Richard Lyman migrated to New England during the Puritan Great Migration (1620-1640). (See Great Migration Begins, by R. C. Anderson, Vol. 2, p. 1217) Join: Puritan Great Migration Project Discuss: pgm
Son of Henry Lyman, XXIVth generation from King Alfred.
Richard Lyman was baptized in 30 Oct 1580 High Ongar, Essex, England, son of Henry Lyman and Elizabeth Rande. 
Richard's mother is disputed. In Genealogy of the Lyman family in Great Britain & America the author gives two records, one that his mother was 1st wife Elizabeth (unknown) Lyman or his mother was 2nd wife Phillis. Analyzing the birth dates of all of Henry's children would seem to indicate that Elizabeth was the mother and not Phillis. Based on the children born to Henry, Richard was the 3rd of 9 children. Elizabeth seems to have died between 1587 and 1590, and Henry married Phillis in 1590 as her first child was Baptized June of 1591.
Update: Mother of Richard Lyman
Richard's father, Henry Lyman, married first Elizabeth Rande, daughter of Peter Rande and grand-daughter of William Rande. 
Richard's step mother Phillis' birth name seems to be in dispute also. She is thought to be Phillis Stane daughter of Richard Stane of High Onger, Essex or Phillis Scott per Genealogy of the Lyman family in Great Britain & America. Finding the baptism records for Richard Stane's children in High Onger, Essex might answer this dispute. Her maiden name could be Stane and she married a Scott and was a widow when she married Richard.
Update: Step-mother of Richard Lyman
on 15 June 1587, Henry Lyman, (Richard's father) married for his 2nd wife Phillis Stane.  They had children. Henry Lyman removed with his family to Navestock (a near-by parish) where they had more children. He was buried there 4th May 1605. His widow, Phillis, ("Phillida") married next at Navestock, 26 April 1608, William Green of Luton.
Richard Lyman married about 1610 Sarah Osborne, in Essex, England, abt 1610.
Update: Richard's marriage
Richard Lyman married Sarah - her surname at birth is Unknown, confirmed unknown by Donald Lines Jacobson and Clarence Almon Torrey and Robert Charles Anderson 
Note that confusion with his son, Richard Lyman II has led to attempts to marry him to the younger Richard's wife, Hepzibah Ford; however, aside from the serious disparity in age, all of Hepzibah's children were born after the senior Richard's death in 1643.
In 1639, the Court Rolls of the manor of Pasfield Hall, High Ongar shows that Richard Lyman had surrendered the copyhold lands of the manor on 19 Sep 1631 just before he left for New England. He inherited these lands from his father Henry Lyman. 
Elizabeth was heiress to her father's property:
a tenement "Cachmans Heriett with twenty acres
a half-acre meadow "Sereleshope"
a cottage with seven acres in Pashfield (rent of 20s. reserved for life to Joan Randle, mother of Elizabeth)
a croft of land called Petfyld
As her eldest son and heir, the property came to Richard Lyman in 1606 after the death of his father.He sold the properties before 19 Sept 1631.
Charles Edward Banks in The Planters of the Commonwealth (1930), page 94, lists Richard Lyman and his family among those who are known to have come in the Lyon arriving at Nantasket 2 Nov 1631. A fellow passenger was the Rev. John Eliot, who settled at Roxbury, Mass. and in his record of church members names Richard Lyman as coming to New England in the ninth month (Nov) 1631. See About the change in Calendars Eliot also states that he went with the "great removall" to Connecticut  and that he died in 1640.
He migrated in September 1631, initially settling in Roxbury, Massachusetts,
He removed to Hartford, Connecticut in/by 1636.
He was listed in Hartford land inventory of Feb 1639; 26 acres 
He was on the 1639 list of Hartford proprietors.
At a meeting of the General Court 5 Sep 1639. Richard Lyman complained against Sequassen for burning his hedge. Sequassen had promised to pay the damages, but as of the court had not done so. He appeared again and promised to pay in four days.
He died between 22 Apr 1640 (when will dated) and 3 March 1640/1 (when a record listed him deceased).
