Abraham  Lincoln

Abraham Lincoln (1809 - 1865)

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President Abraham Lincoln
Born in Sinking Spring Farm, Hodgenville, Hardin County, Kentucky, USA,map
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married in Springfield, Sangamon, Illinois, United Statesmap
Descendants descendants
Died in Washington City, District of Columbia, United Statesmap
Lincoln-103 created 22 Dec 2010 | Last modified
This page has been accessed 19,223 times.

Categories: Hodgenville, Kentucky | Little Pigeon Creek, Indiana | Decatur, Illinois | Springfield, Illinois | Nauvoo, Illinois | New Salem, Menard County, Illinois | United States of America, Black Hawk War | 4th Regiment of Mounted Volunteers | US Postmasters | Land Surveyors | Lawyers | US Representatives from Illinois | US Presidents | Republican Political Party | Namesakes US Counties.

The Presidential Seal.
Abraham Lincoln was the President of the United States.
Join: US Presidents Project
Discuss: presidents
Preceded by
15th President
James Buchanan




Preceded by
John Henry




Abraham Lincoln
16th President
of the United States
Presidential Seal
1861-1865

US House of Representatives
1847-1849

Succeeded by
17th President
Andrew Johnson




Succeeded by
Thomas Langrell Harris




Contents

Biography

Family Ancestry

Abraham Lincoln [1]was the son of Thomas Lincoln and Nancy Hanks. The Lincolns are thought to be of English descent with many ancestors being of Puritan or Quaker beliefs. Like many other colonial families, the Lincolns were farmers. Oldest paternal ancestor is Robert Lincoln Jr. (abt 1525 - Jan 1556).

Family Descendants

Of the four children of Abraham Lincoln and Mary Todd only Robert Todd Lincoln ever married and had children.[2] There are ten known descendants of Lincoln.[2]

Son Robert Todd Lincoln and spouse Mary Eunice Harlan had three children:

  1. Mary "Mamie" Lincoln married Charles Bradford Isham
    1. One son, Lincoln Isham, who married Leahalma "Lea" Correa (they were childless).
  2. Abraham Lincoln II (never married / childless)
  3. Jessie Harlan Lincoln married Warren Wallace Beckwith who had two children.
    1. Mary Lincoln Beckwith (childless)
    2. Robert Todd Lincoln Beckwith married Ann Marie Hoffman but died childless.

The family line is believed to have been extinct since its last undisputed descendant, Robert Todd Lincoln Beckwith, died on December 24, 1985 without any children. Robert's second wife did have a son, named Timothy Lincoln Beckwith, whose legitimacy has never been proven.[2]

Timeline

As the biography of Abraham Lincoln has been thoroughly examined and chronicled by a wide pantheon of authors with an equally wide number of points of view and agendas, this biography will primarily focus on the genealogical benchmarks throughout Lincoln's life. A selection of these biographies is provided for further reading at the bottom of the profile.

1809 February 12[3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] Abraham Lincoln is born to Thomas and Nancy Lincoln[9][10] [11] [4][5][6][7][8] in Sinking Spring Farm, Hodgenville, Hardin County, Kentucky, USA[5][4][7]. Reference was also found for the following birth places: Hardin County, Kentucky, USA[3][11] and Buffalo, Hardin County, Kentucky, USA[6].

