Categories: Puritan Great Migration | English Immigrants to America | Watertown, Massachusetts | New Haven, Connecticut | Signers of the New Haven Fundamental Agreement | Old Burying Place, Watertown, Massachusetts.
||John Livermore migrated to New England during the Puritan Great Migration (1620-1640).|
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In his 1996 article; "The English Origins of John Livermore of Watertown and New Haven," Robert Charles Anderson clearly states that the parents of John Livermore Livermore are Daniel and Elizabeth (Hammond) Livermore. Previously Bond's Watertown had conjectured that his parents were Peter Livermore and Marabella Wysbych. But this turns out not to be the case. More recent investigation, as related in NEHGR 1996 Vol 150 p 433-5, indicates he is most probably the son of Daniel Livermore and Elizabeth (Hammond) Livermore of Wethersfield, Co.Essex, England. Anderson discusses the will dated 10 Nov 1633 of Rose (Tripp) Steward widow of Thomas Hammond and Robert Steward. She made bequests to her daughter Elizabeth wife of Daniel Livermore that gave information about the family in question.
John Livermore was born about 1606, probably in Wethersfield, Essex Co., England. Although the Stowell Genealogy gives his date of birth as September 30, 1604 in Little Thurloe, Suffolk Co, John was more likely born in 1606 based upon his age at immigration and his age at death. 1606 is the approximate date of birth also used by Robert Charles Anderson in his NEHGS "Register" article on page 433, Vol 150, October,1996. At age 28 he immigrated to America from Ipswich, England on the ship "Frances" in April, 1634. His name was spelled "John Lyuermore" on the passenger list. He traveled to America with the wife and three children of William Hammond, his aunt (by marriage) and 3 younger cousins.
John settled first to Watertown, MA where he was admitted Freeman May 6, 1635. On the list of Freeman, his name is spelled "Leathermore," and it's also written "Lithermore" and "Leavermore."
In about 1635, he left with others for Wethersfield, CT and, in 1638 or 39, he had removed to Quinnipiac, now New Haven, CT, where he was one of the original settlers, there by June 4, 1639. John Livermore first appears in CT records in 1639 when he, then of New Haven, signed the New Haven Agreement. From assessment records, it appears that he had a wife and two children when he went there or soon after. He was made a Freeman of the colony October 29, 1640 and took the oath of allegiance July 1, 1644.
According to "The Bowens of Woodstock, Edward Augustus Bowen, 1897, "...Att a Generall Court held att Newhaven the 16th of June, 1645, Itsswas ppounded thatt another ordinary might be sett up towards the water side, butt none was found fitt for this present, onely itt was leftwith John Livermore to consider off if can be free & fit to undertakeitt."
John was a potter by trade, as was his father who bequeathed him his potter's tools in his will dated 25 Nov 1631. At a General Court held 25 May 1646, it was voted: "In regard of severall occasions & worke tobe done agaynst trayning day, bro Nash is spared and bro Livermore also, because that if hee attend this court it will hinder his burning of potts this whole weeke." On about 25 May 1646 John Livermore was a corporal in the New Haven militia. "Corporal Livermore desired the court that he might be freed from the place of a corporall, because he thought his necessary occasions would call him to England," this on 4 May 1647. His name does not appears in New Haven records until January,1649, for about 20 months, and it is possible that he was in England during this time.
John apparently lived in two places, however, because he is reported to be on the list of inhabitants of Watertown, MA in 1642.
On 7 May 1650 John Livermore sold his house and other real estate in New Haven to Theophilus Higginson and, soon after, with his family, returned to Watertown, MA. He was a juror there in July, 1653, selectmanin 1666, 1668 and 1669 and he held other town offices. He died at Watertown 14 April 1684, age 78. He was buried at Old Burying Place, Watertown. His memorial has photos of his headstone, biographical material and links to those of family members. His will was proved 16 June 1684.
NOTE: While much of the above comes from "The Bowens of Woodstock," Edward Augustus Bowen, 1897, his sources included the "Genealogies of Watertown, MA," 1855, by Henry Bond, "Records of Isbell and Kingman Families," L.W. Kingman, 1889, "Livermore Genealogy" and New Haven ColonyRecords, Vol.. 1636-1649.
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