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James Lauderdale (abt. 1690 - bef. 1738)

James "The Emigrant" Lauderdale aka Maitland [uncertain]
Born about in Irelandmap
Son of [father unknown] and [mother unknown]
[sibling(s) unknown]
Husband of — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died before before about age 48 in Orange, Augusta County, Colonial Virginiamap
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Profile last modified | Created 21 Dec 2009
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John Maitland 5th Earl of Lauderdale and Margaret Cunningham are unfortunately, not the parents of this James, neither is Spouse Jean Gordan removed as she was married to a James Maitland who died in 1709. Please see James "7th Earl of Lauderdale" Maitland.



Daughters of the American Revolution
James Lauderdale is a DAR Patriot Ancestor, A208523.
James was born about 1690 in Ireland and passed away between 1736 and 1738 in colonial Virginia.
The Emigrant James "MAITLAND" assumed or changed his name to James Maitland "Lauderdale" after immigrating to the United States in 1714.
In 1714 a "Maitland/Lauderdale came to the colonies and located in Southeastern Pennsylvania, but soon afterwards removed to Botetourt County Virginia. He had a large family, seven sons and three daughters. The daughters married with the McClellans, Logans, DeShas, Franklins, Gillespies, Alcorns, and Henrys. The sons, John, James and William all served in the Revolutionary War, one of them as a commissioned officer. [1]

Background Notes

James Maitland of Lauderdale is listed in many reputable sources as the eldest son of the 5th Earl of Lauderdale, John Maitland. As is the case, the eldest son inherits the title and lands. That James Maitland died in 1710. James did not inherit the title and lands, but his younger brother Charles did, clearly indicating that James, son of John 5th Earl of Lauderdale, was dead by the time of his father's death in 1710. The incorrect relationship to the 5th Earl of Lauderdale, John Maitland has been disconnected, including the spouse, who lived and died in Scotland according to all sources.
Additional information can be found at:

Clan Maitland clarifies connection to Earls of Lauderdale from the Clan Maitland web site There is a problem with this link, not working.

Lauderdale's in the US are descended from James Maitland Lauderdale, the Emigrant, who settled in Pennsylvania around 1714. He is thought to have moved from southwest Scotland, where the Lauderdale name is known in the 18th century, to Northern Ireland and thence to North America.[2]
There is another book - "The Lauderdale's of Scotland and America", pub 1937, by Charles J Lauderdale which contains much information which is imaginary, and of course completely incorrect. Do disregard it. It has been proven as "false tales" according to the authorities on the Lauderdale/Maitland families
We don't know from whom James Lauderdale, the Emigrant was descended, and he made no claims to be descended from the Earls of Lauderdale during his life in the colonies. Equally, he was firm in his assertion that he was a Maitland by origin, and this is the tradition which he handed down to his children and grandchildren and which was formally recorded by James Shelby Lauderdale in 1880. This recording refers to a meeting between his uncle Sam, and Dr David Lauderdale who met in 1830, and discovered that they shared a common family tradition. Another Lauderdale from New York was met in 1880 in St Louis with a similar tale.
Lauderdale as a family name, not connected with the title, first appears in the Scottish parish records in Galloway with the birth of Jean Lauderdale in 1737, the daughter of James Lauderdale at Beith, Ayr. It also appears in Northumberland in 1704.
Maitland's have lived in or been connected with Galloway since 1360, and our understanding of James the Emigrant is that he came from that part of Scotland, so the combination of geography, name and his family tradition makes it almost certain that he was a Maitland by origin, and as such, related by blood to the Earls of Lauderdale, but not descended from them.