1816[3][4]Abraham moved from Kentucky to Little Pigeon Creek, Perry County (now Spencer County), Indiana with his family.
1818 October 5[12][3]Nancy Lincoln - Abraham's mother - dies from milk sickness, although several other causes of death have been hypothesized.
1819 December 2 Thomas Lincoln - Abraham's father - marries the widow Sarah Bush Johnston[12][8].
1828 January 20[13] Abraham's older sister Sarah dies while giving birth.
1830[3] Abraham moved from Indiana to approximately 10 miles southwest of Decatur, Macon County, Illinois, USA with his family.
1831[14] Abraham moved on his own to New Salem, Macon County, Illinois, USA.
1832 April 21[15] Enlisted and was made captain of the 4th Regiment of Mounted Volunteers, 31st Regiment Sangamon County, 1st Division, Illinois Militia[16][3][4]. He served during the Black Hawk War but saw no combat.
1833 May 7[17][3] Appointed postmaster of New Salem by President Andrew Jackson. Served in this post until the office closed on 30 May 1836.
1833 Fall[12][3] Offered a position as deputy county surveyor by county surveyor John Calhoun, for mostly political reasons as Abraham had no experience or knowledge of surveying.
1834 August 4[12][3]Elected to Illinois state legislature and served for four consecutive two year terms.
1836 September 9[12][3] Admitted to the Illinois Bar and licensed to practice law.
1837 April 15[12][3] Moved to Springfield Illinois[4] and began practicing law with John Stuart.
1839 November 1 Signed into record by President Martin Van Buren that Abraham had purchased 47 acres of land through the Springfield, Illinois land office.[18].
1842 Abraham lived near Nauvoo, Hancock County, Illinois, USA[19]. (Note
This was at the same time Joseph Smith and the Mormons were in charge of Nauvoo, including raising their own militia and declaring a martial state.)
1842 November 4[20][5] Abraham marries Mary Ann Todd[15][21][5][8][22] in Springfield, Sangamon County, Illinois, USA.[20][4][5][22]. Another record indicates they were married in Kentucky[22] but this likely due to the license being acquired there.
1843 August 1[23] Birth of his first son Robert Todd.
1846 March 10[12] Birth of his second son Edward Baker[7].
1846 August 3[12] Abraham elected to US House of Representatives[3][4]. He was a congressman during the Mexican American War.
1850 February 1[12] Death of his almost four year old son Edward Baker from chronic consumption.
1850 According to the census record lived in Springfield, Sangamon County, Illinois, USA with his wife Mary and son Robert.[9]
1850 December 21[12] Birth of his third son William Wallace "Willie"[7].
1851 January 17[24] Death of his father Thomas.
1853 April 4[25] Birth of his fourth son Thomas "Tad"[7].
1860 According to the census record lived in Springfield, Sangamon County, Illinois, USA.[10]
1860 May 16[12][3] Abraham elected 16th President of the United States[4]. Was to serve as president throughout the US Civil War.
1862 February 20[26] Death of his eleven year old son William Wallace "Willie" from typhoid fever.
1864 November 8[27][3] Abraham reelected President of the United States[4].
1865 April 14[28][3] Abraham shot by John Wilkes Booth while attending a play at Fords Theater.
1865 April 15[21][4][5][7][8] Abraham dies in the William Peterson Boarding House on 10th Street in Washington, D.C.[5] from the gun shot wound he received on the 14th.

Legacy

Seventeen U.S. states have named counties in President Lincoln's honor. They are: Arkansas, Colorado, Idaho, Kansas, Louisiana, Minnesota, Mississippi, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Oregon, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, and Wyoming.

