Jean-Baptiste (Le Moyne) Le Moyne de Bienville

Jean (Le Moyne) Le Moyne de Bienville (1680 - 1767)

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Sieur Jean (Jean-Baptiste) Le Moyne de Bienville formerly Le Moyne
Born in Ville-Marie, (Montreal), Canada, Nouvelle Francemap
Ancestors ancestors
[spouse(s) unknown]
[children unknown]
Died in City of Paris Île-de-France, Francemap
Profile last modified | Created 27 Jun 2016
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Categories: US Southern Colonies French | La Louisiane, Nouvelle-France | Kingdom of France | Orleans Territory Governors | French Navy | Montréal, Canada, Nouvelle-France | Catholics | French Notables.

Contents

Biography

Jean-Baptiste (Le Moyne) Le Moyne de Bienville has French origins.
Jean-Baptiste (Le Moyne) Le Moyne de Bienville is Notable.
Drapeau identifiant les profils du Canada, Nouvelle-France
Jean-Baptiste (Le Moyne) Le Moyne de Bienville lived
in Canada, Nouvelle-France.

Sieur Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville

Research Notes:

Note: During his period of time French men often had a combined first name and didn't have a middle name. This custom remains in use today.

Note: Creating a category for his military services is under development.

Note: " His brother François Le Moyne de Bienville "was the fifth son of Charles Le Moyne de Longueuil... buried in Montreal, and his title went to his brother, Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville, twelfth child of Charles Le Moyne, founder of Louisiana." [1]

Note: The use of the French "de" or "du" is usually a conveyance given by a French royal authority. Baraboo-1 14:17, 18 February 2018 (EST)

Family Information

Name:

Jean-Baptiste LeMoyne

Sex: M

Birth:

23 FEB 1679/80

Death:

7 MAR 1767 in Paris

Parents

Father: Charles LeMoyne , de Longueuil +Chateaug b: 1626 in St-Remi, Dieppe, France

Mother: Catherine ( Thierry) Primot b: 1641 in Rouen, France"[2]

Early Education: Bienville attended the Sulpician Seminary of Montréal. [3]

Historical Biography Excerpts

" Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville (1680–1767)

Iberville's efforts at establishing a French presence on the Gulf Coast were ably aided by his younger brother Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville, who was baptized in Montreal on February 24, 1680.

Bienville began his naval service in 1692 as a midshipman and fought in the battles for Newfoundland and Hudson Bay between English and French forces.

Wounded in action at Hudson Bay, he recuperated in France and then joined Iberville on the expedition to rediscover the mouth of the Mississippi and to protect France's vast territory from its archrivals, Spain and England.

Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville

As discussed earlier, the Spanish had already established a stronghold at Pensacola, and the British followed close on the heels of the Le Moyne fleet. In late 1699,

Captain William Bond entered the Mississippi Delta, but he was repelled by Bienville, who audaciously ordered him to abandon the area. When Iberville returned in January 1700, he ordered the construction of Fort La Boulaye on the river south of present-day New Orleans and named Bienville commandant.

The post was Bienville's first position of authority. He was only 20 years old, but despite his youth proved a talented leader and worked well with the local Indian nations—the Mobile, the Biloxi, and the Pascagoula—all of whom helped support the colony.

In addition, Bienville, a talented linguist, was able to persuade members of several tribes, the Chato in particular, to settle near Mobile and serve as buffer villages against the Spanish—an effort made all the more important by the outbreak of the War of the Spanish Succession (1701–13).

Bienville successively served as commandant of Fort La Boulaye on the Mississippi, Fort Maurepas, and finally Fort Louis at Mobile.

Despite Bienville's achievements, he made a number of enemies in the colony. Many of these strained relationships stemmed from the questionable business activities of his brothers Iberville and Sérigny, both of whom made substantial fortunes from profiteering. The ill will resulting from their dealings damaged Bienville's credibility as a leader among the colonial authorities in France.

Bienville weathered these storms and continued to help the young Mobile colony grow, but the repercussions continued for some time. When Iberville, then governor of Louisiana, died in 1706, the French government passed Bienville over for the post and instead named Nicolas Daneau de Muy as the territory's new governor.

