John Lejeune

John Archer Lejeune (1867 - 1942)

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Lt Gen John Archer Lejeune
Born in Pointe Coupee, Louisiana, United Statesmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married 23 Oct 1895 in Portsmouth, VAmap
Descendants descendants
Died in Baltimore, Maryland, United Statesmap
Profile last modified 30 Mar 2019 | Created 24 May 2017
This page has been accessed 2,906 times.
Pelican Flag cut to outline of Louisiana
John Lejeune lived in Louisiana.
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Contents

Biography

Lt Gen John Lejeune served in the United States Marine Corps in World War I
Service started: 25 Jul 1890
Unit(s): 4th Marine Brigade; US Army 2nd Division
Service ended: Mar 1929

Lt. Gen. John A. Lejeune was a United States Marine and 13th Commandant of the Marine Corps.[1][2] He is considered by many to be one of the greatest Marines to have ever served, the "greatest of all Leathernecks".[2] Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune, North Carolina, was named in his honor during World War II.[1]

Early Years

John Archer Lejeune was born January 10, 1867 in Pointe Coupee Parish, Louisiana.[3][2][4] He was the son of Confederate Army Captain Ovide Lejeune and Laura Archer Turpin.[5][1][4] John grew up in Pointe Coupee.[6]

John attended public school, James Archer's private school, then Louisiana State University in Baton Rouge for a few years, graduating with a Bachelors of Arts, before moving on to enter the U.S. Naval Academy.[1][2][4] He served as a midshipman, graduating from the Academy in 1888.[1][2] He then went on to serve in the Marines, being commissioned as a second lieutenant 25 July 1890.[1]

While in Norfolk, Virginia, for Marine duty, John met Ellie Harrison Murdaugh, in 1890.[1] They were wed 23 October 1895 in Portsmouth, Norfolk, Virginia.[5]

John's family sometimes accompanied him on his duty trips.[1] They were with him when he was sent to the Philippines.[1] John and Ellie otherwise raised their family in Virginia, where they were married.[7][8] Their children included Laura Turpin Lejeune and Eugeinie D Lejeune.[7]

The Marine

Preceded by
George Barnett
13th Commandant of the Marine Corps
1920-1929
Succeeded by
Wendell C Neville

Lejeune had nearly 40 years service in the Marine Corps including commanding the Marine Guard of the USS Cincinnati (C-7) during the Spanish-American War and the U.S. Army's 2nd Division during World War I, being second of two times in U.S. military history when Marine Corps officers commanded an Army division.[1][3][2] Lejeune wasn't really ready to retire, but was relieved of duty as commandant in March 1929.[1] His service with the Marine Corps after he retired was as the 5th Superintendent of the Virginia Military Institute.[1]

John was bestowed with the Commander of the Order of the Legion of Honor and Croix de guere with Bronze Palm honors by the French Government for his service in World War I.[1] He also was awarded the United States Army's Distinguished Service Medal and the United States Navy's Distinguished Service Medal.

Lejeune is often referred to in the present day as being the "greatest of all Leathernecks" and the "Marine's Marine." [1]

The United States Marine Corps League credits its founding to John Archer Lejeune.[1] It is the only Congressionally chartered Marine Corps organization.[1]

Legacy

John Archer Lejeune died November 20, 1942 in Baltimore, Maryland.[2] He was interred in Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Virginia with full honors.[2][9]

Camp Lejeune in North Carolina was named in John's honor during World War II.[1] He also honored on a postage stamp in 2005.[2] There are several statues of Lejeune erected across the country.[1] He is also memorialized in building names and on USS Lejeune (AP-74), a Navy Transport ship.[1]

Sources

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 John A. Lejeune on Wikipedia
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 Lejeune, on ArlingtonCemetery.net, accessed 24 May 2017.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Louisiana World War I Service Records, 1917-1920", database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:Q2TB-Q2T1 : 8 February 2017), John Archer Lejeune, 1890.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Who's Who in the Nation's Capitol
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Virginia Marriages, 1785-1940," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XRSP-8YK : 5 December 2014), Ovide Lejeune in entry for John Archer Lejeune and Ellie Harrison Murdaugh, 23 Oct 1895; citing Portsmouth, Norfolk, Virginia, reference Item2,p63,Ln No 83; FHL microfilm 2,048,494.
  6. 1880 US Census, Pointe Coupee, LA
    O Lej\Eune Self M 60 Louisiana, United States
    Laura Lej\Eune Wife F 40 Louisiana, United States
    Augustine Lej\Eune Daughter F 20 Louisiana, United States
    John Lej\Eune Son M 13 Louisiana, United States
    Turpin Stanley Nephew M 4 Louisiana, United States
    "United States Census, 1880," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MDXZ-ZMQ : 14 July 2016), John Lej\Eune in household of O Lej\Eune, 3rd Ward, Pointe Coupee, Louisiana, United States; citing enumeration district ED 4, sheet 354C, NARA microfilm publication T9 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 0465; FHL microfilm 1,254,465.
  7. 7.0 7.1 1930 US Census, Lexington, VA
    John A Lejeune Head M 63 Louisiana
    Ellie M Lejeune Wife F 58 Virginia
    Laura T Lejeune Daughter F 27 Florida
    Eugenie D Lejeune Daughter F 26 Virginia
    "United States Census, 1930," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:CNH9-9PZ : accessed 24 May 2017), John A Lejeune, Lexington, Rockbridge, Virginia, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) ED 5, sheet 16A, line 6, family 397, NARA microfilm publication T626 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 2002), roll 2458; FHL microfilm 2,342,192.
  8. "United States Census, 1920," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MJVH-R9F : accessed 24 May 2017), John A Lejeune, Dumfries, Prince William, Virginia, United States; citing ED 115, sheet 2B, line 83, family , NARA microfilm publication T625 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1992), roll 1907; FHL microfilm 1,821,907.
  9. Find A Grave: Memorial #2283


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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with John by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree:

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Images: 4
Maj. Gen. John A. LeJeune, three-quarter length portrait, seated, facing left, in uniform
Maj. Gen. John A. LeJeune, three-quarter length portrait, seated, facing left, in uniform

USS Lejeune
USS Lejeune

John A. Lejeune, USMC, Commandant of the Marine Corps
John A. Lejeune, USMC, Commandant of the Marine Corps

Flag of Commandant of the Marine Corps
Flag of Commandant of the Marine Corps

Collaboration

On 29 Mar 2019 at 15:04 GMT Sheila x wrote:

Official Military Personnel File for John A. Lejeune 1,191 items https://catalog.archives.gov/id/57293247

On 10 Aug 2017 at 15:05 GMT Abby (Brown) Glann wrote:

Hi Jim,

It is policy that only Project Box templates be above the biography line. I know that a lot of profiles do not meet this standard at this time, but will be changed to conform soon. Would you mind moving the succession box back under his military service discussion section? That is where it makes sense since his service is then discussed there. Thanks!

On 22 Jun 2017 at 04:34 GMT Debbie (Fink) Thomas wrote:

I am 22 degrees from John. That is Amazing!


Debbie

On 24 May 2017 at 19:13 GMT Abby (Brown) Glann wrote:

Hi John,

I was considering building up John's profile to use for next week's Memorial Day example profile of the week. Do you mind if I do so? We'd feature it as part of the Military and War project, in connection with Notables, as well.

Thanks! Abby




John is 21 degrees from Tanya Lowry, 16 degrees from Charles Tiffany and 18 degrees from Henry VIII of England on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.