Thomas  Lunsford II

Thomas Lunsford II (abt. 1610 - 1656)

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Sir Thomas Lunsford II aka Lundsford, Traweek [uncertain]
Born about in Wiliegh Hall, Sussex, Englandmap
Ancestors ancestors
[sibling(s) unknown]
Husband of — married in Peckham, Surrey, Englandmap
Husband of — married in Binfield, Berkshire, Englandmap
Husband of — married (to ) [location unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died in Rich Neck, James City County, Virginia Colonymap
Lunsford-515 created 14 Nov 2013 | Last modified | Last edit: 10 Nov 2017
16:26: Jack Wise edited the Status Indicators for Thomas Lunsford II. [Thank Jack for this | 1 thank-you received]
This page has been accessed 3,756 times.

Categories: Gateway Ancestors | Magna Carta | US Southern Colonist | Say-76 Descendants | James City County, Virginia Colony.

US Southern Colonies.
Thomas Lunsford II settled in the Southern Colonies in North America prior to incorporation into the USA.
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Magna Carta Gateway Ancestor
This profile is being maintained by the Magna Carta Project. Sir Thomas Lunsford is a descendant of Magna Carta surety baron Geoffrey de Say

Contents

Biography

Lunsford - name has been variously spelled, but it was correctly Lunsford, as illustrated by his own signature.

Origin

Sir Thomas Lunsford, knighted 28 Dec 1641,[1], said to be born about 1610, was the fourth son of Thomas Lunsford, Gent., by his wife Katherine Fludd.[2]

Sir Thomas Lundsford Traweek II is also known as just Sir Thomas Lundsford II. Also known as Colonel Thomas Lundsford.[citation needed]

He is described as "a man, though of ancient family of Sussex, of very small and decayed fortune, and of no good education", described in youth as " of lawless disposition and violent temper".[3]

Thomas came to Virginia in 1649, as a Royalist refugee from the English Civil Wars (1642–1648).[4] On 24th of October 1650, Sir Thomas received a grant for 3,423 acres of land on the south side of the Rappahannock River. [5]

He was lieut-Gen of the Colony and member of the Council. His widow Elizabeth married for her third husband, Maj-Gen Robert Smith of Middlesex County.[6]

Three Musketeers

All three of these cavalieric Lunsford brothers, were loyal to the King, protectors of the King and military leaders for the King. The King being Charles I. For this reason, some believe that these three were the true-life inspiration for Alexandre Dumas' classic novel, THE THREE MUSKETEERS. Sir Thomas' two brothers, at one time or another, if not continuously, both served in Sir Thomas' regiment and held rank therein. Further -- there was even a 4th brother, William, just like in the novel. If Mr. Dumas had a true-life inspiration for the Musketeer's, the Lunsford brothers certainly fit the bill!
I often wonder how Sir Thomas would feel, were he alive today, if he knew his reputation was being used to promote a candy bar? Or that his legacy has lived on and is the topic of much debate, lore and misinformation? In any case, I heard a "Rest of the Story" (Paul Harvey) clip on the radio that discussed the insipration for the Three Musketeers -- and it was not the Lunsford Brothers. [7]

Marriages

Sir Thomas married (1st) Anne Hudson.[8] A date of 1633 has been given.[citation needed]

Sir Thomas married (2nd), at Binfield, Berkshire, 1 Jun 1640, Katherine Neville, daughter of Sir Henry Neville by Elizabeth Smith.[9]

He married (3rd), in Virginia, Elizabeth Unknown, widow of Richard Kempe, Esq. Richardson lists Elizabeth as Unknown last name, where her WikiTree profile shows her as a Wormeley.[10] A marriage date of 24 Oct 1653 has been given;[citation needed] it is given as October 24, 1650 by the Encyclopedia of Virginia.[11]

Issue

Thomas and Anne had one son who died as an infant.[12]

Thomas and Katherine had three daughters:

  1. Elizabeth[13]
  2. Philippe[14]
  3. Mary[15]

Thomas and Elizabeth had one daughter:

  1. Katherine [16][17] married Col. Peter Jennings

Disputed Issue

Edward and William do not appear in Magna Carta Ancestry or Royal Ancestry. William is shown as probably a son of Thomas and Katherine in Virginia Heraldica.[18]

Positions and Property

Thomas became owner of Rich Neck Plantation when he married Elizabeth, widow of Richard Kemp.[19]

Death

Sir Thomas Lunsford died in Virginia before 1 Dec 1656.[20]

Near the rear of Burton Parish church in Williamsburg Virginia is a large stone slab with the following inscription: "Under this marble lyeth the body of Thomas Ludwell, Esq., Secretary of Virginia, who was born at Burton in the county of Somerset in the Kingdom of England, and departed this life in the year 1698; and near this place lie the bodies of Richard Kemp, Esq., his predecessor in the Secretary's office, and Sir Thomas Lunsford, Knight, in memory of whom this marble is here placed by Philip Ludwell, Esq., nephew of the said Thomas Ludwell, Esq., in the year 1727.".