Sources

  1. Abraham Lincoln Genealogy on Archives.com
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Lincoln Family Tree on Wikipedia
  3. 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.13 3.14 Ancestry.com. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774-2005. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2006. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 2005
    Name... Abraham Lincoln
    Date of Birth... 12 February 1809
    Place of Birth... Hardin County, Kentucky
    Moved... to Little Pigeon Creek, Indiana in 1816
    Moved... to Macon County, Illinois in 1830
    Enlisted... Captain of a company of Sangamon County Rifles - organized 21 April 21 1832 - during the Black Hawk War
    Employment... Postmaster of New Salem 1833-1836
    Employment... Deputy county surveyor 1834-1836
    Elected... to Illinois State house of representatives
    Dates of Election... 1834, 1836, 1838, and 1840
    Employment... Admitted to the bar in 1836
    Moved... to Springfield, Illinois in 1837
    Elected... Thirtieth U.S. Congress (March 4, 1847-March 3, 1849)
    Elected... 16th President of the United States
    Date of Election... 1860
    Elected... Reelected president in 1864
    Death... Shot by an assassin in Washington, D.C., April 14, 1865, and died the following day
  4. 4.00 4.01 4.02 4.03 4.04 4.05 4.06 4.07 4.08 4.09 4.10 Donald, David, Mark E. Neeley, and Helen B. Crocker. "Abraham Lincoln." The Kentucky Encyclopedia. Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky, 1992. N. pag. Print.
    Name... Abraham Lincoln
    Name of Parents... Thomas and Nancy (Hanks) Lincoln
    Date of Birth... 12 February 1809
    Place of Birth... Hodgenville, Kentucky
    Moved... to Indiana in 1816
    Moved... to Springfield, Illinois in 1837
    Name of Spouse... Mary Todd
    Date of Marriage... 1842
    Elected... to U.S. House of Representatives
    Date of Election... 1846
    Elected... US President
    Date of Election... 1860
    Elected... Reelected president
    Date of Election... 1864
    Death... Shot while attending Ford's Theater in Washington and died the following day April 15, 1865
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 Family Data Collection
    Name... Abraham Lincoln
    Date of Birth... 12 February 1809
    Place of Birth... Sinking Spring Farm, Hodgenville, Hardin County, Kentucky
    Name of Parents... Thomas Lincoln and Nancy Hanks
    Name of Spouse... Mary Ann Todd
    Date of Marriage... 4 November 1842
    Place of Marriage... Springfield, Sangamon County, Illinois
    Date of Death... 15 April 1865
    Place of Death... William Peterson Boarding House, Tenth Street, Washington, District of Columbia
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Edmund West, comp.. Family Data Collection - Births. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2001. APID: 5769::0
    Name... Abraham Lincoln
    Date of Birth... 12 February 1809
    Name of Parents... Thomas Lincoln and Nancy Hanks
    Place of Birth... Buffalo, Hardin County, Kentucky
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6 Heritage Consulting. Millennium File. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2003.
    Name... Abraham Lincoln
    Date of Birth... 12 February 1809
    Place of Birth... Hodgenville, Hardin County, Kentucky
    Name of Parents... Thomas Lincoln and Nancy Hanks
    Name of Children... Edward Baker, William Wallace "Willie", and Thomas "Tad"
    Date of Death... 15 April 1865
    Place of Death... Washington, District of Columbia
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 Dalby, John. Minnesota Cemetery Inscription Index, Select Counties. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2003. APID: 3775::0
    Name... Abraham Lincoln
    Date of Birth... 12 Feb 1809
    Date of Death... 15 Apr 1865
    Place of Death... Washington, District of Columbia
    Cause of Death... Assassination
    Name of Spouse... Mary Todd
    Name of Parents... Thomas & Nancy Hanks Lincoln
    Name of Step-Mother... Sarah Bush Johnston
  9. 9.0 9.1 Ancestry.com. 1850 United States Federal Census. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2009. Year: 1850; Census Place: Springfield, Sangamon, Illinois; Roll: M432_127; Page: 120A; Image: 247. Seventh Census of the United States, 1850; (National Archives Microfilm Publication M432, 1009 rolls); Records of the Bureau of the Census, Record Group 29; National Archives, Washington, D.C. APID: 8054::0
    State... Illinois
    County... Sangamon
    Township/Other Division... City of Springfield
    Post Office... Springfield
    Page Number... 239
    Line Number... 32
    Date... 7 November 1850
    Household Members
      • Abraham
      • Mary
      • Robert T.
    Age... 40
    Sex... Male
    Color/Race... White
    Occupation... Attorney at Law
    Place of Birth... Kentucky
  10. 10.0 10.1 Ancestry.com. 1860 United States Federal Census. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2009. Year: 1860; Census Place: Springfield, Sangamon, Illinois; Roll: M653_226; Page: 140; Image: 138; Family History Library Film: 803226. 1860 U.S. census, population schedule. NARA microfilm publication M653, 1,438 rolls. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d. APID: 7667::0
