Richard Lincoln and Elizabeth Remching
compiled by Anita L. Dennis
Richard Lincoln of Hingham and Swanton Morley, born circa 1545, died December, 1620, was the eldest son of Robert and Margaret (Alberye) Lincoln. From his father he inherited various copyhold possessions, a house and thirty-five acres of freehold meadow and pasture, an estate that Robert had inherited from his father Robert, whose birthright it had also been.
Richard married four times. His first wife, Elizabeth Remching, was the eldest daughter of Richard Remching, gentleman, and Elizabeth his wife, of the old Manor House in the parish of Carbrooke. Before the wedding Richard legally tied up the freehold lands to the use of himself and his wife-to-be for their lifetime, with the remainder to go to the heir of their bodies after both of them had died. This type of marriage settlement could only be set aside or annulled with the consent of the next heir. (Remember this, o best beloved, for it is important.) Richard and Elizabeth (Remching) Lincoln had two children: a son Henry, born in 1574, died in infancy, and another son, Edward. Elizabeth Lincoln died while Edward was still very young.
Richard Lincoln remarried and had a son Richard by his second wife, ... Hobbes. Richard's third wife was a widow, Margery Dunham; they had no children. His fourth wife was another widow, one Anne (Bird) Small or Smale; she bore him three children.
In his will, written 3 Jan 1616 with a codicil in 1619, Richard Lincoln left everything, apart money for his burial and small gifts to the poor, to his wife and the children of the fourth marriage. The original will, consisting of four sheets of paper, each sealed at the bottom with a red wax seal bearing the device of a hound, is still preserved in the Crown Registry at Norwich. In 1621 Anne and Elizabeth sued Edward; in dispute was the possession of some six acres of land, lying in two pieces, one of them "builded vppon with a litle cottage of the yerely valewe of fortie shillings". They claimed that he "doth thretten ymediately to enter into the premisses and cleerly to ouste and dispossesse them thereof." In his answer to the suit, Edward alleged that his father had been "much laboured by his latter wife to make a will for the advancement of hir and hir children" who were "preferred with liberall and lardge porcons" and Edward himself "disinherited by her meanes and procurement." [Ibid] He claimed the disputed land on the following grounds: The two acre plot and cottage plus twenty pounds had been given to him by his father Richard in return for his consent to his father's settling a considerable portion of his estate on Edward's brother Richard at the time of Richard's marriage. The remaining four acres were copyhold, holden of a certain Manor and could only change hands in accordance with an ancient custom known as "surrender of uses". By custom, in order to legally devise the four acres to his daughters, Richard, with the consent and cooperation of his eldest son and heir-at-law, would have had to go into the Manor Court and formally "surrender" the land to the use or uses specified in the will. Having died before he could "surrender" the land formally, it should pass by right of inheritance to Edward. Researchers differ as to the decision of the court.
Richard Lincoln was buried in the middle aisle of St. Andrew's, a sign that he was a well-to-do member of the gentry.
Children of Richard Lincoln and Elizabeth Remching:
Child of Richard Lincoln and ....Hobbes:
Children of Richard Lincoln and Anne Bird Small:
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