Research Notes

  • Re: James Maitland Lauderdale, By Rita Harrah October 15, 2013 at 04:26:18, In reply to: Re: James Maitland Lauderdale, Lorinda Green 5/10/11,
Lewis Green is my 6th great grandfather.In trying to establish the father of Elizabeth Sarah Lauderdale I have run across several pieces of documentation that indicate Elizabeth Sarah Lauderdale was the daughter of William Lauderdale born 1711 in Galloway, Scotland.William was the son of James Maitland Lauderdale who emigrated to America with 3 of his sons - John, William and James Jr.Per information posted by the Clan Maitland, my James Maitland Lauderdale is not of royal lineage but is probably kin to them.It is really indicate that you have info that might be helpful.[3]
  • The Lauderdales: Written by Jay Guy Cisco, From Historic Sumner County, Tennessee, 1909.[4]
The original name of the Lauderdale family was "Maitland," but many generations back the "Laird of Maitland" was made Earl, or Lord, of Lauderdale, for military services rendered his country, and a landed estate was given with the title. James Maitland was the grandfather of Isabella Marr, who married Robert Bruce, King of Scotland, and Helen Marr, Isabella's sister, who married Sir William Wallace.
Sir Richard Maitland, an early Scotch lawyer and poet, was born in 1496. His father, William Maitland, of Lethington, fell at Flodden. His mother was a daughter of George, Lord Seton. He studied law at the University of St. Andrew and afterwards in France. He was knighted about the year 1552, and about 1554 was made an Extraordinary on Session. In 1561 he admitted an Ordinary Lord of Session by the title of Lithington. In 1562 he was nominated Lord Privy Seal, which office he resigned in 1567 in favor of John, Prior of Codingham, his second son. He died in 1586, aged 90 years, seventy of which had been spent in public life. His son John was made a Lord of Parliament in 1590, by the title of Lord Maitland, in which he was succeeded by his son John, who was made Earl of Lauderdale in 1624. His son John became Duke of Lauderdale. One of Sir Richard's daughters, Mary, assisted her father in his literary work and also wrote verses. Their works were collected in two volumes, a folio written by Sir Richard and a quarto by his daughter. These volumes are now in the Pepysian library, Cambridge.
John Maitland, Earl and afterwards Duke of Lauderdale in the peerage of Scotland as a great-grand son of Sir Richard. In his early life he was a Presbyterian, and was a party to the surrender of Charles I to the English army in 1645. Soon afterwards he became a supporter of the royal cause. He was taken prisoner at the battle of Warchester, and after being liberated accompanied Charles II to Scotland. In 1672 he was made Duke of Lauderdale and a Knight of the Garter, and he had also an English peerage conferred upon him with the title of Earl of Guildford in 1674. He was one of the administrative council known as "the Cabal." His dukedom and his English title expired with him. The earldom of Lauderdale passed his brother Charles and is still in possession of his descendants. One branch of his family settled in Ireland. In 1714 one of them came to America and located in Southeastern Pennsylvania, but soon afterwards removed to Botetourt County Virginia. He had a large family, seven sons and three daughters. The daughters married with the McClellans, Logans, DeShas, Franklins, Gillespies, Alcorns, and Henrys. The sons, John, James and William all served in the Revolutionary War, one of them as a commissioned officer.
James Lauderdale, mentioned above, was the founder of the Sumner County branch of the family. He married Miss Mills and moved to Tennessee about 1794, and acquired a large body of land adjoining the Greenfield tract, upon which he built his home. A part of this land is still in possession of some of his descendants. He has six sons and one daughter. Five of his sons served as commissioned officers under Jackson in the Indian wars and in the War of 1812. William was Quartermaster, with the rank of Major, James was commissioned a Major in a regiment in Coffee's brigade, and later was commissioned Lieutenant Colonel of a regiment of mounted infantry. He fell at the first battle of New Orleans, December 23, 1814, while gallantly leading his regiment in a charge against the British. He was a brave and gallant soldier, and his death was lamented throughout the army. He was never married.
Sam D. Lauderdale, son of James, was a Colonel in the Creek War under Jackson, and had the confidence and esteem of his commander and his men. When the term of enlistment of his men had expired he was placed in command to lead them back to Tennessee. When the Choctaw Indians were removed to the West in 1833, Colonel Lauderdale was placed in command of the transportation without asking for the place. When the war with Mexico broke out, though past three score and ten, he was, with no little difficulty, persuaded from volunteering his services.
In 1830 Major William Lauderdale, with his Tennesseans, carried his country's flag farther into the Indian country than anyone else had done up to that time and established Fort Lauderdale in Southeastern Florida.
In 1836 James Shelby Lauderdale, son of Colonel Sam D. Was an ensign in a company of mounted rifles from Mississippi, which marched to join General Jessup's command on the Texas frontier to stop the Mexicans in case of the defeat of General Sam Houston. In the Mexican War William Lauderdale was a Lieutenant in Captain Blythe's company, Second Mississippi Rifles, from Lowndes County. John Lauderdale raised a company, but it was not accepted, because more troops were offered than were needed. He then served in the ranks. Gallant Same Lauderdale, who fell at Cerro Gordo, was a son of Major William Lauderdale.
