Edmée and her siblings made their way to Acadia. Around 1644, Edmee married widower François Gautrot. Between 1645 and 1668, the couple had nine children: Marie, Jean, Renée, Marguerite, François, Claude, Charles, Jeanne and Germain.
Francois owned a lot adjoining the side of the old Fort (which, according to Stephen White was expropriated in 1705 to extend the Fort in Port-Royal). It is not clear how long the family they lived there.
In 1654, the family would have witnessed Port-Royal's capture by Robert Sedgwick, who led 300 British soldiers and volunteers.:
"The [French] soldiers at Port-Royal, who numbered about 130 … put up a brief defence against Sedgwick. Setting up an ambush between the landing site of the English troops and the fort, the Frenchmen fired on the attackers but proved no match for the experienced Roundheads. The French soon "took their heels to ye Fort." On August 16 the fort surrendered... Sedgwick granted honourable terms, allowing the defenders to march out of the fort with flags flying, drums beating, and muskets at the ready. The soldiers and employees working at the fort were offered transportation back to France and given enough pelts to cover their wages."
Although Germain Doucet, the commander of Port Royal, left for France, most Acadians, including the Gautrot family, remained in Acadia. They were permitted to retain their land and belongings and were guaranteed religious freedom. Dunn describes life in Acadia during the 16 years of nominal British rule:
"During the years of British rule, most of the Port-Royal population moved upriver away from the town. Using the agricultural practices initiated under D'Aulnay, the Acadians dyked and cultivated extensive salt marshes along the river and raised livestock. Through necessity, residents had reached an accommodation with New England traders who had become their sole source for the goods that they could not produce themselves... New England traders exchanged their goods for Acadian produce and furs... There were seventy to eighty families in the Port Royal area in 1665."
By 1671 the British had ceded Acadia to France and French settlement resumed. In 1671, the family homestead had six arpents under cultivation and they had 16 cattle and 6 sheep.
Edmee appears to have died between the 1693 and 1698 census.
Ethnic Origins. Some have speculated that Edmée had an Amerindian mother. The Mothers of Acadia maternal DNA project posts its ongoing Maternal DNA results here. To date, the haplogroup of both sisters is consistently reported as U6a7a, indicating European origins.
Another group known as Ancestry Out of Acadia DNA PROJECT, posts its results here. They too report that Catherine and Edmee have European haplogroups, in particular, basic testing has revealed U6a and more complete testing U6a7a. Thus, there is a growing body of consistent and concordant results indicating European origins and nothing to the contrary.
Location of Birth. Regarding the Lejeune siblings' specific location of birth in France, there are no birth records. In contrast, Massignon argues that a number of familial alliances existed among the first settlers of Acadia PRIOR to their arrival in Acadia, which points to a common French origin. She believes they lived in the Acadian Governor d'Aulnay's seigneury in France near Loudon (comprising of the villages of Angliers, Aulnay, Martaizé and La Chausée). Regarding the Lejeune sisters, Massignon claims that they were allied with the Savoie through Catherine's marriage and the Gautrot through Edmee's marriage. It is not clear to me that the sisters married prior to their arrival in Acadia. Stephen White claims the Catherine married Savoie in Acadia. Edmee's marriage around 1644 to Gautrot may have taken place in Acadia as he was among the first settlers and was already a widower at the time of his marriage to Edmee and was definitely in Acadia prior to 1650 (some claim 1636).
D'Entremont in his "Histoire du Cap-Sable, 1763", states the first Lejeune and his French wife arrived in Acadia before or during the time of Isaac de Razilly. Isaac de Razilly was appointed Governor fo Acadia in 1632 and died three years later in 1635. D'Entremont implies that the Lejeunes arrived in Acadia sometime prior to 1636. D'Entremont also notes the first Lejeune couple had three children at the time of their arrival in Acadia: Aimee Lejeune, born between 1622 & 1625, Pierre Lejeune, born after Aimee and before Catherine Lejeune, who was born about 1633. D'Entremont further states that Pierre Lejeune II married an Amerindienne.
