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Edmée Lejeune (abt. 1624 - aft. 1693)

Edmée "Aimée" Lejeune
Born about in Loudon, Vienne, Poitou-Charentes, Francemap [uncertain]
Daughter of [father unknown] and
Wife of — married 1644 in Port Royale, Acadie, Nouvelle-Francemap
Descendants descendants
Died after in Port-Royal, Acadie, Nouvelle-Francemap
Profile last modified | Created 8 Mar 2011
This page has been accessed 14,650 times.
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Why is Edmée called "the ancestral matriarch of the Acadian Gautrot family"? Isn't Marie Gautrot, daughter of Francois and his first wife (Unknown) also an ancestral matriarch of the Acadian Gautrot family? Looking at Acadians born roughly before 1763 (5 generations) Edmée has about 3100 people born in Acadia on Wikitree. The first wife of Francois, Marie Unknown (who may or may not have come to Acadie) has 649 descendents in 5 generations).

Edmée and Catherine Lejeunes parents are NOT KNOWN. If you find solid evidence of their parents, please post on this profile in the comments. It is often written that Pierre Lejeune was their father, but this is not known.

Ethnic Origins. Some have speculated that Edmée had an Amerindian mother citing various information such as the U haplogroup came over the Siberian peninsula 45,000 years ago, or that Native American genes were found in France 5,000 years ago.

The Mothers of Acadia maternal DNA project posts its ongoing Maternal DNA results here. To date, the haplogroup of both sisters is consistently reported as U6a7a, indicating European origins.

Another group known as Ancestry Out of Acadia DNA PROJECT, posts its results here. They too report that Catherine and Edmee have European haplogroups, in particular, basic testing has revealed U6a and more complete testing U6a7a. Thus, there is a growing body of consistent and concordant results indicating European origins and nothing to the contrary.

A 2014 study by the National Institutes of Health provides the even more definitive location of France for this U6a71a subgroup, saying that, whether or not the Lejuenes are included in the analysis, the cluster is rooted in France around 3,000 years ago in the late European Bronze Age.[1]

Birthplace. Regarding the Lejeune siblings' specific location of birth in France, there are no birth records. Massignon[2] argues that a number of familial alliances existed among the first settlers of Acadia PRIOR to their arrival in Acadia, which points to a common French origin. She believes they lived in the Acadian Governor d'Aulnay's seigneury in France near Loudon (comprising of the villages of Angliers, Aulnay, Martaizé and La Chausée). Regarding the Lejeune sisters, Massignon claims that they were allied with the Savoie through Catherine's marriage and the Gautrot through Edmee's marriage. It is not clear that the sisters married prior to their arrival in Acadia. Stephen White claims that Catherine married Savoie in Acadia.[3] Edméee's marriage around 1644 to Gautrot may have taken place in Acadia as he was among the first settlers and was already a widower at the time of his marriage to Edmée and was definitely in Acadia prior to 1650[3] (some claim 1636[citation needed]).

D'Entremont in his "Histoire du Cap-Sable, 1763", states the first Lejeune and his French wife arrived in Acadia before or during the time of Isaac de Razilly. Isaac de Razilly was appointed Governor of Acadia in 1632 and died three years later in 1635. D'Entremont implies that the Lejeunes arrived in Acadia sometime prior to 1636. D'Entremont also notes the first Lejeune couple had three children at the time of their arrival in Acadia: Aimee Lejeune, born between 1622 & 1625, Pierre Lejeune, born after Aimee and before Catherine Lejeune, who was born about 1633. D'Entremont further states that Pierre Lejeune II married an Amerindienne.

Biography

Flag of France
Edmée Lejeune migrated from France to Acadia.
Flag of Acadia

Edmée Lejeune is the ancestral matriarch of the Acadian Gautrot family. She was born in France around 1624.[3]The 1671 Port Royal Census lists Edmee's age as 47, which puts her birth at around 1624. She was the sister of Catherine Lejeune and Pierre II Lejeune.

Edmée and her siblings made their way to Acadia. Around 1644, Edmee married widower François Gautrot.[3] Between 1645 and 1668, the couple had nine children: Marie, Jean, Renée, Marguerite, François, Claude, Charles, Jeanne and Germain.