Sources

[19]

  1. Virginia heraldica
  2. Royal Ancestry, V 3., p. 676.
  3. Magna Carta Ancestry, Vol 3., p. 85
  4. Virginia Encylopedia (1600-1650)
  5. Virginia heraldica
  6. Virginia heraldica
  7. Lunsford, Michael Terry, rootsweb originally published in Good Ol' Mountain News Newsletter.
  8. Royal Ancestry, V 3, p. 676.
  9. Royal Ancestry, V 3, p. 676.
  10. Royal Ancestry, V 3, p. 676.
  11. Muraca, D. Richard Kemp (ca. 1600–ca. 1650). (2014, March 20). In Encyclopedia Virginia. Retrieved from http://www.EncyclopediaVirginia.org/Richard_Kemp_ca_1600-ca_1650.
  12. Royal Ancestry, V 3, p. 676.
  13. Royal Ancestry, V 3, p. 676.
  14. Royal Ancestry, V 3, p. 676.
  15. Royal Ancestry, V 3, p. 676.
  16. Royal Ancestry, V 3, p. 676.
  17. Virginia heraldica
  18. Virginia Heraldica
  19. 19.0 19.1 Muraca, David, et al., "The Archaeology of Rich Neck Plantation (44WB52): Description of the Features." (Pages 37-) Colonial Williamsburg Foundation Library Research Report Series - 0386, Colonial Williamsburg Foundation Library, Williamsburg, VA: 2003, accessed October 8, 2015
  20. Royal Ancestry, V 3, p. 676.
See also:

http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~lunfcva/



Edited for January 2014 Style Standards. Gedcoms in Changes.

Biography

Virginia Biographical Encyclopedia Name: Sir Thomas Lunsford son of Thomas Lunsford, of Wilegh, Sussex, England, was born about 1610. Though but little is known of his life in Virginia, and his only memorial there is a stone, his name was once a familiar one in every hamlet in England, and was the object of the most intense hatred and fear to a large part of the English people. He was, according to Clarendon, of a very old family, but of small fortune and without much education. His youth was wild and he was imprisoned and fined £9,000, for outrages of a violent kind. He made his escape into France, however, and a sentence of outlawry was pronounced against him in England. Upon his return to England, he was pardoned by the King and a large part of his fine remitted. In the following year, 1640, he was given a command against the Scots and distinguished himself at Newburn in spite of the English defeat. The King, who seems to have regarded him with favor from the start, now rewarded him by appointing him lieutenant of the Tower, an act which at once caused the most intense excitement all over the country. It was at the time when the struggle between the King and commons was rapidly drawing to a crises, and every royal act was scrutinized with hostile eyes. The placing of a man, whose youth had been anything but exemplary, was seized upon by the excited popular imagination and exaggerated beyond the bounds of reason. He was accused of every crime of oppression, of plotting against the people's and was even believed to be a cannibal who ate children. That Lunsford's sympathies were entirely royalist, that he was a resolute and dangerous enemy of the parliament in the civil wars, was later abundantly proven, and it seems quite possible that he was even violent towards those who opposed him; but the popular belief was undoubtedly quite without foundation, and merely one of those extravagances which the heated feelings of such a time give rise to. Lunsford took an active part in the wars which shook England, and was unusually successful in the field. He was thrice captured and twice released, though on each occasion he resolutely declared his allegiance to the King. The manner of his regaining his freedom for the third time is not known, but he was at liberty before June 29, 1648, for there is a letter of that date from him to the Prince of Wales. After the execution of the King, Lunsford, like so many of his fellow cavaliers, sought refuge in Virginia, which held out for the royal cause, and on Aug. 7, 1649, he received a pass for himself and family to the new home across the water. In Col. Norwood's account of his own voyage to Virginia, he relates finding at Capt. Wormley's, several friends and brother officers who, a short time before, had come from England. They were Cols. Philip Honeywood, Mainwaring Hammond, Sir Henry Chicheley and Sir Thomas Lunsford. In Oct., 1650, he received a patent for 3423 acres of land on the Rappahannock river. When Virginia was threatened with an invasion by the parliamentary forces from England, Gov. Berkeley did not overlook so distinguished a soldier as Lunsford, who accordingly appears in a list of councillors present on Nov. 6, 1651, as Sir Thomas Lunsford, lieutenant-general. He of course retired from the council on the colony's surrender to parliament. His death must have occurred about 1653, as there is, in that year, an order among the English records, appointing a guardian for his three daughters. By his third wife, whom he married in Virginia, he had a daughter Catherine, who married Hon. Ralph Wormeley, Esq., secretary of state, and from this marriage Sir Thomas has many descendants in Virginia. Ancestry.com. Virginia Biographical Encyclopedia [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2000. Original data: Encyclopedia of Virginia Biography. Richmond, VA, USA: n.p., 1915. also see Colonial Couselors of State p115 Encyclopedia of Virginia Biographies Vol I

