Dora was born about 1900 in Wisconsin. Although her name at birth was "Lowe", her actual father was King [of] Thunder, who had an affair with her mother Mary T. Lowe (née Decorah). (Iowa Mar.)
Since she was always known by her birth order name, her Hocąk clan name is not known. Her name was given as UkSeKaHoNoKah (1910 census), which is for Aksīgaxųnųga, which means "Fifth Daughter".
Her marriage license to William Smith showed that her actual father was King [of] Thunder, a well known person among the Wisconsin Winnebago. She, however, gave her name as "Miss Dora Lowe," the surname being the married name of her mother, Mary T. Lowe. Mary is found living between George Lowe and King Thunder. (1895 Wisc. census) However, King of Thunder was a Lowe, being the brother of George Lyon-Lowe, but in practice never used that surname. Later censuses describe Dora's mother Mary as a "des[erted] wife". In fact, she was one of the wives of King of Thunder. The Anglo authorities tried to suppress multiple marriages, forcing the husband to "desert" one of his wives. However, the living arrangements and the fathering of Dora and her many siblings are clear evidence that he had not abandoned Dora's mother.
1910 Federal Census for Brockway, Jackson, Wisconsin; Roll: T624_1713; Page: 10A; Enumeration District: 0074; FHL microfilm: 1375726. Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910 (NARA microfilm publication T624, 1,178 rolls). Records of the Bureau of the Census, Record Group 29. National Archives, Washington, D.C. For details on the contents of the film numbers, visit the following NARA web page: NARA.
1910 Indian census, Roll: M595_671; Line: 8; Agency: Wittenberg. Indian Census Rolls, 1885-1940; (National Archives Microfilm Publication M595, 692 rolls); Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Record Group 75; National Archives, Washington, D.C.
1921 Indian census; Roll: M595_168; Page: 37; Line: 15; Agency: Grand Rapids. Indian Census Rolls, 1885-1940; (National Archives Microfilm Publication M595, 692 rolls); Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Record Group 75; National Archives, Washington, D.C.
Iowa Marriage Records, 1880–1951. Textual Records. State Historical Society of Iowa, Des Moines, Iowa. Iowa Department of Public Health. Iowa Marriage Records, 1923–37, Vol. 5. Microfilm. Record Group 048. State Historical Society of Iowa, Des Moines, Iowa.
1930 Federal Census for Komensky, Jackson, Wisconsin; Page: 4B; Enumeration District: 0019: KOMENSKY TOWN; FHL microfilm: 2342309. United States of America, Bureau of the Census. Fifteenth Census of the United States, 1930. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1930. T626, 2,667 rolls.
1940 Federal Census for Komensky, Jackson, Wisconsin; Roll: m-t0627-04484; Page: 1A; Enumeration District: 27-20: KOMENSKY TOWN. United States of America, Bureau of the Census. Sixteenth Census of the United States, 1940. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1940. T627, 4,643 rolls.
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