Apprenticed for his brother, Amos, as chief clerk
In 1814, formed a partnership with his brother, specializing in imports from Britain and China, called A & A Lawrence, becoming the greatest wholesale mercantile house in the U.S.
Represented Massachusetts at the Harrisburg convention in 1827 as a protectionist.
In 1834, he was elected to the 24th Congress as a Whig. He did not run for the 25th Congress, but was re-elected for the 26th Congress.
In 1842, he was appointed commissioner to settle the Northeastern Boundary Dispute between Canada and the U.S.
In 1844, he was an active part of the presidential campaign as a supporter of Henry Clay.
Abbott was elected as a member of the American Antiquarian Society in 1846
He was elected as a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1847
In 1848, Abbott ran as a vice-president candidate for the Whig party. He was unsuccessful, but was chosen as Minister to Great Britain on Zachary Taylor's cabinet. He was involved in the Clayton-Bulwer Treaty negotiations.
Abbott returned to the U.S. in 1852 and joined the presidential campaign of Winfield Scott, but ended up leaving the Whig partly of disagreements on slavery.
Abbott was an active member of the Unitarian Church
He support Lawrence Academy, the Boston Public Library and helped establish the Lawrence Scientific School at Harvard College.
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It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Abbott by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA.
Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree: