Donald II (MacAlpin) of Scotland

Domnall mac Causantín (MacAlpin) of Scotland (0862 - 0900)

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Domnall mac Causantín (Donald II) "Domnall, the Madman" of Scotland formerly MacAlpin
Born in Fifeshiremap
Ancestors ancestors
[sibling(s) unknown]
Husband of — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died in Forres,Morayshire,Scotlandmap
Profile last modified | Created 12 May 2012 | Last significant change: 14 Nov 2018
16:37: Michael Thomas edited the Biography for Donald II (MacAlpin) of Scotland. [Thank Michael for this]
This page has been accessed 10,021 times.

Categories: House of Alpin.


Preceded by
Eochaid I
King of the Picts
889 - 900
Succeeded by
Constantine II
House of Alpin tartan.
Donald II (MacAlpin) of Scotland is a member of House of Alpin.
Join: Scottish Clans Project
Discuss: scottish_clans

Contents

Important Notice

This profile is the result of merging many profiles from individual family trees. Anyone who has the interest is encouraged to combine the following text blocks into a rational whole.

Biography

King Donald II was born about 0862. King Donald II of Scotland ... He passed away in 0900.

"King of the Scots (from 889), son of Constantine I and successor to Eochaid and Giric (reigned 878-889). His reign coincided with renewed invasions by the Danes, who came less to plunder and more to occupy the lands bordering Scotland and the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms. He was also embroiled in efforts to reduce the highland robber tribes. By one account he was slain at Dunnottar, meeting a Danish invasion; by another he died of infirmity brought on by his campaigns against the highlanders. He was succeeded by his cousin Constantine II."

"After the death of Eochaid and Giric, the care-taking of the throne see-sawed between two descendants of the sons of Kenneth MacAlpin, Constantine I and Aed. Constantine's son Donald II emerged as ruler, and he didn't pick the best time to be King. The Danish, led by 'Sigurd the Mighty', had conquered the whole of the north of Scotland. Sigurd claimed the lands, slew his adversary 'Melbrigda Tonn', cut off his head, and ceremoniously hung it from his saddle. This proved to be a fatal mistake. The severed head bounced against Sigurd's leg, a tooth from the head cut his leg, and caused him to die from blood poisoning. From then on, ' Melbrigda Tonn' was known as 'The Tooth'.

Donald II, spent most of his reign fending off the Danish, from the north (formerly led by Sigurd), and the from the south (led by the Danish leader 'Guthrum'), and died near Forres in 900. Some say he was poisoned."

Scottish Monarch. The son of Constantine I, he killed the usurper, Giric, and succeeded in 889. He ruled until 900. He spent much of his reign battling the Danes and crushing Highland robber tribes. The cause of death was killed in battle at Dunnottar fighting against Danish invaders. He was buried in Saint Orans Chapel Cemetery, Iona, Scotland.


MEDIEVAL LANDS DONALD (-killed Dun-fother [900], bur [Isle of Iona]). The 10th century Pictish Chronicle Cronica de Origine Antiquorum Pictorum records that "Donivaldus filius Constantini" reigned for eleven years, after the expulsion of Eochlaid[46]. The 11th century Synchronisms of Flann Mainistreach name (in order) "Cinaet mac Ailpin…Domnall mac Ailpin, Custantin mac Cinaeta, (Aedh mac Cinaedha), Girg mac Dungaile, Domnall Dasachtach (mac Custantin)" as Scottish kings, dated to the 9th and 10th centuries[47]. The 12th century Cronica Regum Scottorum lists "…Duneval filius Constantini xi…" as king[48]. The Chronicle of John of Fordun records that "Donald…the son of…Constantine, son of Kenneth the Great" succeeded in 892 after the death of Gregory and reigned for eleven years[49]. He succeeded his cousin as DONALD II "Dasachtach" King of Scotland. The 10th century Pictish Chronicle Cronica de Origine Antiquorum Pictorum records that the Scots defeated the Danes during Donald´s reign, and that he was killed "opidum Fother"[50]. The Annals of Ulster record the death in 900 of "Domnall son of Constantine king of Scotland"[51]. The Chronicle of the Scots and Picts dated 1177 records that "Donald mac Constantine" reigned for 11 years, died "in Fores" and was buried "in Iona insula"[52]. The Chronicle of the Picts and Scots dated 1251 includes the same information[53].

m ---. The name of Donald's wife is not known.