Tennessee, Alabama, Mississippi, and Texas have counties named in honor of these Lauderdale heros.
When the Civil War broke out the Lauderdales rallied to the defense of our beloved land and bravely sustained the ancient reputation of the family. The bones of more than one of them were left to bleach on bloody battle fields. James Shelby Lauderdale, before mentioned, raised the first company in Texas for the Confederate service. He gave his company its first drill on Christmas day, 1860. His company formed a part of the Tenth Texas Infantry and did gallant service. But few of the one hundred men who marched out with him in 1861 ever returned. Captain Lauderdale was taken prisoner and confined at Camp Chase, and then at Johnson's Island. During the latter part of the war he served on the staff of General J. B. Robertson. He now resides at Somerville, Texas, and though well advanced in years, is in the esteem of his fellow citizens. (Captain Lauderdale died at the home of his son, J. W. Lauderdale, in Somerville, Texas, January 27, 1909, aged 93 years and 6 months.)
The Lauderdales have been quiet, peaceable, law-abiding citizens, farmers and professional men. They have lived unostentatious lives, but when grim-visaged war appeared they sniffed the battle from afar and hastened to the front, where danger and honor were found.
The names of the children of James Lauderdale, the founder of the Sumner County family, were: John Lauderdale, who married Miss Wood and had six sons and three daughters. J. Franklin Lauderdale, who married Miss Sewell. William Lauderdale, who married Miss Head. Sam H. Lauderdale, who married Miss Winchester. Harry Lauderdale, who first married Jane Malone: second, Nancy Crenshaw. Josiah Lauderdale never married, went to Texas, where he was a surveyor and Indian fighter. "A better, braver and nobler soul never lived." Sallie Lauderdale married J. H. Brittain of Lebanon. Elizabeth Lauderdale married John Patterson. Clarinda Lauderdale never married.
Sam D. Lauderdale, son of James, married Miss Hawkins. Had five sons and one daughter. James Shelby Lauderdale married Miss Adams and had seven sons and three daughters. William C. Lauderdale married Miss Turner. No issue. John Lauderdale married Miss Dodson, and after her death, Miss Jeffreys. Had a son and a daughter. Cornelia Lauderdale married J. J. Lewis, and after his death, Benjamin Seale. Has a son by each: both served in the Civil War. The Lewis son was killed in battle.
David Lauderdale, son of James, married Miss Bledsoe; has three sons.
William Lauderdale, son of James, married Miss Hart.
Josiah Lauderdale, son of James, married Miss Hanna; had five sons and three daughters.
The daughters of James Lauderdale married John Hawkins; had five sons and three daughters; James Hawkins, Benjamin Hawkins, Harry Hawkins, John Hawkins (never married), Sam Hawkins. Sam Hawkins: Patsey Hawkins married Wesley Malone: Ella Hawkins married Dr. William Welsh: Harriett Hawkins never married.
Harry Lauderdale, son of John W. Lauderdale, who married Jane Malone, daughter of Hal Malone of Sumner County, had a son, John, who went to West Tennessee, where he married a Miss Ferguson. Their daughter, Miss Jennie Lauderdale, was for some years State Librarian, and is now Librarian of the University of Nashville.
After the death of his first wife, John Lauderdale married Miss Tipton of West Tennessee. They had two children, Amelia, who married Charles L. Davison of Nashville, and Harry, who married Miss Pilkering of Clarksville. They now reside in Beaumont, Texas, where he is treasure of the S.C.N.O. & P. Railroad.
After the death of his wife Jane (Malone), Harry Lauderdale married Nancy Crenshaw. They had one daughter, Mary J., who married Judge George E. Seay of Gallatin. Their son, Hon. Ed T. Seay, formerly Speaker of the State Senate, is now Assistant District Attorney for the Louisville & Nashville Railroad for Tennessee.
John Wood Lauderdale married Jane Sewell and moved to West Tennessee. Their granddaughter, Amelia, married John Skeffington, a lawyer of Dyersburg, for several years Attorney General for that district. Their daughters, Misses Mary and Jane, are respectively Librarian and Assistant Librarian of the State of Tennessee.
Josiah Lauderdale, who married Miss Hanna of Sumner County, moved to Wellington, Mo. Their sons, James William and Bledsoe, bore a conspicuous part in the Civil War. Bledsoe was cruelly murdered by Federal soldiers after he had been wounded and had surrendered.
Kimberland Spring, near the old Lauderdale home and from which the family procured its water, was a noted muster ground during the early days of Sumner County. It was a rendezvous for the people, and a place where the local militia met for drill and parade. The old stone spring house is still standing and in good state of preservation.
The Lauderdale graveyard, now overgrown with weeds and bushes, is an interesting spot. Beneath the wide-spreading branches of a mammoth ash tree reposes the remains of John Lauderdale, born September 16, 1768; died September 29, 1853. Cornelia Lauderdale, born 1769; died 1854. Jane Malone Lauderdale (daughter of Hal Malone), born January 13, 1811; married January 13, 1834: died January 16, 1836. Near her grave is that of her husband, Harry B. Lauderdale, born 1811: died 1847
Hallery Malone sleeps in the same lot. Many of the old grave stones are now prone upon the ground, and the sacred spot shows a sad degree of neglect. In another generation the tooth of time will have obliterated the marks on most of the older tombs.
Return to Sumner County, TN Family Album
Return to Sumner County Main Page

