La plus nombreuse famille acadienne n'a qu'une seule souche, Daniel LeBlanc. Daniel est né en France vers 1626. Le lieu exact de sa naissance et qui sont ses parents restent inconus. Selon certaines sources, il était possiblement originaire de Martaizé. Une autre théorie suggère René LeBlanc et Jeanne Gaudet comme étant ses parents.
Daniel est arrivé en Acadie avant 1650. Vers 1650, il épousa Françoise Gaudet, fille de Jean Gaudet. Françoise était veuve d'un Mercier inconnue. Entre environ 1651 et 1664, le couple a eu 6 garçons (Jacques, Étienne, René, André, Antoine, Pierre) et une fille (Françoise).
Daniel et Françoise, comme plusieurs pionniers acadiens, étaient fermiers que vivaient de la terre pour nourrir leur famille. Leur ferme était située a l'est du fort à Port-Royal (Annapolis Royal, Nouvelle-Écosse, Canada), sur la rive nord de la rivière du Dauphin (Annapolis), au nord-est des marais de Belisle. S'étandant sur 10 arpents en 1671, leur ferme était une des plus grande dans la région. Des 56 ménages énumérés avec de la terre au recencement de 1671, seulement 10 apartenaient 10 arpents ou plus.
Daniel semble avour joué un rôle important dans la communauté en tant qu'un gardien de la paix.
Par l'an 1693, tous les enfants de Daniel et Françoise, sauf leur plus jeune Pierre et sa famille, étaient parti de Port-Royal.
Les 31 petit-fils de Daniel qui se sont mariés ont eut des grandes familles qui ont assuré que le nom LeBlanc est aujourd'hui un des plus commun en Acadie. Ses filles et petites-filles se marieraient dans d’autres grande familles acadiennes, y compris Blanchard, Cormier, Boudrot, Haché, Landry, Doiron, Robichaud, et Allain.
The largest Acadian family stems from one pioneer named Daniel LeBlanc. He was born in France around 1626. His exact origins and parents are unknown. One theory is that he came from Martaize. Another theory is that his parents were René LeBlanc and Jeanne Gaudet.
Daniel arrived in Acadia sometime before 1650. Around 1650, he married Françoise Gaudet, who was the daughter of Jean Gaudet. She was the widow of a man called Mercier. Between about 1651 and 1664, the couple had 6 sons (Jacques, Étienne, René, André, Antoine, Pierre) and a daughter (Françoise).
Daniel and Françoise, like many of the Acadian pioneers, lived off the land, farming to feed their family. Their homestead was located east of the Fort at Port Royal (Annapolis Royal, Nova Scotia, Canada). The farm was on the north bank of the Dauphin (Annapolis) River to the northeast of the marshlands of Belisle.
In 1671, the homestead comprised of 10 arpents of cultivated land (close to 8.5 acres). This acreage was fairly large for the settlement. Of the 56 households reporting cultivated land, only 12 had 10 or more arpents. The family also had 18 cattle and 26 sheep.
By the time of the 1686 census, five of Daniel's and Françoise's sons were married and settled in Port-Royal. Étienne no longer lived there. Their daughter Françoise had died. Within four years, the family's relative peace would be shattered by King William's War (1689-1697) with France.
In May 1690, Sir William Phipps captured Port Royal, destroyed the church, plundered the settlement, and forced the inhabitants to swear an oath of allegiance to the English crown. He appointed Charles La Tourasse, a former sergeant of the French garrison, to serve as English commandant and leader of a council to keep the peace and administer justice. Inhabitants were asked to choose six leading men to serve on the council and Daniel LeBlanc was among the chosen leaders. Phipps left Port-Royal within 12 days of arrival. Before the end of the summer, seaman from two ships looted Port-Royal and burned and looted between 28 and 35 homes and habitations including the parish church.
An English garrison was never established, possibly because the inhabitants refused to guarantee that the Indians would not attack if one was formed. Dunn describes the feelings of the residents during this unsettling time:
In 1693, an encounter between the vessel of French privateer Pierre Masisonnat dit Baptiste and an English frigate brought further misery. English investigations into the role of Acadians' assistance of privateer Baptiste resulted in the burning of nearly a dozen homes and three barns of unthreshed grain. In that year, the only remaining LeBlancs in Port Royal were 66 year old Daniel and Françoise and their youngest son Pierre and his family. Were their four sons convinced to move by the raids at Port Royal and the lure of available land in some of the newer villages?