c1624 birth, in France
c1644 marriage to widower François Gautrot
c1645 birth, daughter Marie
c1648 birth, son Jean
c1652 birth, son Renee
c1654 birth, daughter Marguerite
1654 British capture Port-Royal; French settlement ceases
c1657 birth, son Francois
c1659 birth, son Claude
c1661 birth, son Charles
c1665 birth, daughter Jeanne
1667-70 Treaty of Breda cedes Acadia to the French; settlement resumes
c1668 birth, son Germain
1671 residence Port Royal
1678 residence Port Royal
1686 residence Port Royal
1687 War of the League of Augsburg (King William’s War) starts between England and France
1690 Phipps captures and sacks Port-Royal, coerces inhabitants' oaths of allegiance to English Crown, sets up local Peacekeeping Council and leaves within 12 days. Seaman from two ships later loot
1693 residence, Port Royal
1671 Acadian Census at Port Royal: Francois GAUTEROT, 58, wife Edmee LeJEUNE 47; Children (married): Marie 35, Charles 34, Marie 24, Rene 19, Marguerite 16; (not married): Jean 23, Francois 19, Claude 12, Charles 10, Jeanne 7, Germain 3; cattle 16, sheep 6.
1678 Acadian Census at Port Royal: Francois Gautreau & Aymee LeJeune, 6 acres, 8 cattle 2 boys: age 20- born 1658 Claude, 1659, 1659 18 1660 Charles 1661 1661
↑Statistics Canada defines an arpent as 0.845 acres. According to Clark (Clark, Andrew Hill, Acadia: The Geography of Early Nova Scotia to 1760. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1968, p 87): "The arpent was a basic French unit of land measurement, both linear and areal, but its size at the time is uncertain. In length, 200 feet may be a rough equivalent for an arpent in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries; it was later standardized to 192 feet. An areal arpent may have been something less than an acre (the usual equivalent was .845 acres) although it has been given the equivalent of as much as an acre and a half in some twentieth century definitions."
↑ Griffiths, Naomi E.S., From migrant to Acadian : a North-American border people, 1604-1755, Montreal (Québec), McGill-Queen's University Press, 2005, p147-151 (King William’s War); p 267-268 (oaths of allegiance)
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Edmée by comparing test results with other
carriers of her mitochondrial DNA.
Mitochondrial DNA test-takers in the direct maternal line:
The assumption that Edmée, Catherine, and Pierre II were siblings probably comes from their same last name, closeness of birth dates, and that they all were at Port Royal together. There are no church records sourced that show they were siblings. The maternal DNA tests show that Edmée and Catherine were probably sisters. The unique mtdna signature of Edmée and Catherine does not confirm this absolutely, since they could have a common grandmother.
John, here is what Karen Theriot Readers has posted in her research notes: Pierre LEJEUNE Clarence-Joseph d'Entremont, HISTOIRE DU CAP-SABLE DE L'AN MIL AU TRAITÉ DE PARIS; 1000-1763; 5 vols., Eunice, LA, Hebert Publications, 1981; vol. 3, p. 1121; Salt Lake LDS Family History Library, US/CAN 971.6 H2e; continuously paged. Pierre LE JEUNE, born after Aimée LE JEUNE (around 1622) but before Catherine LE JEUNE (around 1633). He was married to an American Indian [sic], lived in the region of La Heve, where he had three children. [Was he the son of Pierre LE JEUNE? sister of Aimée (Edmee)?] Also note the parents for Pierre. Karen does not link him to the two sisters.
Can somebody point me to the source(s) for the claim that Edmée & Catherine Lejeune were the sisters of Pierre Lejeune? I have been through a considerable amount of material on this lineage, including Stephen White's work on the complexities of early Lejeune kin linkages. I have NOT seen the evidence for such a claim.
Thanks, John. I deleted my question right away when I realized I'd been down this road before. Normally we don't name a father if the father is unknown, but on his profile, it states that he is a place holder for the daughters.
Edmee Lejeune is my ninth maternal Great Grandmother. Hopefully, I may have more information about her and her family in another tree project. When time permits, I will gladly share any citations here.