Possible Sources

  • "British Newspaper Archive, Family Notices," database with images, FamilySearch ( : 17 April 2019), Lauderdale, Earl Of in entry for Hannah Laitland, Lady, Edinburgh, Edinburghshire, Scotland, United Kingdom; records extracted FamilySearch and images digitized by FindMyPast; citing Edinburgh, Edinburghshire, Scotland, United Kingdom, 7 Aug 1758, The British Newspaper Archive, Ireland; FHL microfilm . not for my James
  • "British Newspaper Archive, Family Notices," database with images, FamilySearch ( : 17 April 2019), Lauderdale, Earl in entry for James Ogilvy Of Rothiemay, Esq, Edinburgh, Edinburghshire, Scotland, United Kingdom; records extracted FamilySearch and images digitized by FindMyPast; citing Edinburgh, Edinburghshire, Scotland, United Kingdom, 2 Mar 1739, The British Newspaper Archive, Ireland; FHL microfilm . not for my James
  • this is My James
  • Maitlands are directly descended from the original Norman Mautalant who settled in Northumberland around 1130. At that time it was part of Scotland. The family settled at Thirlestane in Lauderdale about 1250, and branches became established in Aberdeeshire and Galloway around 1400. Anyone who bears the name, or is descended from someone bearing the name is almost certainly a blood relative. Some have taken the name, from choice, or as descendants of former slaves.
Lauderdales, mainly an American family, have clear evidence of their descent from the Maitlands.
Maitlen and Maizlen are also considered variants of Maitland. Medlins whose family comes from Scotland are almost certainly Maitlands, but other Medlins whose family come from England may be from a different family.
We maintain close links with our kin in Scotland, England, France, the USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and Isreal. Others live in Argentine and Uruguay.
Brief Origins
Maitlands are descended from a Mautalent of Norman origin in Northumberland around 130 as a vassal of the King of Scotland.
Mautalents bear the original and earliest name of the family, and originate in the villages of Les Moitiers d'Allone and Carterest in the Cotentin Peninsula of Normand in Northern France. Mautalents also had fiefs in Jersey and Guernsey in the early Middle Ages. Members of the family live in Normandy to this day.
Mautalens live in the Bearn area of Southern France near Pau in the Pyrenees and used the name Mautalent until the 18th century. They probably migrated from Normandy to Bearn around 1300. They are the first recorded there as Aramonet de Mautalent, an official carrying out the Census of 1385 Bearn, and have lived in the area since then.
Lauderdale first appears in the records as a family name in Scotland in 1737, with the baptism of Jean Lauderdale at Beith in Ayr, the daughter of James Lauderdale.
Lauderdales in the USA are mainly descended from James Maitland who originated in Galloway in southwest Scotland and migrated to Ulster before moving to Pennsylvania in the American colonies in 1714. At some stage he changed his name to Lauderdale, and founded the distinguished American pioneer family of that name. Fort Lauderdale, and a number of American counties are directly linked with the family. James Maitland Lauderdale is known simply as "The Immigrant". [5]


