pass definitive judgment on the works and hearts of men belongs to him as redeemer of the world. He "acquired" this right by his cross. The Father has given "all judgment to the Son".586 Yet the Son did not come to judge, but to save and to give the life he has in himself.587 By rejecting grace in this life, one already judges oneself, receives according to one's works, and can even condemn oneself for all eternity by rejecting the Spirit of love.588

88.If Mary was without even original sin, why would she need a savior? Mary was human and she proclaimed God is her savior. Because she is human she needs a savior. Jesus’s sinless and Mary’s sinless are seen two different ways. Mary’s sinless was forgiven by God. Mary wasn’t the savior but because she gave birth to the Jesus she did God’s will. But she needs God our savior to save because she is human. Even though she is a saint and with God. She need while she was in human form on earth. By: Robert M. Zins Mary needed a savior her savior was God. She was without sin but only because she followed God. Mary was born human therefore she was capable of acting in sin although she had a very close relationship with God and she even said yes to his son. Therefore she was saved and did live a Holy Life. Luke 1:46-47 46And Mary said: �   "My soul glorifies the Lord �   47and my spirit rejoices in God my Savior, This bible verse clearly shows that she believed in her savior God and she lived a life for him, it also shows she him, her savior so clearly she still needs a savior even after knowing God. 493 The Fathers of the Eastern tradition call the Mother of God "the All-Holy" (Panagia), and celebrate her as "free from any stain of sin, as though fashioned by the Holy Spirit and formed as a new creature". By the grace of God Mary remained free of every personal sin her whole life long.(CCC) 973 By pronouncing her "fiat" at the Annunciation and giving her consent to the Incarnation, Mary was already collaborating with the whole work her Son was to accomplish. She is mother wherever he is Savior and head of the Mystical Body.�

93. Why doesn’t the Church allow priest to get married? When a priest marries they began to have another priority and they have to begin to juggle family and the church. As Catholics we believe that the church should come first. In other situations protestant priest have quit before retiring because the stress of a family and church becomes extremely difficult. The priest is considered married to the church and their people. The Church also preaches the if a priest does not marry that they are pure. The rule that priest could not marry came about during the Nicene Convention. This Nicene Creed altered the bible. It was during a lot of turmoil in the church. Paul says that celibacy provides "unhindered devotion to the Lord. " (1 cor 7:35) Jesus tells us "it is better not to marry...let anyone accept this who can." (Mat 19:10-12) 1580 In the Eastern Churches a different discipline has been in force for many centuries: while bishops are chosen solely from among celibates, married men can be ordained as deacons and priests. This practice has long been considered legitimate; these priests exercise a fruitful ministry within their communities. Moreover, priestly celibacy is held in great honor in the Eastern Churches and many priests have freely chosen it for the sake of the Kingdom of God. In the East as in the West a man who has already received the sacrament of Holy Orders can no longer marry. (CCC)

94.Why do we pray to the hearts of Jesus and Mary? We pray to the hearts of Jesus and Mary because they have a selfless love of God and for their neighbor. We believe that they will renew our hearts and we will begin to act as they did. Our job is love everyone and bring the message to all. (Their hearts are very connected so much so that when Jesus' heart was pierced with the sword, Mary’s heart was also pierced with the sword of sorrows. ) (So when we offer ourselves to Mary to lead us, to form us into the likeness of her Son, we are offering to let her lead us along the way of the Cross.)Jesus and Mary act like mediator between us and God. Mary, Jesus’s mother, leads our souls to him. When we pray to Jesus and Mary we are not worshiping them instead of God but yet asking for intercessory prayer. Jn 14:6 6Jesus answered, "I am the way and the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me. 1 Tim 2:5 5For there is one God, and one mediator also between God and men, the man Christ Jesus, 618 The cross is the unique sacrifice of Christ, the "one mediator between God and men". But because in his incarnate divine person he has in some way united himself to every man, "the possibility of being made partners, in a way known to God, in the paschal mystery" is offered to all men. He calls his disciples to "take up [their] cross and follow [him]", for "Christ also suffered for [us], leaving [us] an example so that [we] should follow in his steps." In fact Jesus desires to associate with his redeeming sacrifice those who were to be its first beneficiaries. This is achieved supremely in the case of his mother, who was associated more intimately than any other person in the mystery of his redemptive suffering. (CCC) 667 Jesus Christ, having entered the sanctuary of heaven once and for all, intercedes constantly for us as the mediator who assures us of the permanent outpouring of the Holy Spirit.(CCC) 2618 The Gospel reveals to us how Mary prays and intercedes in faith. At Cana, the mother of Jesus asks her son for the needs of a wedding feast; this is the sign of another feast - that of the wedding of the Lamb where he gives his body and blood at the request of the Church, his Bride. It is at the hour of the New Covenant, at the foot of the cross, that Mary is heard as the Woman, the new Eve, the true "Mother of all the living.“(CCC)

