Adapted from the article: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Sutherland-Leveson-Gower,_2nd_Duke_of_Sutherland
He was educated at Harrow School between 1798 and 1803, then entered Christ Church, Oxford, where he graduated B.A. in 1806 and M.A. in 1810. In 1841 he was made D.C.L. by the same university.
His father died in 1833, only six months after being created Duke of Sutherland by William IV for his support of the Reform Act 1832, and so this new title devolved on his eldest son. His mother, who was 19th Countess of Sutherland in her own right, died in 1839, and so her ancient Scottish title passed to George, who also became 20th Earl of Sutherland. As a result, the two titles became united in the same person until 1963. It was the 2nd Duke who assumed the additional surname of Sutherland so that his family name became Sutherland-Leveson-Gower.
Between 1806 and 1808, Earl Gower travelled in Prussia and Russia. During the Prussian campaign against Napoleon's French forces, he spent time at the Prussians' general headquarters.
Political career and public offices
After returning from Europe, Earl Gower entered the Commons as M.P. for the Cornwall rotten borough of St Mawes in 1808. In 1812, he transferred to sit for the Staffordshire borough of Newcastle-Under-Lyme, until 1815, when he stood to become one of the county M.P.s for Staffordshire, sitting until 1820.
He was also Lord Lieutenant for the County of Sutherland from 1831 until his death, was appointed High Steward of the Borough of Stafford in 1833, and was Lord Lieutenant of Shropshire from 1839 to 1845.
Sutherland was partially deaf and, therefore, decided not to play a very active part in politics, which was the path well worn by his contemporary peers. Instead, he expended his energies spending some of his vast wealth which he inherited from his father on improving his homes. In 1845, he employed Sir Charles Barry to make vast alterations to Dunrobin Castle. Barry transformed the place into the 189 room ducal palace seen today. In addition to Dunrobin, the Duke also had Barry completely remodel his Staffordshire seat of Trentham Hall, Cliveden House in Buckinghamshire, and the family's London townhouse, Stafford House, which was the most valuable private home in the whole of London.
The Duke died, aged 75, at Trentham Hall in Staffordshire, one of his English mansions. He is buried at St George's Church Cemetery, Telford, Shropshire.
Sutherland married Lady Harriet Elizabeth Georgiana Howard (1806 – 27 October 1868), daughter of George Howard, 6th Earl of Carlisle, on 28 May 1823. They had eleven children, seven daughters and four sons:
Lady Elizabeth Georgiana (30 May 1824-25 May 1878), married George Douglas Campbell, 8th Duke of Argyll and had issue.
Lady Evelyn Leveson-Gower (8 August 1825-24 Nov 1869), married Charles Stuart, 12th Lord Blantyre
Lady Caroline Leveson-Gower (15 April 1827-13 May 1887), married Charles FitzGerald, 4th Duke of Leinster and had issue.
Lord George Granville William (19 December 1828-22 September 1892), succeeded as 3rd Duke.
Lady Blanche Julia Sutherland-Leveson-Gower (26 June 1830-24 February 1832)
Lord Frederick George Leveson-Gower (11 November 1832- 6 Oct 1854)
Lady Constance Leveson-Gower (later Sutherland-Leveson-Gower in 1841)(16 Jun 1834-19 Dec 1880), married Hugh Grosvenor, 1st Duke of Westminster and had issue.
Lady Victoria Sutherland-Leveson-Gower (16 May 1838-19 June 1839)
Lord Albert (21 Nov 1843–1874), married Grace Abdy, daughter of Sir Thomas Neville Abdy, 1st Baronet and had issue, including Frederick Neville Sutherland Leveson-Gower. Lord Ronald Charles Sutherland-Leveson-Gower (2 August 1845–9 March 1916), died unmarried.
Lady Alexandrina Sutherland-Leveson-Gower (03 Feb 1848-21 June 1849)
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Categories: Harrow School | Christ Church, Oxford | Members of Parliament, United Kingdom | Members of Parliament, St Mawes | Members of Parliament, Newcastle-under-Lyme | Members of Parliament, Staffordshire | Trentham, Staffordshire | Dukes of Sutherland | Earls of Sutherland | Clan Sutherland | England, Notables | Notables