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Antoine Laurent Lavoisier (1743 - 1794)

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Antoine Laurent Lavoisier
Born in Paris, Île-de-France, Francemap
Son of [father unknown] and [mother unknown]
[sibling(s) unknown]
Husband of — married about 1772 in Francemap
[children unknown]
Died in Paris, Seine, Francemap
Profile last modified 16 Nov 2019 | Created 27 Apr 2019 | Last significant change: 16 Nov 2019
20:28: Jeff Bronks added Marie-Anne Pierrette (Paulze) Lavoisier (1758-abt.1836) as spouse for Antoine Laurent Lavoisier (1743-1794). [Thank Jeff for this]
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Antoine Lavoisier is Notable.
Antoine Lavoisier has French origins.
European Aristocracy
Antoine Lavoisier was a member of the aristocracy in Europe.

Antoine was born in 1743 to a wealthy aristocratic family in Paris. He was a French nobleman and chemist who is known as the founder and "father of modern chemistry." He revolutionized the science of chemistry and was one of the greatest scientist the world has ever known.

He attended the University of Paris 1761–1763. Like his father, he earned a law degree, but his heart was in science. As a student he declared, "I am young and avid for glory." (In French, of course.) The American Chemical Society would make sure that future generations to come would not forget his significant contributions.

His carefully conducted experiments that changed the practice and concepts of chemistry and introduced a new series of laboratory analyses. He discovered and named Oxygen, Carbon, Hydrogen, and Silicon. He discovered the role of oxygen in combustion, and the composition of water. He is also known for Stoichiometry, which is the measurement of the ratios of elements in chemical compounds. For example, Antoine discovered that a water molecule consists of one oxygen atom and two hydrogen atoms. He established the law of conservation of mass, meaning that mater cannot be created or destroyed, but it can change from one state to another. (Matter is also interchangable with energy, but that discovery would have to wait for Albert Einstein.)

He married Marie Anne Paulette in 1771, who also died in 1794, presumably of the same cause as her husband.

He also worked as a tax-collector and tried to reform the French tax system, which was quite unpopular at the time. Antoine was murdered in 1794 during the "reign of terror" in the French revolution. The noted Italian mathematician and astronomer, Giuseppe Lodovico Lagrangia, (aka Joseph-Louis LaGrange), who is known for contributions in number theory and celestial mechanics, among other things, was in a position to appreciate the advances in chemistry of Antoine Lavoisier. He exclaimed, "It took them only an instant to cut off that head, but France may not produce another like it in a century."

Antoine Lavoisier is proof positive that no good deed goes unpunished.


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Categories: Notables