  1. The Lauderdales Written by Jay Guy Cisco From Historic Sumner County, Tennessee 1909
  2. From History of the Lauderdales in America
  4. The Lauderdales Written by Jay Guy Cisco From Historic Sumner County, Tennessee 1909

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Comments: 9

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posted by Loretta (Leger) Corbin
OK, I am the first to admit I know very little about DNA, so I am asking what this tells us. I am triangulated with two distant cousins, one holding the Maitland surname. We share a segment on chromosome 10. I have triangulated with two other distant cousins on chromosome 4 with the connecting ancestors being John Maitland and Isabel Seton. I am also connecting with members of the Wemyss, Drummond, Seton, Cunningham, and Oglivy lines. Am I wrong to think I'm related somehow?
posted by Rene (King) Thompson
I am more than interested in Mr. Lauderdale and am very disappointed that only one link is still working under the Sources heading. If you have this information stored somewhere else, please send me a message.

Thank you!

posted by Loretta (Leger) Corbin
edited by Loretta (Leger) Corbin
Since (1) I am further removed genealogically from all other Project managers & (2) the most effective management of a profile is accomplished by a minimum # of Managers, I removed myself as Project Manager and the Trusted List. I appreciate the patience that others (especially Sir William & Robin Lee) had with my geriatric goofs.


posted by Jack Templeton
I have removed all the sources that were incorrectly indicating the "other" James Maitland. There is still work to be done on the children and the rest of the lineage. I have removed my warning message, please make sure you coordinate any changes from here on out.....Thanks for letting me be a part of this work.
posted by Robin Lee
This is coming together very well and with good sources. Well done to all P.M.s and thank you all.
According to both The Scots Peerage, volume 5, p. 311, and The Complete Peerage, volume 7, p. 493, James Maitland, the son of John Maitland, 5th Earl of Lauderdale and his wife Margaret Cunningham, died in 1709 having married Jean Gordon, (who died in Edinburgh 11 Feb 1747) and had one daughter Jean Maitland. He is not the same person who emigrated to the United States as in this profile, and unless there are sources that say otherwise, I propose to detach this profile from his presumed parents.
posted by John Atkinson
The Emigrant James "MAITLAND" assumed or changed his name to James Maitland "LAUDERDALE" after immigrating to the United States in 1714, four years after his father John MAITLAND'S death.
posted by Viola (Ward) Mills

This week's featured connections are from the War of the Roses: James is 16 degrees from Margaret England, 15 degrees from Edmund Beaufort, 14 degrees from Margaret Stanley, 15 degrees from John Butler, 15 degrees from Henry VI of England, 16 degrees from Louis XI de France, 15 degrees from Isabel of Clarence, 14 degrees from Edward IV of York, 17 degrees from Thomas Fitzgerald, 14 degrees from Richard III of England, 15 degrees from Henry Stafford and 14 degrees from Perkin Warbeck on our single family tree. Login to see how you relate to 33 million family members.

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Categories: NSDAR Patriot Ancestors