SIR THOMAS LUNSFORD, called in the records of the Land Office, in Richmond, "Sr Tho Luntsford Kt and Barronett," although the patent was never passed, was born abour 1610, the son of Thomas Lunsford, of Lunsford, Sussex, a gentleman of "decayed" fortures, and Katherine Fludd, his wife, whose father was treasurer to Queen Elizabeth.

Lunsford was married, first to Anne Hudson, of Peckham, Surrey; second, to Katherine Neville, of "Billingbear," Berkshire, who bore him three daughters; and third, to Elizabeth, widow of Richard Kempe, and perhaps a Ludwell, since Philip Ludwell in 1727 erected a memorial to Thomas Ludwell, Richard Kempe, and Sir Thomas Lunsford, who were buried at Williamsburg.

Lunsford had by her a daughter Katherine, who married Ralph Wormeley. Elizabeth, Lady Lunsford, married Major General Robert Smith and was living in 1658. Sir Thomas was buried in 1653, in the peaceful graveyard at Williamsburg; but still lives in "Hudibras," where to be "as bad as Bloodybones of Lunsford" was to be bad indeed.

It would be a piety to compress the story of his wild career into a single page. On coming of age, Lunsford was fined heavily for killing a deer on Sir Thomas Pelham's estate. In August, 1633, he murderously assaulted Pelham, was sent to Newgate, and contrived to escape to France, where three years later he raised a regiment in the French service. Having been outlawed in England, and then forgiven by the King, he returned to enter the army.

His appointment as lieutenant of the Tower, in 1641, aroused bitter opposition; he was called an outlaw, absentee from church, and ruined and desperate character, subsisting in part on the flesh of young children. When moved, he had to content himself with knighthood and a free fight in Westminister Hall. Then followed, in bewildering succession, high military rank, prison, governorship of castles, and imprisonment again, because of his loyalty to the Stuarts, ending in 1649, with a pass to take his family to that haven of knightly gentlemen-Virginia.

He had red hair and a lame leg, the former indicative of his temperament, and the latter a by product of his career. Lunsford appears to have been an effective speaker. When accused of treason, in 1642, he said:

"I stand here before you a prisoner accused of high treason, and liberty is offered me, 'tis true; but like merchants, you value it at such a rate, that my fidelity, and all that is due to a noble minde, must be the price to purchase it. If I refuse what you propound, racks, torture, losse of goods, lands, and perhaps life itselfe threatened. Hard choyse, yet I must choose; it is in my power to be a freeman, but how, if I will be a slave? I have already given my faith unto my prince, upon whose head this crowne, by all law of nature and nations doth justly appertane. Shall I falsifie that faith? Heaven forbid....

"For my part I am in your power, and know not how this speech will be taken; howsoever you dispose of me, I will never staine mine ancestors, nor leave the title of traytor upon my posterity, but will end with the saying of that worthy gentleman M.H.--you may, when you please, take my head from my shoulders, but not my heart from my Soveraigne."

The oft-quoted truth that the evil that men do lives after them, accounts for the survival of this stanza:

"From Fielding and from Vavasour, Both ill affected men; From Lunsford eke deliver us, That eateth up children."

Sources

  • Virginia Magazine, Vol. 17. Notes and Queries, I, ix, 373; II, i, 122.

Portraits of the Founders. By Bolton Volumes I and II. http://genforum.genealogy.com/lunsford/messages/1322.html

Article from /The William and Mary Quarterly/, Ser. 1, Vol. 8, No. 3 (Jan., 1900), pages 183-186.



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Collaboration

On 5 Nov 2017 at 13:32 GMT William Lunsford Jr wrote:

Lunsford-3363 and Lunsford-515 appear to represent the same person because: Clear Duplicate



Thomas is 18 degrees from AJ Jacobs, 20 degrees from Greg Lavoie, 20 degrees from A A Milne and 16 degrees from Queen Elizabeth II Windsor on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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