In 1654, the family would have witnessed Port-Royal's capture by Robert Sedgwick, who led 300 British soldiers and volunteers.[4] The soldiers and employees working at the fort were offered transportation back to France and given enough pelts to cover their wages."[5] Most Acadians, including the Gautrot family, remained in Acadia. They were permitted to retain their land and belongings and were guaranteed religious freedom.[5] Dunn describes life in Acadia during the 16 years of nominal British rule:

"During the years of British rule, most of the Port-Royal population moved upriver away from the town. Using the agricultural practices initiated under D'Aulnay, the Acadians dyked and cultivated extensive salt marshes along the river and raised livestock. Through necessity, residents had reached an accommodation with New England traders who had become their sole source for the goods that they could not produce themselves... New England traders exchanged their goods for Acadian produce and furs... There were seventy to eighty families in the Port Royal area in 1665."

In 1671 the family homestead had six arpents under cultivation and they had 16 cattle and 6 sheep.[6] In 1678 the family was still in Port Royal, owning 6 arpents of land.[7] Nine years later, all the children had fledged and Francois and Edmée lived together in Port Royal[8]

By 1693, Edmée was now a widow (the Census used her nickname Aimée)[9]

Edmée appears to have died between the 1693 and 1698 census. She is thought to be buried in the Garrison Graveyard at Annapolis Royal, Annapolis County, Nova Scotia, Canada though graves at that time were marked with wooden crosses which have long disintegrated.[10]

Francois owned a lot adjoining the side of the old Fort (which was expropriated in 1705[3] to extend the Fort in Port-Royal). It is not clear how long the family lived there.
expropriation of a site "joining the side of the old fort" of Port-Royal. As Francois Gautrot etiat died since more than twelve years, it must be supposed that his heirs were the owners of this land in 1705.

Timeline

c1624 birth, in France
c1644 marriage to widower François Gautrot
c1645 birth, daughter Marie
c1648 birth, son Jean
c1652 birth, son Renee
c1654 birth, daughter Marguerite
1654 British capture Port-Royal; French settlement ceases[11]
c1657 birth, son Francois
c1659 birth, son Claude
c1661 birth, son Charles
c1665 birth, daughter Jeanne
1667-70 Treaty of Breda cedes Acadia to the French; settlement resumes[12]
c1668 birth, son Germain
1671 residence Port Royal
1678 residence Port Royal
1686 residence Port Royal
1687 War of the League of Augsburg (King William’s War) starts between England and France[13]
1690 Phipps captures and sacks Port-Royal, coerces inhabitants' oaths of allegiance to English Crown, sets up local Peacekeeping Council and leaves within 12 days.[14][15][16]
b1693 Francois died
1693 residence, Port Royal
a1693 death

Sources

  1. "The history of the North African mitochondrial DNA haplogroup U6 gene flow into the African, Eurasian and American continents" by Secher, at al, 2014, published by the National Institutes of Health DNA study
    Using 230 complete sequences we have refined the U6 phylogeny, and improved the phylogeographic information by the analysis of 761 partial sequences. This approach provides chronological limits for its arrival to Africa, followed by its spreads there according to climatic fluctuations, and its secondary prehistoric and historic migrations out of Africa colonizing Europe, the Canary Islands and the American Continent.

    and
    a) The U6a7a1a Acadian cluster from Canada: Male French colonists arrived in the Canadian region of Acadia at the beginning of the 17th Century. However, the core group of maternal lineages that gave rise to the French Acadian population did not settle in the area until the middle of that century (http://www.acadian-home.org/). At least one of those maternal lineages belongs to the sub-haplogroup U6a7a1a, defined by mutations 2672 and 11929. Putative descendants of that lineage are represented by 11 complete extant French-Canadian sequences in our U6 tree (see Additional file 2). Applying the recently proposed overall mtDNA mutation rate [23], we obtain a mean phylogenetic age of 467 years for this cluster, in close agreement with its history. Another closely related sequence, which lacks the Acadian basal substitution 2672 (see Additional file 2), roots the cluster’s ancestor in France around 3,000 ya in the late European Bronze age."
  2. Massignon, Geneviève. "Les parlers français d'Acadie, enquête linguistique", Librairie Klincksieck, Paris, 1962, 2 tomes, p32 (first French families in Acadia) p37 (Lejeune sisters' origins).
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 Dictionnaire Généalogique des Familles Acadiennes; Author: Stephen A. White; Publication: 2 vols., Moncton, New Brunswick: Centre d'Études Acadiennes, 1999. p. 1048, 691-2
  4. William I. Roberts, 3rd, “SEDGWICK, ROBERT,” in Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 1, University of Toronto/Université Laval, 2003–, accessed November 20, 2013
  5. 5.0 5.1 Dunn, Brenda. A History of Port Royal / Annapolis Royal 1605-1800. Nimbus Publishing, p 23-24(1654 Capture of Port-Royal); p25-27;29 (the English period 1654-1670).
  6. 1671 Censes
    Port Royal: Francois GAUTEROT, 58, wife Edmee LeJEUNE 47; Children (married): Marie 35, Charles 34, Marie 24, Rene 19, Marguerite 16; (not married): Jean 23, Francois 19, Claude 12, Charles 10, Jeanne 7, Germain 3; cattle 16, sheep 6.
  7. 1678 Census
    Francois Gautreau & Aymee LeJeune, 6 acres, 8 cattle 2 boys: age 20- born 1658 Claude, 18 1660 Charles
  8. 1686 Census
    Francois GOTRO 71, Emee LEJEUNE 61; 3 guns, 4 arpents, 8 cattle, 5 sheep, 8 hogs.
  9. 1693 Census
    Aimee LEJEUNE (widow of Francois GOTROT) 71
  10. Find A Grave: Memorial #139703075 Created by: AW Added: 7 Dec 2014
  11. William I. Roberts, 3rd, “SEDGWICK, ROBERT,” in Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 1, University of Toronto/Université Laval, 2003–, accessed November 20, 2013
  12. In collaboration, “MORILLON DU BOURG,” in Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 1, University of Toronto/Université Laval, 2003–, accessed November 20, 2013
  13. Griffiths, Naomi E.S., From migrant to Acadian : a North-American border people, 1604-1755, Montreal (Québec), McGill-Queen's University Press, 2005, p147-151 (King William’s War); p 267-268 (oaths of allegiance)
  14. C.P.Stacey, “PHIPS, SIR WILLIAM,” in Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 1, University of Toronto/Université Laval, 2003, accessed November 20, 2013
  15. Biography of William Phipps
  16. C.Bruce Fergusson,“LA TOURASSE, CHARLES,” in Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 1, University of Toronto/Université Laval, 2003, accessed November 20, 2013