100.When the women was caught in adultery in the gospels, why wasn’t the man involved accused as well? Women were not equal to men in these days. The man in the act of adultery could have been of someone socially high in the society. It’s the women’s fault if she tempts the man into even thinking of adultery. She could get all the blame because he said that she did certain things that made him commit adultery. Women did not have a voice back then and they did not have fail trials. Jesus bends down and says those without sin can cast the first stone. After he does this many walk away and realize they are not innocent. The way their “trials” went were they just blame the woman. Although it is equally the man who takes part in the act’s fault as well. Jesus starts a new way of judging because they were just casting stones on woman when they had sins of their own. Now the men were not judged as harsh because it was believed that it was the woman’s fault. The man may of not gotten stone but they had to face God.It is easy to blame a woman who is not valued in society than a man who is. Since these times we realize any take part in the action are guilty. Exodus 20 :14 “You shall not commit adultery Leviticus 20:10 - "If a man commits adultery with the wife of his neighbor, both the adulterer and the adulteress shall be put to death. You shall not commit adultery. You have heard that it was said, "You shall not commit adultery." But I say to you that every one who looks at a woman lustfully has already committed adultery with her in his heart. 2331 "God is love and in himself he lives a mystery of personal loving communion. Creating the human race in his own image . . .. God inscribed in the humanity of man and woman the vocation, and thus the capacity and responsibility, of love and communion." "God created man in his own image . . . male and female he created them"; He blessed them and said, "Be fruitful and multiply"; "When God created man, he made him in the likeness of God. Male and female he created them, and he blessed them and named them Man when they were created.“(CCC) 102. What does the church teach about test-tube babies and surrogate mothers? In vitro fertilization is a good way to be pro-life and allow couple a second chance at having a child. It is a positive thing and is pro-life. The only disturbing thing is it is not natural and the parents are not with their children it is all controlled by science. Children are not a science project but a gift from God and should raised by its parents. Unfortunately not everyone can have children and this does offer people hope. Through the years science has gotten better and in vito fertization helps follow along with the teachings of the church because it helps people raise children and bring about life. At the same time adoption is also another incredible way to build a family and follow God’s teaching with being fruitful when the mother is barren. Gen 1:28 And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth. God loves children and wants them to be raised correctly with their parents naturally not using science. 2223 Parents have the first responsibility for the education of their children. They bear witness to this responsibility first by creating a home where tenderness, forgiveness, respect, fidelity, and disinterested service are the rule. The home is well suited for education in the virtues. This requires an apprenticeship in self-denial, sound judgment, and self-mastery - the preconditions of all true freedom. Parents should teach their children to subordinate the "material and instinctual dimensions to interior and spiritual ones." Parents have a grave responsibility to give good example to their children. By knowing how to acknowledge their own failings to their children, parents will be better able to guide and correct them: He who loves his son will not spare the rod. . . . He who disciplines his son will profit by him. Fathers, do not provoke your children to anger, but bring them up in the discipline and instruction of the Lord. (CCC) This is how it should be, parents with their children. This is natural.

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