Malcolm (MacAlpin) of Scotland

Malcolm (MacAlpin) of Scotland (abt. 0897 - 0954)

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Malcolm "Mael Coluim, King of Scotland" [uncertain] of Scotland [uncertain] formerly MacAlpin
Born about in Moray, Fordoun, Kincardine, Scotlandmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
Husband of — married in Scotlandmap
Descendants descendants
Died in Fetteresson, Kincardineshire, Scotlandmap
Profile last modified | Created 12 May 2012 | Last significant change: 14 Nov 2018
16:43: Michael Thomas edited the Biography for Malcolm (MacAlpin) of Scotland. [Thank Michael for this]
This page has been accessed 9,407 times.

Categories: House of Alpin.

Preceded by
Constantine II
King of Alba
943 - 954
Succeeded by
Indulf I
House of Alpin tartan.
Malcolm (MacAlpin) of Scotland is a member of House of Alpin.
Join: Scottish Clans Project
Discuss: scottish_clans



Malcolm was the son of Donald II (d. 900) and assumed the kingship of Scotland some time between 940 and 945. The confusion of the sources (if not simply the result of multiple copying errors) may indicate that this was a period of political uncertainty in which he gradually asserted his position against the aged Constantine II (d. 952), who retired (perhaps under duress) and became a monk at St Andrews. Throughout his reign Malcolm was on the offensive to both north and south. In 945 he benefited from Edmund of Wessex's devastation of the kingdom of Strathclyde, which Edmund formally acknowledged to belong to Malcolm's sphere of influence. He attacked the north of England as far as the Tees c.949 (perhaps in support of the attempt of Olaf Cuarán, king of Dublin, to take York) and in the same period or maybe earlier led an army into Moray and killed Cellach, possibly its king. In 952 he formed part of an alliance of Scots, Britons (from Strathclyde), and Saxons which was defeated by a Scandinavian force, probably led by Erik Bloodaxe, former king of Norway (d. 954), who took control of York at this time. Malcolm I was not untroubled by matters at home, however, and in 954 was killed by the men of the Mearns at Fetteresso (Kincardineshire). His body is said to have been taken to Iona for burial. He had two sons, Dubh (d. 966) and Kenneth II (d. 995), both of whom became king in Scotland; he was succeeded by Indulf, son of Constantine II.

Biography #2

Malcolm I , who died in 958, King of Scotland 943, acquired Cumbria 945 from Edmund, the Saxon king of England. On the abdication of Constantine III., Malcolm succeeded to the throne in 944. In 945, Edmund, the Saxon king of England, ceded Cumberland and part of Westmoreland to him, on condition that he would defend that northern territory, and become the ally of England. Edred, the brother and successor of Edmund, accordingly applied for, and obtained the aid of Malcolm against Anlaf, King of Northumberland, which latter country he wasted, and carried off the inhabitants with their cattle. In the time of Malcolm I., the people of the province of Moray, in the northeast of Scotland, were a mixed race, formed of Scandinavian settlers, with Scottish and Pictish Celts. Turbulent and rebellious, they were continually at war with the sovereign, and an insurrection having occurred under Cellach, maormer of Garmorgan, Malcolm marched north to reduce them to obedience. He killed Cellach, but was, some time thereafter, assassinated in 953 at Ulurn after a reign of nine years. He was succeeded by Indulph, the son of Constantine II., and Indulph had as his successor, Duff, the son of Malcolm, who ascended the throne in 961.

Scottish monarch. Son of Donald II, he acceded in 943, ruling until 954. During his reign, Moray and Cumbria were annexed to the kingdom. He died in battle with Norse invaders near Fodresach. He was buried in Saint Orans Chapel Cemetery, Iona, Scotland.

Biography #3

Máel Coluim mac Domnaill (anglicised Malcolm I) (c. 900–954) was king of Scots (before 943 – 954), becoming king when his cousin Causantín mac Áeda abdicated to become a monk. He was the son of Domnall mac Causantín.

Since his father was known to have died in the year 900, Malcolm must have been born no later than 901. By the 940s, he was no longer a young man, and may have become impatient in awaiting the throne. Willingly or not—the 11th-century Prophecy of Berchán, a verse history in the form of a supposed prophecy, states that it was not a voluntary decision that Constantine II abdicated in 943 and entered a monastery, leaving the kingdom to Malcolm.


Name: Mael Coluim mac Domnaill, King of Scots
Name: Malcolm I, King of Scotland
Name: Malcolm I[1][2]


Date: 897
Place: Moray, Fordoun, Kincardineshire, Scotland[3][4]


Date: 954
Place: Fordoun, Kincardineshire, Scotland[5][6]


Place: Iona, Scotland


  1. Source: #S6 Page: Database online. Data: Text: Record for Kenneth II Ap Malcolm I Or Mac Kenneth
  2. Source: #S6 Page: Database online. Data: Text: Record for Malcolm I Scotland
  3. Source: #S6 Page: Database online. Data: Text: Record for Kenneth II Ap Malcolm I Or Mac Kenneth
  4. Source: #S6 Page: Database online. Data: Text: Record for Malcolm I Scotland
  5. Source: #S6 Page: Database online. Data: Text: Record for Kenneth II Ap Malcolm I Or Mac Kenneth
  6. Source: #S6 Page: Database online. Data: Text: Record for Malcolm I Scotland


Note: Máel Coluim mac Domnaill
Note: Pictish Stone at Fordoun
Note: Iona Abbey Graveyard
Note: Malcolm_I
Note NI2415!SOURCES: 1. Burke's Peerage 99th Ed (GS #942 D22bup prefix p. 285-86)
2. Dict of Nat'l Biog (GS #920.042 D561n vol 35 p. 398-99)
3. A Vindication of Macbeth (GS #929.2706 M288c p. 9, 14)
4. Encyclopedia Britannica 1964 Ed (GS #032 En19b vol 14 p. 725)
5. Also searched without positive results: Scots Peerage, The
Complete Peerage, Royal Dau of Engl, and Queens of Sctl and
English Princes


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  • •ID: I38877

•Name: Malcolm ALPINE •Sex: M •Birth: ABT 910 •Death: UNKNOWN •Reference Number: 38877 •Note: I, King of Albany 31st great-grandfather of Bertha Alice & Laura Eleanor Boyce 31st great-grandfather of Frances & Eulelia Hogan

Domnall II, King of Albany was father of Malcolm I, King of Albany, killed in 954. (or Mael Coluim Mac Domnail), killed in Moray at the hands of his MacAeda rellatives.

Father: Domnall b: ABT 885

Marriage 1 Spouse UnknownChildren1.Has Children Kenneth ALPINE b: ABT 938 in Scotland

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It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Malcolm by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree:

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Images: 2
Malcolm Of Scotland
Malcolm Of Scotland

Malcolm I (MacAlpin) of Scotland
Malcolm I (MacAlpin) of Scotland


On 7 Nov 2016 at 15:25 GMT Donnell Doyle Jr. wrote:

Birthplace is listed twice (double entry).

On 21 Aug 2015 at 23:13 GMT Marty (Lenover) Acks wrote:

Mac Domnaill-7 and MacAlpin-21 appear to represent the same person because: Same name, same father, same child

Malcolm is 26 degrees from George Bush, 32 degrees from Rick San Soucie and 24 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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