See also:

  • John Austin Young, The Lejeunes of Acadia and the Youngs of Southwest Louisiana, J.A. Young, 1991.


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Comments: 18

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Why is Edmée called "the ancestral matriarch of the Acadian Gautrot family"? Isn't Marie Gautrot, daughter of Francois and his first wife (Unknown) also an ancestral matriarch of the Acadian Gautrot family? She left a lot of descendants (one of whom is me!)
posted by Jacqueline Girouard
Would someone from the Acadians Project review this profile for missing <ref> tag? Error 861.
posted by Cindy (Bourque) Cooper
The assumption that Edmée, Catherine, and Pierre II were siblings probably comes from their same last name, closeness of birth dates, and that they all were at Port Royal together. There are no church records sourced that show they were siblings. The maternal DNA tests show that Edmée and Catherine were probably sisters. The unique mtdna signature of Edmée and Catherine does not confirm this absolutely, since they could have a common grandmother.
posted by John Riley
John, here is what Karen Theriot Readers has posted in her research notes: Pierre LEJEUNE Clarence-Joseph d'Entremont, HISTOIRE DU CAP-SABLE DE L'AN MIL AU TRAITÉ DE PARIS; 1000-1763; 5 vols., Eunice, LA, Hebert Publications, 1981; vol. 3, p. 1121; Salt Lake LDS Family History Library, US/CAN 971.6 H2e; continuously paged. Pierre LE JEUNE, born after Aimée LE JEUNE (around 1622) but before Catherine LE JEUNE (around 1633). He was married to an American Indian [sic], lived in the region of La Heve, where he had three children. [Was he the son of Pierre LE JEUNE? sister of Aimée (Edmee)?] Also note the parents for Pierre. Karen does not link him to the two sisters.
posted by Jacqueline Girouard
Can somebody point me to the source(s) for the claim that Edmée & Catherine Lejeune were the sisters of Pierre Lejeune? I have been through a considerable amount of material on this lineage, including Stephen White's work on the complexities of early Lejeune kin linkages. I have NOT seen the evidence for such a claim.
posted by John DeRoche
Thanks, John. I deleted my question right away when I realized I'd been down this road before. Normally we don't name a father if the father is unknown, but on his profile, it states that he is a place holder for the daughters.
posted by Jacqueline Girouard
Edmee and myself share the same Haplogroup: U6a7.

Jeannette

Edmee Lejeune is my ninth maternal Great Grandmother. Hopefully, I may have more information about her and her family in another tree project. When time permits, I will gladly share any citations here.

Sincerely,

Jeannette

Lejeune-473 and Lejeune-21 appear to represent the same person because: Same relatives
posted by Roland Arsenault
I know a lot of folks are discrediting Edmee's metis background, but it's still is worth investigating further... http://www.geni.com/people/Edm%C3%A9e-dite-Aim%C3%A9e-Lejeune/6000000000337130997
posted by Milton Girouard Jr.