Donald & his wife had [two] children:

i) [EUGENE . The Chronicle of John of Fordun records that "Constantine son of Heth the Wing-footed" granted "the lordship of the region of Cumbria" to "Eugenius the son of Donald his expected next heir" in "the sixteenth year of his reign" ([916/20][54]. No reference to him as been found in any other primary source. His name is not typical of the period. His existence should be treated with caution.]

ii) MALCOLM [Maelcoluim] (-killed Vlurn [954], bur [Isle of Iona]). His parentage is confirmed by the Annals of Ulster which record the death in 954 of "Mael Coluim son of Domnall king of Scotland…killed"[55]. He succeeded in 942 as MALCOLM I King of Scotland.


From http://www.rpi.edu/~holmes/Hobbies/Genealogy/ps05/ps05_449.htm

Donald II succeeded Giric and Eochaid after their deaths in 889. He now ruled the land, but it was not the best of times. The Danish, led by Sigurd "the Mighty" had conquered the whole of north Scotland. Sigurd claimed the lands,killed his adversary "Melbrigda Tonn" in battle, cut off his head and ceremoniously hung it from his saddle. The head banged around, a tooth punctured Sigurd's leg and he quickly died of blood poisoning. The newly departed Melbrigda Tonn was renamed "the Tooth". Donald II, after spending his time fending off the Danish from the north and then from the south (led by the Danish leader "Guthrum"), died near Forres in 900. Some say he was poisoned.

Biography #2

Domnall mac Causantín (Modern Gaelic: Dòmhnall mac Chòiseim), [1], anglicised as Donald II (d.900) was King of the Picts or King of Scotland (Alba) in the late 9th century. He was the son of Constantine I (Causantín mac Cináeda). Donald is given the epithet Dásachtach, "the Madman", by the Prophecy of Berchán.

Donald became king on the death or deposition of Giric (Giric mac Dúngail), the date of which is not certainly known but usually placed in 889. The Chronicle of the Kings of Alba reports:

“Doniualdus son of Constantini held the kingdom for 11 years [889–900]. The Northmen wasted Pictland at this time. In his reign a battle occurred between Danes and Scots at Innisibsolian where the Scots had victory. He was killed at Opidum Fother [modern Dunnottar] by the Gentiles.[3] ”

It has been suggested that the attack on Dunnottar, rather than being a small raid by a handful of pirates, may be associated with the ravaging of Scotland attributed to Harald Fairhair in the Heimskringla.[4] The Prophecy of Berchán places Donald's death at Dunnottar, but appears to attribute it to Gaels rather than Norsemen; other sources report he died at Forres.[5] Donald's death is dated to 900 by the Annals of Ulster and the Chronicon Scotorum, where he is called king of Alba, rather that king of the Picts. He was buried on Iona.

The change from king of the Picts to king of Alba is seen as indicating a step towards the kingdom of the Scots, but historians, while divided as to when this change should be placed, do not generally attribute it to Donald in view of his epithet.[6] The consensus view is that the key changes occurred in the reign of Constantine II (Causantín mac Áeda),[7] but the reign of Giric has also been proposed.[8]

The Chronicle of the Kings of Alba has Donald succeeded by his cousin Constantine II. Donald's son Malcolm (Máel Coluim mac Domnall) was later king as Malcolm I. The Prophecy of Berchán appears to suggest that another king reigned for a short while between Donald II and Constantine II, saying "half a day will he take sovereignty". Possible confirmation of this exists in the Chronicon Scotorum, where the death of "Ead, king of the Picts" in battle against the Uí Ímair is reported in 904. This, however, is thought to be an error, referring perhaps to Ædwulf, the ruler of Bernicia, whose death is reported in 913 by the other Irish annals.

Biography #3

Donald II of Alba, King of Scotland was the son of Constantine I, King of Scotland. He died in 900 in Dunfother, Scotland, killed in action.1 He was buried in Isle of Iona, Argyllshire, Scotland.1

Donald II of Alba, King of Scotland succeeded to the title of King Donald II of Scotland in 889.1 Succeeded the joint rule of Giric and Eochaid. Succeeded by Constantine II. Family Child Malcolm I of Alba, King of Scotland+ b. b 900, d. 954

Citations [S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Family: A Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), page 169. Hereinafter cited as Britain's Royal Family.

Biography #4

Domnall mac Causantín (Modern Gaelic: Dòmhnall mac Chòiseim), [1], anglicised as Donald II (d.900) was King of the Picts or King of Scotland (Alba) in the late 9th century. He was the son of Constantine I (Causantín mac Cináeda). Donald is given the epithet Dásachtach, "the Madman", by the Prophecy of Berchán.[2]

Donald became king on the death or deposition of Giric (Giric mac Dúngail), the date of which is not certainly known but usually placed in 889. The Chronicle of the Kings of Alba reports:

“Doniualdus son of Constantini held the kingdom for 11 years [889–900]. The Northmen wasted Pictland at this time. In his reign a battle occurred between Danes and Scots at Innisibsolian where the Scots had victory. He was killed at Opidum Fother [modern Dunnottar] by the Gentiles.[3] ”

It has been suggested that the attack on Dunnottar, rather than being a small raid by a handful of pirates, may be associated with the ravaging of Scotland attributed to Harald Fairhair in the Heimskringla.[4] The Prophecy of Berchán places Donald's death at Dunnottar, but appears to attribute it to Gaels rather than Norsemen; other sources report he died at Forres.[5] Donald's death is dated to 900 by the Annals of Ulster and the Chronicon Scotorum, where he is called king of Alba, rather that king of the Picts. He was buried on Iona.

The change from king of the Picts to king of Alba is seen as indicating a step towards the kingdom of the Scots, but historians, while divided as to when this change should be placed, do not generally attribute it to Donald in view of his epithet.[6] The consensus view is that the key changes occurred in the reign of Constantine II (Causantín mac Áeda),[7] but the reign of Giric has also been proposed.[8]

The Chronicle of the Kings of Alba has Donald succeeded by his cousin Constantine II. Donald's son Malcolm (Máel Coluim mac Domnall) was later king as Malcolm I. The Prophecy of Berchán appears to suggest that another king reigned for a short while between Donald II and Constantine II, saying "half a day will he take sovereignty". Possible confirmation of this exists in the Chronicon Scotorum, where the death of "Ead, king of the Picts" in battle against the Uí Ímair is reported in 904. This, however, is thought to be an error, referring perhaps to Ædwulf, the ruler of Bernicia, whose death is reported in 913 by the other Irish annals.[9]

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_II_of_Scotland --------------------

Domnall mac Causantín (Modern Gaelic: Dòmhnall mac Chòiseim), anglicised as Donald II (d.900) was King of the Picts or King of Scotland (Alba) in the late 9th century. He was the son of Constantine I (Causantín mac Cináeda). Donald is given the epithet Dásachtach, "the Madman", by the Prophecy of Berchán. -------------------- Donald II of Alba, King of Scotland was the son of Constantine I, King of Scotland. He died in 900 at Dunfother, Scotland, killed in action. He was buried at Isle of Iona, Argyllshire, Scotland.

Donald II of Alba, King of Scotland succeeded to the title of King Donald II of Scotland in 889. Succeeded the joint rule of Giric and Eochaid. Succeeded by Constantine II.


Donald II of Scotland (Domnall mac Causantín was king of Scotland from 889 to 900. He was the son of King Constantine I and first cousin of the previous king Eochaid and of his successor Constantine II.

Donald took the throne of Scotland in battle as an act of revenge. King Giric I of Scotland (who ruled jointly with Donald's predecessor Eochaid had murdered Donald's uncle, Aed, in 878. Upon Giric's death, Donald expelled Eochaid from the country, thereby taking rulership of Scotland for himself.

It was under the rule of King Donald II that the British kingdom of Strathclyde came under Scottish dominance to create the Kingdom of Alba, thus being recognized in the Annals of Ulster as "ri Alban" as opposed to "rex Pixtorum," as his predecessors had been known. His reign coincided with renewed invasions by the Danes, who came less to plunder and more to occupy the lands bordering Scotland and the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms. The Danish had conquered all of northern Scotland through the leadership of 'Sigurd the Mighty'. Donald was also embroiled in efforts to reduce the Highland robber tribes.

His death is very mysterious. By one account he was slain at Dunnottar while meeting a Danish invasion; by another he died of infirmity brought on by his campaigns against the Highlanders, a natural death that is very uncommon in this period. He was buried on the Isle of Iona, the historic resting place of all Dalriadan and early Scottish kings. He was succeeded by his cousin Constantine II. His son, Malcolm, later became King Malcolm I of Scotland. -------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/King_Donald_II -------------------- SOURCES:

1) GENEALOGY: Royal Ancestors of Magna Charta Barons; Page 226, 228; G929.72; C6943ra; Denver Public Library; Genealogy


Name

Name: Donald MACALPIN II, King Of Scotland
Name: Donald II [1]
Name: Donald II (Domnall), King of Scots
Name: Donald II Scotland
Domnall mac Causantín.
Source: #S2320722348
Note: http://trees.ancestry.com/rd?f=sse&db=millind&h=10432985&ti=0&indiv=try&gss=pt
Text: Birth date: 862Birth place: ScotlandDeath date: 900Death place: Forres, Moray, Scotland

Domnall II Dasachtach mac Causantín, Rí na h'Alba Domnaill mac Causantín (Donald II) king of Scots.

Name: Domnall Dasachtach Donald II of /MacCausantín/[2][3][4]

Birth

Birth:
Date: ABT 862
SDATE 1 JUL 862
Place: Scotland
Birth:
Date: 862
Place: Forres, Moray, Scotland[5][6][7]
Birth:
Date: 862
Place: Forres, Moray, Scotland
Source: #S2320722348
Note: http://trees.ancestry.com/rd?f=sse&db=millind&h=10432985&ti=0&indiv=try&gss=pt
Text: Birth date: 862Birth place: ScotlandDeath date: 900Death place: Forres, Moray, Scotland


Burial

Burial:
Place: Iona, Scotland

BIography (Swedish)

Donald II (Domnall mac Causantín, død 900) var konge av Skottland fra 889 til sin død. Han var sønn av Konstantin I, nevø av Aedh og fetter av Eochaid.

Donald tok tronen med makt som en hevnhandling. Kong Giric, som hersket sammen med forgjengeren Eochaid, hadde myrdet onkelen Aedh i 878. Da Giric døde drev Donald sin fetter ut av landet, og tok tronen selv.

Under Donald II kom kongedømmet Strathclyde under skotsk overhøyhet. Ulsterannalene gikk dermed over til å snakke om ri Alban, Albas konge, i stedet for rex pictorum, pikternes konge, som hadde vært tittelen til forgjengerne. Danene fortsatte å invadere Skottland, først og fremst for å ta kontroll over områder i grenseområdet mellom Skottland og de angelsaksiske rikene. Danene erobret også det nordlige Skottland. På toppen av kampen mot danene måtte Donald II også forsøke å tøyle banditter i høylandet.

Detaljene omkring hans død er obskure og usikre. Ifølge en historie ble han drept ved Dunottar mens skottene slo tilbake en dansk invasjon. Men ifølge en annen historie døde han en naturlig død fordi hans helse hadde blitt svekket under stridene i høylandet. Han ble gravlagt på Iona, hvor også kongene av Dalriada og de tidligste skotske kongene ble stedt til hvile.

Donald II ble etterfulgt av fetteren Konstantin II. Hans sønn ble senere kronet som Malcolm I.


Alamänna hänvisningar:

Kung av skottarna ( från 889) , son till Konstantin I och efterträdare till Eochaid och Giric (regerade 878-889 ). Hans regeringstid sammanföll med förnyad invasioner av danskarna , som kom mindre att plundra och mer för att ockupera mark som gränsar Skottland och anglosaxiska rikena . Han var också inblandad i arbetet med att minska höglandet rånaren stammarna. Genom ett konto han dräptes vid Dunnottar , träffa en dansk invasion , av en annan att han dog av funktionshinder som beror på den hans fälttåg mot Highlanders . Han efterträddes av sin kusin Konstantin II.

Noterade händelser i hans liv var:

• anslutit sig : King of skottarna , 889.

Sources

  1. Source: #S6 Page: Database online.
  2. Source: #S004444 Page: Ancestry Family Trees Data: Text: http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=13078823&pid=370920086
  3. Source: #S004444 Page: Ancestry Family Trees Data: Text: http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=13078823&pid=370920086
  4. Source: #S004444 Page: Ancestry Family Trees Data: Text: http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=13078823&pid=370920086
  5. Source: #S6 Page: Database online. Data: Text: Record for Malcolm I Scotland
  6. Source: #S6 Page: Database online. Data: Text: Record for King Donald
  7. Source: #S6 Page: Database online. Data: Text: Record for Constantine I King of Scotland
  • Wikipedia
  • The Peerage.com
  • Foundation for Medieval Genealogy
  • Anderson, Alan Orr, Early Sources of Scottish History A.D 500–1286, volume 1. Reprinted with corrections. Stamford: Paul Watkins, 1990. ISBN 1-871615-03-8
  • Anderson, Marjorie Ogilvie, Kings and Kingship in Early Scotland. Edinburgh: Scottish Academic Press, revised edition 1980. ISBN 0-7011-1604-8
  • Broun, Dauvit, "National identity: 1: early medieval and the formation of Alba" in Michael Lynch (ed.) The Oxford Companion to Scottish History. Oxford UP, Oxford, 2001. ISBN 0-19-211696-7
  • Duncan, A. A. M., The Kingship of the Scots 842–1292: Succession and Independence. , Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2002. ISBN 0-7486-1626-8
  • Kelly, Fergus (1988). A Guide to Early Irish Law. Early Irish Law Series 3. Dublin: DIAS. ISBN 0901282952.
  • Smyth, Alfred P., Warlords and Holy Men: Scotland AD 80-1000. Reprinted, Edinburgh: Edinburgh UP, 1998. ISBN 0-7486-0100-7
  • Sturluson, Snorri, Heimskringla: History of the Kings of Norway, tr. Lee M. Hollander. Reprinted University of Texas Press, Austin, 1992. ISBN 0-292-73061-6
  • Woolf, Alex, "Constantine II" in Michael Lynch (ed.) op. cit.
  • CELT: Corpus of Electronic Texts at University College Cork includes the Annals of Ulster, Tigernach, the Four Masters and Innisfallen, the Chronicon Scotorum, the Lebor Bretnach (which includes the Duan Albanach), Genealogies, and various Saints' Lives. Most are translated into English, or translations are in progress.
  • (CKA) The Chronicle of the Kings of Alba

This person was created through the import of zkd9fc_5804428do646al180f4yc9.ged on 01 March 2011. The following data was included in the gedcom. You may wish to edit it for readability.

Name

Name: Donald II //
Given Name: Donald II
Name Suffix: King of the Picts

Couldn't find any valid last name at birth. The suffix King of the Picts is non-traditional and may be too long for the WikiTree suffix.

Object

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File: http://www.myheritageimages.com/D/storage/site142746161/files/50/07/01/500701_3982310bx64f5ga57gdfnz.jpg
FILESIZE 26702
Title: Donald II
Primary or Preferred: Y
Cutout: Y
PHOTO_RIN MH:P500701
Object:
Format: jpg
File: http://www.myheritageimages.com/D/storage/site142746161/files/50/06/91/500691_23180074ar40af6edbw05f.jpg
FILESIZE 26702
Title: Donald II King of the Picts
PRIM_CUTOUT Y
Position: 50 48 129 153
PHOTO_RIN MH:P500691


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Images: 3
Donald of SCOTLAND Image 1
Donald of SCOTLAND Image 1

Donald Of Scotland
Donald Of Scotland

Donald II (MacAlpin) of Scotland
Donald II (MacAlpin) of Scotland

Collaboration

On 22 Apr 2017 at 06:43 GMT Sarah (Murtaugh) Heiney wrote:

UNKNOWN-34297 and MacAlpin-22 appear to represent the same person because: Clear duplicate (with father and grandfather)

On 13 Aug 2015 at 12:53 GMT Marty (Lenover) Acks wrote:

Mac Causantín-2 and MacAlpin-22 appear to represent the same person because: Same name and same father



Donald II is 37 degrees from Rosa Parks, 32 degrees from Anne Tichborne and 25 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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