    State... Illinois
    County... Sangamon
    Township/Other Division... City of Springfield
    Post Office... Springfield
    Page Number... 140
    Line Number... 16
    Date... 14 July 1860
    Household Members
      • Abraham
      • Mary
      • Robert T.
      • Willie W.
      • Thomas
    Age... 51 (1860)
    Sex... Male
    Color/Race... White
    Occupation... Attorney at Law
    Value of Real Estate... 5,000
    Value of Personal Estate... 12,000
    Place of Birth... Kentucky
    Married Within Year...
    Attended School Within Year...
    Persons Over 20 years Who Cannot Read & Write...
    Deaf, Dumb, Blind, Insane, Idiotic ...
  11. 11.0 11.1 Godfrey Memorial Library, comp.. American Genealogical-Biographical Index (AGBI). Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 1999.
    Name... Abraham Lincoln
    Name of Parents... Thomas Lincoln and Nancy Hanks
    Place of Birth... Hardin County, Kentucky
    Page Number... 203
  12. 12.00 12.01 12.02 12.03 12.04 12.05 12.06 12.07 12.08 12.09 12.10 Carl Sandburg (2007). Abraham Lincoln: The Prairie Years and the War Years. pp 22, 31-68, 70, 112
  13. FindAGrave, Pfrommer, Lesa. Sarah Lincoln Grigsby. 5 Aug. 2004. Web. 17 Oct. 2012.
  14. [http://www.illinoishistory.gov/hs/new_salem.htm Lincoln's New Salem. Lincoln's New Salem State Historic Site, n.d. Web. 16 Oct. 2012.
  15. 15.0 15.1 National Archives and Records Administration. Civil War Pension Index: General Index to Pension Files, 1861-1934. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2000. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration. T288, 546 rolls.
    Name of Soldier... Abraham Lincoln
    Name of Widow... Mary Lincoln
    Service... President and Commander in Chief, Captain 4th Illinois Volunteers (1832-1832)
    Date of Filing... 10 December 1870
    Roll Number... T288_283
  16. Illinois Black Hawk War Veterans, Illinois State Archives. Illinois Black Hawk War Veterans. Accessed October 2012.
    Name... Abraham Lincoln
    Rank... Captain
    Place of Enrollment... Richland, Illinois
    Company... A Lincoln
    Regiment... 4th
    Brigade... Whiteside
  17. Abraham Lincoln, Postmaster. About.usps.com. United States Postal Service, 2012. Web. 16 Oct. 2012.
  18. Ancestry.com. U.S. General Land Office Records, 1796-1907. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2008. United States. Bureau of Land Management, General Land Office Records. Automated Records Project; Federal Land Patents, State Volumes. http://www.glorecords.blm.gov/. Springfield, Virginia: Bureau of Land Management, Eastern States, 2007. APID: 1246::0
    Name... Abraham Lincoln
    Date of Issue... 1 November 1839
    State... Illinois
    County(s)... Mason and Menard
    Land Office... Springfield
    Number of Acres... 47
    Document Number... 15707
  19. Platt, Lyman. Nauvoo, Illinois Tax Index, 1842. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 1999. APID: 4221::0
    Name... Abraham Lincoln
    Page... 179
  20. 20.0 20.1 Illinois Marriages, 1790-1860; Dodd, Jordan, Liahona Research, comp. Illinois Marriages, 1790-1860. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2004. Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah - Microfilm 0848654
    Name... Mary Todd
    Name of Spouse... Abraham Lincoln
    Date of Marriage... 4 November 1842
    Location of Marriage... Sangamon County, Illinois
  21. 21.0 21.1 Ancestry.com. Ohio Obituary Index, 1830s-2009, Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Center. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010. Hayes Presidential Center Obituary Indexers and Volunteers. Ohio Obituary Index. Database. Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Center. http://index.rbhayes.org/hayes/index/ : 2009. APID: 1671::0
    Name... Abraham Lincoln
    Date of Death... 15 April 1865
    Age at Time of Death... 56
    Place of Death... Washington, District of Columbia
    Name of Spouse... Mary Todd
  22. 22.0 22.1 22.2 Yates Publishing. U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2004. APID: 7836::0
    Name... Abraham Lincoln
    Date of Birth... 1809
    Place of Birth... Kentucky
    Name of Spouse... Mary Ann Todd
    Spouse Date of Birth... 1818
    Spouse Place of Birth... Kentucky
    Date of Marriage... 1842
    Place of Marriage... Illinois
    Place of Marriage... Kentucky
  23. Emerson, Jason. Giant in the Shadows: The Life of Robert T. Lincoln. (Southern Illinois University Press; 2012). 600 pages; scholarly biography.
  24. Find a Grave Thomas Lincoln
  25. Find A Grave. William Wallace "Willie" Lincoln. 17 Apr. 2000. Web. 17 Oct. 2012.
  26. Elections - 1864 Overview. HarpWeek | Elections | 1864 Overview. HarpWeek, 2008. Web. 17 Oct. 2012.
  27. The Library of Congress. Lincoln Shot at Ford’s Theater. Today in History: April 14. The Library of Congress, 30 Nov. 2010. Web. 17 Oct. 2012. Heritage Consulting. The Millennium File. Salt Lake City, UT, USA: Heritage Consulting. APID: 7249::0
  • FindAGrave, Genosleuth29. Thomas Lincoln. 22 Jan. 2000. Web. 17 Oct. 2012.