For the next quarter-century Bienville served in a top leadership capacity in Louisiana. In 1711, he oversaw the relocation of the territorial capital from Old Mobile at Twenty-Seven-Mile Bluff down to its present site, and in 1717 he established Fort Toulouse near present-day Wetumpka, Elmore County. A severe hurricane that year ruined Mobile's chief port at Dauphin Island, and Bienville moved the capital back to Ocean Springs in present-day Mississippi, near where Fort Maurepas had once stood. Two years later he moved the capital to New Biloxi, and two years after that moved it to New Orleans, where it would remain until 1763.

Bienville commanded extreme respect among the settlers of Mobile, Dauphin Island, Biloxi, and New Orleans as well as among the local Indian leaders, and his abilities were highly regarded.

It was not until 1732, however, that Bienville was officially appointed governor of the colony, a post he had long sought. Three years later, he oversaw construction of Fort Tombecbe, near present-day Epes, Sumter County, which would serve as a trading post and military outpost.

Bienville launched two unsuccessful campaigns against the Chickasaws from the fort in 1736.

Through great difficulties, and with meager support from the French Court, Bienville overcame many obstacles to create a vast French colony.

In 1743, after 44 years as one of France's most important colonial leaders, Bienville retired from public duty. He journeyed to Paris that same year, began a long, uneventful retirement, and died in Paris in 1767 at the age of 88.

Unlike his brothers, Bienville never married and left no offspring. His career in Louisiana lasted for nearly four and a half decades, far exceeding that of any other colonial leader.

Although Iberville is remembered as the founder and first governor of Mobile, Bienville, by virtue of his long and admirable service, can rightfully be called the "Father of Louisiana."[4]

Founder of New Orleans,

NEW ORLEANS: Platted 1718 by Sieur de Bienville. Ceded to Spain 1762 and back to France briefly before Louisianna Purchase 1803.

Jean-Baptiste LeMoyne, Sieur de Bienville ( 1680 - 1768 ),

colonizer and Governor of Louisianna for France, aided colonizing plans of brother, Sieur d`Iberville. Founded Mobile in 1710 and New Orleans in 1718.

[5]

LE MOYNE DE BIENVILLE, JEAN-BAPTISTE,

officer, explorer, governor of Louisiana; baptized as an infant 23 Feb. 1680 in Montreal; son of Charles Le Moyne* de Longueuil et de Châteauguay and Catherine Thierry (Primot); d. 7 March 1767 in Paris, France.

Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne belonged to a family many of whose members left their mark on the history of Canada and Louisiana. His parents died when he was young, but fraternal solidarity compensated for the loss. When his brother François, Sieur de Bienville, died in 1691, Jean-Baptiste received the landed title by which he would be known to history.

In 1692 Bienville began his naval service as a midshipman. He served under his elder brother Pierre Le Moyne* d’Iberville near Newfoundland, along the New England coast, and in Hudson Bay; wounded in action in 1697, he accompanied Iberville to France. The War of the League of Augsburg had just ended; France and England were now ready to race each other to colonize the Mississippi valley, which had been opened to exploration by Jacques Marquette* and Louis Jolliet*, René-Robert Cavelier* de La Salle and Henri Tonty* shortly before the war. Iberville, fresh from spectacular exploits against the English, was chosen to lead the French search for the mouth of the Mississippi. Bienville sailed with his brother from Brest, 24 Oct. 1698. After hailing the Spanish outpost at Pensacola (Fla.), the French headed westward along the coast; finding a strong current of fresh water that flowed between piles of driftwood, they made their way into the great river on 2 March 1699. They were the first Europeans to enter the Mississippi from the open sea.

(Retirement) Weary of the burden of leadership which he had borne intermittently for four decades, Bienville bade a final farewell to Louisiana on 17 Aug. 1743. His ship reached Rochefort, France, on 19 October, and he took up residence in Paris where he was to live in relative obscurity for more than two decades of retirement.

The aging retiree was comfortable financially – with a pension from the king in recognition of his services, with revenues from the municipality of Paris on certificates he had purchased, with a small annuity from the Compagnie des Indes, and with an annuity from the Jesuits for leased acreage adjoining the land he had sold them outside New Orleans. Served by a valet and a lackey, a cook and a kitchen maid, Bienville had also a coachman for his carriage and horses. One might picture him strolling from his Rue Vivienne residence – marked since 1968 by a plaque – to the nearby gardens of the Palais Royal where he would recount the deeds of yesteryear. Meanwhile, in faraway Louisiana he was remembered not only by the French but also by the Indians, who “always mention[ed] him in their speeches. His name [was] so deeply rooted in the hearts of these good people that his memory will always be dear to them,” noted one traveller. He lived to see his Louisiana pass under Spanish rule in 1766 despite petitions to Versailles by its French inhabitants.

