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Audoin Gausus (Lombardia) di Lombardia (abt. 0510 - abt. 0560)

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Audoin Gausus (Auduin) "King of the Lombards" di Lombardia formerly Lombardia
Born about in Pannoniamap
Ancestors ancestors
Son of and [mother unknown]
[sibling(s) unknown]
Husband of — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
Husband of — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died about in Pannoniamap
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Profile last modified | Created 23 Jun 2016
This page has been accessed 142 times.

Categories: Pannonia | Battle of Asfeld.


Contents

Biography

Name

  • Audoin, King of the Lombards[1][2]
  • Alduin, Auduin, or Audoin (Langobardic: Aldwin, or Hildwin) was king of the Lombards from 546 to 560. [1]

He was of the house of Gausi.[1]

Date Estimation

No dates area available for birth or marriage. His son's birth is often estimated as the year 530. This suggests an estimated marriage date of 529, and an estimated birth year of 510. Such dates are highly speculative and used only to place a person in the correct time period.

Parents

His mother was Menia. The Historia Langobardorum names "mater…Audoin…Menia uxor fuit Pissæ regis"[149]. This wording suggests that "Pissæ regis" was not the father of Audoin, presumably Menia's second husband. It is assumed that "Pissæ" indicates that he was king of a tribe of that name. [2]

First Marriage to Rodelinda

He married Rodelinda, the daughter of Amalaberga and Hermanfrid, king of the Thuringii. [3] With his first wife Rodelinda he had two children. [4]

Audoin married firstly Rodelinda (Roddenda). Her parents are not known. The Origo Gentis Langobardorum names "Roddenda" as mother of "Albuin filius [Auduini]". [2]

The Historia Langobardorum names "Rodelenda" as mother of Alboin. Paulus Diaconus names "Rodelindam" as wife of Audoin and mother of Alboin. [2]

Second Marriage

Audoin married secondly a daughter of Herminafrid, King of the Thuringians and his wife Amalaberga the Ostrogoth. Procopius records that "Amalafridus, vir Gotthus, ex filia nepos Amalafridæ sororis Theoderici Gotthorum regis et filius Hermenefridi regis Thoringorum…sororem eius” married "Anduino Langobardorum regi". The Codex Theodosianus records that the daughter of Amalaberga became the second wife of King Audoin.[2]

He married secondly Unknown Thuringii whose parents were Amalaberga of the Ostrogoths and Hermanfrid, king of the Thuringii) [4]

541 Federati

Under him the Lombards became fœderati of the Byzantines (541), signing a treaty with Justinian I which gave them power in Pannonia and the north.[1]

546 Reign

He reigned from 546 to 560. He was preceded by Walthari and followed by Alboin.[1]

He was installed as Audoin King of the Lombards in Hungary in succession to King Walthari. The Origo Gentis Langobardorum records that "Auduin" reigned after Walthari, specifying that he brought the Lombards into Pannonia and, in a later passage, stating that they remained in Pannonia for 43 years. [2]

Byzantium encouraged the Lombards to consolidate their position in Pannonia by granting them the city of Noricum and other strongholds, although it is reported that they celebrated by raiding Dalmatia and Illyricum. [2]

The war with the Gepids, which started in, was settled by a peace treaty imposed by Emperor Justinian in 552, under which the Lombards sent troops to Italy to help Narses rout the Ostrogoths. [2]

551 Ally of Byzantium against Ostrogoths

Beginning in 551, Audoin was obliged to send troops to serve Narses in Italy in the Gothic War against the Ostrogoths. [1]

The next year (552), he sent over 5,000 men to defeat the Goths on the slopes of Vesuvius. [1]

That same year Audoin had been able to inflict a heavy defeat on the Gepids with the help of his brother-in-law Amalafrid: [5] the Gepid king Thurisind lost his eldest son, Turismod, in the Battle of Asfeld during which the prince was killed by Alboin, son of Audoin.[1]

560 Death

Audoin died in 560 in Pannonia. [4]

Audoin died in Pannonia in 560. The Historia Langobardorum names "Audoin ex genere…Gausus" and his mother "Menia uxor…Pissæ regis". [2] The Historia Langobardorum records that Audoin died in Pannonia. [2]

Audoin died in 563 or 565 and was succeeded by his son, Alboin, who brought the Lombards into Italia. [1]

Issue

King Audoin & his first wife had two children:

  1. Alboin was murdered 28 Jun 572). The Origo Gentis Langobardorum names "Albuin" as son of "Auduin". Paulus Diaconus names "Alboin, filius Audoin" when recording his succession. He succeeded in 560 as Alboin King of the Lombards in Pannonia. He was crowned Alboin King of the Lombards in Italy at Milan in [570]. [2][6] He married Rosamund. [7]
  2. Second child, unnamed, of Audoin and Rodelinda. [2]
    1. Gisulf, son of this second child, was shield-bearer of Alboin King of the Lombards, who installed him as duke in the region of Friuli after the Longobard migration into Italy in 569. Paulus Diaconus records that King Alboin installed "Gisulfum…suum nepotem" as "ducem…[in] Foroiulanæ civitati". The Chronicle of Andreas Bergomatis records that Alboin conceded Friuli to "nepoti sui Gisolfi". The precise relationship between Gisulf and King Alboin is unknown and may have been more remote than implied by "nephew" if the word nepos is translated strictly in these passages. [2][4]

Sources

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 Wikipedia: Audoin Accessed May 22 2018 jhd
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.12 Charles Cawley. Foundation for Medieval Genealogy. Medieval lands Database. Audoin Accessed May 23, 2018 jhd
  3. "German Tribes org Lombard Kings". GermanTribes.org. Archived from the original on 2010-07-18. Retrieved 2010-07-18. Cited by Wikipedia: Audoin Accessed May 22 2018 jhd
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Charles Cawley. Foundation for Medieval Genealogy. Medieval Lands Database. Hungary--Audoin Accessed May 22, 2018 jhd
  5. Wolfram, Herwig. The Roman Empire and Its Germanic Peoples. University of California Press, 1997, p. 283. ISBN 0520085116. Cited by Wikipedia: Audoin Accessed May 22 2018 jhd
  6. Charles Cawley, Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, Medieval Lands Database. Hungary Accessed May 23, 2018 jhd
  7. Wikipedia. Wikipedia: Rosamund Wife of Alboin.


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DNA
No known carriers of Auduin's Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA have taken yDNA or mtDNA tests.

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Collaboration

Auduin is 49 degrees from Rosa Parks, 46 degrees from Anne Tichborne and 37 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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