Last Will & Testament
Dated 22 April 1640 and proved 27 January 1642:
"I Richard Lyman bequeathed to my wife all my housing and lands during her life and one third part of my lands to dispose of at her death amongst my children as she pleaseth and I give her all my moveable goods; the other two parts of my land and house I give to my elder son Richard. If he die without an heir, then I give it to my son Robert; to my daughter Sarah, besides the cattle I formerly have given her, my will is that my wife shall pay her L20 two years after my death; to my son John Lyman, I give him L30 to be paid at twenty-two years of age; to my son Robert I give L24 at twenty-two years of age; to my daughter Fillis the wife of William Hills, I give 10s; my wife sole executrix.
The inventory of Richard Lyman was taken 6 September 1641 and totaled L83 16S 3d
At the presentation of Richard's will, "The severall prtyes prsent at the prsenting the said will, agree that John Lyman, if he live, will be 22 yere ould in Septe. 1645, Robert Lyman 22 in Septe. 1651."
Phillis Lyman Bap. 12 Sep 1611, High Onger, Essex; m. William Hill in Roxbury m. William Hills
If you are a man with the Leman, Lyman or other variant surname and descend from this man please order a 37 marker Y-DNA test.
If you are a woman or man w/other surname, and descend from this man, please get a Family Finder test.
If you have test results from 23&Me or Ancestry please contact me directly Kari Lemons, I am the Lemon project Co-admin.
↑ Directory of Ancestral Heads of New England Families 1620-1700 by Frank R. Holmes, 1923, pg. cliv.
↑ "Genealogical and Family History of the State of CT" ed. by Cutter, Clement, Hart, et al, p. 728, Vol. 3, 1911 . Gives lineage from Alfred the Great, King of England to Richard RIN 191 and daughter Phillis RIN 188.
↑ Anderson, Robert Charles. The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England 1620-1633, Volumes I-III. (Online database: AmericanAncestors.org, New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2010; Paid subscription to view link), (Originally Published as: New England Historic Genealogical Society. Robert Charles Anderson, The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England 1620-1633, Volumes I-III, 3 vols., 1995). Page 1217-19; citing The American Genealogist, 30:187-90
↑ Date of marriage assumed to be prior to date of second child's baptism Phillis RIN 188 on 12 Sep 1611.
↑The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England 1620-1633, Volumes I-III, page 1218-1219
↑ "Ancestry of Lorenzo Ackley and his wife Emma Arabella Bosworth" by N. Grier Parke, 1960, p. 148-9.
Anderson: The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England 1620-1633, Volumes I-III. (Online database: AmericanAncestors.org, New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2010), (Originally Published as: New England Historic Genealogical Society. Robert Charles Anderson, The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England 1620-1633, Volumes I-III, 3 vols., 1995).
The American Genealogist. New Haven, CT: D. L. Jacobus, 1937-. (Online database. AmericanAncestors.org. New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2009 - .) The Mother of Richard Lyman of Hartford, Connecticut, Donald Lines Jacobson and Clarence Alon Torrey, page 187 - 190.
Find A Grave: Memorial #24045590 Photos of Founder's Monument in the Ancient Burying Ground, Hartford.
"The Mary and Maude" by Maude Kuhns.p. 14.
"The Collins-Cadwell Genealogy" by Margaret Loquist, 1983, p. 293.
"The Pioneers of MA" by Charles H. Pope, 1981, p.296.
"The Colonial History of Hartford" by Wm. DeLoss Love, 1914, from p. 32, 124, 156, 322
Baptized at High Ongar, Essex, England on 30 Oct 1580. Died at Hartford, CT in 1640. Will dated 22 Apr 1640. Inventory dated 6 Sep 1641 valued over L83. Nine children listed with dates adn spouses.
Colonial Families of the United States of America: Volume 2
Kari, After you posted your comment for this individual, which lets the trusted list know that you will be making changes, you may add additional source and differing information. It is nice to make your changes seem like further discussion on the topic.
Is there a main person in charge of this page for Richard? I have a better source that is not listed on this page, published 1872. The main difference is this book lists the descendancy from Thomas Lyman to Richard as Thomas, Henry, John, Henry, Richard the immigrant. You do not have John as Richard's grandfather.