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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Abraham by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. However, there are no known yDNA test-takers in his direct paternal line. Mitochondrial DNA test-takers in the direct maternal line: It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share DNA with Abraham:

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Images: 17
Abraham Lincoln Image 1
Abraham Lincoln Image 1

A Lincoln 1865
A Lincoln 1865

Abraham Lincoln Image 3
Abraham Lincoln Image 3

Abraham Lincoln 16th President
Abraham Lincoln 16th President

Abraham Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln

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Collaboration

On 30 Nov 2016 at 13:53 GMT Loretta (Lynn) Layman wrote:

President Lincoln was the only child who survived to adulthood. However, he did have a sister. In an 1846 letter to Andrew Johnston, Lincoln talked about a visit to his childhood home : "I went into the neighborhood in that state in which I was raised, where my mother and only sister were buried ..." Lincoln reportedly also had a brother named Thomas who died in infancy, but I haven't seen a source for that.

Perhaps the best source for Lincoln is http://www.thelincolnlog.org/ which includes a chronology compiled by the Lincoln Sesquicentennial Commission, along with corrections and additions by the Illinois Historic Preservation Agency and the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum.

On 27 Oct 2016 at 08:41 GMT Jackie Stoddard wrote:

My self and Paternal Uncle both match Bob Dill at 8.3 cm and 7.2 cm , we are also related to Pres Adams , and maybe Johnson , but have no idea of the lines that Go to Lincoln yet

Comparing Kit T758812 (William Leslie Stoddard) and M115546 (*WDill) BOB dill Chr Start Location End Location Centimorgans (cM) SNPs 11 2,510,279 6,372,039 8.3 633 Largest segment = 8.3 cM Total of segments > 3 cM = 8.3 cM

Comparing Kit A477132 (*Jackie) and M115546 (*WDill) Chr Start Location End Location Centimorgans (cM) SNPs 4 136,172,801 141,797,703 7.2 573 please check against us if you think theres a link and let me know regards Jackie

On 22 Apr 2016 at 07:47 GMT Russ Dill wrote:

Hi, I just wanted to point out that my grandfather (Bob Dill) was recently tested on 23andme and you can see his gedmatch ID on this profile.

Here's a news clipping I have with his grandmother, the 3rd cousin of Abraham Lincoln: http://www.wikitree.com/photo/jpg/Lincoln-2613

On 14 Apr 2016 at 14:14 GMT Eowyn Langholf wrote:

Any objections to removing the GFR template from the profile since it has that info at the bottom?

On 15 Mar 2014 at 23:30 GMT M. (Stewart) H. wrote:

Nancy Hanks Lincoln only had one child who was the President (Abraham LIncoln) The president may have been named after his grandfather Abraham Lincoln father of Thomas.

On 13 Mar 2014 at 13:00 GMT Ed Burke wrote:

Adin Baber, the noted Historian, said in his book that Nancy Hanks' (President Lincoln's mother) parents were Abraham & Sarah Elizabeth (Harper) Hanks. Plus, Nancy named her children "Abraham" and "Sarah", after her parents. Currently on Wikitree, Nancy Hanks' parents are listed as James & Lucinda. How are they more likely to be Nancy's parents than Abraham & Sarah? I would like to claim that Nancy's (Abraham Lincoln's mother) parents are Abraham & Sarah. Would that be within reason to do so? Thank you

On 18 Nov 2013 at 21:49 GMT Lianne Lavoie wrote:

This profile looks great now! :)

One thing I'd recommend, to condense the sources list a bit, is using the name attribute on ref tags, so that multiple references to the exact same thing share one footnote. See Footnotes#Advanced footnotes for instructions.

~Lianne

On 4 Feb 2013 at 06:39 GMT D Lincoln wrote:

You all have done a GREAT Job on this Historical Icon. would like to know if you have any detailed information on his other Family members? His Uncles, Great Uncles, and Cousins? Thank you,

On 18 Oct 2012 at 11:13 GMT Ed Burke wrote:

I really like the time line approach

On 15 Oct 2012 at 22:03 GMT Chris Whitten wrote:

I just want to congratulation Brian and everyone else who has contributed. The US Presidents project is making such fantastic progress. Thank you!



Abraham is 18 degrees from Kevin Bacon, 35 degrees from Duke Ellington, 18 degrees from Keith Hathaway and 15 degrees from Queen Elizabeth II Windsor on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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