Charles "Lucky" Luciano was born Salvatore Lucania on November 24, 1897. 
He was an Italian mobster in the United States. Luciano is considered the father of modern organized crime in the United States for the establishment of the first Commission. He was for many years the head of the modern Genovese crime family. He was, along with his associate Meyer Lansky, instrumental in the development of the National Crime Syndicate in the United States.
He was also a World War II spy. The FBI put him behind bars in 1936 for running a prostitution ring. Six years later, the U.S. navy began to have problems with sabotage at the New York docks.
The dockworkers were totally under the Mafia’s thumb, though, so they wouldn’t give any information to the authorities. The Navy came to Luciano and recruited him as an informant so he would use his leverage and help them get information. It worked – sabotage stopped – and Luciano was rewarded with his sentence being cut from 50 years to just 10.
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