Categories: House of Alpin.
|King of Alba
971 - 995
||Kenneth II (MacAlpin) of Scotland is a member of House of Alpin.|
Join: Scottish Clans Project
In 973 he acknowledged Edgar, King of England as his lord in return for recognition that he held Lothian, which he had seized from the Angles. In about 994, he broke his promise and invaded England. He was defeated and lost Lothian again. According to the Scottish king-lists, Kenneth succeeded his kinsman Cuilén mac Illuilb as king in 971, but he does not appear to have established himself as sole king until he killed Cuilén's brother Amlaíb mac Illuilb in 977 [AU, AT which call Amlaíb "rí Alban" (as a marginal addition in AU)]. [Ref: Henry Project citing: AT = Whitley Stokes, ed. & trans., 'The Annals of Tigernach', Revue Celtique16 (1895), 374-419; 17 (1896), 6-33, 116-263, 337-420; 18 (1897), 9-59, 150-303, 374-91. AU = Seán Mac Airt and Gearóid Mac Niocaill, The Annals of Ulster (Dublin, 1983)]
Cináed mac Maíl Coluim (Modern Gaelic: Coinneach mac Mhaoil Chaluim anglicised as Kenneth II, and nicknamed An Fionnghalach, "The Fratricide"; before 954 – 995) was King of Scots (Alba). The son of Malcolm I (Máel Coluim mac Domnaill), he succeeded King Cuilén (Cuilén mac Iduilb) on the latter's death at the hands of Amdarch of Strathclyde in 971
Research note: Possible additional children: Because Kenneth II had a nephew of the same name (i.e., Kenneth III) who also ruled at about the same time, it is difficult to place certain individuals having patronymics ("mac Cináeda") which show them to be a son of some man named Cináed (Kenneth), but do not tell us unambiguously which Kenneth is intended. Suibne mac Cináeda, presumably king of Galloway, d. 1034 [AU]. AU calls him ri Gallgaidhel, usually translated as king of the Galwegians. The title has sometimes been (mis)interpreted as king of Man and the Isles, in an imaginative theory in which Suibne is falsely turned into a Norseman named "Svennir, Svenn, Sweiyn, Suibhne Kennethson" [sic] who was supposedly a grandson of the Gofraid mac Arailt who died as king of the Isles in 989 [See, e.g., Morrison 450-2, for a recent version of this very dubious theory]. There is no good reason to believe that Suibne was Norse (Suibne being a perfectly good Irish name which is in no way related to the Old Norse name Sveinn). The assignment of Suibne as a son of Kenneth II (or. less likely, Kenneth III) is plausible enough, but there is no evidence for it beyond Suibne's patronymic. Dúngal mac Cináeda [dubious], d. 999 [AFM, s.a. 998] See the comments on Gilla Cóemgin. Gilla Cóemgin mac Cináeda [dubious], living 999 [AFM, s.a. 998] The Annals of the Four Masters for the year 998 [recte 999] state that Dúngal was killed by Gilla Cóemgin. No location is stated, so that it is not even certain that these individuals were members of the Scottish dynasty, but they have sometimes been assigned as sons of either Kenneth II or Kenneth III [e.g., the genealogical table in ESSH 1: 580, which assigns Dúngal to Kenneth II and Gilla Cóemgin to Kenneth III, both with question marks attached]. Boete mac Cináeda [unlikely] (father of Gruoch, the "Lady Macbeth" of Shakespeare), more likely to have been a son of Kenneth III than Kenneth II [See AU 1033, where a grandson of his was killed by Malcolm III of Scotland]. NN (mother of Mac Bethad, i.e., "Macbeth") [very unlikely]. The Chronicle of Huntingdon (late thirteenth century), under the year 1054, states that Macbeth was the nepos (ordinarily nephew or grandson) of Malcolm [ESSH 1: 593, note 3]. If nepos is interpreted as meaning nephew, and Malcolm is assumed to be Malcolm II, then that would apparently make Macbeth a maternal grandson of Kenneth II (since Macbeth's paternal ancestry is well documented for a couple of generations). However, since the Chronicle of Huntingdon is not a contemporary source, and the Malcolm in question appears from context to be Malcolm III (not a chronologically suitable uncle or grandfather for Macbeth) rather than Malcom II, it is likely that the statement of the chronicle is an error. [Ref: Henry Project citing: AT = Whitley Stokes, ed. & trans., 'The Annals of Tigernach', Revue Celtique16 (1895), 374-419; 17 (1896), 6-33, 116-263, 337-420; 18 (1897), 9-59, 150-303, 374-91. AU = Seán Mac Airt and Gearóid Mac Niocaill, The Annals of Ulster, Dublin, 1983] ESSH = Alan Orr Anderson, Early Sources of Scottish History, 2 vols., Edinburgh, 1922, reprinted Stamford, 1990, ) KKES = Marjorie Ogilvy Anderson, Kings and Kingship in Early Scotland, Edinburgh, Totowa, NJ, 1973 Morrison = Alick Morrison, 'The Kingdon of Man and the Isles: 839-1266', Transactions of the Gaelic Society of Inverness 58 (1993-4): 425-481]
•Name: Kenneth ALPINE 1 •Sex: M •Birth: ABT 938 in Scotland •Death: 995 in Scotland •Reference Number: 10891 •Note: II 30th great-grandfather of Bertha Alice (Boyce) Lakey; Laura Eleanor (Boyce) Philp 30th & 34th great-grandfather of Frances Emily (Hogan) Pipe; Eulelia Mable (Hogan) Bentrop 36th great-grandfather of Richard Scott Lakey; Christina Ann (Lakey) Dick; John Brian Pipe; Christian Matthew Pipe
King of Alba, killed on behalf of his Moray cousin & successor. Malcolm I was father of Kenneth II, King of Albany, killed in 995. (Cinaed Mac Mael Coluim, King of Scots
Father: Malcolm ALPINE b: ABT 910
Marriage 1 Spouse UnknownChildren1.Has Children Malcolm ALPINE b: ABT 965 in Scotland
Sources: 1.Title: (The Kings and Queens of England & Scotland by Plantagenet Somerset Fry)
/Eochaidh EACIME b: ABT 785 d: UNKNOWN => /Alpin MACEOCHAIDH b: ABT 810 d: 841 | \Urguestice b: ABT 785 d: UNKNOWN /Kenneth MACALPIN b: ABT 835 d: 860 /Constantine b: ABT 860 d: 877 /Domnall b: ABT 885 d: UNKNOWN /Malcolm ALPINE b: ABT 910 d: UNKNOWN Kenneth ALPINE b: ABT 938 d: 995
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Kenneth II is 33 degrees from Sharon Caldwell, 30 degrees from Burl Ives and 24 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.