He died in 1767 in his 88th year. His will, redolent of piety toward God, made provisions for his servants and divided his estate among his nephews, great-nephews, and great-nieces. The funeral was held in his parish church of Saint-Eustache, but, if he was interred within its walls, the record has through pillage and fire been lost.

His mortal remains are thus deprived of honoured recognition – just as in his lifetime he was never fully rewarded by king or nation for the intrepid leadership that nurtured a sickly outpost into an enduring centre of French culture. He even had to wait two centuries for New Orleans, the largest city he founded, to erect a splendid statue in honour of the father of Louisiana.

C. E. O’Neill [6] [7]

Memorial

Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville Memorial

Birth: Feb. 23, 1680 Montreal Montreal Region Quebec, Canada

Death: Mar. 7, 1767 Paris City of Paris Île-de-France, France

French Explorer. In March 1699, Jean and brother Pierre along with a few hundred colonist set sail from France to claim Lousiana for King Louis XV. The brothers became the first Europeans to discover the Mississippi river from the open sea. An indian guide took them up the river to explore. It is at Lake Ponchartrain that Jean Baptist will return to in 1717 and become the Founder of New Orleans, Lousiana. New Orleans was named after Phillippe Duc D'Orleans.

Bienville led many expeditions against the Indians and Spanish. He was victorious in defeating the Spanish at Pensacola in 1719. On August 22,1701, Bienville becomes commandant of Louisiana. Bienville had many black slaves brought to the colony. He felt many of them were about to uprise, and to prevent a possible uprising he put into effect 'Code Noir'. The codes provisions, would regulate slave life.

In 1732 King Louis XV names de Bienville Colonial Governor of Louisiana (1732-1743). He was relieved of his governorship in 1743 and left Louisiana for the last time, never to return.

Parents:

Charles Le Moyne de Longueuil et de Chateauguay (1626 - 1685)

Catherine Thierry dit Primot Le Moyne (1641 - 1690)

Siblings:

Charles II Le Moyne de Longueuil (1656 - 1729)*

Jacques Le Moyne de Sainte-Helene (1659 - 1690)*

Pierre Le Moyne d'Iberville (1661 - 1706)*

Paul Le Moyne de Maricourt (1663 - 1704)*

Francois Le Moyne de Bienville (1666 - 1691)*

Joseph Le Moyne de Serigny et de Loire (1668 - 1734)*

Francois-Marie Le Moyne de Sauvole (1670 - 1701)*

Catherine-Jeanne Le Moyne Payen de Noyan (1673 - ____)*

Louis Le Moyne de Chateauguay (1676 - 1694)*

Marie-Anne Le Moyne Bouillet de la Chassaigne (1678 - 1744)*

Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville (1680 - 1767)

Gabriel Le Moyne d'Assigny (1681 - 1701)*

Antoine Le Moyne de Chateauguay (1683 - 1747)*

  • Calculated relationship

Burial:

Cimetiere de Montmartre Paris City of Paris Île-de-France, France

Plot: 37 Avenue Samson, in the 18th arrondissement of Paris, France. GPS (lat/lon): 48.88617, 2.33065

Created by: Tom Denardo (Credit) Record added: Apr 10, 2005 Find A Grave Memorial# 10749466 [8]

Sources

  1. "Wikipedia: 'François Le Moyne of Bienville'"
  2. [(http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=11221b&id=I01428)]
  3. pdf
  4. [(http://www.encyclopediaofalabama.org/article/h-1102)]
  5. [( Columbia Viking Desk Encyclopedia Vol I , 1953 Viking Press, N.Y.)]
  6. [(O’Neill, Charles Edwards. Professor of history, Loyola University, New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.A. "Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville.")]
  7. [(http://www.biographi.ca/en/bio.php?id_nbr=1486)]
  8. [(http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=10749466)]


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Images: 2
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Kingdom Of France Royal Standard Flag 987-1791

Sieur Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville
Sieur Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville

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Jean-Baptiste is 17 degrees from Robin Helstrom, 21 degrees from Katy Jurado and 16 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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