James  Livingston

James Livingston (abt. 1452 - abt. 1503)

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Sir James Livingston aka 3rd Lord Livingston of Callendar,
Born about in Callendar House, Stirling, Stirlingshire, Scotlandmap
Ancestors ancestors
Son of and [mother unknown]
[sibling(s) unknown]
Husband of — married [location unknown]
Husband of — married about [location unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died about [location unknown]
Livingston-624 created 16 Oct 2012 | Last modified
This page has been accessed 2,309 times.

Categories: Clan Livingston | Lord Livingston of Callendar.

Clan Livingston tartan.
James Livingston is a member of Clan Livingston.
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The lineage of this person James Livingston is subject to DNA monitoring. Please use caution when merging, or considering a merge, with any of this line.

DNA evidence suggests doubt regarding his lineage which is discussed in the bio. The DNA evidence of his son Alexander Livingston indicates he was a son, albeit illegitimate, of this James Livingston. This lineage of the Lords Livingston of Callendar was tested in court and found to be correct, that is this James is the grandson of James Livingston, 1st Lord Livingston, and he is the ancestor of Livingston, Earl of Linlithgow. The dispute is whether his father was David or Alexander. DNA specifics below. It is important when merging to merge into the DNA to preserve the number of the Profile.

Preceded by
James Livingston
3rd Lord Livingston of Callendar
1498 - 1503
Succeeded by
William Livingston


There is some uncertainty regarding the parentage of James Livingston. James LIvingston, 2nd Lord Livingston of Callendar, did not marry and had no legitimate children. The line was disputed in court and thus James, the subject of this Profile, must have been born to one of his brothers; Alexander or David. David is not known to have married or had children and his history is well recorded while almost nothing is known of Alexander. Balfour Paul suggests that James is "supposed to have been the son of Alexander, second son of the first Lord."[1]

James Livingston, married, or at least promised to marry, Elizabeth Fleming, when, on 1 November 1472, he declared on oath he would marry her. This tends to suggest she was born about 1453/55.[2] However this marriage may not have occurred or if it did she died soon after (which is depicted here on wikitree).

He was knighted before 30 July 1477, when he appears as a witness to a Stirling protocol, clearing living in Stirling.

He is styled Sir James Livingstone of Lethbert on 4 August 1488. Lethbert (Larbert) appear to have been in the hands of Livingston since the marriage of Marion to James Livingston, 1st Lord Livingston of Callendar, as there is a notice that these were her dowry lands.[3]

In 1490 he appears as Sir James Livingstone, apparent Lord Livingstone, 5 September 1490. Some difficulty, likely a contest regarding hereditary rights, seems to have delayed his taking possession of the Callendar estates for a year after his uncle's death, as the Lord High Treasurer's account for 1497 contains an account of non-entry for Callander and the lands being in the King's hands.

In 1498, as Lord Livingston, he obtained sasine of Calendar and also of Castletoun and Balmalloch, held of Callendar by Livingston of Kilsyth.

On 30 January 1501, the King confirmed to James, Lord Livingston, and Agnes Houston his spouse, the lands of Slamannan, Terrinterran, and Kippen, in the barony of Callendar.

He died in 1503.


He is believed to have married, firstly, as mentioned above, Elizabeth Fleming, but she either died prior to the marriage or very shortly after and there are no known children from the marriage.

He married, secondly, Agnes Houston, daughter of John Houston of that Ilk, and appears married to her from c. 1475 until his death in 1503 and she was the mother to the children.[4] They had children:

  • William Livingston. It can be presumed he was born c. 1478 and appears of age in 1503 when he inherits the estates.
  • Elizabeth Livingston, likely born c. 1485. She married to Robert Callander, grandson and apparent heir of Robert Callander of Dowradour.

Balfour Paul notices the position by Crawfurd in his work where he provides "He is said by Crawfurd to have had another son, Alexander Livingston, founder of the family of Livingston of Terrinterran, who may have been illegitimate, as in the arbitration decree mentioned above he is not called brother of William, Lord Livingston, or son of the deceased Sir James." Although some sources suggest he may have been the son to Elizabeth Fleming this is impossible as he would have been served heir. He is not noticed, as mentioned here, as the brother to the heir, and thus must have been born to another woman. DNA evidence available to us today indicates he was a son of James Livingston and has been so included in wikitree.

DNA Notes

Y-DNA ANCESTRY AND DESCENDANTS John Livingston descendants (abt 1560 - ) John Livingston descendants (abt 1528 - abt 1619) Alexander Livingston descendants (1475 - 1548) James John Livingston descendants (abt 1452 - abt 1503) Alexander Livingston descendants (abt 1435 - bef 01 Nov 1472) James John Livingston Lord of descendants (abt 1410 - abt 26 Apr 1467) Alexander Livingston descendants (abt 1375 - bef 06 Nov 1451)


  1. #S-1 Balfour Paul; Vol 5, page 433
  2. #S-2 Balfour Paul; Vol 8, page 532
  3. Lands and lairds of Larbert and Dunipace parishes; Gibson, John Charles; Larbert
  4. #S-1 Balfour Paul; Vol 5, page 434


  • Source S-1 Balfour Paul. The Scots peerage : founded on Wood's ed. of Sir Robert Douglas's Peerage of Scotland; containing an historical and genealogical account of the nobility of that kingdom. Edinburgh: Douglas, 1904. archive.org
  • Source S-2 Balfour Paul. The Scots peerage : founded on Wood's ed. of Sir Robert Douglas's Peerage of Scotland; containing an historical and genealogical account of the nobility of that kingdom. Edinburgh: Douglas, 1904. archive.org

This source, http://www.paperclip.org.uk/kilsythweb/history/archivesources/livingston_line.htm, is often quoted for this line. The source is incorrect for this individual, please do not use as source.


Thank you to Alexander Sives on 22 Dec 13.

There are many others that have contributed to this Profile. Please place you name here for recognition.

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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with James by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree:

Have you taken a DNA test for genealogy? If so, login to add it. If not, see our friends at Family Tree DNA.

Images: 4
James Livingston Image 1
James Livingston Image 1

James Livingston Image 3
James Livingston Image 3

Livingston tartan
Livingston tartan

Coat of Arms Lord Livingston of Callendar
Coat of Arms Lord Livingston of Callendar

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On 16 Jul 2017 at 18:25 GMT Kay (Johnson) Wilson wrote:

What is the yDNA evidence for the lineage? Please indicate which yDNA tests were used to support the statements on this profile. Thanks!

On 30 Mar 2015 at 11:53 GMT Mary Elizabeth Stewart wrote:

Livingston-624 and Livingston-942 do not represent the same person because: The messages on Livingston-624 says they are NOT the same

James is 21 degrees from Kevin Bacon, 25 degrees from Robynne Lozier, 14 degrees from Pocahontas Rolfe and 15 degrees from Queen Elizabeth II Windsor on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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