Daniel died in Port Royal in his late 60s sometime between 1695 and 1698.During his life in Acadia, he had witnessed three changes in rule, from French to English (1654), to French (1667-70), and back to English (1690). Despite these disruptions, his family thrived.
Daniel's legacy in Acadia is profound. His 31 married grandsons would have large families, and the LeBlancs would represent the most common name in Acadia. His daughters and granddaughters would marry into other large Acadian families, including Blanchard, Cormier, Boudrot, Haché, Landry, Doiron, Robichaud, and Allain.
Origin in France. Daniel is believed to be from the Martaizé area due to being linked with the Gaudet family.
A recent article by Gregory Kennedy, "The Value of Historical Maps: Solving At Least Part of the Mystery of the Origins of the Acadians", demonstrates that old maps support this theory.
Potential previous marriage and daughter in France. One of the declarations at Belle-Île-en-Mer may lead us to believe that Daniel was previously married before his union to Françoise and even brought a daughter from that alleged first marriage to Acadia. In his article titled Origins of the Pioneers of Acadia, Stephen White notes that Father Archange Godbout has shown in an article entitled “Daniel Leblanc,” published in 1952 in the Mémoires de la Société généalogique canadienne-française (Vol. V, pp. 4-9), that Françoise was indeed Daniel's first wife, and the Marie mentioned is actually Marie Mercier, Françoise's daughter from a previous marriage.
Homestead. Descendants placed a monument in 2014 near the ancestral homestead of Daniel and Françoise, near what is now Gesnor's Brook. See monumentleblanc.com.
Born 1626 Martaize, Loudun, Vienne, Poitou-Charentes, France.
He came to Acadia in about 1645 and settled about 15 kilometers north of Port Royal. When Port Royal was taken by Phipps in 1690, Daniel was appointed member of the board responsible for administer of the colony, until the governor arrived. The name Le Blanc was written as two separate words until about 1800, when it was combined into one word.
Additional gathered information:
He was a farmer, and he married Francoise, who was a young widow, in c 1650. They settled on the north bank of the Port-Royal River (now the Annapolis River), to the northeast of the marsh at Belisle, about nine miles above the fort at Port Royal and about a half mile below the chapel of St-Laurent, where he died.
Daniel and Francoise had seven children together, including six sons, all born at Port Royal, five of whom created families of their own. After they took wives, the four older LeBlanc sons moved to the Minas area, where they created a large extended family. The youngest son remained on his father's lands near Port Royal. (According to family genealogist Lucie LeBlanc Constentino: "... as was the usual way for the Acadians, the youngest son inherited the father's land.")
Spouse Photo Françoise Gaudet 1623–1699
Children Jacques LeBlanc* 1651 – unknown
Marie Françoise LeBlanc Blanchard* 1653–1677
Rene Leblanc* 1654–1734
Étienne LeBlanc* 1656 – unknown
André Leblanc* 1659–1743
Antoine LeBlanc* 1662 – unknown
Pierre LeBlanc* 1664–1717
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On 12 Nov 2017 at 13:50 GMT Joe Mantia wrote:
On 10 Nov 2017 at 13:54 GMT Joe Mantia wrote:
On 19 Feb 2015 at 03:53 GMT Darrell Parker wrote:
http://www.danielleblanc.lglackin.com/ Does a very good job of explaining it. If this information can be verified it is an amazing discovery and Wikitree with its new relationship finder could unlock this mystery. Both my wife and myself are descendants.
On 7 Dec 2014 at 15:21 GMT Paula J wrote:
On 2 Jan 2014 at 16:05 GMT Chris Whitten wrote:
On 15 Dec 2013 at 16:16 GMT Trib (King) Triboulet wrote:
On 26 Nov 2013 at 02:27 GMT Roland Arsenault wrote:
- change refs to census to something like "1671 Census" and remove links in refs, leaving the links in the sources section of the relevant section.
- review Godbout's article on Daniel LeBlanc and update discussion/bio if necessary
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